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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
/*
* Copyright (c) International Business Machines Corp., 2006
* Copyright (c) Nokia Corporation, 2006, 2007
*
* Author: Artem Bityutskiy (Битюцкий Артём)
*/
#ifndef __UBI_UBI_H__
#define __UBI_UBI_H__
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/mtd/ubi.h>
#include <linux/pgtable.h>
#include "ubi-media.h"
/* Maximum number of supported UBI devices */
#define UBI_MAX_DEVICES 32
/* UBI name used for character devices, sysfs, etc */
#define UBI_NAME_STR "ubi"
struct ubi_device;
/* Normal UBI messages */
__printf(2, 3)
void ubi_msg(const struct ubi_device *ubi, const char *fmt, ...);
/* UBI warning messages */
__printf(2, 3)
void ubi_warn(const struct ubi_device *ubi, const char *fmt, ...);
/* UBI error messages */
__printf(2, 3)
void ubi_err(const struct ubi_device *ubi, const char *fmt, ...);
/* Background thread name pattern */
#define UBI_BGT_NAME_PATTERN "ubi_bgt%dd"
/*
* This marker in the EBA table means that the LEB is um-mapped.
* NOTE! It has to have the same value as %UBI_ALL.
*/
#define UBI_LEB_UNMAPPED -1
/*
* In case of errors, UBI tries to repeat the operation several times before
* returning error. The below constant defines how many times UBI re-tries.
*/
#define UBI_IO_RETRIES 3
/*
* Length of the protection queue. The length is effectively equivalent to the
* number of (global) erase cycles PEBs are protected from the wear-leveling
* worker.
*/
#define UBI_PROT_QUEUE_LEN 10
/* The volume ID/LEB number/erase counter is unknown */
#define UBI_UNKNOWN -1
/*
* The UBI debugfs directory name pattern and maximum name length (3 for "ubi"
* + 2 for the number plus 1 for the trailing zero byte.
*/
#define UBI_DFS_DIR_NAME "ubi%d"
#define UBI_DFS_DIR_LEN (3 + 2 + 1)
/*
* Error codes returned by the I/O sub-system.
*
* UBI_IO_FF: the read region of flash contains only 0xFFs
* UBI_IO_FF_BITFLIPS: the same as %UBI_IO_FF, but also there was a data
* integrity error reported by the MTD driver
* (uncorrectable ECC error in case of NAND)
* UBI_IO_BAD_HDR: the EC or VID header is corrupted (bad magic or CRC)
* UBI_IO_BAD_HDR_EBADMSG: the same as %UBI_IO_BAD_HDR, but also there was a
* data integrity error reported by the MTD driver
* (uncorrectable ECC error in case of NAND)
* UBI_IO_BITFLIPS: bit-flips were detected and corrected
*
* Note, it is probably better to have bit-flip and ebadmsg as flags which can
* be or'ed with other error code. But this is a big change because there are
* may callers, so it does not worth the risk of introducing a bug
*/
enum {
UBI_IO_FF = 1,
UBI_IO_FF_BITFLIPS,
UBI_IO_BAD_HDR,
UBI_IO_BAD_HDR_EBADMSG,
UBI_IO_BITFLIPS,
};
/*
* Return codes of the 'ubi_eba_copy_leb()' function.
*
* MOVE_CANCEL_RACE: canceled because the volume is being deleted, the source
* PEB was put meanwhile, or there is I/O on the source PEB
* MOVE_SOURCE_RD_ERR: canceled because there was a read error from the source
* PEB
* MOVE_TARGET_RD_ERR: canceled because there was a read error from the target
* PEB
* MOVE_TARGET_WR_ERR: canceled because there was a write error to the target
* PEB
* MOVE_TARGET_BITFLIPS: canceled because a bit-flip was detected in the
* target PEB
* MOVE_RETRY: retry scrubbing the PEB
*/
enum {
MOVE_CANCEL_RACE = 1,
MOVE_SOURCE_RD_ERR,
MOVE_TARGET_RD_ERR,
MOVE_TARGET_WR_ERR,
MOVE_TARGET_BITFLIPS,
MOVE_RETRY,
};
/*
* Return codes of the fastmap sub-system
*
* UBI_NO_FASTMAP: No fastmap super block was found
* UBI_BAD_FASTMAP: A fastmap was found but it's unusable
*/
enum {
UBI_NO_FASTMAP = 1,
UBI_BAD_FASTMAP,
};
/*
* Flags for emulate_power_cut in ubi_debug_info
*
* POWER_CUT_EC_WRITE: Emulate a power cut when writing an EC header
* POWER_CUT_VID_WRITE: Emulate a power cut when writing a VID header
*/
enum {
POWER_CUT_EC_WRITE = 0x01,
POWER_CUT_VID_WRITE = 0x02,
};
/**
* struct ubi_vid_io_buf - VID buffer used to read/write VID info to/from the
* flash.
* @hdr: a pointer to the VID header stored in buffer
* @buffer: underlying buffer
*/
struct ubi_vid_io_buf {
struct ubi_vid_hdr *hdr;
void *buffer;
};
/**
* struct ubi_wl_entry - wear-leveling entry.
* @u.rb: link in the corresponding (free/used) RB-tree
* @u.list: link in the protection queue
* @ec: erase counter
* @pnum: physical eraseblock number
*
* This data structure is used in the WL sub-system. Each physical eraseblock
* has a corresponding &struct wl_entry object which may be kept in different
* RB-trees. See WL sub-system for details.
*/
struct ubi_wl_entry {
union {
struct rb_node rb;
struct list_head list;
} u;
int ec;
int pnum;
};
/**
* struct ubi_ltree_entry - an entry in the lock tree.
* @rb: links RB-tree nodes
* @vol_id: volume ID of the locked logical eraseblock
* @lnum: locked logical eraseblock number
* @users: how many tasks are using this logical eraseblock or wait for it
* @mutex: read/write mutex to implement read/write access serialization to
* the (@vol_id, @lnum) logical eraseblock
*
* This data structure is used in the EBA sub-system to implement per-LEB
* locking. When a logical eraseblock is being locked - corresponding
* &struct ubi_ltree_entry object is inserted to the lock tree (@ubi->ltree).
* See EBA sub-system for details.
*/
struct ubi_ltree_entry {
struct rb_node rb;
int vol_id;
int lnum;
int users;
struct rw_semaphore mutex;
};
/**
* struct ubi_rename_entry - volume re-name description data structure.
* @new_name_len: new volume name length
* @new_name: new volume name
* @remove: if not zero, this volume should be removed, not re-named
* @desc: descriptor of the volume
* @list: links re-name entries into a list
*
* This data structure is utilized in the multiple volume re-name code. Namely,
* UBI first creates a list of &struct ubi_rename_entry objects from the
* &struct ubi_rnvol_req request object, and then utilizes this list to do all
* the job.
*/
struct ubi_rename_entry {
int new_name_len;
char new_name[UBI_VOL_NAME_MAX + 1];
int remove;
struct ubi_volume_desc *desc;
struct list_head list;
};
struct ubi_volume_desc;
/**
* struct ubi_fastmap_layout - in-memory fastmap data structure.
* @e: PEBs used by the current fastmap
* @to_be_tortured: if non-zero tortured this PEB
* @used_blocks: number of used PEBs
* @max_pool_size: maximal size of the user pool
* @max_wl_pool_size: maximal size of the pool used by the WL sub-system
*/
struct ubi_fastmap_layout {
struct ubi_wl_entry *e[UBI_FM_MAX_BLOCKS];
int to_be_tortured[UBI_FM_MAX_BLOCKS];
int used_blocks;
int max_pool_size;
int max_wl_pool_size;
};
/**
* struct ubi_fm_pool - in-memory fastmap pool
* @pebs: PEBs in this pool
* @used: number of used PEBs
* @size: total number of PEBs in this pool
* @max_size: maximal size of the pool
*
* A pool gets filled with up to max_size.
* If all PEBs within the pool are used a new fastmap will be written
* to the flash and the pool gets refilled with empty PEBs.
*
*/
struct ubi_fm_pool {
int pebs[UBI_FM_MAX_POOL_SIZE];
int used;
int size;
int max_size;
};
/**
* struct ubi_eba_leb_desc - EBA logical eraseblock descriptor
* @lnum: the logical eraseblock number
* @pnum: the physical eraseblock where the LEB can be found
*
* This structure is here to hide EBA's internal from other part of the
* UBI implementation.
*
* One can query the position of a LEB by calling ubi_eba_get_ldesc().
*/
struct ubi_eba_leb_desc {
int lnum;
int pnum;
};
/**
* struct ubi_volume - UBI volume description data structure.
* @dev: device object to make use of the Linux device model
* @cdev: character device object to create character device
* @ubi: reference to the UBI device description object
* @vol_id: volume ID
* @ref_count: volume reference count
* @readers: number of users holding this volume in read-only mode
* @writers: number of users holding this volume in read-write mode
* @exclusive: whether somebody holds this volume in exclusive mode
* @metaonly: whether somebody is altering only meta data of this volume
*
* @reserved_pebs: how many physical eraseblocks are reserved for this volume
* @vol_type: volume type (%UBI_DYNAMIC_VOLUME or %UBI_STATIC_VOLUME)
* @usable_leb_size: logical eraseblock size without padding
* @used_ebs: how many logical eraseblocks in this volume contain data
* @last_eb_bytes: how many bytes are stored in the last logical eraseblock
* @used_bytes: how many bytes of data this volume contains
* @alignment: volume alignment
* @data_pad: how many bytes are not used at the end of physical eraseblocks to
* satisfy the requested alignment
* @name_len: volume name length
* @name: volume name
*
* @upd_ebs: how many eraseblocks are expected to be updated
* @ch_lnum: LEB number which is being changing by the atomic LEB change
* operation
* @upd_bytes: how many bytes are expected to be received for volume update or
* atomic LEB change
* @upd_received: how many bytes were already received for volume update or
* atomic LEB change
* @upd_buf: update buffer which is used to collect update data or data for
* atomic LEB change
*
* @eba_tbl: EBA table of this volume (LEB->PEB mapping)
* @skip_check: %1 if CRC check of this static volume should be skipped.
* Directly reflects the presence of the
* %UBI_VTBL_SKIP_CRC_CHECK_FLG flag in the vtbl entry
* @checked: %1 if this static volume was checked
* @corrupted: %1 if the volume is corrupted (static volumes only)
* @upd_marker: %1 if the update marker is set for this volume
* @updating: %1 if the volume is being updated
* @changing_leb: %1 if the atomic LEB change ioctl command is in progress
* @direct_writes: %1 if direct writes are enabled for this volume
*
* @checkmap: bitmap to remember which PEB->LEB mappings got checked,
* protected by UBI LEB lock tree.
*
* The @corrupted field indicates that the volume's contents is corrupted.
* Since UBI protects only static volumes, this field is not relevant to
* dynamic volumes - it is user's responsibility to assure their data
* integrity.
*
* The @upd_marker flag indicates that this volume is either being updated at
* the moment or is damaged because of an unclean reboot.
*/
struct ubi_volume {
struct device dev;
struct cdev cdev;
struct ubi_device *ubi;
int vol_id;
int ref_count;
int readers;
int writers;
int exclusive;
int metaonly;
int reserved_pebs;
int vol_type;
int usable_leb_size;
int used_ebs;
int last_eb_bytes;
long long used_bytes;
int alignment;
int data_pad;
int name_len;
char name[UBI_VOL_NAME_MAX + 1];
int upd_ebs;
int ch_lnum;
long long upd_bytes;
long long upd_received;
void *upd_buf;
struct ubi_eba_table *eba_tbl;
unsigned int skip_check:1;
unsigned int checked:1;
unsigned int corrupted:1;
unsigned int upd_marker:1;
unsigned int updating:1;
unsigned int changing_leb:1;
unsigned int direct_writes:1;
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_UBI_FASTMAP
unsigned long *checkmap;
#endif
};
/**
* struct ubi_volume_desc - UBI volume descriptor returned when it is opened.
* @vol: reference to the corresponding volume description object
* @mode: open mode (%UBI_READONLY, %UBI_READWRITE, %UBI_EXCLUSIVE
* or %UBI_METAONLY)
*/
struct ubi_volume_desc {
struct ubi_volume *vol;
int mode;
};
/**
* struct ubi_debug_info - debugging information for an UBI device.
*
* @chk_gen: if UBI general extra checks are enabled
* @chk_io: if UBI I/O extra checks are enabled
* @chk_fastmap: if UBI fastmap extra checks are enabled
* @disable_bgt: disable the background task for testing purposes
* @emulate_bitflips: emulate bit-flips for testing purposes
* @emulate_io_failures: emulate write/erase failures for testing purposes
* @emulate_power_cut: emulate power cut for testing purposes
* @power_cut_counter: count down for writes left until emulated power cut
* @power_cut_min: minimum number of writes before emulating a power cut
* @power_cut_max: maximum number of writes until emulating a power cut
* @dfs_dir_name: name of debugfs directory containing files of this UBI device
* @dfs_dir: direntry object of the UBI device debugfs directory
* @dfs_chk_gen: debugfs knob to enable UBI general extra checks
* @dfs_chk_io: debugfs knob to enable UBI I/O extra checks
* @dfs_chk_fastmap: debugfs knob to enable UBI fastmap extra checks
* @dfs_disable_bgt: debugfs knob to disable the background task
* @dfs_emulate_bitflips: debugfs knob to emulate bit-flips
* @dfs_emulate_io_failures: debugfs knob to emulate write/erase failures
* @dfs_emulate_power_cut: debugfs knob to emulate power cuts
* @dfs_power_cut_min: debugfs knob for minimum writes before power cut
* @dfs_power_cut_max: debugfs knob for maximum writes until power cut
*/
struct ubi_debug_info {
unsigned int chk_gen:1;
unsigned int chk_io:1;
unsigned int chk_fastmap:1;
unsigned int disable_bgt:1;
unsigned int emulate_bitflips:1;
unsigned int emulate_io_failures:1;
unsigned int emulate_power_cut:2;
unsigned int power_cut_counter;
unsigned int power_cut_min;
unsigned int power_cut_max;
char dfs_dir_name[UBI_DFS_DIR_LEN + 1];
struct dentry *dfs_dir;
struct dentry *dfs_chk_gen;
struct dentry *dfs_chk_io;
struct dentry *dfs_chk_fastmap;
struct dentry *dfs_disable_bgt;
struct dentry *dfs_emulate_bitflips;
struct dentry *dfs_emulate_io_failures;
struct dentry *dfs_emulate_power_cut;
struct dentry *dfs_power_cut_min;
struct dentry *dfs_power_cut_max;
};
/**
* struct ubi_device - UBI device description structure
* @dev: UBI device object to use the Linux device model
* @cdev: character device object to create character device
* @ubi_num: UBI device number
* @ubi_name: UBI device name
* @vol_count: number of volumes in this UBI device
* @volumes: volumes of this UBI device
* @volumes_lock: protects @volumes, @rsvd_pebs, @avail_pebs, beb_rsvd_pebs,
* @beb_rsvd_level, @bad_peb_count, @good_peb_count, @vol_count,
* @vol->readers, @vol->writers, @vol->exclusive,
* @vol->metaonly, @vol->ref_count, @vol->mapping and
* @vol->eba_tbl.
* @ref_count: count of references on the UBI device
* @image_seq: image sequence number recorded on EC headers
*
* @rsvd_pebs: count of reserved physical eraseblocks
* @avail_pebs: count of available physical eraseblocks
* @beb_rsvd_pebs: how many physical eraseblocks are reserved for bad PEB
* handling
* @beb_rsvd_level: normal level of PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling
*
* @autoresize_vol_id: ID of the volume which has to be auto-resized at the end
* of UBI initialization
* @vtbl_slots: how many slots are available in the volume table
* @vtbl_size: size of the volume table in bytes
* @vtbl: in-RAM volume table copy
* @device_mutex: protects on-flash volume table and serializes volume
* creation, deletion, update, re-size, re-name and set
* property
*
* @max_ec: current highest erase counter value
* @mean_ec: current mean erase counter value
*
* @global_sqnum: global sequence number
* @ltree_lock: protects the lock tree and @global_sqnum
* @ltree: the lock tree
* @alc_mutex: serializes "atomic LEB change" operations
*
* @fm_disabled: non-zero if fastmap is disabled (default)
* @fm: in-memory data structure of the currently used fastmap
* @fm_pool: in-memory data structure of the fastmap pool
* @fm_wl_pool: in-memory data structure of the fastmap pool used by the WL
* sub-system
* @fm_protect: serializes ubi_update_fastmap(), protects @fm_buf and makes sure
* that critical sections cannot be interrupted by ubi_update_fastmap()
* @fm_buf: vmalloc()'d buffer which holds the raw fastmap
* @fm_size: fastmap size in bytes
* @fm_eba_sem: allows ubi_update_fastmap() to block EBA table changes
* @fm_work: fastmap work queue
* @fm_work_scheduled: non-zero if fastmap work was scheduled
* @fast_attach: non-zero if UBI was attached by fastmap
* @fm_anchor: The next anchor PEB to use for fastmap
* @fm_do_produce_anchor: If true produce an anchor PEB in wl
*
* @used: RB-tree of used physical eraseblocks
* @erroneous: RB-tree of erroneous used physical eraseblocks
* @free: RB-tree of free physical eraseblocks
* @free_count: Contains the number of elements in @free
* @scrub: RB-tree of physical eraseblocks which need scrubbing
* @pq: protection queue (contain physical eraseblocks which are temporarily
* protected from the wear-leveling worker)
* @pq_head: protection queue head
* @wl_lock: protects the @used, @free, @pq, @pq_head, @lookuptbl, @move_from,
* @move_to, @move_to_put @erase_pending, @wl_scheduled, @works,
* @erroneous, @erroneous_peb_count, @fm_work_scheduled, @fm_pool,
* and @fm_wl_pool fields
* @move_mutex: serializes eraseblock moves
* @work_sem: used to wait for all the scheduled works to finish and prevent
* new works from being submitted
* @wl_scheduled: non-zero if the wear-leveling was scheduled
* @lookuptbl: a table to quickly find a &struct ubi_wl_entry object for any
* physical eraseblock
* @move_from: physical eraseblock from where the data is being moved
* @move_to: physical eraseblock where the data is being moved to
* @move_to_put: if the "to" PEB was put
* @works: list of pending works
* @works_count: count of pending works
* @bgt_thread: background thread description object
* @thread_enabled: if the background thread is enabled
* @bgt_name: background thread name
*
* @flash_size: underlying MTD device size (in bytes)
* @peb_count: count of physical eraseblocks on the MTD device
* @peb_size: physical eraseblock size
* @bad_peb_limit: top limit of expected bad physical eraseblocks
* @bad_peb_count: count of bad physical eraseblocks
* @good_peb_count: count of good physical eraseblocks
* @corr_peb_count: count of corrupted physical eraseblocks (preserved and not
* used by UBI)
* @erroneous_peb_count: count of erroneous physical eraseblocks in @erroneous
* @max_erroneous: maximum allowed amount of erroneous physical eraseblocks
* @min_io_size: minimal input/output unit size of the underlying MTD device
* @hdrs_min_io_size: minimal I/O unit size used for VID and EC headers
* @ro_mode: if the UBI device is in read-only mode
* @leb_size: logical eraseblock size
* @leb_start: starting offset of logical eraseblocks within physical
* eraseblocks
* @ec_hdr_alsize: size of the EC header aligned to @hdrs_min_io_size
* @vid_hdr_alsize: size of the VID header aligned to @hdrs_min_io_size
* @vid_hdr_offset: starting offset of the volume identifier header (might be
* unaligned)
* @vid_hdr_aloffset: starting offset of the VID header aligned to
* @hdrs_min_io_size
* @vid_hdr_shift: contains @vid_hdr_offset - @vid_hdr_aloffset
* @bad_allowed: whether the MTD device admits bad physical eraseblocks or not
* @nor_flash: non-zero if working on top of NOR flash
* @max_write_size: maximum amount of bytes the underlying flash can write at a
* time (MTD write buffer size)
* @mtd: MTD device descriptor
*
* @peb_buf: a buffer of PEB size used for different purposes
* @buf_mutex: protects @peb_buf
* @ckvol_mutex: serializes static volume checking when opening
*
* @dbg: debugging information for this UBI device
*/
struct ubi_device {
struct cdev cdev;
struct device dev;
int ubi_num;
char ubi_name[sizeof(UBI_NAME_STR)+5];
int vol_count;
struct ubi_volume *volumes[UBI_MAX_VOLUMES+UBI_INT_VOL_COUNT];
spinlock_t volumes_lock;
int ref_count;
int image_seq;
int rsvd_pebs;
int avail_pebs;
int beb_rsvd_pebs;
int beb_rsvd_level;
int bad_peb_limit;
int autoresize_vol_id;
int vtbl_slots;
int vtbl_size;
struct ubi_vtbl_record *vtbl;
struct mutex device_mutex;
int max_ec;
/* Note, mean_ec is not updated run-time - should be fixed */
int mean_ec;
/* EBA sub-system's stuff */
unsigned long long global_sqnum;
spinlock_t ltree_lock;
struct rb_root ltree;
struct mutex alc_mutex;
/* Fastmap stuff */
int fm_disabled;
struct ubi_fastmap_layout *fm;
struct ubi_fm_pool fm_pool;
struct ubi_fm_pool fm_wl_pool;
struct rw_semaphore fm_eba_sem;
struct rw_semaphore fm_protect;
void *fm_buf;
size_t fm_size;
struct work_struct fm_work;
int fm_work_scheduled;
int fast_attach;
struct ubi_wl_entry *fm_anchor;
int fm_do_produce_anchor;
/* Wear-leveling sub-system's stuff */
struct rb_root used;
struct rb_root erroneous;
struct rb_root free;
int free_count;
struct rb_root scrub;
struct list_head pq[UBI_PROT_QUEUE_LEN];
int pq_head;
spinlock_t wl_lock;
struct mutex move_mutex;
struct rw_semaphore work_sem;
int wl_scheduled;
struct ubi_wl_entry **lookuptbl;
struct ubi_wl_entry *move_from;
struct ubi_wl_entry *move_to;
int move_to_put;
struct list_head works;
int works_count;
struct task_struct *bgt_thread;
int thread_enabled;
char bgt_name[sizeof(UBI_BGT_NAME_PATTERN)+2];
/* I/O sub-system's stuff */
long long flash_size;
int peb_count;
int peb_size;
int bad_peb_count;
int good_peb_count;
int corr_peb_count;
int erroneous_peb_count;
int max_erroneous;
int min_io_size;
int hdrs_min_io_size;
int ro_mode;
int leb_size;
int leb_start;
int ec_hdr_alsize;
int vid_hdr_alsize;
int vid_hdr_offset;
int vid_hdr_aloffset;
int vid_hdr_shift;
unsigned int bad_allowed:1;
unsigned int nor_flash:1;
int max_write_size;
struct mtd_info *mtd;
void *peb_buf;
struct mutex buf_mutex;
struct mutex ckvol_mutex;
struct ubi_debug_info dbg;
};
/**
* struct ubi_ainf_peb - attach information about a physical eraseblock.
* @ec: erase counter (%UBI_UNKNOWN if it is unknown)
* @pnum: physical eraseblock number
* @vol_id: ID of the volume this LEB belongs to
* @lnum: logical eraseblock number
* @scrub: if this physical eraseblock needs scrubbing
* @copy_flag: this LEB is a copy (@copy_flag is set in VID header of this LEB)
* @sqnum: sequence number
* @u: unions RB-tree or @list links
* @u.rb: link in the per-volume RB-tree of &struct ubi_ainf_peb objects
* @u.list: link in one of the eraseblock lists
*
* One object of this type is allocated for each physical eraseblock when
* attaching an MTD device. Note, if this PEB does not belong to any LEB /
* volume, the @vol_id and @lnum fields are initialized to %UBI_UNKNOWN.
*/
struct ubi_ainf_peb {
int ec;
int pnum;
int vol_id;
int lnum;
unsigned int scrub:1;
unsigned int copy_flag:1;
unsigned long long sqnum;
union {
struct rb_node rb;
struct list_head list;
} u;
};
/**
* struct ubi_ainf_volume - attaching information about a volume.
* @vol_id: volume ID
* @highest_lnum: highest logical eraseblock number in this volume
* @leb_count: number of logical eraseblocks in this volume
* @vol_type: volume type
* @used_ebs: number of used logical eraseblocks in this volume (only for
* static volumes)
* @last_data_size: amount of data in the last logical eraseblock of this
* volume (always equivalent to the usable logical eraseblock
* size in case of dynamic volumes)
* @data_pad: how many bytes at the end of logical eraseblocks of this volume
* are not used (due to volume alignment)
* @compat: compatibility flags of this volume
* @rb: link in the volume RB-tree
* @root: root of the RB-tree containing all the eraseblock belonging to this
* volume (&struct ubi_ainf_peb objects)
*
* One object of this type is allocated for each volume when attaching an MTD
* device.
*/
struct ubi_ainf_volume {
int vol_id;
int highest_lnum;
int leb_count;
int vol_type;
int used_ebs;
int last_data_size;
int data_pad;
int compat;
struct rb_node rb;
struct rb_root root;
};
/**
* struct ubi_attach_info - MTD device attaching information.
* @volumes: root of the volume RB-tree
* @corr: list of corrupted physical eraseblocks
* @free: list of free physical eraseblocks
* @erase: list of physical eraseblocks which have to be erased
* @alien: list of physical eraseblocks which should not be used by UBI (e.g.,
* those belonging to "preserve"-compatible internal volumes)
* @fastmap: list of physical eraseblocks which relate to fastmap (e.g.,
* eraseblocks of the current and not yet erased old fastmap blocks)
* @corr_peb_count: count of PEBs in the @corr list
* @empty_peb_count: count of PEBs which are presumably empty (contain only
* 0xFF bytes)
* @alien_peb_count: count of PEBs in the @alien list
* @bad_peb_count: count of bad physical eraseblocks
* @maybe_bad_peb_count: count of bad physical eraseblocks which are not marked
* as bad yet, but which look like bad
* @vols_found: number of volumes found
* @highest_vol_id: highest volume ID
* @is_empty: flag indicating whether the MTD device is empty or not
* @force_full_scan: flag indicating whether we need to do a full scan and drop
all existing Fastmap data structures
* @min_ec: lowest erase counter value
* @max_ec: highest erase counter value
* @max_sqnum: highest sequence number value
* @mean_ec: mean erase counter value
* @ec_sum: a temporary variable used when calculating @mean_ec
* @ec_count: a temporary variable used when calculating @mean_ec
* @aeb_slab_cache: slab cache for &struct ubi_ainf_peb objects
* @ech: temporary EC header. Only available during scan
* @vidh: temporary VID buffer. Only available during scan
*
* This data structure contains the result of attaching an MTD device and may
* be used by other UBI sub-systems to build final UBI data structures, further
* error-recovery and so on.
*/
struct ubi_attach_info {
struct rb_root volumes;
struct list_head corr;
struct list_head free;
struct list_head erase;
struct list_head alien;
struct list_head fastmap;
int corr_peb_count;
int empty_peb_count;
int alien_peb_count;
int bad_peb_count;
int maybe_bad_peb_count;
int vols_found;
int highest_vol_id;
int is_empty;
int force_full_scan;
int min_ec;
int max_ec;
unsigned long long max_sqnum;
int mean_ec;
uint64_t ec_sum;
int ec_count;
struct kmem_cache *aeb_slab_cache;
struct ubi_ec_hdr *ech;
struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb;
};
/**
* struct ubi_work - UBI work description data structure.
* @list: a link in the list of pending works
* @func: worker function
* @e: physical eraseblock to erase
* @vol_id: the volume ID on which this erasure is being performed
* @lnum: the logical eraseblock number
* @torture: if the physical eraseblock has to be tortured
*
* The @func pointer points to the worker function. If the @shutdown argument is
* not zero, the worker has to free the resources and exit immediately as the
* WL sub-system is shutting down.
* The worker has to return zero in case of success and a negative error code in
* case of failure.
*/
struct ubi_work {
struct list_head list;
int (*func)(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_work *wrk, int shutdown);
/* The below fields are only relevant to erasure works */
struct ubi_wl_entry *e;
int vol_id;
int lnum;
int torture;
};
#include "debug.h"
extern struct kmem_cache *ubi_wl_entry_slab;
extern const struct file_operations ubi_ctrl_cdev_operations;
extern const struct file_operations ubi_cdev_operations;
extern const struct file_operations ubi_vol_cdev_operations;
extern struct class ubi_class;
extern struct mutex ubi_devices_mutex;
extern struct blocking_notifier_head ubi_notifiers;
/* attach.c */
struct ubi_ainf_peb *ubi_alloc_aeb(struct ubi_attach_info *ai, int pnum,
int ec);
void ubi_free_aeb(struct ubi_attach_info *ai, struct ubi_ainf_peb *aeb);
int ubi_add_to_av(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_attach_info *ai, int pnum,
int ec, const struct ubi_vid_hdr *vid_hdr, int bitflips);
struct ubi_ainf_volume *ubi_add_av(struct ubi_attach_info *ai, int vol_id);
struct ubi_ainf_volume *ubi_find_av(const struct ubi_attach_info *ai,
int vol_id);
void ubi_remove_av(struct ubi_attach_info *ai, struct ubi_ainf_volume *av);
struct ubi_ainf_peb *ubi_early_get_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi,
struct ubi_attach_info *ai);
int ubi_attach(struct ubi_device *ubi, int force_scan);
void ubi_destroy_ai(struct ubi_attach_info *ai);
/* vtbl.c */
int ubi_change_vtbl_record(struct ubi_device *ubi, int idx,
struct ubi_vtbl_record *vtbl_rec);
int ubi_vtbl_rename_volumes(struct ubi_device *ubi,
struct list_head *rename_list);
int ubi_read_volume_table(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_attach_info *ai);
/* vmt.c */
int ubi_create_volume(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_mkvol_req *req);
int ubi_remove_volume(struct ubi_volume_desc *desc, int no_vtbl);
int ubi_resize_volume(struct ubi_volume_desc *desc, int reserved_pebs);
int ubi_rename_volumes(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct list_head *rename_list);
int ubi_add_volume(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol);
void ubi_free_volume(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol);
/* upd.c */
int ubi_start_update(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
long long bytes);
int ubi_more_update_data(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
const void __user *buf, int count);
int ubi_start_leb_change(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
const struct ubi_leb_change_req *req);
int ubi_more_leb_change_data(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
const void __user *buf, int count);
/* misc.c */
int ubi_calc_data_len(const struct ubi_device *ubi, const void *buf,
int length);
int ubi_check_volume(struct ubi_device *ubi, int vol_id);
void ubi_update_reserved(struct ubi_device *ubi);
void ubi_calculate_reserved(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_check_pattern(const void *buf, uint8_t patt, int size);
static inline bool ubi_leb_valid(struct ubi_volume *vol, int lnum)
{
return lnum >= 0 && lnum < vol->reserved_pebs;
}
/* eba.c */
struct ubi_eba_table *ubi_eba_create_table(struct ubi_volume *vol,
int nentries);
void ubi_eba_destroy_table(struct ubi_eba_table *tbl);
void ubi_eba_copy_table(struct ubi_volume *vol, struct ubi_eba_table *dst,
int nentries);
void ubi_eba_replace_table(struct ubi_volume *vol, struct ubi_eba_table *tbl);
void ubi_eba_get_ldesc(struct ubi_volume *vol, int lnum,
struct ubi_eba_leb_desc *ldesc);
bool ubi_eba_is_mapped(struct ubi_volume *vol, int lnum);
int ubi_eba_unmap_leb(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
int lnum);
int ubi_eba_read_leb(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol, int lnum,
void *buf, int offset, int len, int check);
int ubi_eba_read_leb_sg(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
struct ubi_sgl *sgl, int lnum, int offset, int len,
int check);
int ubi_eba_write_leb(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol, int lnum,
const void *buf, int offset, int len);
int ubi_eba_write_leb_st(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
int lnum, const void *buf, int len, int used_ebs);
int ubi_eba_atomic_leb_change(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
int lnum, const void *buf, int len);
int ubi_eba_copy_leb(struct ubi_device *ubi, int from, int to,
struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb);
int ubi_eba_init(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_attach_info *ai);
unsigned long long ubi_next_sqnum(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int self_check_eba(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_attach_info *ai_fastmap,
struct ubi_attach_info *ai_scan);
/* wl.c */
int ubi_sync_erase(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_wl_entry *e, int torture);
int ubi_wl_get_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_wl_put_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi, int vol_id, int lnum,
int pnum, int torture);
int ubi_wl_flush(struct ubi_device *ubi, int vol_id, int lnum);
int ubi_wl_scrub_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum);
int ubi_wl_init(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_attach_info *ai);
void ubi_wl_close(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_thread(void *u);
struct ubi_wl_entry *ubi_wl_get_fm_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi, int anchor);
int ubi_wl_put_fm_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_wl_entry *used_e,
int lnum, int torture);
int ubi_is_erase_work(struct ubi_work *wrk);
void ubi_refill_pools(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_ensure_anchor_pebs(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_bitflip_check(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum, int force_scrub);
/* io.c */
int ubi_io_read(const struct ubi_device *ubi, void *buf, int pnum, int offset,
int len);
int ubi_io_write(struct ubi_device *ubi, const void *buf, int pnum, int offset,
int len);
int ubi_io_sync_erase(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum, int torture);
int ubi_io_is_bad(const struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum);
int ubi_io_mark_bad(const struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum);
int ubi_io_read_ec_hdr(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum,
struct ubi_ec_hdr *ec_hdr, int verbose);
int ubi_io_write_ec_hdr(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum,
struct ubi_ec_hdr *ec_hdr);
int ubi_io_read_vid_hdr(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum,
struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb, int verbose);
int ubi_io_write_vid_hdr(struct ubi_device *ubi, int pnum,
struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb);
/* build.c */
int ubi_attach_mtd_dev(struct mtd_info *mtd, int ubi_num,
int vid_hdr_offset, int max_beb_per1024,
bool disable_fm);
int ubi_detach_mtd_dev(int ubi_num, int anyway);
struct ubi_device *ubi_get_device(int ubi_num);
void ubi_put_device(struct ubi_device *ubi);
struct ubi_device *ubi_get_by_major(int major);
int ubi_major2num(int major);
int ubi_volume_notify(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
int ntype);
int ubi_notify_all(struct ubi_device *ubi, int ntype,
struct notifier_block *nb);
int ubi_enumerate_volumes(struct notifier_block *nb);
void ubi_free_all_volumes(struct ubi_device *ubi);
void ubi_free_internal_volumes(struct ubi_device *ubi);
/* kapi.c */
void ubi_do_get_device_info(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_device_info *di);
void ubi_do_get_volume_info(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_volume *vol,
struct ubi_volume_info *vi);
/* scan.c */
int ubi_compare_lebs(struct ubi_device *ubi, const struct ubi_ainf_peb *aeb,
int pnum, const struct ubi_vid_hdr *vid_hdr);
/* fastmap.c */
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_UBI_FASTMAP
size_t ubi_calc_fm_size(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_update_fastmap(struct ubi_device *ubi);
int ubi_scan_fastmap(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_attach_info *ai,
struct ubi_attach_info *scan_ai);
int ubi_fastmap_init_checkmap(struct ubi_volume *vol, int leb_count);
void ubi_fastmap_destroy_checkmap(struct ubi_volume *vol);
#else
static inline int ubi_update_fastmap(struct ubi_device *ubi) { return 0; }
static inline int ubi_fastmap_init_checkmap(struct ubi_volume *vol, int leb_count) { return 0; }
static inline void ubi_fastmap_destroy_checkmap(struct ubi_volume *vol) {}
#endif
/* block.c */
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_UBI_BLOCK
int ubiblock_init(void);
void ubiblock_exit(void);
int ubiblock_create(struct ubi_volume_info *vi);
int ubiblock_remove(struct ubi_volume_info *vi);
#else
static inline int ubiblock_init(void) { return 0; }
static inline void ubiblock_exit(void) {}
static inline int ubiblock_create(struct ubi_volume_info *vi)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
static inline int ubiblock_remove(struct ubi_volume_info *vi)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
#endif
/*
* ubi_for_each_free_peb - walk the UBI free RB tree.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @e: a pointer to a ubi_wl_entry to use as cursor
* @pos: a pointer to RB-tree entry type to use as a loop counter
*/
#define ubi_for_each_free_peb(ubi, e, tmp_rb) \
ubi_rb_for_each_entry((tmp_rb), (e), &(ubi)->free, u.rb)
/*
* ubi_for_each_used_peb - walk the UBI used RB tree.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @e: a pointer to a ubi_wl_entry to use as cursor
* @pos: a pointer to RB-tree entry type to use as a loop counter
*/
#define ubi_for_each_used_peb(ubi, e, tmp_rb) \
ubi_rb_for_each_entry((tmp_rb), (e), &(ubi)->used, u.rb)
/*
* ubi_for_each_scub_peb - walk the UBI scub RB tree.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @e: a pointer to a ubi_wl_entry to use as cursor
* @pos: a pointer to RB-tree entry type to use as a loop counter
*/
#define ubi_for_each_scrub_peb(ubi, e, tmp_rb) \
ubi_rb_for_each_entry((tmp_rb), (e), &(ubi)->scrub, u.rb)
/*
* ubi_for_each_protected_peb - walk the UBI protection queue.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @i: a integer used as counter
* @e: a pointer to a ubi_wl_entry to use as cursor
*/
#define ubi_for_each_protected_peb(ubi, i, e) \
for ((i) = 0; (i) < UBI_PROT_QUEUE_LEN; (i)++) \
list_for_each_entry((e), &(ubi->pq[(i)]), u.list)
/*
* ubi_rb_for_each_entry - walk an RB-tree.
* @rb: a pointer to type 'struct rb_node' to use as a loop counter
* @pos: a pointer to RB-tree entry type to use as a loop counter
* @root: RB-tree's root
* @member: the name of the 'struct rb_node' within the RB-tree entry
*/
#define ubi_rb_for_each_entry(rb, pos, root, member) \
for (rb = rb_first(root), \
pos = (rb ? container_of(rb, typeof(*pos), member) : NULL); \
rb; \
rb = rb_next(rb), \
pos = (rb ? container_of(rb, typeof(*pos), member) : NULL))
/*
* ubi_move_aeb_to_list - move a PEB from the volume tree to a list.
*
* @av: volume attaching information
* @aeb: attaching eraseblock information
* @list: the list to move to
*/
static inline void ubi_move_aeb_to_list(struct ubi_ainf_volume *av,
struct ubi_ainf_peb *aeb,
struct list_head *list)
{
rb_erase(&aeb->u.rb, &av->root);
list_add_tail(&aeb->u.list, list);
}
/**
* ubi_init_vid_buf - Initialize a VID buffer
* @ubi: the UBI device
* @vidb: the VID buffer to initialize
* @buf: the underlying buffer
*/
static inline void ubi_init_vid_buf(const struct ubi_device *ubi,
struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb,
void *buf)
{
if (buf)
memset(buf, 0, ubi->vid_hdr_alsize);
vidb->buffer = buf;
vidb->hdr = buf + ubi->vid_hdr_shift;
}
/**
* ubi_init_vid_buf - Allocate a VID buffer
* @ubi: the UBI device
* @gfp_flags: GFP flags to use for the allocation
*/
static inline struct ubi_vid_io_buf *
ubi_alloc_vid_buf(const struct ubi_device *ubi, gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb;
void *buf;
vidb = kzalloc(sizeof(*vidb), gfp_flags);
if (!vidb)
return NULL;
buf = kmalloc(ubi->vid_hdr_alsize, gfp_flags);
if (!buf) {
kfree(vidb);
return NULL;
}
ubi_init_vid_buf(ubi, vidb, buf);
return vidb;
}
/**
* ubi_free_vid_buf - Free a VID buffer
* @vidb: the VID buffer to free
*/
static inline void ubi_free_vid_buf(struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb)
{
if (!vidb)
return;
kfree(vidb->buffer);
kfree(vidb);
}
/**
* ubi_get_vid_hdr - Get the VID header attached to a VID buffer
* @vidb: VID buffer
*/
static inline struct ubi_vid_hdr *ubi_get_vid_hdr(struct ubi_vid_io_buf *vidb)
{
return vidb->hdr;
}
/*
* This function is equivalent to 'ubi_io_read()', but @offset is relative to
* the beginning of the logical eraseblock, not to the beginning of the
* physical eraseblock.
*/
static inline int ubi_io_read_data(const struct ubi_device *ubi, void *buf,
int pnum, int offset, int len)
{
ubi_assert(offset >= 0);
return ubi_io_read(ubi, buf, pnum, offset + ubi->leb_start, len);
}
/*
* This function is equivalent to 'ubi_io_write()', but @offset is relative to
* the beginning of the logical eraseblock, not to the beginning of the
* physical eraseblock.
*/
static inline int ubi_io_write_data(struct ubi_device *ubi, const void *buf,
int pnum, int offset, int len)
{
ubi_assert(offset >= 0);
return ubi_io_write(ubi, buf, pnum, offset + ubi->leb_start, len);
}
/**
* ubi_ro_mode - switch to read-only mode.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
*/
static inline void ubi_ro_mode(struct ubi_device *ubi)
{
if (!ubi->ro_mode) {
ubi->ro_mode = 1;
ubi_warn(ubi, "switch to read-only mode");
dump_stack();
}
}
/**
* vol_id2idx - get table index by volume ID.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @vol_id: volume ID
*/
static inline int vol_id2idx(const struct ubi_device *ubi, int vol_id)
{
if (vol_id >= UBI_INTERNAL_VOL_START)
return vol_id - UBI_INTERNAL_VOL_START + ubi->vtbl_slots;
else
return vol_id;
}
/**
* idx2vol_id - get volume ID by table index.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @idx: table index
*/
static inline int idx2vol_id(const struct ubi_device *ubi, int idx)
{
if (idx >= ubi->vtbl_slots)
return idx - ubi->vtbl_slots + UBI_INTERNAL_VOL_START;
else
return idx;
}
/**
* ubi_is_fm_vol - check whether a volume ID is a Fastmap volume.
* @vol_id: volume ID
*/
static inline bool ubi_is_fm_vol(int vol_id)
{
switch (vol_id) {
case UBI_FM_SB_VOLUME_ID:
case UBI_FM_DATA_VOLUME_ID:
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* ubi_find_fm_block - check whether a PEB is part of the current Fastmap.
* @ubi: UBI device description object
* @pnum: physical eraseblock to look for
*
* This function returns a wear leveling object if @pnum relates to the current
* fastmap, @NULL otherwise.
*/
static inline struct ubi_wl_entry *ubi_find_fm_block(const struct ubi_device *ubi,
int pnum)
{
int i;
if (ubi->fm) {
for (i = 0; i < ubi->fm->used_blocks; i++) {
if (ubi->fm->e[i]->pnum == pnum)
return ubi->fm->e[i];
}
}
return NULL;
}
#endif /* !__UBI_UBI_H__ */