mm, oom: fix concurrent munlock and oom reaper unmap, v3

Since exit_mmap() is done without the protection of mm->mmap_sem, it is
possible for the oom reaper to concurrently operate on an mm until
MMF_OOM_SKIP is set.

This allows munlock_vma_pages_all() to concurrently run while the oom
reaper is operating on a vma.  Since munlock_vma_pages_range() depends
on clearing VM_LOCKED from vm_flags before actually doing the munlock to
determine if any other vmas are locking the same memory, the check for
VM_LOCKED in the oom reaper is racy.

This is especially noticeable on architectures such as powerpc where
clearing a huge pmd requires serialize_against_pte_lookup().  If the pmd
is zapped by the oom reaper during follow_page_mask() after the check
for pmd_none() is bypassed, this ends up deferencing a NULL ptl or a
kernel oops.

Fix this by manually freeing all possible memory from the mm before
doing the munlock and then setting MMF_OOM_SKIP.  The oom reaper can not
run on the mm anymore so the munlock is safe to do in exit_mmap().  It
also matches the logic that the oom reaper currently uses for
determining when to set MMF_OOM_SKIP itself, so there's no new risk of
excessive oom killing.

This issue fixes CVE-2018-1000200.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.21.1804241526320.238665@chino.kir.corp.google.com
Fixes: 212925802454 ("mm: oom: let oom_reap_task and exit_mmap run concurrently")
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Suggested-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>	[4.14+]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
(cherry picked from commit 27ae357fa82be5ab73b2ef8d39dcb8ca2563483a)
diff --git a/include/linux/oom.h b/include/linux/oom.h
index d4d41c0..553eb37 100644
--- a/include/linux/oom.h
+++ b/include/linux/oom.h
@@ -103,6 +103,8 @@
 	return 0;
 }
 
+void __oom_reap_task_mm(struct mm_struct *mm);
+
 extern unsigned long oom_badness(struct task_struct *p,
 		struct mem_cgroup *memcg, const nodemask_t *nodemask,
 		unsigned long totalpages);
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 3b934a8..11fca0d 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -3008,6 +3008,32 @@
 	/* mm's last user has gone, and its about to be pulled down */
 	mmu_notifier_release(mm);
 
+	if (unlikely(mm_is_oom_victim(mm))) {
+		/*
+		 * Manually reap the mm to free as much memory as possible.
+		 * Then, as the oom reaper does, set MMF_OOM_SKIP to disregard
+		 * this mm from further consideration.  Taking mm->mmap_sem for
+		 * write after setting MMF_OOM_SKIP will guarantee that the oom
+		 * reaper will not run on this mm again after mmap_sem is
+		 * dropped.
+		 *
+		 * Nothing can be holding mm->mmap_sem here and the above call
+		 * to mmu_notifier_release(mm) ensures mmu notifier callbacks in
+		 * __oom_reap_task_mm() will not block.
+		 *
+		 * This needs to be done before calling munlock_vma_pages_all(),
+		 * which clears VM_LOCKED, otherwise the oom reaper cannot
+		 * reliably test it.
+		 */
+		mutex_lock(&oom_lock);
+		__oom_reap_task_mm(mm);
+		mutex_unlock(&oom_lock);
+
+		set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
+		down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+		up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	}
+
 	if (mm->locked_vm) {
 		vma = mm->mmap;
 		while (vma) {
@@ -3029,24 +3055,6 @@
 	/* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */
 	/* Use -1 here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */
 	unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1);
-
-	if (unlikely(mm_is_oom_victim(mm))) {
-		/*
-		 * Wait for oom_reap_task() to stop working on this
-		 * mm. Because MMF_OOM_SKIP is already set before
-		 * calling down_read(), oom_reap_task() will not run
-		 * on this "mm" post up_write().
-		 *
-		 * mm_is_oom_victim() cannot be set from under us
-		 * either because victim->mm is already set to NULL
-		 * under task_lock before calling mmput and oom_mm is
-		 * set not NULL by the OOM killer only if victim->mm
-		 * is found not NULL while holding the task_lock.
-		 */
-		set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
-		down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
-		up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
-	}
 	free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
 	tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, 0, -1);
 
diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 6d59a1d..6b74142 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -469,7 +469,6 @@
 	return false;
 }
 
-
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
 /*
  * OOM Reaper kernel thread which tries to reap the memory used by the OOM
@@ -480,16 +479,54 @@
 static struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list;
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(oom_reaper_lock);
 
-static bool __oom_reap_task_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
+void __oom_reap_task_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
 {
-	struct mmu_gather tlb;
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+
+	/*
+	 * Tell all users of get_user/copy_from_user etc... that the content
+	 * is no longer stable. No barriers really needed because unmapping
+	 * should imply barriers already and the reader would hit a page fault
+	 * if it stumbled over a reaped memory.
+	 */
+	set_bit(MMF_UNSTABLE, &mm->flags);
+
+	for (vma = mm->mmap ; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+		if (!can_madv_dontneed_vma(vma))
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * Only anonymous pages have a good chance to be dropped
+		 * without additional steps which we cannot afford as we
+		 * are OOM already.
+		 *
+		 * We do not even care about fs backed pages because all
+		 * which are reclaimable have already been reclaimed and
+		 * we do not want to block exit_mmap by keeping mm ref
+		 * count elevated without a good reason.
+		 */
+		if (vma_is_anonymous(vma) || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
+			const unsigned long start = vma->vm_start;
+			const unsigned long end = vma->vm_end;
+			struct mmu_gather tlb;
+
+			tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start, end);
+			mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, start, end);
+			unmap_page_range(&tlb, vma, start, end, NULL);
+			mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, start, end);
+			tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, end);
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+static bool oom_reap_task_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
 	bool ret = true;
 
 	/*
 	 * We have to make sure to not race with the victim exit path
 	 * and cause premature new oom victim selection:
-	 * __oom_reap_task_mm		exit_mm
+	 * oom_reap_task_mm		exit_mm
 	 *   mmget_not_zero
 	 *				  mmput
 	 *				    atomic_dec_and_test
@@ -534,39 +571,8 @@
 
 	trace_start_task_reaping(tsk->pid);
 
-	/*
-	 * Tell all users of get_user/copy_from_user etc... that the content
-	 * is no longer stable. No barriers really needed because unmapping
-	 * should imply barriers already and the reader would hit a page fault
-	 * if it stumbled over a reaped memory.
-	 */
-	set_bit(MMF_UNSTABLE, &mm->flags);
+	__oom_reap_task_mm(mm);
 
-	for (vma = mm->mmap ; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
-		if (!can_madv_dontneed_vma(vma))
-			continue;
-
-		/*
-		 * Only anonymous pages have a good chance to be dropped
-		 * without additional steps which we cannot afford as we
-		 * are OOM already.
-		 *
-		 * We do not even care about fs backed pages because all
-		 * which are reclaimable have already been reclaimed and
-		 * we do not want to block exit_mmap by keeping mm ref
-		 * count elevated without a good reason.
-		 */
-		if (vma_is_anonymous(vma) || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
-			const unsigned long start = vma->vm_start;
-			const unsigned long end = vma->vm_end;
-
-			tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start, end);
-			mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, start, end);
-			unmap_page_range(&tlb, vma, start, end, NULL);
-			mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, start, end);
-			tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, end);
-		}
-	}
 	pr_info("oom_reaper: reaped process %d (%s), now anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
 			task_pid_nr(tsk), tsk->comm,
 			K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES)),
@@ -587,14 +593,13 @@
 	struct mm_struct *mm = tsk->signal->oom_mm;
 
 	/* Retry the down_read_trylock(mmap_sem) a few times */
-	while (attempts++ < MAX_OOM_REAP_RETRIES && !__oom_reap_task_mm(tsk, mm))
+	while (attempts++ < MAX_OOM_REAP_RETRIES && !oom_reap_task_mm(tsk, mm))
 		schedule_timeout_idle(HZ/10);
 
 	if (attempts <= MAX_OOM_REAP_RETRIES ||
 	    test_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags))
 		goto done;
 
-
 	pr_info("oom_reaper: unable to reap pid:%d (%s)\n",
 		task_pid_nr(tsk), tsk->comm);
 	debug_show_all_locks();