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Red Black Trees
(C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
To use rbtrees you'll have to implement your own insert and search cores.
This will avoid us to use callbacks and to drop drammatically performances.
I know it's not the cleaner way, but in C (not in C++) to get
performances and genericity...
See Documentation/rbtree.txt for documentation and samples.
#include "kerncompat.h"
#include <btrfs/kerncompat.h>
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
struct rb_node {
unsigned long __rb_parent_color;
struct rb_node *rb_right;
struct rb_node *rb_left;
} __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long))));
/* The alignment might seem pointless, but allegedly CRIS needs it */
struct rb_root {
struct rb_node *rb_node;
#define rb_parent(r) ((struct rb_node *)((r)->__rb_parent_color & ~3))
#define RB_ROOT (struct rb_root) { NULL, }
#define rb_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member)
#define RB_EMPTY_ROOT(root) ((root)->rb_node == NULL)
/* 'empty' nodes are nodes that are known not to be inserted in an rbree */
#define RB_EMPTY_NODE(node) \
((node)->__rb_parent_color == (unsigned long)(node))
#define RB_CLEAR_NODE(node) \
((node)->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)(node))
extern void rb_insert_color(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *);
extern void rb_erase(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *);
/* Find logical next and previous nodes in a tree */
extern struct rb_node *rb_next(const struct rb_node *);
extern struct rb_node *rb_prev(const struct rb_node *);
extern struct rb_node *rb_first(const struct rb_root *);
extern struct rb_node *rb_last(const struct rb_root *);
/* Postorder iteration - always visit the parent after its children */
extern struct rb_node *rb_first_postorder(const struct rb_root *);
extern struct rb_node *rb_next_postorder(const struct rb_node *);
/* Fast replacement of a single node without remove/rebalance/add/rebalance */
extern void rb_replace_node(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new_node,
struct rb_root *root);
static inline void rb_link_node(struct rb_node * node, struct rb_node * parent,
struct rb_node ** rb_link)
node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent;
node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL;
*rb_link = node;
#define rb_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \
({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \
____ptr ? rb_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \
* rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over rb_root in post order of
* given type safe against removal of rb_node entry
* @pos: the 'type *' to use as a loop cursor.
* @n: another 'type *' to use as temporary storage
* @root: 'rb_root *' of the rbtree.
* @field: the name of the rb_node field within 'type'.
#define rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, root, field) \
for (pos = rb_entry_safe(rb_first_postorder(root), typeof(*pos), field); \
pos && ({ n = rb_entry_safe(rb_next_postorder(&pos->field), \
typeof(*pos), field); 1; }); \
pos = n)
#ifdef __cplusplus
#endif /* _LINUX_RBTREE_H */