blob: c998391612d3d16631de7be3a07cd6b9a263a9a0 [file] [log] [blame]
From 1b1582de195abcd186855a242dceab84fc6cb4dc Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Date: Thu, 5 Mar 2020 22:28:26 -0800
Subject: [PATCH] mm, numa: fix bad pmd by atomically check for pmd_trans_huge
when marking page tables prot_numa
commit 8b272b3cbbb50a6a8e62d8a15affd473a788e184 upstream.
: A user reported a bug against a distribution kernel while running a
: proprietary workload described as "memory intensive that is not swapping"
: that is expected to apply to mainline kernels. The workload is
: read/write/modifying ranges of memory and checking the contents. They
: reported that within a few hours that a bad PMD would be reported followed
: by a memory corruption where expected data was all zeros. A partial
: report of the bad PMD looked like
:
: [ 5195.338482] ../mm/pgtable-generic.c:33: bad pmd ffff8888157ba008(000002e0396009e2)
: [ 5195.341184] ------------[ cut here ]------------
: [ 5195.356880] kernel BUG at ../mm/pgtable-generic.c:35!
: ....
: [ 5195.410033] Call Trace:
: [ 5195.410471] [<ffffffff811bc75d>] change_protection_range+0x7dd/0x930
: [ 5195.410716] [<ffffffff811d4be8>] change_prot_numa+0x18/0x30
: [ 5195.410918] [<ffffffff810adefe>] task_numa_work+0x1fe/0x310
: [ 5195.411200] [<ffffffff81098322>] task_work_run+0x72/0x90
: [ 5195.411246] [<ffffffff81077139>] exit_to_usermode_loop+0x91/0xc2
: [ 5195.411494] [<ffffffff81003a51>] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x31/0x40
: [ 5195.411739] [<ffffffff815e56af>] retint_user+0x8/0x10
:
: Decoding revealed that the PMD was a valid prot_numa PMD and the bad PMD
: was a false detection. The bug does not trigger if automatic NUMA
: balancing or transparent huge pages is disabled.
:
: The bug is due a race in change_pmd_range between a pmd_trans_huge and
: pmd_nond_or_clear_bad check without any locks held. During the
: pmd_trans_huge check, a parallel protection update under lock can have
: cleared the PMD and filled it with a prot_numa entry between the transhuge
: check and the pmd_none_or_clear_bad check.
:
: While this could be fixed with heavy locking, it's only necessary to make
: a copy of the PMD on the stack during change_pmd_range and avoid races. A
: new helper is created for this as the check if quite subtle and the
: existing similar helpful is not suitable. This passed 154 hours of
: testing (usually triggers between 20 minutes and 24 hours) without
: detecting bad PMDs or corruption. A basic test of an autonuma-intensive
: workload showed no significant change in behaviour.
Although Mel withdrew the patch on the face of LKML comment
https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/4/10/922 the race window aforementioned is
still open, and we have reports of Linpack test reporting bad residuals
after the bad PMD warning is observed. In addition to that, bad
rss-counter and non-zero pgtables assertions are triggered on mm teardown
for the task hitting the bad PMD.
host kernel: mm/pgtable-generic.c:40: bad pmd 00000000b3152f68(8000000d2d2008e7)
....
host kernel: BUG: Bad rss-counter state mm:00000000b583043d idx:1 val:512
host kernel: BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 4096
The issue is observed on a v4.18-based distribution kernel, but the race
window is expected to be applicable to mainline kernels, as well.
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comment typo, per Rafael]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200216191800.22423-1-aquini@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index bf38dfbbb4b4..c5add7c033a0 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -161,6 +161,31 @@ static unsigned long change_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
return pages;
}
+/*
+ * Used when setting automatic NUMA hinting protection where it is
+ * critical that a numa hinting PMD is not confused with a bad PMD.
+ */
+static inline int pmd_none_or_clear_bad_unless_trans_huge(pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ pmd_t pmdval = pmd_read_atomic(pmd);
+
+ /* See pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad for info on barrier */
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+ barrier();
+#endif
+
+ if (pmd_none(pmdval))
+ return 1;
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(pmdval))
+ return 0;
+ if (unlikely(pmd_bad(pmdval))) {
+ pmd_clear_bad(pmd);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static inline unsigned long change_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
pgprot_t newprot, int dirty_accountable, int prot_numa)
@@ -178,8 +203,17 @@ static inline unsigned long change_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long this_pages;
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
- if (!is_swap_pmd(*pmd) && !pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) && !pmd_devmap(*pmd)
- && pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
+
+ /*
+ * Automatic NUMA balancing walks the tables with mmap_sem
+ * held for read. It's possible a parallel update to occur
+ * between pmd_trans_huge() and a pmd_none_or_clear_bad()
+ * check leading to a false positive and clearing.
+ * Hence, it's necessary to atomically read the PMD value
+ * for all the checks.
+ */
+ if (!is_swap_pmd(*pmd) && !pmd_devmap(*pmd) &&
+ pmd_none_or_clear_bad_unless_trans_huge(pmd))
goto next;
/* invoke the mmu notifier if the pmd is populated */
--
2.7.4