loop: prevent bdev freeing while device in use
struct block_device lifecycle is defined by its inode (see fs/block_dev.c) -
block_device allocated first time we access /dev/loopXX and deallocated on
bdev_destroy_inode. When we create the device "losetup /dev/loopXX afile"
we want that block_device stay alive until we destroy the loop device
with "losetup -d".
But because we do not hold /dev/loopXX inode its counter goes 0, and
inode/bdev can be destroyed at any moment. Usually it happens at memory
pressure or when user drops inode cache (like in the test below). When later in
loop_clr_fd() we want to use bdev we have use-after-free error with following
BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000280
To prevent use-after-free we need to grab the device in loop_set_fd()
and put it later in loop_clr_fd().
The issue is reprodusible on current Linus head and v3.3. Here is the test:
dd if=/dev/zero of=loop.file bs=1M count=1
while [ true ]; do
losetup /dev/loop0 loop.file
echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
losetup -d /dev/loop0
[ Doing bdgrab/bput in loop_set_fd/loop_clr_fd is safe, because every
time we call loop_set_fd() we check that loop_device->lo_state is
Lo_unbound and set it to Lo_bound If somebody will try to set_fd again
it will get EBUSY. And if we try to loop_clr_fd() on unbound loop
device we'll get ENXIO.
loop_set_fd/loop_clr_fd (and any other loop ioctl) is called under
Signed-off-by: Anatol Pomozov <email@example.com>
Cc: Al Viro <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <email@example.com>
2 files changed