watch_queue: Limit the number of watches a user can hold

Impose a limit on the number of watches that a user can hold so that
they can't use this mechanism to fill up all the available memory.

This is done by putting a counter in user_struct that's incremented when
a watch is allocated and decreased when it is released.  If the number
exceeds the RLIMIT_NOFILE limit, the watch is rejected with EAGAIN.

This can be tested by the following means:

 (1) Create a watch queue and attach it to fd 5 in the program given - in
     this case, bash:

	keyctl watch_session /tmp/nlog /tmp/gclog 5 bash

 (2) In the shell, set the maximum number of files to, say, 99:

	ulimit -n 99

 (3) Add 200 keyrings:

	for ((i=0; i<200; i++)); do keyctl newring a$i @s || break; done

 (4) Try to watch all of the keyrings:

	for ((i=0; i<200; i++)); do echo $i; keyctl watch_add 5 %:a$i || break; done

     This should fail when the number of watches belonging to the user hits

 (5) Remove all the keyrings and all of those watches should go away:

	for ((i=0; i<200; i++)); do keyctl unlink %:a$i; done

 (6) Kill off the watch queue by exiting the shell spawned by

Fixes: c73be61cede5 ("pipe: Add general notification queue support")
Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <>
Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2 files changed