blob: b89147b0f98737d13071a85788d3c5e2c3d64ba6 [file] [log] [blame]
From d785ed9e84fe15e6d0c6449dfc7c3934fd951f16 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Takashi Iwai <>
Date: Wed, 3 Jun 2020 17:37:08 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] ALSA: usb-audio: Fix inconsistent card PM state after resume
commit 862b2509d157c629dd26d7ac6c6cdbf043d332eb upstream.
When a USB-audio interface gets runtime-suspended via auto-pm feature,
the driver suspends all functionality and increment
chip->num_suspended_intf. Later on, when the system gets suspended to
S3, the driver increments chip->num_suspended_intf again, skips the
device changes, and sets the card power state to
SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot. In return, when the system gets resumed from
S3, the resume callback decrements chip->num_suspended_intf. Since
this refcount is still not zero (it's been runtime-suspended), the
whole resume is skipped. But there is a small pitfall here.
The problem is that the driver doesn't restore the card power state
after this resume call, leaving it as SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot. So,
even after the system resume finishes, the card instance still appears
as if it were system-suspended, and this confuses many ioctl accesses
that are blocked unexpectedly.
In details, we have two issues behind the scene: one is that the card
power state is changed only when the refcount becomes zero, and
another is that the prior auto-suspend check is kept in a boolean
flag. Although the latter problem is almost negligible since the
auto-pm feature is imposed only on the primary interface, but this can
be a potential problem on the devices with multiple interfaces.
This patch addresses those issues by the following:
- Replace chip->autosuspended boolean flag with chip->system_suspend
- At the first system-suspend, chip->num_suspended_intf is recorded to
- At system-resume, the card power state is restored when the
chip->num_suspended_intf refcount reaches to chip->system_suspend,
i.e. the state returns to the auto-suspended
Also, the patch fixes yet another hidden problem by the code
refactoring along with the fixes above: namely, when some resume
procedure failed, the driver left chip->num_suspended_intf that was
already decreased, and it might lead to the refcount unbalance.
In the new code, the refcount decrement is done after the whole resume
procedure, and the problem is avoided as well.
Fixes: 0662292aec05 ("ALSA: usb-audio: Handle normal and auto-suspend equally")
Reported-and-tested-by: Macpaul Lin <>
Cc: <>
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <>
diff --git a/sound/usb/card.c b/sound/usb/card.c
index 54f9ce38471e..f9a64e9526f5 100644
--- a/sound/usb/card.c
+++ b/sound/usb/card.c
@@ -810,9 +810,6 @@ static int usb_audio_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message)
if (chip == (void *)-1L)
return 0;
- chip->autosuspended = !!PMSG_IS_AUTO(message);
- if (!chip->autosuspended)
- snd_power_change_state(chip->card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot);
if (!chip->num_suspended_intf++) {
list_for_each_entry(as, &chip->pcm_list, list) {
@@ -825,6 +822,11 @@ static int usb_audio_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message)
+ if (!PMSG_IS_AUTO(message) && !chip->system_suspend) {
+ snd_power_change_state(chip->card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot);
+ chip->system_suspend = chip->num_suspended_intf;
+ }
return 0;
@@ -838,10 +840,10 @@ static int __usb_audio_resume(struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_resume)
if (chip == (void *)-1L)
return 0;
- if (--chip->num_suspended_intf)
- return 0;
atomic_inc(&chip->active); /* avoid autopm */
+ if (chip->num_suspended_intf > 1)
+ goto out;
list_for_each_entry(as, &chip->pcm_list, list) {
err = snd_usb_pcm_resume(as);
@@ -863,9 +865,12 @@ static int __usb_audio_resume(struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_resume)
- if (!chip->autosuspended)
+ out:
+ if (chip->num_suspended_intf == chip->system_suspend) {
snd_power_change_state(chip->card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
- chip->autosuspended = 0;
+ chip->system_suspend = 0;
+ }
+ chip->num_suspended_intf--;
atomic_dec(&chip->active); /* allow autopm after this point */
diff --git a/sound/usb/usbaudio.h b/sound/usb/usbaudio.h
index e360680f45f3..55a2119c2411 100644
--- a/sound/usb/usbaudio.h
+++ b/sound/usb/usbaudio.h
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ struct snd_usb_audio {
struct usb_interface *pm_intf;
u32 usb_id;
struct mutex mutex;
- unsigned int autosuspended:1;
+ unsigned int system_suspend;
atomic_t active;
atomic_t shutdown;
atomic_t usage_count;