blob: 3b4d2b36b4f337c49176f64759dfc17e18ca95ed [file] [log] [blame]
.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
The Virtual Media Controller Driver (vimc)
The vimc driver emulates complex video hardware using the V4L2 API and the Media
API. It has a capture device and three subdevices: sensor, debayer and scaler.
The topology is hardcoded, although you could modify it in vimc-core and
recompile the driver to achieve your own topology. This is the default topology:
.. _vimc_topology_graph:
.. kernel-figure::
:alt: Diagram of the default media pipeline topology
:align: center
Media pipeline graph on vimc
Configuring the topology
Each subdevice will come with its default configuration (pixelformat, height,
width, ...). One needs to configure the topology in order to match the
configuration on each linked subdevice to stream frames through the pipeline.
If the configuration doesn't match, the stream will fail. The ``v4l-utils``
package is a bundle of user-space applications, that comes with ``media-ctl`` and
``v4l2-ctl`` that can be used to configure the vimc configuration. This sequence
of commands fits for the default topology:
.. code-block:: bash
media-ctl -d platform:vimc -V '"Sensor A":0[fmt:SBGGR8_1X8/640x480]'
media-ctl -d platform:vimc -V '"Debayer A":0[fmt:SBGGR8_1X8/640x480]'
media-ctl -d platform:vimc -V '"Sensor B":0[fmt:SBGGR8_1X8/640x480]'
media-ctl -d platform:vimc -V '"Debayer B":0[fmt:SBGGR8_1X8/640x480]'
v4l2-ctl -z platform:vimc -d "RGB/YUV Capture" -v width=1920,height=1440
v4l2-ctl -z platform:vimc -d "Raw Capture 0" -v pixelformat=BA81
v4l2-ctl -z platform:vimc -d "Raw Capture 1" -v pixelformat=BA81
Subdevices define the behavior of an entity in the topology. Depending on the
subdevice, the entity can have multiple pads of type source or sink.
Generates images in several formats using video test pattern generator.
* 1 Pad source
Ancillary lens for a sensor. Supports auto focus control. Linked to
a vimc-sensor using an ancillary link. The lens supports FOCUS_ABSOLUTE
.. code-block:: bash
media-ctl -p
- entity 28: Lens A (0 pad, 0 link)
type V4L2 subdev subtype Lens flags 0
device node name /dev/v4l-subdev6
- entity 29: Lens B (0 pad, 0 link)
type V4L2 subdev subtype Lens flags 0
device node name /dev/v4l-subdev7
v4l2-ctl -d /dev/v4l-subdev7 -C focus_absolute
focus_absolute: 0
Transforms images in bayer format into a non-bayer format.
* 1 Pad sink
* 1 Pad source
Re-size the image to meet the source pad resolution. E.g.: if the sync
pad is configured to 360x480 and the source to 1280x720, the image will
be stretched to fit the source resolution. Works for any resolution
within the vimc limitations (even shrinking the image if necessary).
* 1 Pad sink
* 1 Pad source
Exposes node /dev/videoX to allow userspace to capture the stream.
* 1 Pad sink
* 1 Pad source
Module options
Vimc has a module parameter to configure the driver.
* ``allocator=<unsigned int>``
memory allocator selection, default is 0. It specifies the way buffers
will be allocated.
- 0: vmalloc
- 1: dma-contig