mm/page_alloc: do bulk array bounds check after checking populated elements

Dan Carpenter reported the following

  The patch 0f87d9d30f21: "mm/page_alloc: add an array-based interface
  to the bulk page allocator" from Apr 29, 2021, leads to the following
  static checker warning:

        mm/page_alloc.c:5338 __alloc_pages_bulk()
        warn: potentially one past the end of array 'page_array[nr_populated]'

The problem can occur if an array is passed in that is fully populated.
That potentially ends up allocating a single page and storing it past
the end of the array.  This patch returns 0 if the array is fully
populated.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210618125102.GU30378@techsingularity.net
Fixes: 0f87d9d30f21 ("mm/page_alloc: add an array-based interface to the bulk page allocator")
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsinguliarity.net>
Reported-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Cc: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 7124bb0..ef2265f 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -5056,6 +5056,10 @@
 	while (page_array && nr_populated < nr_pages && page_array[nr_populated])
 		nr_populated++;
 
+	/* Already populated array? */
+	if (unlikely(page_array && nr_pages - nr_populated == 0))
+		return 0;
+
 	/* Use the single page allocator for one page. */
 	if (nr_pages - nr_populated == 1)
 		goto failed;