blob: 9982521a96a45e4720587210a4e46a6dff39829e [file] [log] [blame]
From 81baac83691628c4d27d612c820ee37a55afdf18 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Date: Sat, 4 Jan 2020 13:00:15 -0800
Subject: [PATCH] mm/hugetlb: defer freeing of huge pages if in non-task
context
commit c77c0a8ac4c522638a8242fcb9de9496e3cdbb2d upstream.
The following lockdep splat was observed when a certain hugetlbfs test
was run:
================================
WARNING: inconsistent lock state
4.18.0-159.el8.x86_64+debug #1 Tainted: G W --------- - -
--------------------------------
inconsistent {SOFTIRQ-ON-W} -> {IN-SOFTIRQ-W} usage.
swapper/30/0 [HC0[0]:SC1[1]:HE1:SE0] takes:
ffffffff9acdc038 (hugetlb_lock){+.?.}, at: free_huge_page+0x36f/0xaa0
{SOFTIRQ-ON-W} state was registered at:
lock_acquire+0x14f/0x3b0
_raw_spin_lock+0x30/0x70
__nr_hugepages_store_common+0x11b/0xb30
hugetlb_sysctl_handler_common+0x209/0x2d0
proc_sys_call_handler+0x37f/0x450
vfs_write+0x157/0x460
ksys_write+0xb8/0x170
do_syscall_64+0xa5/0x4d0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6a/0xdf
irq event stamp: 691296
hardirqs last enabled at (691296): [<ffffffff99bb034b>] _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x4b/0x60
hardirqs last disabled at (691295): [<ffffffff99bb0ad2>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x22/0x81
softirqs last enabled at (691284): [<ffffffff97ff0c63>] irq_enter+0xc3/0xe0
softirqs last disabled at (691285): [<ffffffff97ff0ebe>] irq_exit+0x23e/0x2b0
other info that might help us debug this:
Possible unsafe locking scenario:
CPU0
----
lock(hugetlb_lock);
<Interrupt>
lock(hugetlb_lock);
*** DEADLOCK ***
:
Call Trace:
<IRQ>
__lock_acquire+0x146b/0x48c0
lock_acquire+0x14f/0x3b0
_raw_spin_lock+0x30/0x70
free_huge_page+0x36f/0xaa0
bio_check_pages_dirty+0x2fc/0x5c0
clone_endio+0x17f/0x670 [dm_mod]
blk_update_request+0x276/0xe50
scsi_end_request+0x7b/0x6a0
scsi_io_completion+0x1c6/0x1570
blk_done_softirq+0x22e/0x350
__do_softirq+0x23d/0xad8
irq_exit+0x23e/0x2b0
do_IRQ+0x11a/0x200
common_interrupt+0xf/0xf
</IRQ>
Both the hugetbl_lock and the subpool lock can be acquired in
free_huge_page(). One way to solve the problem is to make both locks
irq-safe. However, Mike Kravetz had learned that the hugetlb_lock is
held for a linear scan of ALL hugetlb pages during a cgroup reparentling
operation. So it is just too long to have irq disabled unless we can
break hugetbl_lock down into finer-grained locks with shorter lock hold
times.
Another alternative is to defer the freeing to a workqueue job. This
patch implements the deferred freeing by adding a free_hpage_workfn()
work function to do the actual freeing. The free_huge_page() call in a
non-task context saves the page to be freed in the hpage_freelist linked
list in a lockless manner using the llist APIs.
The generic workqueue is used to process the work, but a dedicated
workqueue can be used instead if it is desirable to have the huge page
freed ASAP.
Thanks to Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com> for suggesting the use of
llist APIs which simplfy the code.
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191217170331.30893-1-longman@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 4c842adf14e0..205acd58dbe7 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
+#include <linux/llist.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -1255,7 +1256,7 @@ static inline void ClearPageHugeTemporary(struct page *page)
page[2].mapping = NULL;
}
-void free_huge_page(struct page *page)
+static void __free_huge_page(struct page *page)
{
/*
* Can't pass hstate in here because it is called from the
@@ -1318,6 +1319,54 @@ void free_huge_page(struct page *page)
spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
}
+/*
+ * As free_huge_page() can be called from a non-task context, we have
+ * to defer the actual freeing in a workqueue to prevent potential
+ * hugetlb_lock deadlock.
+ *
+ * free_hpage_workfn() locklessly retrieves the linked list of pages to
+ * be freed and frees them one-by-one. As the page->mapping pointer is
+ * going to be cleared in __free_huge_page() anyway, it is reused as the
+ * llist_node structure of a lockless linked list of huge pages to be freed.
+ */
+static LLIST_HEAD(hpage_freelist);
+
+static void free_hpage_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct llist_node *node;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ node = llist_del_all(&hpage_freelist);
+
+ while (node) {
+ page = container_of((struct address_space **)node,
+ struct page, mapping);
+ node = node->next;
+ __free_huge_page(page);
+ }
+}
+static DECLARE_WORK(free_hpage_work, free_hpage_workfn);
+
+void free_huge_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ /*
+ * Defer freeing if in non-task context to avoid hugetlb_lock deadlock.
+ */
+ if (!in_task()) {
+ /*
+ * Only call schedule_work() if hpage_freelist is previously
+ * empty. Otherwise, schedule_work() had been called but the
+ * workfn hasn't retrieved the list yet.
+ */
+ if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)&page->mapping,
+ &hpage_freelist))
+ schedule_work(&free_hpage_work);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ __free_huge_page(page);
+}
+
static void prep_new_huge_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page, int nid)
{
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru);
--
2.7.4