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/*
*
* Copyright (c) 2011, Microsoft Corporation.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
* version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
* ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
* more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
* this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
* Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
*
* Authors:
* Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
* Hank Janssen <hjanssen@microsoft.com>
* K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>
*
*/
#ifndef _HYPERV_VMBUS_H
#define _HYPERV_VMBUS_H
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <asm/sync_bitops.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/hyperv.h>
/*
* Timeout for services such as KVP and fcopy.
*/
#define HV_UTIL_TIMEOUT 30
/*
* Timeout for guest-host handshake for services.
*/
#define HV_UTIL_NEGO_TIMEOUT 55
/*
* The below CPUID leaves are present if VersionAndFeatures.HypervisorPresent
* is set by CPUID(HVCPUID_VERSION_FEATURES).
*/
enum hv_cpuid_function {
HVCPUID_VERSION_FEATURES = 0x00000001,
HVCPUID_VENDOR_MAXFUNCTION = 0x40000000,
HVCPUID_INTERFACE = 0x40000001,
/*
* The remaining functions depend on the value of
* HVCPUID_INTERFACE
*/
HVCPUID_VERSION = 0x40000002,
HVCPUID_FEATURES = 0x40000003,
HVCPUID_ENLIGHTENMENT_INFO = 0x40000004,
HVCPUID_IMPLEMENTATION_LIMITS = 0x40000005,
};
#define HV_FEATURE_GUEST_CRASH_MSR_AVAILABLE 0x400
#define HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P0 0x40000100
#define HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P1 0x40000101
#define HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P2 0x40000102
#define HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P3 0x40000103
#define HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_P4 0x40000104
#define HV_X64_MSR_CRASH_CTL 0x40000105
#define HV_CRASH_CTL_CRASH_NOTIFY (1ULL << 63)
/* Define version of the synthetic interrupt controller. */
#define HV_SYNIC_VERSION (1)
#define HV_ANY_VP (0xFFFFFFFF)
/* Define synthetic interrupt controller flag constants. */
#define HV_EVENT_FLAGS_COUNT (256 * 8)
#define HV_EVENT_FLAGS_LONG_COUNT (256 / sizeof(unsigned long))
/* Define invalid partition identifier. */
#define HV_PARTITION_ID_INVALID ((u64)0x0)
/* Define port type. */
enum hv_port_type {
HVPORT_MSG = 1,
HVPORT_EVENT = 2,
HVPORT_MONITOR = 3
};
/* Define port information structure. */
struct hv_port_info {
enum hv_port_type port_type;
u32 padding;
union {
struct {
u32 target_sint;
u32 target_vp;
u64 rsvdz;
} message_port_info;
struct {
u32 target_sint;
u32 target_vp;
u16 base_flag_number;
u16 flag_count;
u32 rsvdz;
} event_port_info;
struct {
u64 monitor_address;
u64 rsvdz;
} monitor_port_info;
};
};
struct hv_connection_info {
enum hv_port_type port_type;
u32 padding;
union {
struct {
u64 rsvdz;
} message_connection_info;
struct {
u64 rsvdz;
} event_connection_info;
struct {
u64 monitor_address;
} monitor_connection_info;
};
};
/*
* Timer configuration register.
*/
union hv_timer_config {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 enable:1;
u64 periodic:1;
u64 lazy:1;
u64 auto_enable:1;
u64 reserved_z0:12;
u64 sintx:4;
u64 reserved_z1:44;
};
};
/* Define the number of message buffers associated with each port. */
#define HV_PORT_MESSAGE_BUFFER_COUNT (16)
/* Define the synthetic interrupt controller event flags format. */
union hv_synic_event_flags {
unsigned long flags[HV_EVENT_FLAGS_LONG_COUNT];
};
/* Define the synthetic interrupt flags page layout. */
struct hv_synic_event_flags_page {
union hv_synic_event_flags sintevent_flags[HV_SYNIC_SINT_COUNT];
};
/* Define SynIC control register. */
union hv_synic_scontrol {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 enable:1;
u64 reserved:63;
};
};
/* Define synthetic interrupt source. */
union hv_synic_sint {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 vector:8;
u64 reserved1:8;
u64 masked:1;
u64 auto_eoi:1;
u64 reserved2:46;
};
};
/* Define the format of the SIMP register */
union hv_synic_simp {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 simp_enabled:1;
u64 preserved:11;
u64 base_simp_gpa:52;
};
};
/* Define the format of the SIEFP register */
union hv_synic_siefp {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 siefp_enabled:1;
u64 preserved:11;
u64 base_siefp_gpa:52;
};
};
/* Definitions for the monitored notification facility */
union hv_monitor_trigger_group {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u32 pending;
u32 armed;
};
};
struct hv_monitor_parameter {
union hv_connection_id connectionid;
u16 flagnumber;
u16 rsvdz;
};
union hv_monitor_trigger_state {
u32 asu32;
struct {
u32 group_enable:4;
u32 rsvdz:28;
};
};
/* struct hv_monitor_page Layout */
/* ------------------------------------------------------ */
/* | 0 | TriggerState (4 bytes) | Rsvd1 (4 bytes) | */
/* | 8 | TriggerGroup[0] | */
/* | 10 | TriggerGroup[1] | */
/* | 18 | TriggerGroup[2] | */
/* | 20 | TriggerGroup[3] | */
/* | 28 | Rsvd2[0] | */
/* | 30 | Rsvd2[1] | */
/* | 38 | Rsvd2[2] | */
/* | 40 | NextCheckTime[0][0] | NextCheckTime[0][1] | */
/* | ... | */
/* | 240 | Latency[0][0..3] | */
/* | 340 | Rsvz3[0] | */
/* | 440 | Parameter[0][0] | */
/* | 448 | Parameter[0][1] | */
/* | ... | */
/* | 840 | Rsvd4[0] | */
/* ------------------------------------------------------ */
struct hv_monitor_page {
union hv_monitor_trigger_state trigger_state;
u32 rsvdz1;
union hv_monitor_trigger_group trigger_group[4];
u64 rsvdz2[3];
s32 next_checktime[4][32];
u16 latency[4][32];
u64 rsvdz3[32];
struct hv_monitor_parameter parameter[4][32];
u8 rsvdz4[1984];
};
/* Definition of the hv_post_message hypercall input structure. */
struct hv_input_post_message {
union hv_connection_id connectionid;
u32 reserved;
u32 message_type;
u32 payload_size;
u64 payload[HV_MESSAGE_PAYLOAD_QWORD_COUNT];
};
/*
* Versioning definitions used for guests reporting themselves to the
* hypervisor, and visa versa.
*/
/* Version info reported by guest OS's */
enum hv_guest_os_vendor {
HVGUESTOS_VENDOR_MICROSOFT = 0x0001
};
enum hv_guest_os_microsoft_ids {
HVGUESTOS_MICROSOFT_UNDEFINED = 0x00,
HVGUESTOS_MICROSOFT_MSDOS = 0x01,
HVGUESTOS_MICROSOFT_WINDOWS3X = 0x02,
HVGUESTOS_MICROSOFT_WINDOWS9X = 0x03,
HVGUESTOS_MICROSOFT_WINDOWSNT = 0x04,
HVGUESTOS_MICROSOFT_WINDOWSCE = 0x05
};
/*
* Declare the MSR used to identify the guest OS.
*/
#define HV_X64_MSR_GUEST_OS_ID 0x40000000
union hv_x64_msr_guest_os_id_contents {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 build_number:16;
u64 service_version:8; /* Service Pack, etc. */
u64 minor_version:8;
u64 major_version:8;
u64 os_id:8; /* enum hv_guest_os_microsoft_ids (if Vendor=MS) */
u64 vendor_id:16; /* enum hv_guest_os_vendor */
};
};
/*
* Declare the MSR used to setup pages used to communicate with the hypervisor.
*/
#define HV_X64_MSR_HYPERCALL 0x40000001
union hv_x64_msr_hypercall_contents {
u64 as_uint64;
struct {
u64 enable:1;
u64 reserved:11;
u64 guest_physical_address:52;
};
};
enum {
VMBUS_MESSAGE_CONNECTION_ID = 1,
VMBUS_MESSAGE_PORT_ID = 1,
VMBUS_EVENT_CONNECTION_ID = 2,
VMBUS_EVENT_PORT_ID = 2,
VMBUS_MONITOR_CONNECTION_ID = 3,
VMBUS_MONITOR_PORT_ID = 3,
VMBUS_MESSAGE_SINT = 2,
};
/* #defines */
#define HV_PRESENT_BIT 0x80000000
/*
* The guest OS needs to register the guest ID with the hypervisor.
* The guest ID is a 64 bit entity and the structure of this ID is
* specified in the Hyper-V specification:
*
* http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/hardware/ff542653%28v=vs.85%29.aspx
*
* While the current guideline does not specify how Linux guest ID(s)
* need to be generated, our plan is to publish the guidelines for
* Linux and other guest operating systems that currently are hosted
* on Hyper-V. The implementation here conforms to this yet
* unpublished guidelines.
*
*
* Bit(s)
* 63 - Indicates if the OS is Open Source or not; 1 is Open Source
* 62:56 - Os Type; Linux is 0x100
* 55:48 - Distro specific identification
* 47:16 - Linux kernel version number
* 15:0 - Distro specific identification
*
*
*/
#define HV_LINUX_VENDOR_ID 0x8100
/*
* Generate the guest ID based on the guideline described above.
*/
static inline __u64 generate_guest_id(__u8 d_info1, __u32 kernel_version,
__u16 d_info2)
{
__u64 guest_id = 0;
guest_id = (((__u64)HV_LINUX_VENDOR_ID) << 48);
guest_id |= (((__u64)(d_info1)) << 48);
guest_id |= (((__u64)(kernel_version)) << 16);
guest_id |= ((__u64)(d_info2));
return guest_id;
}
#define HV_CPU_POWER_MANAGEMENT (1 << 0)
#define HV_RECOMMENDATIONS_MAX 4
#define HV_X64_MAX 5
#define HV_CAPS_MAX 8
#define HV_HYPERCALL_PARAM_ALIGN sizeof(u64)
/* Service definitions */
#define HV_SERVICE_PARENT_PORT (0)
#define HV_SERVICE_PARENT_CONNECTION (0)
#define HV_SERVICE_CONNECT_RESPONSE_SUCCESS (0)
#define HV_SERVICE_CONNECT_RESPONSE_INVALID_PARAMETER (1)
#define HV_SERVICE_CONNECT_RESPONSE_UNKNOWN_SERVICE (2)
#define HV_SERVICE_CONNECT_RESPONSE_CONNECTION_REJECTED (3)
#define HV_SERVICE_CONNECT_REQUEST_MESSAGE_ID (1)
#define HV_SERVICE_CONNECT_RESPONSE_MESSAGE_ID (2)
#define HV_SERVICE_DISCONNECT_REQUEST_MESSAGE_ID (3)
#define HV_SERVICE_DISCONNECT_RESPONSE_MESSAGE_ID (4)
#define HV_SERVICE_MAX_MESSAGE_ID (4)
#define HV_SERVICE_PROTOCOL_VERSION (0x0010)
#define HV_CONNECT_PAYLOAD_BYTE_COUNT 64
struct hv_context {
/* We only support running on top of Hyper-V
* So at this point this really can only contain the Hyper-V ID
*/
u64 guestid;
void *hypercall_page;
void *tsc_page;
bool synic_initialized;
void *synic_message_page[NR_CPUS];
void *synic_event_page[NR_CPUS];
/*
* Hypervisor's notion of virtual processor ID is different from
* Linux' notion of CPU ID. This information can only be retrieved
* in the context of the calling CPU. Setup a map for easy access
* to this information:
*
* vp_index[a] is the Hyper-V's processor ID corresponding to
* Linux cpuid 'a'.
*/
u32 vp_index[NR_CPUS];
/*
* Starting with win8, we can take channel interrupts on any CPU;
* we will manage the tasklet that handles events messages on a per CPU
* basis.
*/
struct tasklet_struct *event_dpc[NR_CPUS];
struct tasklet_struct *msg_dpc[NR_CPUS];
/*
* To optimize the mapping of relid to channel, maintain
* per-cpu list of the channels based on their CPU affinity.
*/
struct list_head percpu_list[NR_CPUS];
/*
* buffer to post messages to the host.
*/
void *post_msg_page[NR_CPUS];
/*
* Support PV clockevent device.
*/
struct clock_event_device *clk_evt[NR_CPUS];
/*
* To manage allocations in a NUMA node.
* Array indexed by numa node ID.
*/
struct cpumask *hv_numa_map;
};
extern struct hv_context hv_context;
struct ms_hyperv_tsc_page {
volatile u32 tsc_sequence;
u32 reserved1;
volatile u64 tsc_scale;
volatile s64 tsc_offset;
u64 reserved2[509];
};
struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info {
u32 current_interrupt_mask;
u32 current_read_index;
u32 current_write_index;
u32 bytes_avail_toread;
u32 bytes_avail_towrite;
};
/* Hv Interface */
extern int hv_init(void);
extern void hv_cleanup(bool crash);
extern int hv_post_message(union hv_connection_id connection_id,
enum hv_message_type message_type,
void *payload, size_t payload_size);
extern int hv_synic_alloc(void);
extern void hv_synic_free(void);
extern int hv_synic_init(unsigned int cpu);
extern int hv_synic_cleanup(unsigned int cpu);
extern void hv_synic_clockevents_cleanup(void);
/*
* Host version information.
*/
extern unsigned int host_info_eax;
extern unsigned int host_info_ebx;
extern unsigned int host_info_ecx;
extern unsigned int host_info_edx;
/* Interface */
int hv_ringbuffer_init(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
struct page *pages, u32 pagecnt);
void hv_ringbuffer_cleanup(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info);
int hv_ringbuffer_write(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
struct kvec *kv_list, u32 kv_count);
int hv_ringbuffer_read(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
void *buffer, u32 buflen, u32 *buffer_actual_len,
u64 *requestid, bool raw);
void hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(const struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info *debug_info);
void hv_begin_read(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi);
u32 hv_end_read(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rbi);
/*
* Maximum channels is determined by the size of the interrupt page
* which is PAGE_SIZE. 1/2 of PAGE_SIZE is for send endpoint interrupt
* and the other is receive endpoint interrupt
*/
#define MAX_NUM_CHANNELS ((PAGE_SIZE >> 1) << 3) /* 16348 channels */
/* The value here must be in multiple of 32 */
/* TODO: Need to make this configurable */
#define MAX_NUM_CHANNELS_SUPPORTED 256
enum vmbus_connect_state {
DISCONNECTED,
CONNECTING,
CONNECTED,
DISCONNECTING
};
#define MAX_SIZE_CHANNEL_MESSAGE HV_MESSAGE_PAYLOAD_BYTE_COUNT
struct vmbus_connection {
enum vmbus_connect_state conn_state;
atomic_t next_gpadl_handle;
struct completion unload_event;
/*
* Represents channel interrupts. Each bit position represents a
* channel. When a channel sends an interrupt via VMBUS, it finds its
* bit in the sendInterruptPage, set it and calls Hv to generate a port
* event. The other end receives the port event and parse the
* recvInterruptPage to see which bit is set
*/
void *int_page;
unsigned long *send_int_page;
void *recv_int_page;
/*
* 2 pages - 1st page for parent->child notification and 2nd
* is child->parent notification
*/
struct hv_monitor_page *monitor_pages[2];
struct list_head chn_msg_list;
spinlock_t channelmsg_lock;
/* List of channels */
struct list_head chn_list;
struct mutex channel_mutex;
struct workqueue_struct *work_queue;
};
struct vmbus_msginfo {
/* Bookkeeping stuff */
struct list_head msglist_entry;
/* The message itself */
unsigned char msg[0];
};
extern struct vmbus_connection vmbus_connection;
static inline void vmbus_send_interrupt(u32 relid)
{
sync_set_bit(relid % BITS_PER_LONG,
vmbus_connection.send_int_page + BIT_WORD(relid));
}
enum vmbus_message_handler_type {
/* The related handler can sleep. */
VMHT_BLOCKING = 0,
/* The related handler must NOT sleep. */
VMHT_NON_BLOCKING = 1,
};
struct vmbus_channel_message_table_entry {
enum vmbus_channel_message_type message_type;
enum vmbus_message_handler_type handler_type;
void (*message_handler)(struct vmbus_channel_message_header *msg);
};
extern struct vmbus_channel_message_table_entry
channel_message_table[CHANNELMSG_COUNT];
/* Free the message slot and signal end-of-message if required */
static inline void vmbus_signal_eom(struct hv_message *msg, u32 old_msg_type)
{
/*
* On crash we're reading some other CPU's message page and we need
* to be careful: this other CPU may already had cleared the header
* and the host may already had delivered some other message there.
* In case we blindly write msg->header.message_type we're going
* to lose it. We can still lose a message of the same type but
* we count on the fact that there can only be one
* CHANNELMSG_UNLOAD_RESPONSE and we don't care about other messages
* on crash.
*/
if (cmpxchg(&msg->header.message_type, old_msg_type,
HVMSG_NONE) != old_msg_type)
return;
/*
* Make sure the write to MessageType (ie set to
* HVMSG_NONE) happens before we read the
* MessagePending and EOMing. Otherwise, the EOMing
* will not deliver any more messages since there is
* no empty slot
*/
mb();
if (msg->header.message_flags.msg_pending) {
/*
* This will cause message queue rescan to
* possibly deliver another msg from the
* hypervisor
*/
wrmsrl(HV_X64_MSR_EOM, 0);
}
}
/* General vmbus interface */
struct hv_device *vmbus_device_create(const uuid_le *type,
const uuid_le *instance,
struct vmbus_channel *channel);
int vmbus_device_register(struct hv_device *child_device_obj);
void vmbus_device_unregister(struct hv_device *device_obj);
/* static void */
/* VmbusChildDeviceDestroy( */
/* struct hv_device *); */
struct vmbus_channel *relid2channel(u32 relid);
void vmbus_free_channels(void);
/* Connection interface */
int vmbus_connect(void);
void vmbus_disconnect(void);
int vmbus_post_msg(void *buffer, size_t buflen, bool can_sleep);
void vmbus_on_event(unsigned long data);
void vmbus_on_msg_dpc(unsigned long data);
int hv_kvp_init(struct hv_util_service *);
void hv_kvp_deinit(void);
void hv_kvp_onchannelcallback(void *);
int hv_vss_init(struct hv_util_service *);
void hv_vss_deinit(void);
void hv_vss_onchannelcallback(void *);
int hv_fcopy_init(struct hv_util_service *);
void hv_fcopy_deinit(void);
void hv_fcopy_onchannelcallback(void *);
void vmbus_initiate_unload(bool crash);
static inline void hv_poll_channel(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
void (*cb)(void *))
{
if (!channel)
return;
smp_call_function_single(channel->target_cpu, cb, channel, true);
}
enum hvutil_device_state {
HVUTIL_DEVICE_INIT = 0, /* driver is loaded, waiting for userspace */
HVUTIL_READY, /* userspace is registered */
HVUTIL_HOSTMSG_RECEIVED, /* message from the host was received */
HVUTIL_USERSPACE_REQ, /* request to userspace was sent */
HVUTIL_USERSPACE_RECV, /* reply from userspace was received */
HVUTIL_DEVICE_DYING, /* driver unload is in progress */
};
#endif /* _HYPERV_VMBUS_H */