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* Copyright (C) 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/mtd/cfi.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
* Manufacturer IDs
* The first byte returned from the flash after sending opcode SPINOR_OP_RDID.
* Sometimes these are the same as CFI IDs, but sometimes they aren't.
#define SNOR_MFR_MICRON CFI_MFR_ST /* ST Micro <--> Micron */
#define SNOR_MFR_WINBOND 0xef /* Also used by some Spansion */
* Note on opcode nomenclature: some opcodes have a format like
* SPINOR_OP_FUNCTION{4,}_x_y_z. The numbers x, y, and z stand for the number
* of I/O lines used for the opcode, address, and data (respectively). The
* FUNCTION has an optional suffix of '4', to represent an opcode which
* requires a 4-byte (32-bit) address.
/* Flash opcodes. */
#define SPINOR_OP_WREN 0x06 /* Write enable */
#define SPINOR_OP_RDSR 0x05 /* Read status register */
#define SPINOR_OP_WRSR 0x01 /* Write status register 1 byte */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ 0x03 /* Read data bytes (low frequency) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST 0x0b /* Read data bytes (high frequency) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2 0x3b /* Read data bytes (Dual SPI) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4 0x6b /* Read data bytes (Quad SPI) */
#define SPINOR_OP_PP 0x02 /* Page program (up to 256 bytes) */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_4K 0x20 /* Erase 4KiB block */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_4K_PMC 0xd7 /* Erase 4KiB block on PMC chips */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_32K 0x52 /* Erase 32KiB block */
#define SPINOR_OP_CHIP_ERASE 0xc7 /* Erase whole flash chip */
#define SPINOR_OP_SE 0xd8 /* Sector erase (usually 64KiB) */
#define SPINOR_OP_RDID 0x9f /* Read JEDEC ID */
#define SPINOR_OP_RDCR 0x35 /* Read configuration register */
#define SPINOR_OP_RDFSR 0x70 /* Read flag status register */
/* 4-byte address opcodes - used on Spansion and some Macronix flashes. */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ4 0x13 /* Read data bytes (low frequency) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_FAST 0x0c /* Read data bytes (high frequency) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_2 0x3c /* Read data bytes (Dual SPI) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_4 0x6c /* Read data bytes (Quad SPI) */
#define SPINOR_OP_PP_4B 0x12 /* Page program (up to 256 bytes) */
#define SPINOR_OP_SE_4B 0xdc /* Sector erase (usually 64KiB) */
/* Used for SST flashes only. */
#define SPINOR_OP_BP 0x02 /* Byte program */
#define SPINOR_OP_WRDI 0x04 /* Write disable */
#define SPINOR_OP_AAI_WP 0xad /* Auto address increment word program */
/* Used for Macronix and Winbond flashes. */
#define SPINOR_OP_EN4B 0xb7 /* Enter 4-byte mode */
#define SPINOR_OP_EX4B 0xe9 /* Exit 4-byte mode */
/* Used for Spansion flashes only. */
#define SPINOR_OP_BRWR 0x17 /* Bank register write */
/* Used for Micron flashes only. */
#define SPINOR_OP_RD_EVCR 0x65 /* Read EVCR register */
#define SPINOR_OP_WD_EVCR 0x61 /* Write EVCR register */
/* Status Register bits. */
#define SR_WIP BIT(0) /* Write in progress */
#define SR_WEL BIT(1) /* Write enable latch */
/* meaning of other SR_* bits may differ between vendors */
#define SR_BP0 BIT(2) /* Block protect 0 */
#define SR_BP1 BIT(3) /* Block protect 1 */
#define SR_BP2 BIT(4) /* Block protect 2 */
#define SR_TB BIT(5) /* Top/Bottom protect */
#define SR_SRWD BIT(7) /* SR write protect */
#define SR_QUAD_EN_MX BIT(6) /* Macronix Quad I/O */
/* Enhanced Volatile Configuration Register bits */
#define EVCR_QUAD_EN_MICRON BIT(7) /* Micron Quad I/O */
/* Flag Status Register bits */
#define FSR_READY BIT(7)
/* Configuration Register bits. */
#define CR_QUAD_EN_SPAN BIT(1) /* Spansion Quad I/O */
enum read_mode {
enum spi_nor_ops {
enum spi_nor_option_flags {
* struct spi_nor - Structure for defining a the SPI NOR layer
* @mtd: point to a mtd_info structure
* @lock: the lock for the read/write/erase/lock/unlock operations
* @dev: point to a spi device, or a spi nor controller device.
* @page_size: the page size of the SPI NOR
* @addr_width: number of address bytes
* @erase_opcode: the opcode for erasing a sector
* @read_opcode: the read opcode
* @read_dummy: the dummy needed by the read operation
* @program_opcode: the program opcode
* @flash_read: the mode of the read
* @sst_write_second: used by the SST write operation
* @flags: flag options for the current SPI-NOR (SNOR_F_*)
* @cmd_buf: used by the write_reg
* @prepare: [OPTIONAL] do some preparations for the
* read/write/erase/lock/unlock operations
* @unprepare: [OPTIONAL] do some post work after the
* read/write/erase/lock/unlock operations
* @read_reg: [DRIVER-SPECIFIC] read out the register
* @write_reg: [DRIVER-SPECIFIC] write data to the register
* @read: [DRIVER-SPECIFIC] read data from the SPI NOR
* @write: [DRIVER-SPECIFIC] write data to the SPI NOR
* @erase: [DRIVER-SPECIFIC] erase a sector of the SPI NOR
* at the offset @offs; if not provided by the driver,
* spi-nor will send the erase opcode via write_reg()
* @flash_lock: [FLASH-SPECIFIC] lock a region of the SPI NOR
* @flash_unlock: [FLASH-SPECIFIC] unlock a region of the SPI NOR
* @flash_is_locked: [FLASH-SPECIFIC] check if a region of the SPI NOR is
* completely locked
* @priv: the private data
struct spi_nor {
struct mtd_info mtd;
struct mutex lock;
struct device *dev;
u32 page_size;
u8 addr_width;
u8 erase_opcode;
u8 read_opcode;
u8 read_dummy;
u8 program_opcode;
enum read_mode flash_read;
bool sst_write_second;
u32 flags;
u8 cmd_buf[SPI_NOR_MAX_CMD_SIZE];
int (*prepare)(struct spi_nor *nor, enum spi_nor_ops ops);
void (*unprepare)(struct spi_nor *nor, enum spi_nor_ops ops);
int (*read_reg)(struct spi_nor *nor, u8 opcode, u8 *buf, int len);
int (*write_reg)(struct spi_nor *nor, u8 opcode, u8 *buf, int len);
ssize_t (*read)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t from,
size_t len, u_char *read_buf);
ssize_t (*write)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t to,
size_t len, const u_char *write_buf);
int (*erase)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t offs);
int (*flash_lock)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
int (*flash_unlock)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
int (*flash_is_locked)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
void *priv;
static inline void spi_nor_set_flash_node(struct spi_nor *nor,
struct device_node *np)
mtd_set_of_node(&nor->mtd, np);
static inline struct device_node *spi_nor_get_flash_node(struct spi_nor *nor)
return mtd_get_of_node(&nor->mtd);
* spi_nor_scan() - scan the SPI NOR
* @nor: the spi_nor structure
* @name: the chip type name
* @mode: the read mode supported by the driver
* The drivers can use this fuction to scan the SPI NOR.
* In the scanning, it will try to get all the necessary information to
* fill the mtd_info{} and the spi_nor{}.
* The chip type name can be provided through the @name parameter.
* Return: 0 for success, others for failure.
int spi_nor_scan(struct spi_nor *nor, const char *name, enum read_mode mode);