printk: Fix preferred console selection with multiple matches

In the following circumstances, the rule of selecting the console
corresponding to the last "console=" entry on the command line as
the preferred console (CON_CONSDEV, ie, /dev/console) fails. This
is a specific example, but it could happen with different consoles
that have a similar name aliasing mechanism.

  - The kernel command line has both console=tty0 and console=ttyS0
    in that order (the latter with speed etc... arguments).
    This is common with some cloud setups such as Amazon Linux.

  - add_preferred_console is called early to register "uart0". In
    our case that happens from acpi_parse_spcr() on arm64 since the
    "enable_console" argument is true on that architecture. This causes
    "uart0" to become entry 0 of the console_cmdline array.

Now, because of the above, what happens is:

  - add_preferred_console is called by the cmdline parsing for tty0
    and ttyS0 respectively, thus occupying entries 1 and 2 of the
    console_cmdline array (since this happens after ACPI SPCR parsing).
    At that point preferred_console is set to 2 as expected.

  - When the tty layer kicks in, it will call register_console for tty0.
    This will match entry 1 in console_cmdline array. It isn't our
    preferred console but because it's our only console at this point,
    it will end up "first" in the consoles list.

  - When 8250 probes the actual serial port later on, it calls
    register_console for ttyS0. At that point the loop in register_console
    tries to match it with the entries in the console_cmdline array.
    Ideally this should match ttyS0 in entry 2, which is preferred, causing
    it to be inserted first and to replace tty0 as CONSDEV. However, 8250
    provides a "match" hook in its struct console, and that hook will match
    "uart" as an alias to "ttyS". So we match uart0 at entry 0 in the array
    which is not the preferred console and will not match entry 2 which is
    since we break out of the loop on the first match. As a result,
    we don't set CONSDEV and don't insert it first, but second in
    the console list.

    As a result, we end up with tty0 remaining first in the array, and thus
    /dev/console going there instead of the last user specified one which
    is ttyS0.

This tentative fix register_console() to scan first for consoles
specified on the command line, and only if none is found, to then
scan for consoles specified by the architecture.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200213095133.23176-3-pmladek@suse.com
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
diff --git a/kernel/printk/console_cmdline.h b/kernel/printk/console_cmdline.h
index 11f19c4..3ca74ad 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/console_cmdline.h
+++ b/kernel/printk/console_cmdline.h
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
 {
 	char	name[16];			/* Name of the driver	    */
 	int	index;				/* Minor dev. to use	    */
+	bool	user_specified;			/* Specified by command line vs. platform */
 	char	*options;			/* Options for the driver   */
 #ifdef CONFIG_A11Y_BRAILLE_CONSOLE
 	char	*brl_options;			/* Options for braille driver */
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 0ebcdf5..f76ef3f 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -2116,7 +2116,7 @@
 #endif
 
 static int __add_preferred_console(char *name, int idx, char *options,
-				   char *brl_options)
+				   char *brl_options, bool user_specified)
 {
 	struct console_cmdline *c;
 	int i;
@@ -2131,6 +2131,8 @@
 		if (strcmp(c->name, name) == 0 && c->index == idx) {
 			if (!brl_options)
 				preferred_console = i;
+			if (user_specified)
+				c->user_specified = true;
 			return 0;
 		}
 	}
@@ -2140,6 +2142,7 @@
 		preferred_console = i;
 	strlcpy(c->name, name, sizeof(c->name));
 	c->options = options;
+	c->user_specified = user_specified;
 	braille_set_options(c, brl_options);
 
 	c->index = idx;
@@ -2194,7 +2197,7 @@
 	idx = simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 10);
 	*s = 0;
 
-	__add_preferred_console(buf, idx, options, brl_options);
+	__add_preferred_console(buf, idx, options, brl_options, true);
 	console_set_on_cmdline = 1;
 	return 1;
 }
@@ -2215,7 +2218,7 @@
  */
 int add_preferred_console(char *name, int idx, char *options)
 {
-	return __add_preferred_console(name, idx, options, NULL);
+	return __add_preferred_console(name, idx, options, NULL, false);
 }
 
 bool console_suspend_enabled = true;
@@ -2636,7 +2639,7 @@
  * Care need to be taken with consoles that are statically
  * enabled such as netconsole
  */
-static int try_enable_new_console(struct console *newcon)
+static int try_enable_new_console(struct console *newcon, bool user_specified)
 {
 	struct console_cmdline *c;
 	int i;
@@ -2644,6 +2647,8 @@
 	for (i = 0, c = console_cmdline;
 	     i < MAX_CMDLINECONSOLES && c->name[0];
 	     i++, c++) {
+		if (c->user_specified != user_specified)
+			continue;
 		if (!newcon->match ||
 		    newcon->match(newcon, c->name, c->index, c->options) != 0) {
 			/* default matching */
@@ -2673,9 +2678,10 @@
 
 	/*
 	 * Some consoles, such as pstore and netconsole, can be enabled even
-	 * without matching.
+	 * without matching. Accept the pre-enabled consoles only when match()
+	 * and setup() had a change to be called.
 	 */
-	if (newcon->flags & CON_ENABLED)
+	if (newcon->flags & CON_ENABLED && c->user_specified ==	user_specified)
 		return 0;
 
 	return -ENOENT;
@@ -2752,11 +2758,12 @@
 		}
 	}
 
-	/*
-	 * See if this console matches one we selected on
-	 * the command line or if it was statically enabled
-	 */
-	err = try_enable_new_console(newcon);
+	/* See if this console matches one we selected on the command line */
+	err = try_enable_new_console(newcon, true);
+
+	/* If not, try to match against the platform default(s) */
+	if (err == -ENOENT)
+		err = try_enable_new_console(newcon, false);
 
 	/* printk() messages are not printed to the Braille console. */
 	if (err || newcon->flags & CON_BRL)