blob: 354ad072fa5553333c5b1e0d8023fbe0a0be0603 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* QEMU live migration
*
* Copyright IBM, Corp. 2008
*
* Authors:
* Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*
* Contributions after 2012-01-13 are licensed under the terms of the
* GNU GPL, version 2 or (at your option) any later version.
*/
#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include "qemu/cutils.h"
#include "qemu/error-report.h"
#include "qemu/main-loop.h"
#include "migration/blocker.h"
#include "exec.h"
#include "fd.h"
#include "socket.h"
#include "sysemu/runstate.h"
#include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
#include "rdma.h"
#include "ram.h"
#include "migration/global_state.h"
#include "migration/misc.h"
#include "migration.h"
#include "savevm.h"
#include "qemu-file-channel.h"
#include "qemu-file.h"
#include "migration/vmstate.h"
#include "block/block.h"
#include "qapi/error.h"
#include "qapi/clone-visitor.h"
#include "qapi/qapi-visit-sockets.h"
#include "qapi/qapi-commands-migration.h"
#include "qapi/qapi-events-migration.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qerror.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qnull.h"
#include "qemu/rcu.h"
#include "block.h"
#include "postcopy-ram.h"
#include "qemu/thread.h"
#include "trace.h"
#include "exec/target_page.h"
#include "io/channel-buffer.h"
#include "migration/colo.h"
#include "hw/boards.h"
#include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
#include "monitor/monitor.h"
#include "net/announce.h"
#include "qemu/queue.h"
#define MAX_THROTTLE (32 << 20) /* Migration transfer speed throttling */
/* Amount of time to allocate to each "chunk" of bandwidth-throttled
* data. */
#define BUFFER_DELAY 100
#define XFER_LIMIT_RATIO (1000 / BUFFER_DELAY)
/* Time in milliseconds we are allowed to stop the source,
* for sending the last part */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_SET_DOWNTIME 300
/* Maximum migrate downtime set to 2000 seconds */
#define MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME_SECONDS 2000
#define MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME (MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME_SECONDS * 1000)
/* Default compression thread count */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_COMPRESS_THREAD_COUNT 8
/* Default decompression thread count, usually decompression is at
* least 4 times as fast as compression.*/
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_DECOMPRESS_THREAD_COUNT 2
/*0: means nocompress, 1: best speed, ... 9: best compress ratio */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_COMPRESS_LEVEL 1
/* Define default autoconverge cpu throttle migration parameters */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CPU_THROTTLE_INITIAL 20
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CPU_THROTTLE_INCREMENT 10
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MAX_CPU_THROTTLE 99
/* Migration XBZRLE default cache size */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_XBZRLE_CACHE_SIZE (64 * 1024 * 1024)
/* The delay time (in ms) between two COLO checkpoints */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_X_CHECKPOINT_DELAY (200 * 100)
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MULTIFD_CHANNELS 2
/* Background transfer rate for postcopy, 0 means unlimited, note
* that page requests can still exceed this limit.
*/
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_MAX_POSTCOPY_BANDWIDTH 0
/*
* Parameters for self_announce_delay giving a stream of RARP/ARP
* packets after migration.
*/
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_INITIAL 50
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_MAX 550
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_ROUNDS 5
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_ANNOUNCE_STEP 100
static NotifierList migration_state_notifiers =
NOTIFIER_LIST_INITIALIZER(migration_state_notifiers);
static bool deferred_incoming;
/* Messages sent on the return path from destination to source */
enum mig_rp_message_type {
MIG_RP_MSG_INVALID = 0, /* Must be 0 */
MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT, /* sibling will not send any more RP messages */
MIG_RP_MSG_PONG, /* Response to a PING; data (seq: be32 ) */
MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID, /* data (start: be64, len: be32, id: string) */
MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES, /* data (start: be64, len: be32) */
MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP, /* send recved_bitmap back to source */
MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK, /* tell source that we are ready to resume */
MIG_RP_MSG_MAX
};
/* When we add fault tolerance, we could have several
migrations at once. For now we don't need to add
dynamic creation of migration */
static MigrationState *current_migration;
static MigrationIncomingState *current_incoming;
static bool migration_object_check(MigrationState *ms, Error **errp);
static int migration_maybe_pause(MigrationState *s,
int *current_active_state,
int new_state);
static void migrate_fd_cancel(MigrationState *s);
void migration_object_init(void)
{
MachineState *ms = MACHINE(qdev_get_machine());
Error *err = NULL;
/* This can only be called once. */
assert(!current_migration);
current_migration = MIGRATION_OBJ(object_new(TYPE_MIGRATION));
/*
* Init the migrate incoming object as well no matter whether
* we'll use it or not.
*/
assert(!current_incoming);
current_incoming = g_new0(MigrationIncomingState, 1);
current_incoming->state = MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE;
current_incoming->postcopy_remote_fds =
g_array_new(FALSE, TRUE, sizeof(struct PostCopyFD));
qemu_mutex_init(&current_incoming->rp_mutex);
qemu_event_init(&current_incoming->main_thread_load_event, false);
qemu_sem_init(&current_incoming->postcopy_pause_sem_dst, 0);
qemu_sem_init(&current_incoming->postcopy_pause_sem_fault, 0);
init_dirty_bitmap_incoming_migration();
if (!migration_object_check(current_migration, &err)) {
error_report_err(err);
exit(1);
}
/*
* We cannot really do this in migration_instance_init() since at
* that time global properties are not yet applied, then this
* value will be definitely replaced by something else.
*/
if (ms->enforce_config_section) {
current_migration->send_configuration = true;
}
}
void migration_shutdown(void)
{
/*
* Cancel the current migration - that will (eventually)
* stop the migration using this structure
*/
migrate_fd_cancel(current_migration);
object_unref(OBJECT(current_migration));
}
/* For outgoing */
MigrationState *migrate_get_current(void)
{
/* This can only be called after the object created. */
assert(current_migration);
return current_migration;
}
MigrationIncomingState *migration_incoming_get_current(void)
{
assert(current_incoming);
return current_incoming;
}
void migration_incoming_state_destroy(void)
{
struct MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
if (mis->to_src_file) {
/* Tell source that we are done */
migrate_send_rp_shut(mis, qemu_file_get_error(mis->from_src_file) != 0);
qemu_fclose(mis->to_src_file);
mis->to_src_file = NULL;
}
if (mis->from_src_file) {
qemu_fclose(mis->from_src_file);
mis->from_src_file = NULL;
}
if (mis->postcopy_remote_fds) {
g_array_free(mis->postcopy_remote_fds, TRUE);
mis->postcopy_remote_fds = NULL;
}
qemu_event_reset(&mis->main_thread_load_event);
if (mis->socket_address_list) {
qapi_free_SocketAddressList(mis->socket_address_list);
mis->socket_address_list = NULL;
}
}
static void migrate_generate_event(int new_state)
{
if (migrate_use_events()) {
qapi_event_send_migration(new_state);
}
}
static bool migrate_late_block_activate(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[
MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_LATE_BLOCK_ACTIVATE];
}
/*
* Called on -incoming with a defer: uri.
* The migration can be started later after any parameters have been
* changed.
*/
static void deferred_incoming_migration(Error **errp)
{
if (deferred_incoming) {
error_setg(errp, "Incoming migration already deferred");
}
deferred_incoming = true;
}
/*
* Send a message on the return channel back to the source
* of the migration.
*/
static int migrate_send_rp_message(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
enum mig_rp_message_type message_type,
uint16_t len, void *data)
{
int ret = 0;
trace_migrate_send_rp_message((int)message_type, len);
qemu_mutex_lock(&mis->rp_mutex);
/*
* It's possible that the file handle got lost due to network
* failures.
*/
if (!mis->to_src_file) {
ret = -EIO;
goto error;
}
qemu_put_be16(mis->to_src_file, (unsigned int)message_type);
qemu_put_be16(mis->to_src_file, len);
qemu_put_buffer(mis->to_src_file, data, len);
qemu_fflush(mis->to_src_file);
/* It's possible that qemu file got error during sending */
ret = qemu_file_get_error(mis->to_src_file);
error:
qemu_mutex_unlock(&mis->rp_mutex);
return ret;
}
/* Request a range of pages from the source VM at the given
* start address.
* rbname: Name of the RAMBlock to request the page in, if NULL it's the same
* as the last request (a name must have been given previously)
* Start: Address offset within the RB
* Len: Length in bytes required - must be a multiple of pagesize
*/
int migrate_send_rp_req_pages(MigrationIncomingState *mis, const char *rbname,
ram_addr_t start, size_t len)
{
uint8_t bufc[12 + 1 + 255]; /* start (8), len (4), rbname up to 256 */
size_t msglen = 12; /* start + len */
enum mig_rp_message_type msg_type;
*(uint64_t *)bufc = cpu_to_be64((uint64_t)start);
*(uint32_t *)(bufc + 8) = cpu_to_be32((uint32_t)len);
if (rbname) {
int rbname_len = strlen(rbname);
assert(rbname_len < 256);
bufc[msglen++] = rbname_len;
memcpy(bufc + msglen, rbname, rbname_len);
msglen += rbname_len;
msg_type = MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID;
} else {
msg_type = MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES;
}
return migrate_send_rp_message(mis, msg_type, msglen, bufc);
}
static bool migration_colo_enabled;
bool migration_incoming_colo_enabled(void)
{
return migration_colo_enabled;
}
void migration_incoming_disable_colo(void)
{
migration_colo_enabled = false;
}
void migration_incoming_enable_colo(void)
{
migration_colo_enabled = true;
}
void migrate_add_address(SocketAddress *address)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
SocketAddressList *addrs;
addrs = g_new0(SocketAddressList, 1);
addrs->next = mis->socket_address_list;
mis->socket_address_list = addrs;
addrs->value = QAPI_CLONE(SocketAddress, address);
}
void qemu_start_incoming_migration(const char *uri, Error **errp)
{
const char *p;
qapi_event_send_migration(MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP);
if (!strcmp(uri, "defer")) {
deferred_incoming_migration(errp);
} else if (strstart(uri, "tcp:", &p)) {
tcp_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
#ifdef CONFIG_RDMA
} else if (strstart(uri, "rdma:", &p)) {
rdma_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
#endif
} else if (strstart(uri, "exec:", &p)) {
exec_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
} else if (strstart(uri, "unix:", &p)) {
unix_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
} else if (strstart(uri, "fd:", &p)) {
fd_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
} else {
error_setg(errp, "unknown migration protocol: %s", uri);
}
}
static void process_incoming_migration_bh(void *opaque)
{
Error *local_err = NULL;
MigrationIncomingState *mis = opaque;
/* If capability late_block_activate is set:
* Only fire up the block code now if we're going to restart the
* VM, else 'cont' will do it.
* This causes file locking to happen; so we don't want it to happen
* unless we really are starting the VM.
*/
if (!migrate_late_block_activate() ||
(autostart && (!global_state_received() ||
global_state_get_runstate() == RUN_STATE_RUNNING))) {
/* Make sure all file formats flush their mutable metadata.
* If we get an error here, just don't restart the VM yet. */
bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_report_err(local_err);
local_err = NULL;
autostart = false;
}
}
/*
* This must happen after all error conditions are dealt with and
* we're sure the VM is going to be running on this host.
*/
qemu_announce_self(&mis->announce_timer, migrate_announce_params());
if (multifd_load_cleanup(&local_err) != 0) {
error_report_err(local_err);
autostart = false;
}
/* If global state section was not received or we are in running
state, we need to obey autostart. Any other state is set with
runstate_set. */
dirty_bitmap_mig_before_vm_start();
if (!global_state_received() ||
global_state_get_runstate() == RUN_STATE_RUNNING) {
if (autostart) {
vm_start();
} else {
runstate_set(RUN_STATE_PAUSED);
}
} else if (migration_incoming_colo_enabled()) {
migration_incoming_disable_colo();
vm_start();
} else {
runstate_set(global_state_get_runstate());
}
/*
* This must happen after any state changes since as soon as an external
* observer sees this event they might start to prod at the VM assuming
* it's ready to use.
*/
migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED);
qemu_bh_delete(mis->bh);
migration_incoming_state_destroy();
}
static void process_incoming_migration_co(void *opaque)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
PostcopyState ps;
int ret;
Error *local_err = NULL;
assert(mis->from_src_file);
mis->migration_incoming_co = qemu_coroutine_self();
mis->largest_page_size = qemu_ram_pagesize_largest();
postcopy_state_set(POSTCOPY_INCOMING_NONE);
migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE,
MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE);
ret = qemu_loadvm_state(mis->from_src_file);
ps = postcopy_state_get();
trace_process_incoming_migration_co_end(ret, ps);
if (ps != POSTCOPY_INCOMING_NONE) {
if (ps == POSTCOPY_INCOMING_ADVISE) {
/*
* Where a migration had postcopy enabled (and thus went to advise)
* but managed to complete within the precopy period, we can use
* the normal exit.
*/
postcopy_ram_incoming_cleanup(mis);
} else if (ret >= 0) {
/*
* Postcopy was started, cleanup should happen at the end of the
* postcopy thread.
*/
trace_process_incoming_migration_co_postcopy_end_main();
return;
}
/* Else if something went wrong then just fall out of the normal exit */
}
/* we get COLO info, and know if we are in COLO mode */
if (!ret && migration_incoming_colo_enabled()) {
/* Make sure all file formats flush their mutable metadata */
bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_report_err(local_err);
goto fail;
}
if (colo_init_ram_cache() < 0) {
error_report("Init ram cache failed");
goto fail;
}
qemu_thread_create(&mis->colo_incoming_thread, "COLO incoming",
colo_process_incoming_thread, mis, QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
mis->have_colo_incoming_thread = true;
qemu_coroutine_yield();
/* Wait checkpoint incoming thread exit before free resource */
qemu_thread_join(&mis->colo_incoming_thread);
/* We hold the global iothread lock, so it is safe here */
colo_release_ram_cache();
}
if (ret < 0) {
error_report("load of migration failed: %s", strerror(-ret));
goto fail;
}
mis->bh = qemu_bh_new(process_incoming_migration_bh, mis);
qemu_bh_schedule(mis->bh);
mis->migration_incoming_co = NULL;
return;
fail:
local_err = NULL;
migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
qemu_fclose(mis->from_src_file);
if (multifd_load_cleanup(&local_err) != 0) {
error_report_err(local_err);
}
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
static void migration_incoming_setup(QEMUFile *f)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
if (multifd_load_setup() != 0) {
/* We haven't been able to create multifd threads
nothing better to do */
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (!mis->from_src_file) {
mis->from_src_file = f;
}
qemu_file_set_blocking(f, false);
}
void migration_incoming_process(void)
{
Coroutine *co = qemu_coroutine_create(process_incoming_migration_co, NULL);
qemu_coroutine_enter(co);
}
/* Returns true if recovered from a paused migration, otherwise false */
static bool postcopy_try_recover(QEMUFile *f)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
if (mis->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
/* Resumed from a paused postcopy migration */
mis->from_src_file = f;
/* Postcopy has standalone thread to do vm load */
qemu_file_set_blocking(f, true);
/* Re-configure the return path */
mis->to_src_file = qemu_file_get_return_path(f);
migrate_set_state(&mis->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED,
MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER);
/*
* Here, we only wake up the main loading thread (while the
* fault thread will still be waiting), so that we can receive
* commands from source now, and answer it if needed. The
* fault thread will be woken up afterwards until we are sure
* that source is ready to reply to page requests.
*/
qemu_sem_post(&mis->postcopy_pause_sem_dst);
return true;
}
return false;
}
void migration_fd_process_incoming(QEMUFile *f)
{
if (postcopy_try_recover(f)) {
return;
}
migration_incoming_setup(f);
migration_incoming_process();
}
void migration_ioc_process_incoming(QIOChannel *ioc, Error **errp)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
bool start_migration;
if (!mis->from_src_file) {
/* The first connection (multifd may have multiple) */
QEMUFile *f = qemu_fopen_channel_input(ioc);
/* If it's a recovery, we're done */
if (postcopy_try_recover(f)) {
return;
}
migration_incoming_setup(f);
/*
* Common migration only needs one channel, so we can start
* right now. Multifd needs more than one channel, we wait.
*/
start_migration = !migrate_use_multifd();
} else {
Error *local_err = NULL;
/* Multiple connections */
assert(migrate_use_multifd());
start_migration = multifd_recv_new_channel(ioc, &local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_propagate(errp, local_err);
return;
}
}
if (start_migration) {
migration_incoming_process();
}
}
/**
* @migration_has_all_channels: We have received all channels that we need
*
* Returns true when we have got connections to all the channels that
* we need for migration.
*/
bool migration_has_all_channels(void)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
bool all_channels;
all_channels = multifd_recv_all_channels_created();
return all_channels && mis->from_src_file != NULL;
}
/*
* Send a 'SHUT' message on the return channel with the given value
* to indicate that we've finished with the RP. Non-0 value indicates
* error.
*/
void migrate_send_rp_shut(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
uint32_t value)
{
uint32_t buf;
buf = cpu_to_be32(value);
migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT, sizeof(buf), &buf);
}
/*
* Send a 'PONG' message on the return channel with the given value
* (normally in response to a 'PING')
*/
void migrate_send_rp_pong(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
uint32_t value)
{
uint32_t buf;
buf = cpu_to_be32(value);
migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_PONG, sizeof(buf), &buf);
}
void migrate_send_rp_recv_bitmap(MigrationIncomingState *mis,
char *block_name)
{
char buf[512];
int len;
int64_t res;
/*
* First, we send the header part. It contains only the len of
* idstr, and the idstr itself.
*/
len = strlen(block_name);
buf[0] = len;
memcpy(buf + 1, block_name, len);
if (mis->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER) {
error_report("%s: MSG_RP_RECV_BITMAP only used for recovery",
__func__);
return;
}
migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP, len + 1, buf);
/*
* Next, we dump the received bitmap to the stream.
*
* TODO: currently we are safe since we are the only one that is
* using the to_src_file handle (fault thread is still paused),
* and it's ok even not taking the mutex. However the best way is
* to take the lock before sending the message header, and release
* the lock after sending the bitmap.
*/
qemu_mutex_lock(&mis->rp_mutex);
res = ramblock_recv_bitmap_send(mis->to_src_file, block_name);
qemu_mutex_unlock(&mis->rp_mutex);
trace_migrate_send_rp_recv_bitmap(block_name, res);
}
void migrate_send_rp_resume_ack(MigrationIncomingState *mis, uint32_t value)
{
uint32_t buf;
buf = cpu_to_be32(value);
migrate_send_rp_message(mis, MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK, sizeof(buf), &buf);
}
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *qmp_query_migrate_capabilities(Error **errp)
{
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *head = NULL;
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *caps;
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
int i;
caps = NULL; /* silence compiler warning */
for (i = 0; i < MIGRATION_CAPABILITY__MAX; i++) {
#ifndef CONFIG_LIVE_BLOCK_MIGRATION
if (i == MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK) {
continue;
}
#endif
if (head == NULL) {
head = g_malloc0(sizeof(*caps));
caps = head;
} else {
caps->next = g_malloc0(sizeof(*caps));
caps = caps->next;
}
caps->value =
g_malloc(sizeof(*caps->value));
caps->value->capability = i;
caps->value->state = s->enabled_capabilities[i];
}
return head;
}
MigrationParameters *qmp_query_migrate_parameters(Error **errp)
{
MigrationParameters *params;
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
/* TODO use QAPI_CLONE() instead of duplicating it inline */
params = g_malloc0(sizeof(*params));
params->has_compress_level = true;
params->compress_level = s->parameters.compress_level;
params->has_compress_threads = true;
params->compress_threads = s->parameters.compress_threads;
params->has_compress_wait_thread = true;
params->compress_wait_thread = s->parameters.compress_wait_thread;
params->has_decompress_threads = true;
params->decompress_threads = s->parameters.decompress_threads;
params->has_cpu_throttle_initial = true;
params->cpu_throttle_initial = s->parameters.cpu_throttle_initial;
params->has_cpu_throttle_increment = true;
params->cpu_throttle_increment = s->parameters.cpu_throttle_increment;
params->has_tls_creds = true;
params->tls_creds = g_strdup(s->parameters.tls_creds);
params->has_tls_hostname = true;
params->tls_hostname = g_strdup(s->parameters.tls_hostname);
params->has_tls_authz = true;
params->tls_authz = g_strdup(s->parameters.tls_authz);
params->has_max_bandwidth = true;
params->max_bandwidth = s->parameters.max_bandwidth;
params->has_downtime_limit = true;
params->downtime_limit = s->parameters.downtime_limit;
params->has_x_checkpoint_delay = true;
params->x_checkpoint_delay = s->parameters.x_checkpoint_delay;
params->has_block_incremental = true;
params->block_incremental = s->parameters.block_incremental;
params->has_multifd_channels = true;
params->multifd_channels = s->parameters.multifd_channels;
params->has_xbzrle_cache_size = true;
params->xbzrle_cache_size = s->parameters.xbzrle_cache_size;
params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth = true;
params->max_postcopy_bandwidth = s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth;
params->has_max_cpu_throttle = true;
params->max_cpu_throttle = s->parameters.max_cpu_throttle;
params->has_announce_initial = true;
params->announce_initial = s->parameters.announce_initial;
params->has_announce_max = true;
params->announce_max = s->parameters.announce_max;
params->has_announce_rounds = true;
params->announce_rounds = s->parameters.announce_rounds;
params->has_announce_step = true;
params->announce_step = s->parameters.announce_step;
return params;
}
AnnounceParameters *migrate_announce_params(void)
{
static AnnounceParameters ap;
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
ap.initial = s->parameters.announce_initial;
ap.max = s->parameters.announce_max;
ap.rounds = s->parameters.announce_rounds;
ap.step = s->parameters.announce_step;
return &ap;
}
/*
* Return true if we're already in the middle of a migration
* (i.e. any of the active or setup states)
*/
bool migration_is_setup_or_active(int state)
{
switch (state) {
case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
return true;
default:
return false;
}
}
static void populate_time_info(MigrationInfo *info, MigrationState *s)
{
info->has_status = true;
info->has_setup_time = true;
info->setup_time = s->setup_time;
if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED) {
info->has_total_time = true;
info->total_time = s->total_time;
info->has_downtime = true;
info->downtime = s->downtime;
} else {
info->has_total_time = true;
info->total_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME) -
s->start_time;
info->has_expected_downtime = true;
info->expected_downtime = s->expected_downtime;
}
}
static void populate_ram_info(MigrationInfo *info, MigrationState *s)
{
info->has_ram = true;
info->ram = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->ram));
info->ram->transferred = ram_counters.transferred;
info->ram->total = ram_bytes_total();
info->ram->duplicate = ram_counters.duplicate;
/* legacy value. It is not used anymore */
info->ram->skipped = 0;
info->ram->normal = ram_counters.normal;
info->ram->normal_bytes = ram_counters.normal *
qemu_target_page_size();
info->ram->mbps = s->mbps;
info->ram->dirty_sync_count = ram_counters.dirty_sync_count;
info->ram->postcopy_requests = ram_counters.postcopy_requests;
info->ram->page_size = qemu_target_page_size();
info->ram->multifd_bytes = ram_counters.multifd_bytes;
info->ram->pages_per_second = s->pages_per_second;
if (migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
info->has_xbzrle_cache = true;
info->xbzrle_cache = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->xbzrle_cache));
info->xbzrle_cache->cache_size = migrate_xbzrle_cache_size();
info->xbzrle_cache->bytes = xbzrle_counters.bytes;
info->xbzrle_cache->pages = xbzrle_counters.pages;
info->xbzrle_cache->cache_miss = xbzrle_counters.cache_miss;
info->xbzrle_cache->cache_miss_rate = xbzrle_counters.cache_miss_rate;
info->xbzrle_cache->overflow = xbzrle_counters.overflow;
}
if (migrate_use_compression()) {
info->has_compression = true;
info->compression = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->compression));
info->compression->pages = compression_counters.pages;
info->compression->busy = compression_counters.busy;
info->compression->busy_rate = compression_counters.busy_rate;
info->compression->compressed_size =
compression_counters.compressed_size;
info->compression->compression_rate =
compression_counters.compression_rate;
}
if (cpu_throttle_active()) {
info->has_cpu_throttle_percentage = true;
info->cpu_throttle_percentage = cpu_throttle_get_percentage();
}
if (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED) {
info->ram->remaining = ram_bytes_remaining();
info->ram->dirty_pages_rate = ram_counters.dirty_pages_rate;
}
}
static void populate_disk_info(MigrationInfo *info)
{
if (blk_mig_active()) {
info->has_disk = true;
info->disk = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->disk));
info->disk->transferred = blk_mig_bytes_transferred();
info->disk->remaining = blk_mig_bytes_remaining();
info->disk->total = blk_mig_bytes_total();
}
}
static void fill_source_migration_info(MigrationInfo *info)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
switch (s->state) {
case MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE:
/* no migration has happened ever */
/* do not overwrite destination migration status */
return;
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
info->has_status = true;
info->has_total_time = false;
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
/* TODO add some postcopy stats */
populate_time_info(info, s);
populate_ram_info(info, s);
populate_disk_info(info);
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
info->has_status = true;
/* TODO: display COLO specific information (checkpoint info etc.) */
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
populate_time_info(info, s);
populate_ram_info(info, s);
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
info->has_status = true;
if (s->error) {
info->has_error_desc = true;
info->error_desc = g_strdup(error_get_pretty(s->error));
}
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
info->has_status = true;
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
info->has_status = true;
break;
}
info->status = s->state;
}
/**
* @migration_caps_check - check capability validity
*
* @cap_list: old capability list, array of bool
* @params: new capabilities to be applied soon
* @errp: set *errp if the check failed, with reason
*
* Returns true if check passed, otherwise false.
*/
static bool migrate_caps_check(bool *cap_list,
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *params,
Error **errp)
{
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
bool old_postcopy_cap;
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
old_postcopy_cap = cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM];
for (cap = params; cap; cap = cap->next) {
cap_list[cap->value->capability] = cap->value->state;
}
#ifndef CONFIG_LIVE_BLOCK_MIGRATION
if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK]) {
error_setg(errp, "QEMU compiled without old-style (blk/-b, inc/-i) "
"block migration");
error_append_hint(errp, "Use drive_mirror+NBD instead.\n");
return false;
}
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_REPLICATION
if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_COLO]) {
error_setg(errp, "QEMU compiled without replication module"
" can't enable COLO");
error_append_hint(errp, "Please enable replication before COLO.\n");
return false;
}
#endif
if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM]) {
if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_COMPRESS]) {
/* The decompression threads asynchronously write into RAM
* rather than use the atomic copies needed to avoid
* userfaulting. It should be possible to fix the decompression
* threads for compatibility in future.
*/
error_setg(errp, "Postcopy is not currently compatible "
"with compression");
return false;
}
/* This check is reasonably expensive, so only when it's being
* set the first time, also it's only the destination that needs
* special support.
*/
if (!old_postcopy_cap && runstate_check(RUN_STATE_INMIGRATE) &&
!postcopy_ram_supported_by_host(mis)) {
/* postcopy_ram_supported_by_host will have emitted a more
* detailed message
*/
error_setg(errp, "Postcopy is not supported");
return false;
}
if (cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_IGNORE_SHARED]) {
error_setg(errp, "Postcopy is not compatible with ignore-shared");
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
static void fill_destination_migration_info(MigrationInfo *info)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
if (mis->socket_address_list) {
info->has_socket_address = true;
info->socket_address =
QAPI_CLONE(SocketAddressList, mis->socket_address_list);
}
switch (mis->state) {
case MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE:
return;
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
info->has_status = true;
break;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
info->has_status = true;
fill_destination_postcopy_migration_info(info);
break;
}
info->status = mis->state;
}
MigrationInfo *qmp_query_migrate(Error **errp)
{
MigrationInfo *info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));
fill_destination_migration_info(info);
fill_source_migration_info(info);
return info;
}
void qmp_migrate_set_capabilities(MigrationCapabilityStatusList *params,
Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
bool cap_list[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY__MAX];
if (migration_is_setup_or_active(s->state)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_MIGRATION_ACTIVE);
return;
}
memcpy(cap_list, s->enabled_capabilities, sizeof(cap_list));
if (!migrate_caps_check(cap_list, params, errp)) {
return;
}
for (cap = params; cap; cap = cap->next) {
s->enabled_capabilities[cap->value->capability] = cap->value->state;
}
}
/*
* Check whether the parameters are valid. Error will be put into errp
* (if provided). Return true if valid, otherwise false.
*/
static bool migrate_params_check(MigrationParameters *params, Error **errp)
{
if (params->has_compress_level &&
(params->compress_level > 9)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "compress_level",
"is invalid, it should be in the range of 0 to 9");
return false;
}
if (params->has_compress_threads && (params->compress_threads < 1)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"compress_threads",
"is invalid, it should be in the range of 1 to 255");
return false;
}
if (params->has_decompress_threads && (params->decompress_threads < 1)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"decompress_threads",
"is invalid, it should be in the range of 1 to 255");
return false;
}
if (params->has_cpu_throttle_initial &&
(params->cpu_throttle_initial < 1 ||
params->cpu_throttle_initial > 99)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"cpu_throttle_initial",
"an integer in the range of 1 to 99");
return false;
}
if (params->has_cpu_throttle_increment &&
(params->cpu_throttle_increment < 1 ||
params->cpu_throttle_increment > 99)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"cpu_throttle_increment",
"an integer in the range of 1 to 99");
return false;
}
if (params->has_max_bandwidth && (params->max_bandwidth > SIZE_MAX)) {
error_setg(errp, "Parameter 'max_bandwidth' expects an integer in the"
" range of 0 to %zu bytes/second", SIZE_MAX);
return false;
}
if (params->has_downtime_limit &&
(params->downtime_limit > MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME)) {
error_setg(errp, "Parameter 'downtime_limit' expects an integer in "
"the range of 0 to %d milliseconds",
MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME);
return false;
}
/* x_checkpoint_delay is now always positive */
if (params->has_multifd_channels && (params->multifd_channels < 1)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"multifd_channels",
"is invalid, it should be in the range of 1 to 255");
return false;
}
if (params->has_xbzrle_cache_size &&
(params->xbzrle_cache_size < qemu_target_page_size() ||
!is_power_of_2(params->xbzrle_cache_size))) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"xbzrle_cache_size",
"is invalid, it should be bigger than target page size"
" and a power of two");
return false;
}
if (params->has_max_cpu_throttle &&
(params->max_cpu_throttle < params->cpu_throttle_initial ||
params->max_cpu_throttle > 99)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"max_cpu_throttle",
"an integer in the range of cpu_throttle_initial to 99");
return false;
}
if (params->has_announce_initial &&
params->announce_initial > 100000) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"announce_initial",
"is invalid, it must be less than 100000 ms");
return false;
}
if (params->has_announce_max &&
params->announce_max > 100000) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"announce_max",
"is invalid, it must be less than 100000 ms");
return false;
}
if (params->has_announce_rounds &&
params->announce_rounds > 1000) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"announce_rounds",
"is invalid, it must be in the range of 0 to 1000");
return false;
}
if (params->has_announce_step &&
(params->announce_step < 1 ||
params->announce_step > 10000)) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE,
"announce_step",
"is invalid, it must be in the range of 1 to 10000 ms");
return false;
}
return true;
}
static void migrate_params_test_apply(MigrateSetParameters *params,
MigrationParameters *dest)
{
*dest = migrate_get_current()->parameters;
/* TODO use QAPI_CLONE() instead of duplicating it inline */
if (params->has_compress_level) {
dest->compress_level = params->compress_level;
}
if (params->has_compress_threads) {
dest->compress_threads = params->compress_threads;
}
if (params->has_compress_wait_thread) {
dest->compress_wait_thread = params->compress_wait_thread;
}
if (params->has_decompress_threads) {
dest->decompress_threads = params->decompress_threads;
}
if (params->has_cpu_throttle_initial) {
dest->cpu_throttle_initial = params->cpu_throttle_initial;
}
if (params->has_cpu_throttle_increment) {
dest->cpu_throttle_increment = params->cpu_throttle_increment;
}
if (params->has_tls_creds) {
assert(params->tls_creds->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
dest->tls_creds = g_strdup(params->tls_creds->u.s);
}
if (params->has_tls_hostname) {
assert(params->tls_hostname->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
dest->tls_hostname = g_strdup(params->tls_hostname->u.s);
}
if (params->has_max_bandwidth) {
dest->max_bandwidth = params->max_bandwidth;
}
if (params->has_downtime_limit) {
dest->downtime_limit = params->downtime_limit;
}
if (params->has_x_checkpoint_delay) {
dest->x_checkpoint_delay = params->x_checkpoint_delay;
}
if (params->has_block_incremental) {
dest->block_incremental = params->block_incremental;
}
if (params->has_multifd_channels) {
dest->multifd_channels = params->multifd_channels;
}
if (params->has_xbzrle_cache_size) {
dest->xbzrle_cache_size = params->xbzrle_cache_size;
}
if (params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth) {
dest->max_postcopy_bandwidth = params->max_postcopy_bandwidth;
}
if (params->has_max_cpu_throttle) {
dest->max_cpu_throttle = params->max_cpu_throttle;
}
if (params->has_announce_initial) {
dest->announce_initial = params->announce_initial;
}
if (params->has_announce_max) {
dest->announce_max = params->announce_max;
}
if (params->has_announce_rounds) {
dest->announce_rounds = params->announce_rounds;
}
if (params->has_announce_step) {
dest->announce_step = params->announce_step;
}
}
static void migrate_params_apply(MigrateSetParameters *params, Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
/* TODO use QAPI_CLONE() instead of duplicating it inline */
if (params->has_compress_level) {
s->parameters.compress_level = params->compress_level;
}
if (params->has_compress_threads) {
s->parameters.compress_threads = params->compress_threads;
}
if (params->has_compress_wait_thread) {
s->parameters.compress_wait_thread = params->compress_wait_thread;
}
if (params->has_decompress_threads) {
s->parameters.decompress_threads = params->decompress_threads;
}
if (params->has_cpu_throttle_initial) {
s->parameters.cpu_throttle_initial = params->cpu_throttle_initial;
}
if (params->has_cpu_throttle_increment) {
s->parameters.cpu_throttle_increment = params->cpu_throttle_increment;
}
if (params->has_tls_creds) {
g_free(s->parameters.tls_creds);
assert(params->tls_creds->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
s->parameters.tls_creds = g_strdup(params->tls_creds->u.s);
}
if (params->has_tls_hostname) {
g_free(s->parameters.tls_hostname);
assert(params->tls_hostname->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
s->parameters.tls_hostname = g_strdup(params->tls_hostname->u.s);
}
if (params->has_tls_authz) {
g_free(s->parameters.tls_authz);
assert(params->tls_authz->type == QTYPE_QSTRING);
s->parameters.tls_authz = g_strdup(params->tls_authz->u.s);
}
if (params->has_max_bandwidth) {
s->parameters.max_bandwidth = params->max_bandwidth;
if (s->to_dst_file && !migration_in_postcopy()) {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file,
s->parameters.max_bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
}
}
if (params->has_downtime_limit) {
s->parameters.downtime_limit = params->downtime_limit;
}
if (params->has_x_checkpoint_delay) {
s->parameters.x_checkpoint_delay = params->x_checkpoint_delay;
if (migration_in_colo_state()) {
colo_checkpoint_notify(s);
}
}
if (params->has_block_incremental) {
s->parameters.block_incremental = params->block_incremental;
}
if (params->has_multifd_channels) {
s->parameters.multifd_channels = params->multifd_channels;
}
if (params->has_xbzrle_cache_size) {
s->parameters.xbzrle_cache_size = params->xbzrle_cache_size;
xbzrle_cache_resize(params->xbzrle_cache_size, errp);
}
if (params->has_max_postcopy_bandwidth) {
s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth = params->max_postcopy_bandwidth;
if (s->to_dst_file && migration_in_postcopy()) {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file,
s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
}
}
if (params->has_max_cpu_throttle) {
s->parameters.max_cpu_throttle = params->max_cpu_throttle;
}
if (params->has_announce_initial) {
s->parameters.announce_initial = params->announce_initial;
}
if (params->has_announce_max) {
s->parameters.announce_max = params->announce_max;
}
if (params->has_announce_rounds) {
s->parameters.announce_rounds = params->announce_rounds;
}
if (params->has_announce_step) {
s->parameters.announce_step = params->announce_step;
}
}
void qmp_migrate_set_parameters(MigrateSetParameters *params, Error **errp)
{
MigrationParameters tmp;
/* TODO Rewrite "" to null instead */
if (params->has_tls_creds
&& params->tls_creds->type == QTYPE_QNULL) {
qobject_unref(params->tls_creds->u.n);
params->tls_creds->type = QTYPE_QSTRING;
params->tls_creds->u.s = strdup("");
}
/* TODO Rewrite "" to null instead */
if (params->has_tls_hostname
&& params->tls_hostname->type == QTYPE_QNULL) {
qobject_unref(params->tls_hostname->u.n);
params->tls_hostname->type = QTYPE_QSTRING;
params->tls_hostname->u.s = strdup("");
}
migrate_params_test_apply(params, &tmp);
if (!migrate_params_check(&tmp, errp)) {
/* Invalid parameter */
return;
}
migrate_params_apply(params, errp);
}
void qmp_migrate_start_postcopy(Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
if (!migrate_postcopy()) {
error_setg(errp, "Enable postcopy with migrate_set_capability before"
" the start of migration");
return;
}
if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE) {
error_setg(errp, "Postcopy must be started after migration has been"
" started");
return;
}
/*
* we don't error if migration has finished since that would be racy
* with issuing this command.
*/
atomic_set(&s->start_postcopy, true);
}
/* shared migration helpers */
void migrate_set_state(int *state, int old_state, int new_state)
{
assert(new_state < MIGRATION_STATUS__MAX);
if (atomic_cmpxchg(state, old_state, new_state) == old_state) {
trace_migrate_set_state(MigrationStatus_str(new_state));
migrate_generate_event(new_state);
}
}
static MigrationCapabilityStatusList *migrate_cap_add(
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *list,
MigrationCapability index,
bool state)
{
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
cap = g_new0(MigrationCapabilityStatusList, 1);
cap->value = g_new0(MigrationCapabilityStatus, 1);
cap->value->capability = index;
cap->value->state = state;
cap->next = list;
return cap;
}
void migrate_set_block_enabled(bool value, Error **errp)
{
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
cap = migrate_cap_add(NULL, MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK, value);
qmp_migrate_set_capabilities(cap, errp);
qapi_free_MigrationCapabilityStatusList(cap);
}
static void migrate_set_block_incremental(MigrationState *s, bool value)
{
s->parameters.block_incremental = value;
}
static void block_cleanup_parameters(MigrationState *s)
{
if (s->must_remove_block_options) {
/* setting to false can never fail */
migrate_set_block_enabled(false, &error_abort);
migrate_set_block_incremental(s, false);
s->must_remove_block_options = false;
}
}
static void migrate_fd_cleanup(MigrationState *s)
{
qemu_bh_delete(s->cleanup_bh);
s->cleanup_bh = NULL;
qemu_savevm_state_cleanup();
if (s->to_dst_file) {
QEMUFile *tmp;
trace_migrate_fd_cleanup();
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
if (s->migration_thread_running) {
qemu_thread_join(&s->thread);
s->migration_thread_running = false;
}
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
multifd_save_cleanup();
qemu_mutex_lock(&s->qemu_file_lock);
tmp = s->to_dst_file;
s->to_dst_file = NULL;
qemu_mutex_unlock(&s->qemu_file_lock);
/*
* Close the file handle without the lock to make sure the
* critical section won't block for long.
*/
qemu_fclose(tmp);
}
assert(!migration_is_active(s));
if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING) {
migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING,
MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED);
}
if (s->error) {
/* It is used on info migrate. We can't free it */
error_report_err(error_copy(s->error));
}
notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, s);
block_cleanup_parameters(s);
}
static void migrate_fd_cleanup_schedule(MigrationState *s)
{
/*
* Ref the state for bh, because it may be called when
* there're already no other refs
*/
object_ref(OBJECT(s));
qemu_bh_schedule(s->cleanup_bh);
}
static void migrate_fd_cleanup_bh(void *opaque)
{
MigrationState *s = opaque;
migrate_fd_cleanup(s);
object_unref(OBJECT(s));
}
void migrate_set_error(MigrationState *s, const Error *error)
{
qemu_mutex_lock(&s->error_mutex);
if (!s->error) {
s->error = error_copy(error);
}
qemu_mutex_unlock(&s->error_mutex);
}
void migrate_fd_error(MigrationState *s, const Error *error)
{
trace_migrate_fd_error(error_get_pretty(error));
assert(s->to_dst_file == NULL);
migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
migrate_set_error(s, error);
}
static void migrate_fd_cancel(MigrationState *s)
{
int old_state ;
QEMUFile *f = migrate_get_current()->to_dst_file;
trace_migrate_fd_cancel();
if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
/* shutdown the rp socket, so causing the rp thread to shutdown */
qemu_file_shutdown(s->rp_state.from_dst_file);
}
do {
old_state = s->state;
if (!migration_is_setup_or_active(old_state)) {
break;
}
/* If the migration is paused, kick it out of the pause */
if (old_state == MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER) {
qemu_sem_post(&s->pause_sem);
}
migrate_set_state(&s->state, old_state, MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING);
} while (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING);
/*
* If we're unlucky the migration code might be stuck somewhere in a
* send/write while the network has failed and is waiting to timeout;
* if we've got shutdown(2) available then we can force it to quit.
* The outgoing qemu file gets closed in migrate_fd_cleanup that is
* called in a bh, so there is no race against this cancel.
*/
if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING && f) {
qemu_file_shutdown(f);
}
if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING && s->block_inactive) {
Error *local_err = NULL;
bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_report_err(local_err);
} else {
s->block_inactive = false;
}
}
}
void add_migration_state_change_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_list_add(&migration_state_notifiers, notify);
}
void remove_migration_state_change_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_remove(notify);
}
bool migration_in_setup(MigrationState *s)
{
return s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP;
}
bool migration_has_finished(MigrationState *s)
{
return s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED;
}
bool migration_has_failed(MigrationState *s)
{
return (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED ||
s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
}
bool migration_in_postcopy(void)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
switch (s->state) {
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER:
return true;
default:
return false;
}
}
bool migration_in_postcopy_after_devices(MigrationState *s)
{
return migration_in_postcopy() && s->postcopy_after_devices;
}
bool migration_is_idle(void)
{
MigrationState *s = current_migration;
if (!s) {
return true;
}
switch (s->state) {
case MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED:
return true;
case MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE:
case MIGRATION_STATUS_WAIT_UNPLUG:
return false;
case MIGRATION_STATUS__MAX:
g_assert_not_reached();
}
return false;
}
bool migration_is_active(MigrationState *s)
{
return (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE ||
s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
}
void migrate_init(MigrationState *s)
{
/*
* Reinitialise all migration state, except
* parameters/capabilities that the user set, and
* locks.
*/
s->cleanup_bh = 0;
s->to_dst_file = NULL;
s->state = MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE;
s->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
s->rp_state.error = false;
s->mbps = 0.0;
s->pages_per_second = 0.0;
s->downtime = 0;
s->expected_downtime = 0;
s->setup_time = 0;
s->start_postcopy = false;
s->postcopy_after_devices = false;
s->migration_thread_running = false;
error_free(s->error);
s->error = NULL;
migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_NONE, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP);
s->start_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
s->total_time = 0;
s->vm_was_running = false;
s->iteration_initial_bytes = 0;
s->threshold_size = 0;
}
static GSList *migration_blockers;
int migrate_add_blocker(Error *reason, Error **errp)
{
if (only_migratable) {
error_propagate_prepend(errp, error_copy(reason),
"disallowing migration blocker "
"(--only-migratable) for: ");
return -EACCES;
}
if (migration_is_idle()) {
migration_blockers = g_slist_prepend(migration_blockers, reason);
return 0;
}
error_propagate_prepend(errp, error_copy(reason),
"disallowing migration blocker "
"(migration in progress) for: ");
return -EBUSY;
}
void migrate_del_blocker(Error *reason)
{
migration_blockers = g_slist_remove(migration_blockers, reason);
}
void qmp_migrate_incoming(const char *uri, Error **errp)
{
Error *local_err = NULL;
static bool once = true;
if (!deferred_incoming) {
error_setg(errp, "For use with '-incoming defer'");
return;
}
if (!once) {
error_setg(errp, "The incoming migration has already been started");
}
qemu_start_incoming_migration(uri, &local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_propagate(errp, local_err);
return;
}
once = false;
}
void qmp_migrate_recover(const char *uri, Error **errp)
{
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
if (mis->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
error_setg(errp, "Migrate recover can only be run "
"when postcopy is paused.");
return;
}
if (atomic_cmpxchg(&mis->postcopy_recover_triggered,
false, true) == true) {
error_setg(errp, "Migrate recovery is triggered already");
return;
}
/*
* Note that this call will never start a real migration; it will
* only re-setup the migration stream and poke existing migration
* to continue using that newly established channel.
*/
qemu_start_incoming_migration(uri, errp);
}
void qmp_migrate_pause(Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *ms = migrate_get_current();
MigrationIncomingState *mis = migration_incoming_get_current();
int ret;
if (ms->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
/* Source side, during postcopy */
qemu_mutex_lock(&ms->qemu_file_lock);
ret = qemu_file_shutdown(ms->to_dst_file);
qemu_mutex_unlock(&ms->qemu_file_lock);
if (ret) {
error_setg(errp, "Failed to pause source migration");
}
return;
}
if (mis->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
ret = qemu_file_shutdown(mis->from_src_file);
if (ret) {
error_setg(errp, "Failed to pause destination migration");
}
return;
}
error_setg(errp, "migrate-pause is currently only supported "
"during postcopy-active state");
}
bool migration_is_blocked(Error **errp)
{
if (qemu_savevm_state_blocked(errp)) {
return true;
}
if (migration_blockers) {
error_propagate(errp, error_copy(migration_blockers->data));
return true;
}
return false;
}
/* Returns true if continue to migrate, or false if error detected */
static bool migrate_prepare(MigrationState *s, bool blk, bool blk_inc,
bool resume, Error **errp)
{
Error *local_err = NULL;
if (resume) {
if (s->state != MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_PAUSED) {
error_setg(errp, "Cannot resume if there is no "
"paused migration");
return false;
}
/*
* Postcopy recovery won't work well with release-ram
* capability since release-ram will drop the page buffer as
* long as the page is put into the send buffer. So if there
* is a network failure happened, any page buffers that have
* not yet reached the destination VM but have already been
* sent from the source VM will be lost forever. Let's refuse
* the client from resuming such a postcopy migration.
* Luckily release-ram was designed to only be used when src
* and destination VMs are on the same host, so it should be
* fine.
*/
if (migrate_release_ram()) {
error_setg(errp, "Postcopy recovery cannot work "
"when release-ram capability is set");
return false;
}
/* This is a resume, skip init status */
return true;
}
if (migration_is_setup_or_active(s->state) ||
s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_CANCELLING ||
s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_COLO) {
error_setg(errp, QERR_MIGRATION_ACTIVE);
return false;
}
if (runstate_check(RUN_STATE_INMIGRATE)) {
error_setg(errp, "Guest is waiting for an incoming migration");
return false;
}
if (migration_is_blocked(errp)) {
return false;
}
if (blk || blk_inc) {
if (migrate_use_block() || migrate_use_block_incremental()) {
error_setg(errp, "Command options are incompatible with "
"current migration capabilities");
return false;
}
migrate_set_block_enabled(true, &local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_propagate(errp, local_err);
return false;
}
s->must_remove_block_options = true;
}
if (blk_inc) {
migrate_set_block_incremental(s, true);
}
migrate_init(s);
/*
* set ram_counters memory to zero for a
* new migration
*/
memset(&ram_counters, 0, sizeof(ram_counters));
return true;
}
void qmp_migrate(const char *uri, bool has_blk, bool blk,
bool has_inc, bool inc, bool has_detach, bool detach,
bool has_resume, bool resume, Error **errp)
{
Error *local_err = NULL;
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
const char *p;
if (!migrate_prepare(s, has_blk && blk, has_inc && inc,
has_resume && resume, errp)) {
/* Error detected, put into errp */
return;
}
if (strstart(uri, "tcp:", &p)) {
tcp_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
#ifdef CONFIG_RDMA
} else if (strstart(uri, "rdma:", &p)) {
rdma_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
#endif
} else if (strstart(uri, "exec:", &p)) {
exec_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
} else if (strstart(uri, "unix:", &p)) {
unix_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
} else if (strstart(uri, "fd:", &p)) {
fd_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
} else {
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "uri",
"a valid migration protocol");
migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_SETUP,
MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
block_cleanup_parameters(s);
return;
}
if (local_err) {
migrate_fd_error(s, local_err);
error_propagate(errp, local_err);
return;
}
}
void qmp_migrate_cancel(Error **errp)
{
migrate_fd_cancel(migrate_get_current());
}
void qmp_migrate_continue(MigrationStatus state, Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
if (s->state != state) {
error_setg(errp, "Migration not in expected state: %s",
MigrationStatus_str(s->state));
return;
}
qemu_sem_post(&s->pause_sem);
}
void qmp_migrate_set_cache_size(int64_t value, Error **errp)
{
MigrateSetParameters p = {
.has_xbzrle_cache_size = true,
.xbzrle_cache_size = value,
};
qmp_migrate_set_parameters(&p, errp);
}
int64_t qmp_query_migrate_cache_size(Error **errp)
{
return migrate_xbzrle_cache_size();
}
void qmp_migrate_set_speed(int64_t value, Error **errp)
{
MigrateSetParameters p = {
.has_max_bandwidth = true,
.max_bandwidth = value,
};
qmp_migrate_set_parameters(&p, errp);
}
void qmp_migrate_set_downtime(double value, Error **errp)
{
if (value < 0 || value > MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME_SECONDS) {
error_setg(errp, "Parameter 'downtime_limit' expects an integer in "
"the range of 0 to %d seconds",
MAX_MIGRATE_DOWNTIME_SECONDS);
return;
}
value *= 1000; /* Convert to milliseconds */
value = MAX(0, MIN(INT64_MAX, value));
MigrateSetParameters p = {
.has_downtime_limit = true,
.downtime_limit = value,
};
qmp_migrate_set_parameters(&p, errp);
}
bool migrate_release_ram(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RELEASE_RAM];
}
bool migrate_postcopy_ram(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_RAM];
}
bool migrate_postcopy(void)
{
return migrate_postcopy_ram() || migrate_dirty_bitmaps();
}
bool migrate_auto_converge(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_AUTO_CONVERGE];
}
bool migrate_zero_blocks(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_ZERO_BLOCKS];
}
bool migrate_postcopy_blocktime(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_POSTCOPY_BLOCKTIME];
}
bool migrate_use_compression(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_COMPRESS];
}
int migrate_compress_level(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.compress_level;
}
int migrate_compress_threads(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.compress_threads;
}
int migrate_compress_wait_thread(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.compress_wait_thread;
}
int migrate_decompress_threads(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.decompress_threads;
}
bool migrate_dirty_bitmaps(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_DIRTY_BITMAPS];
}
bool migrate_ignore_shared(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_IGNORE_SHARED];
}
bool migrate_validate_uuid(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_VALIDATE_UUID];
}
bool migrate_use_events(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_EVENTS];
}
bool migrate_use_multifd(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_MULTIFD];
}
bool migrate_pause_before_switchover(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[
MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_PAUSE_BEFORE_SWITCHOVER];
}
int migrate_multifd_channels(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.multifd_channels;
}
int migrate_use_xbzrle(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_XBZRLE];
}
int64_t migrate_xbzrle_cache_size(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.xbzrle_cache_size;
}
static int64_t migrate_max_postcopy_bandwidth(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.max_postcopy_bandwidth;
}
bool migrate_use_block(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_BLOCK];
}
bool migrate_use_return_path(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_RETURN_PATH];
}
bool migrate_use_block_incremental(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->parameters.block_incremental;
}
/* migration thread support */
/*
* Something bad happened to the RP stream, mark an error
* The caller shall print or trace something to indicate why
*/
static void mark_source_rp_bad(MigrationState *s)
{
s->rp_state.error = true;
}
static struct rp_cmd_args {
ssize_t len; /* -1 = variable */
const char *name;
} rp_cmd_args[] = {
[MIG_RP_MSG_INVALID] = { .len = -1, .name = "INVALID" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT] = { .len = 4, .name = "SHUT" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_PONG] = { .len = 4, .name = "PONG" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES] = { .len = 12, .name = "REQ_PAGES" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID] = { .len = -1, .name = "REQ_PAGES_ID" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP] = { .len = -1, .name = "RECV_BITMAP" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK] = { .len = 4, .name = "RESUME_ACK" },
[MIG_RP_MSG_MAX] = { .len = -1, .name = "MAX" },
};
/*
* Process a request for pages received on the return path,
* We're allowed to send more than requested (e.g. to round to our page size)
* and we don't need to send pages that have already been sent.
*/
static void migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(MigrationState *ms, const char* rbname,
ram_addr_t start, size_t len)
{
long our_host_ps = qemu_real_host_page_size;
trace_migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(rbname, start, len);
/*
* Since we currently insist on matching page sizes, just sanity check
* we're being asked for whole host pages.
*/
if (start & (our_host_ps-1) ||
(len & (our_host_ps-1))) {
error_report("%s: Misaligned page request, start: " RAM_ADDR_FMT
" len: %zd", __func__, start, len);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
return;
}
if (ram_save_queue_pages(rbname, start, len)) {
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
}
}
/* Return true to retry, false to quit */
static bool postcopy_pause_return_path_thread(MigrationState *s)
{
trace_postcopy_pause_return_path();
qemu_sem_wait(&s->postcopy_pause_rp_sem);
trace_postcopy_pause_return_path_continued();
return true;
}
static int migrate_handle_rp_recv_bitmap(MigrationState *s, char *block_name)
{
RAMBlock *block = qemu_ram_block_by_name(block_name);
if (!block) {
error_report("%s: invalid block name '%s'", __func__, block_name);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Fetch the received bitmap and refresh the dirty bitmap */
return ram_dirty_bitmap_reload(s, block);
}
static int migrate_handle_rp_resume_ack(MigrationState *s, uint32_t value)
{
trace_source_return_path_thread_resume_ack(value);
if (value != MIGRATION_RESUME_ACK_VALUE) {
error_report("%s: illegal resume_ack value %"PRIu32,
__func__, value);
return -1;
}
/* Now both sides are active. */
migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_RECOVER,
MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
/* Notify send thread that time to continue send pages */
qemu_sem_post(&s->rp_state.rp_sem);
return 0;
}
/*
* Handles messages sent on the return path towards the source VM
*
*/
static void *source_return_path_thread(void *opaque)
{
MigrationState *ms = opaque;
QEMUFile *rp = ms->rp_state.from_dst_file;
uint16_t header_len, header_type;
uint8_t buf[512];
uint32_t tmp32, sibling_error;
ram_addr_t start = 0; /* =0 to silence warning */
size_t len = 0, expected_len;
int res;
trace_source_return_path_thread_entry();
rcu_register_thread();
retry:
while (!ms->rp_state.error && !qemu_file_get_error(rp) &&
migration_is_setup_or_active(ms->state)) {
trace_source_return_path_thread_loop_top();
header_type = qemu_get_be16(rp);
header_len = qemu_get_be16(rp);
if (qemu_file_get_error(rp)) {
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
if (header_type >= MIG_RP_MSG_MAX ||
header_type == MIG_RP_MSG_INVALID) {
error_report("RP: Received invalid message 0x%04x length 0x%04x",
header_type, header_len);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
if ((rp_cmd_args[header_type].len != -1 &&
header_len != rp_cmd_args[header_type].len) ||
header_len > sizeof(buf)) {
error_report("RP: Received '%s' message (0x%04x) with"
"incorrect length %d expecting %zu",
rp_cmd_args[header_type].name, header_type, header_len,
(size_t)rp_cmd_args[header_type].len);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
/* We know we've got a valid header by this point */
res = qemu_get_buffer(rp, buf, header_len);
if (res != header_len) {
error_report("RP: Failed reading data for message 0x%04x"
" read %d expected %d",
header_type, res, header_len);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
/* OK, we have the message and the data */
switch (header_type) {
case MIG_RP_MSG_SHUT:
sibling_error = ldl_be_p(buf);
trace_source_return_path_thread_shut(sibling_error);
if (sibling_error) {
error_report("RP: Sibling indicated error %d", sibling_error);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
}
/*
* We'll let the main thread deal with closing the RP
* we could do a shutdown(2) on it, but we're the only user
* anyway, so there's nothing gained.
*/
goto out;
case MIG_RP_MSG_PONG:
tmp32 = ldl_be_p(buf);
trace_source_return_path_thread_pong(tmp32);
break;
case MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES:
start = ldq_be_p(buf);
len = ldl_be_p(buf + 8);
migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(ms, NULL, start, len);
break;
case MIG_RP_MSG_REQ_PAGES_ID:
expected_len = 12 + 1; /* header + termination */
if (header_len >= expected_len) {
start = ldq_be_p(buf);
len = ldl_be_p(buf + 8);
/* Now we expect an idstr */
tmp32 = buf[12]; /* Length of the following idstr */
buf[13 + tmp32] = '\0';
expected_len += tmp32;
}
if (header_len != expected_len) {
error_report("RP: Req_Page_id with length %d expecting %zd",
header_len, expected_len);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
migrate_handle_rp_req_pages(ms, (char *)&buf[13], start, len);
break;
case MIG_RP_MSG_RECV_BITMAP:
if (header_len < 1) {
error_report("%s: missing block name", __func__);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
/* Format: len (1B) + idstr (<255B). This ends the idstr. */
buf[buf[0] + 1] = '\0';
if (migrate_handle_rp_recv_bitmap(ms, (char *)(buf + 1))) {
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
break;
case MIG_RP_MSG_RESUME_ACK:
tmp32 = ldl_be_p(buf);
if (migrate_handle_rp_resume_ack(ms, tmp32)) {
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
goto out;
}
break;
default:
break;
}
}
out:
res = qemu_file_get_error(rp);
if (res) {
if (res == -EIO && migration_in_postcopy()) {
/*
* Maybe there is something we can do: it looks like a
* network down issue, and we pause for a recovery.
*/
if (postcopy_pause_return_path_thread(ms)) {
/* Reload rp, reset the rest */
if (rp != ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
qemu_fclose(rp);
rp = ms->rp_state.from_dst_file;
}
ms->rp_state.error = false;
goto retry;
}
}
trace_source_return_path_thread_bad_end();
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
}
trace_source_return_path_thread_end();
ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = NULL;
qemu_fclose(rp);
rcu_unregister_thread();
return NULL;
}
static int open_return_path_on_source(MigrationState *ms,
bool create_thread)
{
ms->rp_state.from_dst_file = qemu_file_get_return_path(ms->to_dst_file);
if (!ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
return -1;
}
trace_open_return_path_on_source();
if (!create_thread) {
/* We're done */
return 0;
}
qemu_thread_create(&ms->rp_state.rp_thread, "return path",
source_return_path_thread, ms, QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
trace_open_return_path_on_source_continue();
return 0;
}
/* Returns 0 if the RP was ok, otherwise there was an error on the RP */
static int await_return_path_close_on_source(MigrationState *ms)
{
/*
* If this is a normal exit then the destination will send a SHUT and the
* rp_thread will exit, however if there's an error we need to cause
* it to exit.
*/
if (qemu_file_get_error(ms->to_dst_file) && ms->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
/*
* shutdown(2), if we have it, will cause it to unblock if it's stuck
* waiting for the destination.
*/
qemu_file_shutdown(ms->rp_state.from_dst_file);
mark_source_rp_bad(ms);
}
trace_await_return_path_close_on_source_joining();
qemu_thread_join(&ms->rp_state.rp_thread);
trace_await_return_path_close_on_source_close();
return ms->rp_state.error;
}
/*
* Switch from normal iteration to postcopy
* Returns non-0 on error
*/
static int postcopy_start(MigrationState *ms)
{
int ret;
QIOChannelBuffer *bioc;
QEMUFile *fb;
int64_t time_at_stop = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
int64_t bandwidth = migrate_max_postcopy_bandwidth();
bool restart_block = false;
int cur_state = MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE;
if (!migrate_pause_before_switchover()) {
migrate_set_state(&ms->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE,
MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
}
trace_postcopy_start();
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
trace_postcopy_start_set_run();
qemu_system_wakeup_request(QEMU_WAKEUP_REASON_OTHER, NULL);
global_state_store();
ret = vm_stop_force_state(RUN_STATE_FINISH_MIGRATE);
if (ret < 0) {
goto fail;
}
ret = migration_maybe_pause(ms, &cur_state,
MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE);
if (ret < 0) {
goto fail;
}
ret = bdrv_inactivate_all();
if (ret < 0) {
goto fail;
}
restart_block = true;
/*
* Cause any non-postcopiable, but iterative devices to
* send out their final data.
*/
qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy(ms->to_dst_file, true, false);
/*
* in Finish migrate and with the io-lock held everything should
* be quiet, but we've potentially still got dirty pages and we
* need to tell the destination to throw any pages it's already received
* that are dirty
*/
if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
if (ram_postcopy_send_discard_bitmap(ms)) {
error_report("postcopy send discard bitmap failed");
goto fail;
}
}
/*
* send rest of state - note things that are doing postcopy
* will notice we're in POSTCOPY_ACTIVE and not actually
* wrap their state up here
*/
/* 0 max-postcopy-bandwidth means unlimited */
if (!bandwidth) {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(ms->to_dst_file, INT64_MAX);
} else {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(ms->to_dst_file, bandwidth / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
}
if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
/* Ping just for debugging, helps line traces up */
qemu_savevm_send_ping(ms->to_dst_file, 2);
}
/*
* While loading the device state we may trigger page transfer
* requests and the fd must be free to process those, and thus
* the destination must read the whole device state off the fd before
* it starts processing it. Unfortunately the ad-hoc migration format
* doesn't allow the destination to know the size to read without fully
* parsing it through each devices load-state code (especially the open
* coded devices that use get/put).
* So we wrap the device state up in a package with a length at the start;
* to do this we use a qemu_buf to hold the whole of the device state.
*/
bioc = qio_channel_buffer_new(4096);
qio_channel_set_name(QIO_CHANNEL(bioc), "migration-postcopy-buffer");
fb = qemu_fopen_channel_output(QIO_CHANNEL(bioc));
object_unref(OBJECT(bioc));
/*
* Make sure the receiver can get incoming pages before we send the rest
* of the state
*/
qemu_savevm_send_postcopy_listen(fb);
qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy(fb, false, false);
if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
qemu_savevm_send_ping(fb, 3);
}
qemu_savevm_send_postcopy_run(fb);
/* <><> end of stuff going into the package */
/* Last point of recovery; as soon as we send the package the destination
* can open devices and potentially start running.
* Lets just check again we've not got any errors.
*/
ret = qemu_file_get_error(ms->to_dst_file);
if (ret) {
error_report("postcopy_start: Migration stream errored (pre package)");
goto fail_closefb;
}
restart_block = false;
/* Now send that blob */
if (qemu_savevm_send_packaged(ms->to_dst_file, bioc->data, bioc->usage)) {
goto fail_closefb;
}
qemu_fclose(fb);
/* Send a notify to give a chance for anything that needs to happen
* at the transition to postcopy and after the device state; in particular
* spice needs to trigger a transition now
*/
ms->postcopy_after_devices = true;
notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, ms);
ms->downtime = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME) - time_at_stop;
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
if (migrate_postcopy_ram()) {
/*
* Although this ping is just for debug, it could potentially be
* used for getting a better measurement of downtime at the source.
*/
qemu_savevm_send_ping(ms->to_dst_file, 4);
}
if (migrate_release_ram()) {
ram_postcopy_migrated_memory_release(ms);
}
ret = qemu_file_get_error(ms->to_dst_file);
if (ret) {
error_report("postcopy_start: Migration stream errored");
migrate_set_state(&ms->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE,
MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
}
return ret;
fail_closefb:
qemu_fclose(fb);
fail:
migrate_set_state(&ms->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE,
MIGRATION_STATUS_FAILED);
if (restart_block) {
/* A failure happened early enough that we know the destination hasn't
* accessed block devices, so we're safe to recover.
*/
Error *local_err = NULL;
bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(&local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_report_err(local_err);
}
}
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
return -1;
}
/**
* migration_maybe_pause: Pause if required to by
* migrate_pause_before_switchover called with the iothread locked
* Returns: 0 on success
*/
static int migration_maybe_pause(MigrationState *s,
int *current_active_state,
int new_state)
{
if (!migrate_pause_before_switchover()) {
return 0;
}
/* Since leaving this state is not atomic with posting the semaphore
* it's possible that someone could have issued multiple migrate_continue
* and the semaphore is incorrectly positive at this point;
* the docs say it's undefined to reinit a semaphore that's already
* init'd, so use timedwait to eat up any existing posts.
*/
while (qemu_sem_timedwait(&s->pause_sem, 1) == 0) {
/* This block intentionally left blank */
}
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
migrate_set_state(&s->state, *current_active_state,
MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER);
qemu_sem_wait(&s->pause_sem);
migrate_set_state(&s->state, MIGRATION_STATUS_PRE_SWITCHOVER,
new_state);
*current_active_state = new_state;
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
return s->state == new_state ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}
/**
* migration_completion: Used by migration_thread when there's not much left.
* The caller 'breaks' the loop when this returns.
*
* @s: Current migration state
*/
static void migration_completion(MigrationState *s)
{
int ret;
int current_active_state = s->state;
if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_ACTIVE) {
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
s->downtime_start = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
qemu_system_wakeup_request(QEMU_WAKEUP_REASON_OTHER, NULL);
s->vm_was_running = runstate_is_running();
ret = global_state_store();
if (!ret) {
bool inactivate = !migrate_colo_enabled();
ret = vm_stop_force_state(RUN_STATE_FINISH_MIGRATE);
if (ret >= 0) {
ret = migration_maybe_pause(s, &current_active_state,
MIGRATION_STATUS_DEVICE);
}
if (ret >= 0) {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->to_dst_file, INT64_MAX);
ret = qemu_savevm_state_complete_precopy(s->to_dst_file, false,
inactivate);
}
if (inactivate && ret >= 0) {
s->block_inactive = true;
}
}
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
if (ret < 0) {
goto fail;
}
} else if (s->state == MIGRATION_STATUS_POSTCOPY_ACTIVE) {
trace_migration_completion_postcopy_end();
qemu_savevm_state_complete_postcopy(s->to_dst_file);
trace_migration_completion_postcopy_end_after_complete();
}
/*
* If rp was opened we must clean up the thread before
* cleaning everything else up (since if there are no failures
* it will wait for the destination to send it's status in
* a SHUT command).
*/
if (s->rp_state.from_dst_file) {
int rp_error;
trace_migration_return_path_end_before();
rp_error = await_return_path_close_on_source(s);
trace_migration_return_path_end_after(rp_error);
if (rp_error) {
goto fail_invalidate;
}
}
if (qemu_file_get_error(s->to_dst_file)) {
trace_migration_completion_file_err();
goto fail_invalidate;
}
if (!migrate_colo_enabled()) {
migrate_set_state(&s->state, current_active_state,
MIGRATION_STATUS_COMPLETED);
}
return;