blob: 1f47e07552f676740d2756403ad6715f98cc716b [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* libkmod - interface to kernel module operations
*
* Copyright (C) 2011-2012 ProFUSION embedded systems
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include <elf.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "libkmod.h"
#include "libkmod-private.h"
enum kmod_elf_class {
KMOD_ELF_32 = (1 << 1),
KMOD_ELF_64 = (1 << 2),
KMOD_ELF_LSB = (1 << 3),
KMOD_ELF_MSB = (1 << 4)
};
/* as defined in module-init-tools */
struct kmod_modversion32 {
uint32_t crc;
char name[64 - sizeof(uint32_t)];
};
struct kmod_modversion64 {
uint64_t crc;
char name[64 - sizeof(uint64_t)];
};
#ifdef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
static const enum kmod_elf_class native_endianess = KMOD_ELF_MSB;
#else
static const enum kmod_elf_class native_endianess = KMOD_ELF_LSB;
#endif
struct kmod_elf {
const uint8_t *memory;
uint8_t *changed;
uint64_t size;
enum kmod_elf_class class;
struct kmod_elf_header {
struct {
uint64_t offset;
uint16_t count;
uint16_t entry_size;
} section;
struct {
uint16_t section; /* index of the strings section */
uint64_t size;
uint64_t offset;
uint32_t nameoff; /* offset in strings itself */
} strings;
uint16_t machine;
} header;
};
//#define ENABLE_ELFDBG 1
#if defined(ENABLE_LOGGING) && defined(ENABLE_ELFDBG)
#define ELFDBG(elf, ...) \
_elf_dbg(elf, __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__, __VA_ARGS__);
static inline void _elf_dbg(const struct kmod_elf *elf, const char *fname, unsigned line, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list args;
fprintf(stderr, "ELFDBG-%d%c: %s:%u %s() ",
(elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) ? 32 : 64,
(elf->class & KMOD_ELF_MSB) ? 'M' : 'L',
fname, line, func);
va_start(args, fmt);
vfprintf(stderr, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
}
#else
#define ELFDBG(elf, ...)
#endif
static int elf_identify(const void *memory, uint64_t size)
{
const uint8_t *p = memory;
int class = 0;
if (size <= EI_NIDENT || memcmp(p, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0)
return -ENOEXEC;
switch (p[EI_CLASS]) {
case ELFCLASS32:
if (size <= sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr))
return -EINVAL;
class |= KMOD_ELF_32;
break;
case ELFCLASS64:
if (size <= sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr))
return -EINVAL;
class |= KMOD_ELF_64;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
switch (p[EI_DATA]) {
case ELFDATA2LSB:
class |= KMOD_ELF_LSB;
break;
case ELFDATA2MSB:
class |= KMOD_ELF_MSB;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
return class;
}
static inline uint64_t elf_get_uint(const struct kmod_elf *elf, uint64_t offset, uint16_t size)
{
const uint8_t *p;
uint64_t ret = 0;
size_t i;
assert(size <= sizeof(uint64_t));
assert(offset + size <= elf->size);
if (offset + size > elf->size) {
ELFDBG(elf, "out of bounds: %"PRIu64" + %"PRIu16" = %"PRIu64"> %"PRIu64" (ELF size)\n",
offset, size, offset + size, elf->size);
return (uint64_t)-1;
}
p = elf->memory + offset;
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_MSB) {
for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
ret = (ret << 8) | p[i];
} else {
for (i = 1; i <= size; i++)
ret = (ret << 8) | p[size - i];
}
ELFDBG(elf, "size=%"PRIu16" offset=%"PRIu64" value=%"PRIu64"\n",
size, offset, ret);
return ret;
}
static inline int elf_set_uint(struct kmod_elf *elf, uint64_t offset, uint64_t size, uint64_t value)
{
uint8_t *p;
size_t i;
ELFDBG(elf, "size=%"PRIu16" offset=%"PRIu64" value=%"PRIu64" write memory=%p\n",
size, offset, value, elf->changed);
assert(size <= sizeof(uint64_t));
assert(offset + size <= elf->size);
if (offset + size > elf->size) {
ELFDBG(elf, "out of bounds: %"PRIu64" + %"PRIu16" = %"PRIu64"> %"PRIu64" (ELF size)\n",
offset, size, offset + size, elf->size);
return -1;
}
if (elf->changed == NULL) {
elf->changed = malloc(elf->size);
if (elf->changed == NULL)
return -errno;
memcpy(elf->changed, elf->memory, elf->size);
elf->memory = elf->changed;
ELFDBG(elf, "copied memory to allow writing.\n");
}
p = elf->changed + offset;
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_MSB) {
for (i = 1; i <= size; i++) {
p[size - i] = value & 0xff;
value = (value & 0xffffffffffffff00) >> 8;
}
} else {
for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
p[i] = value & 0xff;
value = (value & 0xffffffffffffff00) >> 8;
}
}
return 0;
}
static inline const void *elf_get_mem(const struct kmod_elf *elf, uint64_t offset)
{
assert(offset < elf->size);
if (offset >= elf->size) {
ELFDBG(elf, "out-of-bounds: %"PRIu64" >= %"PRIu64" (ELF size)\n",
offset, elf->size);
return NULL;
}
return elf->memory + offset;
}
static inline const void *elf_get_section_header(const struct kmod_elf *elf, uint16_t idx)
{
assert(idx != SHN_UNDEF);
assert(idx < elf->header.section.count);
if (idx == SHN_UNDEF || idx >= elf->header.section.count) {
ELFDBG(elf, "invalid section number: %"PRIu16", last=%"PRIu16"\n",
idx, elf->header.section.count);
return NULL;
}
return elf_get_mem(elf, elf->header.section.offset +
idx * elf->header.section.entry_size);
}
static inline int elf_get_section_info(const struct kmod_elf *elf, uint16_t idx, uint64_t *offset, uint64_t *size, uint32_t *nameoff)
{
const uint8_t *p = elf_get_section_header(elf, idx);
uint64_t min_size, off = p - elf->memory;
if (p == NULL) {
ELFDBG(elf, "no section at %"PRIu16"\n", idx);
*offset = 0;
*size = 0;
*nameoff = 0;
return -EINVAL;
}
#define READV(field) \
elf_get_uint(elf, off + offsetof(typeof(*hdr), field), sizeof(hdr->field))
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
const Elf32_Shdr *hdr = (const Elf32_Shdr *)p;
*size = READV(sh_size);
*offset = READV(sh_offset);
*nameoff = READV(sh_name);
} else {
const Elf64_Shdr *hdr = (const Elf64_Shdr *)p;
*size = READV(sh_size);
*offset = READV(sh_offset);
*nameoff = READV(sh_name);
}
#undef READV
min_size = *offset + *size;
if (min_size > elf->size) {
ELFDBG(elf, "out-of-bounds: %"PRIu64" >= %"PRIu64" (ELF size)\n",
min_size, elf->size);
return -EINVAL;
}
ELFDBG(elf, "section=%"PRIu16" is: offset=%"PRIu64" size=%"PRIu64" nameoff=%"PRIu32"\n",
idx, *offset, *size, *nameoff);
return 0;
}
static const char *elf_get_strings_section(const struct kmod_elf *elf, uint64_t *size)
{
*size = elf->header.strings.size;
return elf_get_mem(elf, elf->header.strings.offset);
}
struct kmod_elf *kmod_elf_new(const void *memory, off_t size)
{
struct kmod_elf *elf;
size_t hdr_size, shdr_size, min_size;
int class;
assert(sizeof(uint16_t) == sizeof(Elf32_Half));
assert(sizeof(uint16_t) == sizeof(Elf64_Half));
assert(sizeof(uint32_t) == sizeof(Elf32_Word));
assert(sizeof(uint32_t) == sizeof(Elf64_Word));
class = elf_identify(memory, size);
if (class < 0) {
errno = -class;
return NULL;
}
elf = malloc(sizeof(struct kmod_elf));
if (elf == NULL) {
return NULL;
}
elf->memory = memory;
elf->changed = NULL;
elf->size = size;
elf->class = class;
#define READV(field) \
elf_get_uint(elf, offsetof(typeof(*hdr), field), sizeof(hdr->field))
#define LOAD_HEADER \
elf->header.section.offset = READV(e_shoff); \
elf->header.section.count = READV(e_shnum); \
elf->header.section.entry_size = READV(e_shentsize); \
elf->header.strings.section = READV(e_shstrndx); \
elf->header.machine = READV(e_machine)
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
const Elf32_Ehdr *hdr = elf_get_mem(elf, 0);
LOAD_HEADER;
hdr_size = sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr);
shdr_size = sizeof(Elf32_Shdr);
} else {
const Elf64_Ehdr *hdr = elf_get_mem(elf, 0);
LOAD_HEADER;
hdr_size = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr);
shdr_size = sizeof(Elf64_Shdr);
}
#undef LOAD_HEADER
#undef READV
ELFDBG(elf, "section: offset=%"PRIu64" count=%"PRIu16" entry_size=%"PRIu16" strings index=%"PRIu16"\n",
elf->header.section.offset,
elf->header.section.count,
elf->header.section.entry_size,
elf->header.strings.section);
if (elf->header.section.entry_size != shdr_size) {
ELFDBG(elf, "unexpected section entry size: %"PRIu16", expected %"PRIu16"\n",
elf->header.section.entry_size, shdr_size);
goto invalid;
}
min_size = hdr_size + shdr_size * elf->header.section.count;
if (min_size >= elf->size) {
ELFDBG(elf, "file is too short to hold sections\n");
goto invalid;
}
if (elf_get_section_info(elf, elf->header.strings.section,
&elf->header.strings.offset,
&elf->header.strings.size,
&elf->header.strings.nameoff) < 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "could not get strings section\n");
goto invalid;
} else {
uint64_t slen;
const char *s = elf_get_strings_section(elf, &slen);
if (slen == 0 || s[slen - 1] != '\0') {
ELFDBG(elf, "strings section does not ends with \\0\n");
goto invalid;
}
}
return elf;
invalid:
free(elf);
errno = EINVAL;
return NULL;
}
void kmod_elf_unref(struct kmod_elf *elf)
{
free(elf->changed);
free(elf);
}
const void *kmod_elf_get_memory(const struct kmod_elf *elf)
{
return elf->memory;
}
int kmod_elf_get_section(const struct kmod_elf *elf, const char *section, const void **buf, uint64_t *buf_size)
{
uint64_t nameslen;
const char *names = elf_get_strings_section(elf, &nameslen);
uint16_t i;
*buf = NULL;
*buf_size = 0;
for (i = 1; i < elf->header.section.count; i++) {
uint64_t off, size;
uint32_t nameoff;
const char *n;
int err = elf_get_section_info(elf, i, &off, &size, &nameoff);
if (err < 0)
continue;
if (nameoff >= nameslen)
continue;
n = names + nameoff;
if (!streq(section, n))
continue;
*buf = elf_get_mem(elf, off);
*buf_size = size;
return 0;
}
return -ENOENT;
}
/* array will be allocated with strings in a single malloc, just free *array */
int kmod_elf_get_strings(const struct kmod_elf *elf, const char *section, char ***array)
{
size_t i, j, count;
uint64_t size;
const void *buf;
const char *strings;
char *s, **a;
int err;
*array = NULL;
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, section, &buf, &size);
if (err < 0)
return err;
strings = buf;
if (strings == NULL || size == 0)
return 0;
/* skip zero padding */
while (strings[0] == '\0' && size > 1) {
strings++;
size--;
}
if (size <= 1)
return 0;
for (i = 0, count = 0; i < size; ) {
if (strings[i] != '\0') {
i++;
continue;
}
while (strings[i] == '\0' && i < size)
i++;
count++;
}
if (strings[i - 1] != '\0')
count++;
*array = a = malloc(size + 1 + sizeof(char *) * (count + 1));
if (*array == NULL)
return -errno;
s = (char *)(a + count + 1);
memcpy(s, strings, size);
/* make sure the last string is NULL-terminated */
s[size] = '\0';
a[count] = NULL;
a[0] = s;
for (i = 0, j = 1; j < count && i < size; ) {
if (s[i] != '\0') {
i++;
continue;
}
while (strings[i] == '\0' && i < size)
i++;
a[j] = &s[i];
j++;
}
return count;
}
/* array will be allocated with strings in a single malloc, just free *array */
int kmod_elf_get_modversions(const struct kmod_elf *elf, struct kmod_modversion **array)
{
size_t off, offcrc, slen;
uint64_t size;
struct kmod_modversion *a;
const void *buf;
char *itr;
int i, count, err;
#define MODVERSION_SEC_SIZE (sizeof(struct kmod_modversion64))
assert(sizeof(struct kmod_modversion64) ==
sizeof(struct kmod_modversion32));
if (elf->class == KMOD_ELF_32)
offcrc = sizeof(uint32_t);
else
offcrc = sizeof(uint64_t);
*array = NULL;
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, "__versions", &buf, &size);
if (err < 0)
return err;
if (buf == NULL || size == 0)
return 0;
if (size % MODVERSION_SEC_SIZE != 0)
return -EINVAL;
count = size / MODVERSION_SEC_SIZE;
off = (const uint8_t *)buf - elf->memory;
slen = 0;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++, off += MODVERSION_SEC_SIZE) {
const char *symbol = elf_get_mem(elf, off + offcrc);
if (symbol[0] == '.')
symbol++;
slen += strlen(symbol) + 1;
}
*array = a = malloc(sizeof(struct kmod_modversion) * count + slen);
if (*array == NULL)
return -errno;
itr = (char *)(a + count);
off = (const uint8_t *)buf - elf->memory;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++, off += MODVERSION_SEC_SIZE) {
uint64_t crc = elf_get_uint(elf, off, offcrc);
const char *symbol = elf_get_mem(elf, off + offcrc);
size_t symbollen;
if (symbol[0] == '.')
symbol++;
a[i].crc = crc;
a[i].bind = KMOD_SYMBOL_UNDEF;
a[i].symbol = itr;
symbollen = strlen(symbol) + 1;
memcpy(itr, symbol, symbollen);
itr += symbollen;
}
return count;
}
int kmod_elf_strip_section(struct kmod_elf *elf, const char *section)
{
uint64_t size, off;
const void *buf;
int err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, section, &buf, &size);
if (err < 0)
return err;
off = (const uint8_t *)buf - elf->memory;
#define WRITEV(field, value) \
elf_set_uint(elf, off + offsetof(typeof(*hdr), field), sizeof(hdr->field), value)
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
const Elf32_Shdr *hdr = buf;
uint32_t val = ~(uint32_t)SHF_ALLOC;
return WRITEV(sh_flags, val);
} else {
const Elf64_Shdr *hdr = buf;
uint64_t val = ~(uint64_t)SHF_ALLOC;
return WRITEV(sh_flags, val);
}
#undef WRITEV
}
int kmod_elf_strip_vermagic(struct kmod_elf *elf)
{
uint64_t i, size;
const void *buf;
const char *strings;
int err;
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, ".modinfo", &buf, &size);
if (err < 0)
return err;
strings = buf;
if (strings == NULL || size == 0)
return 0;
/* skip zero padding */
while (strings[0] == '\0' && size > 1) {
strings++;
size--;
}
if (size <= 1)
return 0;
for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
const char *s;
size_t off, len;
if (strings[i] == '\0')
continue;
if (i + 1 >= size)
continue;
s = strings + i;
len = sizeof("vermagic=") - 1;
if (i + len >= size)
continue;
if (strncmp(s, "vermagic=", len) != 0) {
i += strlen(s);
continue;
}
s += len;
off = (const uint8_t *)s - elf->memory;
if (elf->changed == NULL) {
elf->changed = malloc(elf->size);
if (elf->changed == NULL)
return -errno;
memcpy(elf->changed, elf->memory, elf->size);
elf->memory = elf->changed;
ELFDBG(elf, "copied memory to allow writing.\n");
}
len = strlen(s);
ELFDBG(elf, "clear .modinfo vermagic \"%s\" (%zd bytes)\n",
s, len);
memset(elf->changed + off, '\0', len);
return 0;
}
ELFDBG(elf, "no vermagic found in .modinfo\n");
return -ENOENT;
}
static int kmod_elf_get_symbols_symtab(const struct kmod_elf *elf, struct kmod_modversion **array)
{
uint64_t i, last, size;
const void *buf;
const char *strings;
char *itr;
struct kmod_modversion *a;
int count, err;
*array = NULL;
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, "__ksymtab_strings", &buf, &size);
if (err < 0)
return err;
strings = buf;
if (strings == NULL || size == 0)
return 0;
/* skip zero padding */
while (strings[0] == '\0' && size > 1) {
strings++;
size--;
}
if (size <= 1)
return 0;
last = 0;
for (i = 0, count = 0; i < size; i++) {
if (strings[i] == '\0') {
if (last == i) {
last = i + 1;
continue;
}
count++;
last = i + 1;
}
}
if (strings[i - 1] != '\0')
count++;
*array = a = malloc(size + 1 + sizeof(struct kmod_modversion) * count);
if (*array == NULL)
return -errno;
itr = (char *)(a + count);
last = 0;
for (i = 0, count = 0; i < size; i++) {
if (strings[i] == '\0') {
size_t slen = i - last;
if (last == i) {
last = i + 1;
continue;
}
a[count].crc = 0;
a[count].bind = KMOD_SYMBOL_GLOBAL;
a[count].symbol = itr;
memcpy(itr, strings + last, slen);
itr[slen] = '\0';
itr += slen + 1;
count++;
last = i + 1;
}
}
if (strings[i - 1] != '\0') {
size_t slen = i - last;
a[count].crc = 0;
a[count].bind = KMOD_SYMBOL_GLOBAL;
a[count].symbol = itr;
memcpy(itr, strings + last, slen);
itr[slen] = '\0';
itr += slen + 1;
count++;
}
return count;
}
static inline uint8_t kmod_symbol_bind_from_elf(uint8_t elf_value)
{
switch (elf_value) {
case STB_LOCAL:
return KMOD_SYMBOL_LOCAL;
case STB_GLOBAL:
return KMOD_SYMBOL_GLOBAL;
case STB_WEAK:
return KMOD_SYMBOL_WEAK;
default:
return KMOD_SYMBOL_NONE;
}
}
/* array will be allocated with strings in a single malloc, just free *array */
int kmod_elf_get_symbols(const struct kmod_elf *elf, struct kmod_modversion **array)
{
static const char crc_str[] = "__crc_";
static const size_t crc_strlen = sizeof(crc_str) - 1;
uint64_t strtablen, symtablen, str_off, sym_off;
const void *strtab, *symtab;
struct kmod_modversion *a;
char *itr;
size_t slen, symlen;
int i, count, symcount, err;
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, ".strtab", &strtab, &strtablen);
if (err < 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "no .strtab found.\n");
goto fallback;
}
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, ".symtab", &symtab, &symtablen);
if (err < 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "no .symtab found.\n");
goto fallback;
}
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32)
symlen = sizeof(Elf32_Sym);
else
symlen = sizeof(Elf64_Sym);
if (symtablen % symlen != 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "unexpected .symtab of length %"PRIu64", not multiple of %"PRIu64" as expected.\n", symtablen, symlen);
goto fallback;
}
symcount = symtablen / symlen;
count = 0;
slen = 0;
str_off = (const uint8_t *)strtab - elf->memory;
sym_off = (const uint8_t *)symtab - elf->memory + symlen;
for (i = 1; i < symcount; i++, sym_off += symlen) {
const char *name;
uint32_t name_off;
#define READV(field) \
elf_get_uint(elf, sym_off + offsetof(typeof(*s), field),\
sizeof(s->field))
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
Elf32_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
} else {
Elf64_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
}
#undef READV
if (name_off >= strtablen) {
ELFDBG(elf, ".strtab is %"PRIu64" bytes, but .symtab entry %d wants to access offset %"PRIu32".\n", strtablen, i, name_off);
goto fallback;
}
name = elf_get_mem(elf, str_off + name_off);
if (strncmp(name, crc_str, crc_strlen) != 0)
continue;
slen += strlen(name + crc_strlen) + 1;
count++;
}
if (count == 0)
goto fallback;
*array = a = malloc(sizeof(struct kmod_modversion) * count + slen);
if (*array == NULL)
return -errno;
itr = (char *)(a + count);
count = 0;
str_off = (const uint8_t *)strtab - elf->memory;
sym_off = (const uint8_t *)symtab - elf->memory + symlen;
for (i = 1; i < symcount; i++, sym_off += symlen) {
const char *name;
uint32_t name_off;
uint64_t crc;
uint8_t info, bind;
#define READV(field) \
elf_get_uint(elf, sym_off + offsetof(typeof(*s), field),\
sizeof(s->field))
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
Elf32_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
crc = READV(st_value);
info = READV(st_info);
} else {
Elf64_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
crc = READV(st_value);
info = READV(st_info);
}
#undef READV
name = elf_get_mem(elf, str_off + name_off);
if (strncmp(name, crc_str, crc_strlen) != 0)
continue;
name += crc_strlen;
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32)
bind = ELF32_ST_BIND(info);
else
bind = ELF64_ST_BIND(info);
a[count].crc = crc;
a[count].bind = kmod_symbol_bind_from_elf(bind);
a[count].symbol = itr;
slen = strlen(name);
memcpy(itr, name, slen);
itr[slen] = '\0';
itr += slen + 1;
count++;
}
return count;
fallback:
ELFDBG(elf, "Falling back to __ksymtab_strings!\n");
return kmod_elf_get_symbols_symtab(elf, array);
}
static int kmod_elf_crc_find(const struct kmod_elf *elf, const void *versions, uint64_t versionslen, const char *name, uint64_t *crc)
{
size_t verlen, crclen, off;
uint64_t i;
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
struct kmod_modversion32 *mv;
verlen = sizeof(*mv);
crclen = sizeof(mv->crc);
} else {
struct kmod_modversion64 *mv;
verlen = sizeof(*mv);
crclen = sizeof(mv->crc);
}
off = (const uint8_t *)versions - elf->memory;
for (i = 0; i < versionslen; i += verlen) {
const char *symbol = elf_get_mem(elf, off + i + crclen);
if (!streq(name, symbol))
continue;
*crc = elf_get_uint(elf, off + i, crclen);
return i / verlen;
}
ELFDBG(elf, "could not find crc for symbol '%s'\n", name);
*crc = 0;
return -1;
}
/* from module-init-tools:elfops_core.c */
#ifndef STT_REGISTER
#define STT_REGISTER 13 /* Global register reserved to app. */
#endif
/* array will be allocated with strings in a single malloc, just free *array */
int kmod_elf_get_dependency_symbols(const struct kmod_elf *elf, struct kmod_modversion **array)
{
uint64_t versionslen, strtablen, symtablen, str_off, sym_off, ver_off;
const void *versions, *strtab, *symtab;
struct kmod_modversion *a;
char *itr;
size_t slen, verlen, symlen, crclen;
int i, count, symcount, vercount, err;
bool handle_register_symbols;
uint8_t *visited_versions;
uint64_t *symcrcs;
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, "__versions", &versions, &versionslen);
if (err < 0) {
versions = NULL;
versionslen = 0;
verlen = 0;
crclen = 0;
} else {
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
struct kmod_modversion32 *mv;
verlen = sizeof(*mv);
crclen = sizeof(mv->crc);
} else {
struct kmod_modversion64 *mv;
verlen = sizeof(*mv);
crclen = sizeof(mv->crc);
}
if (versionslen % verlen != 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "unexpected __versions of length %"PRIu64", not multiple of %zd as expected.\n", versionslen, verlen);
versions = NULL;
versionslen = 0;
}
}
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, ".strtab", &strtab, &strtablen);
if (err < 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "no .strtab found.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
err = kmod_elf_get_section(elf, ".symtab", &symtab, &symtablen);
if (err < 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "no .symtab found.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32)
symlen = sizeof(Elf32_Sym);
else
symlen = sizeof(Elf64_Sym);
if (symtablen % symlen != 0) {
ELFDBG(elf, "unexpected .symtab of length %"PRIu64", not multiple of %"PRIu64" as expected.\n", symtablen, symlen);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (versionslen == 0) {
vercount = 0;
visited_versions = NULL;
} else {
vercount = versionslen / verlen;
visited_versions = calloc(vercount, sizeof(uint8_t));
if (visited_versions == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
}
handle_register_symbols = (elf->header.machine == EM_SPARC ||
elf->header.machine == EM_SPARCV9);
symcount = symtablen / symlen;
count = 0;
slen = 0;
str_off = (const uint8_t *)strtab - elf->memory;
sym_off = (const uint8_t *)symtab - elf->memory + symlen;
symcrcs = calloc(symcount, sizeof(uint64_t));
if (symcrcs == NULL) {
free(visited_versions);
return -ENOMEM;
}
for (i = 1; i < symcount; i++, sym_off += symlen) {
const char *name;
uint64_t crc;
uint32_t name_off;
uint16_t secidx;
uint8_t info;
int idx;
#define READV(field) \
elf_get_uint(elf, sym_off + offsetof(typeof(*s), field),\
sizeof(s->field))
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
Elf32_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
secidx = READV(st_shndx);
info = READV(st_info);
} else {
Elf64_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
secidx = READV(st_shndx);
info = READV(st_info);
}
#undef READV
if (secidx != SHN_UNDEF)
continue;
if (handle_register_symbols) {
uint8_t type;
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32)
type = ELF32_ST_TYPE(info);
else
type = ELF64_ST_TYPE(info);
/* Not really undefined: sparc gcc 3.3 creates
* U references when you have global asm
* variables, to avoid anyone else misusing
* them.
*/
if (type == STT_REGISTER)
continue;
}
if (name_off >= strtablen) {
ELFDBG(elf, ".strtab is %"PRIu64" bytes, but .symtab entry %d wants to access offset %"PRIu32".\n", strtablen, i, name_off);
free(visited_versions);
free(symcrcs);
return -EINVAL;
}
name = elf_get_mem(elf, str_off + name_off);
if (name[0] == '\0') {
ELFDBG(elf, "empty symbol name at index %"PRIu64"\n", i);
continue;
}
slen += strlen(name) + 1;
count++;
idx = kmod_elf_crc_find(elf, versions, versionslen, name, &crc);
if (idx >= 0 && visited_versions != NULL)
visited_versions[idx] = 1;
symcrcs[i] = crc;
}
if (visited_versions != NULL) {
/* module_layout/struct_module are not visited, but needed */
ver_off = (const uint8_t *)versions - elf->memory;
for (i = 0; i < vercount; i++) {
if (visited_versions[i] == 0) {
const char *name;
name = elf_get_mem(elf, ver_off + i * verlen + crclen);
slen += strlen(name) + 1;
count++;
}
}
}
if (count == 0) {
free(visited_versions);
free(symcrcs);
*array = NULL;
return 0;
}
*array = a = malloc(sizeof(struct kmod_modversion) * count + slen);
if (*array == NULL) {
free(visited_versions);
free(symcrcs);
return -errno;
}
itr = (char *)(a + count);
count = 0;
str_off = (const uint8_t *)strtab - elf->memory;
sym_off = (const uint8_t *)symtab - elf->memory + symlen;
for (i = 1; i < symcount; i++, sym_off += symlen) {
const char *name;
uint64_t crc;
uint32_t name_off;
uint16_t secidx;
uint8_t info, bind;
#define READV(field) \
elf_get_uint(elf, sym_off + offsetof(typeof(*s), field),\
sizeof(s->field))
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32) {
Elf32_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
secidx = READV(st_shndx);
info = READV(st_info);
} else {
Elf64_Sym *s;
name_off = READV(st_name);
secidx = READV(st_shndx);
info = READV(st_info);
}
#undef READV
if (secidx != SHN_UNDEF)
continue;
if (handle_register_symbols) {
uint8_t type;
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32)
type = ELF32_ST_TYPE(info);
else
type = ELF64_ST_TYPE(info);
/* Not really undefined: sparc gcc 3.3 creates
* U references when you have global asm
* variables, to avoid anyone else misusing
* them.
*/
if (type == STT_REGISTER)
continue;
}
name = elf_get_mem(elf, str_off + name_off);
if (name[0] == '\0') {
ELFDBG(elf, "empty symbol name at index %"PRIu64"\n", i);
continue;
}
if (elf->class & KMOD_ELF_32)
bind = ELF32_ST_BIND(info);
else
bind = ELF64_ST_BIND(info);
if (bind == STB_WEAK)
bind = KMOD_SYMBOL_WEAK;
else
bind = KMOD_SYMBOL_UNDEF;
slen = strlen(name);
crc = symcrcs[i];
a[count].crc = crc;
a[count].bind = bind;
a[count].symbol = itr;
memcpy(itr, name, slen);
itr[slen] = '\0';
itr += slen + 1;
count++;
}
free(symcrcs);
if (visited_versions == NULL)
return count;
/* add unvisited (module_layout/struct_module) */
ver_off = (const uint8_t *)versions - elf->memory;
for (i = 0; i < vercount; i++) {
const char *name;
uint64_t crc;
if (visited_versions[i] != 0)
continue;
name = elf_get_mem(elf, ver_off + i * verlen + crclen);
slen = strlen(name);
crc = elf_get_uint(elf, ver_off + i * verlen, crclen);
a[count].crc = crc;
a[count].bind = KMOD_SYMBOL_UNDEF;
a[count].symbol = itr;
memcpy(itr, name, slen);
itr[slen] = '\0';
itr += slen + 1;
count++;
}
free(visited_versions);
return count;
}