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/*
* zero.c -- Gadget Zero, for USB development
*
* Copyright (C) 2003-2004 David Brownell
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer,
* without modification.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. The names of the above-listed copyright holders may not be used
* to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
* specific prior written permission.
*
* ALTERNATIVELY, this software may be distributed under the terms of the
* GNU General Public License ("GPL") as published by the Free Software
* Foundation, either version 2 of that License or (at your option) any
* later version.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
* IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
* THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR
* CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
* EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
* PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
* PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
* NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
* SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
/*
* Gadget Zero only needs two bulk endpoints, and is an example of how you
* can write a hardware-agnostic gadget driver running inside a USB device.
*
* Hardware details are visible (see CONFIG_USB_ZERO_* below) but don't
* affect most of the driver.
*
* Use it with the Linux host/master side "usbtest" driver to get a basic
* functional test of your device-side usb stack, or with "usb-skeleton".
*
* It supports two similar configurations. One sinks whatever the usb host
* writes, and in return sources zeroes. The other loops whatever the host
* writes back, so the host can read it. Module options include:
*
* buflen=N default N=4096, buffer size used
* qlen=N default N=32, how many buffers in the loopback queue
* loopdefault default false, list loopback config first
*
* Many drivers will only have one configuration, letting them be much
* simpler if they also don't support high speed operation (like this
* driver does).
*/
#define DEBUG 1
// #define VERBOSE
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
#include <linux/usb_ch9.h>
#include <linux/usb_gadget.h>
#include "gadget_chips.h"
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#define DRIVER_VERSION "St Patrick's Day 2004"
static const char shortname [] = "zero";
static const char longname [] = "Gadget Zero";
static const char source_sink [] = "source and sink data";
static const char loopback [] = "loop input to output";
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* driver assumes self-powered hardware, and
* has no way for users to trigger remote wakeup.
*
* this version autoconfigures as much as possible,
* which is reasonable for most "bulk-only" drivers.
*/
static const char *EP_IN_NAME; /* source */
static const char *EP_OUT_NAME; /* sink */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* big enough to hold our biggest descriptor */
#define USB_BUFSIZ 256
struct zero_dev {
spinlock_t lock;
struct usb_gadget *gadget;
struct usb_request *req; /* for control responses */
/* when configured, we have one of two configs:
* - source data (in to host) and sink it (out from host)
* - or loop it back (out from host back in to host)
*/
u8 config;
struct usb_ep *in_ep, *out_ep;
/* autoresume timer */
struct timer_list resume;
};
#define xprintk(d,level,fmt,args...) \
dev_printk(level , &(d)->gadget->dev , fmt , ## args)
#ifdef DEBUG
#define DBG(dev,fmt,args...) \
xprintk(dev , KERN_DEBUG , fmt , ## args)
#else
#define DBG(dev,fmt,args...) \
do { } while (0)
#endif /* DEBUG */
#ifdef VERBOSE
#define VDBG DBG
#else
#define VDBG(dev,fmt,args...) \
do { } while (0)
#endif /* VERBOSE */
#define ERROR(dev,fmt,args...) \
xprintk(dev , KERN_ERR , fmt , ## args)
#define WARN(dev,fmt,args...) \
xprintk(dev , KERN_WARNING , fmt , ## args)
#define INFO(dev,fmt,args...) \
xprintk(dev , KERN_INFO , fmt , ## args)
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static unsigned buflen = 4096;
static unsigned qlen = 32;
static unsigned pattern = 0;
module_param (buflen, uint, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR);
module_param (qlen, uint, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR);
module_param (pattern, uint, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR);
/*
* if it's nonzero, autoresume says how many seconds to wait
* before trying to wake up the host after suspend.
*/
static unsigned autoresume = 0;
module_param (autoresume, uint, 0);
/*
* Normally the "loopback" configuration is second (index 1) so
* it's not the default. Here's where to change that order, to
* work better with hosts where config changes are problematic.
* Or controllers (like superh) that only support one config.
*/
static int loopdefault = 0;
module_param (loopdefault, bool, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR);
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Thanks to NetChip Technologies for donating this product ID.
*
* DO NOT REUSE THESE IDs with a protocol-incompatible driver!! Ever!!
* Instead: allocate your own, using normal USB-IF procedures.
*/
#ifndef CONFIG_USB_ZERO_HNPTEST
#define DRIVER_VENDOR_NUM 0x0525 /* NetChip */
#define DRIVER_PRODUCT_NUM 0xa4a0 /* Linux-USB "Gadget Zero" */
#else
#define DRIVER_VENDOR_NUM 0x1a0a /* OTG test device IDs */
#define DRIVER_PRODUCT_NUM 0xbadd
#endif
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* DESCRIPTORS ... most are static, but strings and (full)
* configuration descriptors are built on demand.
*/
#define STRING_MANUFACTURER 25
#define STRING_PRODUCT 42
#define STRING_SERIAL 101
#define STRING_SOURCE_SINK 250
#define STRING_LOOPBACK 251
/*
* This device advertises two configurations; these numbers work
* on a pxa250 as well as more flexible hardware.
*/
#define CONFIG_SOURCE_SINK 3
#define CONFIG_LOOPBACK 2
static struct usb_device_descriptor
device_desc = {
.bLength = sizeof device_desc,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_DEVICE,
.bcdUSB = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0200),
.bDeviceClass = USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC,
.idVendor = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (DRIVER_VENDOR_NUM),
.idProduct = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (DRIVER_PRODUCT_NUM),
.iManufacturer = STRING_MANUFACTURER,
.iProduct = STRING_PRODUCT,
.iSerialNumber = STRING_SERIAL,
.bNumConfigurations = 2,
};
static struct usb_config_descriptor
source_sink_config = {
.bLength = sizeof source_sink_config,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_CONFIG,
/* compute wTotalLength on the fly */
.bNumInterfaces = 1,
.bConfigurationValue = CONFIG_SOURCE_SINK,
.iConfiguration = STRING_SOURCE_SINK,
.bmAttributes = USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE | USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER,
.bMaxPower = 1, /* self-powered */
};
static struct usb_config_descriptor
loopback_config = {
.bLength = sizeof loopback_config,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_CONFIG,
/* compute wTotalLength on the fly */
.bNumInterfaces = 1,
.bConfigurationValue = CONFIG_LOOPBACK,
.iConfiguration = STRING_LOOPBACK,
.bmAttributes = USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE | USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER,
.bMaxPower = 1, /* self-powered */
};
static struct usb_otg_descriptor
otg_descriptor = {
.bLength = sizeof otg_descriptor,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_OTG,
.bmAttributes = USB_OTG_SRP,
};
/* one interface in each configuration */
static const struct usb_interface_descriptor
source_sink_intf = {
.bLength = sizeof source_sink_intf,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_INTERFACE,
.bNumEndpoints = 2,
.bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC,
.iInterface = STRING_SOURCE_SINK,
};
static const struct usb_interface_descriptor
loopback_intf = {
.bLength = sizeof loopback_intf,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_INTERFACE,
.bNumEndpoints = 2,
.bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC,
.iInterface = STRING_LOOPBACK,
};
/* two full speed bulk endpoints; their use is config-dependent */
static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor
fs_source_desc = {
.bLength = USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
.bEndpointAddress = USB_DIR_IN,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
};
static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor
fs_sink_desc = {
.bLength = USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
.bEndpointAddress = USB_DIR_OUT,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
};
static const struct usb_descriptor_header *fs_source_sink_function [] = {
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &otg_descriptor,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &source_sink_intf,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &fs_sink_desc,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &fs_source_desc,
NULL,
};
static const struct usb_descriptor_header *fs_loopback_function [] = {
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &otg_descriptor,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &loopback_intf,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &fs_sink_desc,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &fs_source_desc,
NULL,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED
/*
* usb 2.0 devices need to expose both high speed and full speed
* descriptors, unless they only run at full speed.
*
* that means alternate endpoint descriptors (bigger packets)
* and a "device qualifier" ... plus more construction options
* for the config descriptor.
*/
static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor
hs_source_desc = {
.bLength = USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
.wMaxPacketSize = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (512),
};
static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor
hs_sink_desc = {
.bLength = USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
.wMaxPacketSize = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (512),
};
static struct usb_qualifier_descriptor
dev_qualifier = {
.bLength = sizeof dev_qualifier,
.bDescriptorType = USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER,
.bcdUSB = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0200),
.bDeviceClass = USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC,
.bNumConfigurations = 2,
};
static const struct usb_descriptor_header *hs_source_sink_function [] = {
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &otg_descriptor,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &source_sink_intf,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &hs_source_desc,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &hs_sink_desc,
NULL,
};
static const struct usb_descriptor_header *hs_loopback_function [] = {
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &otg_descriptor,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &loopback_intf,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &hs_source_desc,
(struct usb_descriptor_header *) &hs_sink_desc,
NULL,
};
/* maxpacket and other transfer characteristics vary by speed. */
#define ep_desc(g,hs,fs) (((g)->speed==USB_SPEED_HIGH)?(hs):(fs))
#else
/* if there's no high speed support, maxpacket doesn't change. */
#define ep_desc(g,hs,fs) fs
#endif /* !CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED */
static char manufacturer [50];
static char serial [40];
/* static strings, in UTF-8 */
static struct usb_string strings [] = {
{ STRING_MANUFACTURER, manufacturer, },
{ STRING_PRODUCT, longname, },
{ STRING_SERIAL, serial, },
{ STRING_LOOPBACK, loopback, },
{ STRING_SOURCE_SINK, source_sink, },
{ } /* end of list */
};
static struct usb_gadget_strings stringtab = {
.language = 0x0409, /* en-us */
.strings = strings,
};
/*
* config descriptors are also handcrafted. these must agree with code
* that sets configurations, and with code managing interfaces and their
* altsettings. other complexity may come from:
*
* - high speed support, including "other speed config" rules
* - multiple configurations
* - interfaces with alternate settings
* - embedded class or vendor-specific descriptors
*
* this handles high speed, and has a second config that could as easily
* have been an alternate interface setting (on most hardware).
*
* NOTE: to demonstrate (and test) more USB capabilities, this driver
* should include an altsetting to test interrupt transfers, including
* high bandwidth modes at high speed. (Maybe work like Intel's test
* device?)
*/
static int
config_buf (struct usb_gadget *gadget,
u8 *buf, u8 type, unsigned index)
{
int is_source_sink;
int len;
const struct usb_descriptor_header **function;
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED
int hs = (gadget->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH);
#endif
/* two configurations will always be index 0 and index 1 */
if (index > 1)
return -EINVAL;
is_source_sink = loopdefault ? (index == 1) : (index == 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED
if (type == USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG)
hs = !hs;
if (hs)
function = is_source_sink
? hs_source_sink_function
: hs_loopback_function;
else
#endif
function = is_source_sink
? fs_source_sink_function
: fs_loopback_function;
/* for now, don't advertise srp-only devices */
if (!gadget->is_otg)
function++;
len = usb_gadget_config_buf (is_source_sink
? &source_sink_config
: &loopback_config,
buf, USB_BUFSIZ, function);
if (len < 0)
return len;
((struct usb_config_descriptor *) buf)->bDescriptorType = type;
return len;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static struct usb_request *
alloc_ep_req (struct usb_ep *ep, unsigned length)
{
struct usb_request *req;
req = usb_ep_alloc_request (ep, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (req) {
req->length = length;
req->buf = usb_ep_alloc_buffer (ep, length,
&req->dma, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!req->buf) {
usb_ep_free_request (ep, req);
req = NULL;
}
}
return req;
}
static void free_ep_req (struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
{
if (req->buf)
usb_ep_free_buffer (ep, req->buf, req->dma, req->length);
usb_ep_free_request (ep, req);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* optionally require specific source/sink data patterns */
static int
check_read_data (
struct zero_dev *dev,
struct usb_ep *ep,
struct usb_request *req
)
{
unsigned i;
u8 *buf = req->buf;
for (i = 0; i < req->actual; i++, buf++) {
switch (pattern) {
/* all-zeroes has no synchronization issues */
case 0:
if (*buf == 0)
continue;
break;
/* mod63 stays in sync with short-terminated transfers,
* or otherwise when host and gadget agree on how large
* each usb transfer request should be. resync is done
* with set_interface or set_config.
*/
case 1:
if (*buf == (u8)(i % 63))
continue;
break;
}
ERROR (dev, "bad OUT byte, buf [%d] = %d\n", i, *buf);
usb_ep_set_halt (ep);
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static void
reinit_write_data (
struct zero_dev *dev,
struct usb_ep *ep,
struct usb_request *req
)
{
unsigned i;
u8 *buf = req->buf;
switch (pattern) {
case 0:
memset (req->buf, 0, req->length);
break;
case 1:
for (i = 0; i < req->length; i++)
*buf++ = (u8) (i % 63);
break;
}
}
/* if there is only one request in the queue, there'll always be an
* irq delay between end of one request and start of the next.
* that prevents using hardware dma queues.
*/
static void source_sink_complete (struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = ep->driver_data;
int status = req->status;
switch (status) {
case 0: /* normal completion? */
if (ep == dev->out_ep)
check_read_data (dev, ep, req);
else
reinit_write_data (dev, ep, req);
break;
/* this endpoint is normally active while we're configured */
case -ECONNABORTED: /* hardware forced ep reset */
case -ECONNRESET: /* request dequeued */
case -ESHUTDOWN: /* disconnect from host */
VDBG (dev, "%s gone (%d), %d/%d\n", ep->name, status,
req->actual, req->length);
if (ep == dev->out_ep)
check_read_data (dev, ep, req);
free_ep_req (ep, req);
return;
case -EOVERFLOW: /* buffer overrun on read means that
* we didn't provide a big enough
* buffer.
*/
default:
#if 1
DBG (dev, "%s complete --> %d, %d/%d\n", ep->name,
status, req->actual, req->length);
#endif
case -EREMOTEIO: /* short read */
break;
}
status = usb_ep_queue (ep, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (status) {
ERROR (dev, "kill %s: resubmit %d bytes --> %d\n",
ep->name, req->length, status);
usb_ep_set_halt (ep);
/* FIXME recover later ... somehow */
}
}
static struct usb_request *
source_sink_start_ep (struct usb_ep *ep, int gfp_flags)
{
struct usb_request *req;
int status;
req = alloc_ep_req (ep, buflen);
if (!req)
return NULL;
memset (req->buf, 0, req->length);
req->complete = source_sink_complete;
if (strcmp (ep->name, EP_IN_NAME) == 0)
reinit_write_data (ep->driver_data, ep, req);
status = usb_ep_queue (ep, req, gfp_flags);
if (status) {
struct zero_dev *dev = ep->driver_data;
ERROR (dev, "start %s --> %d\n", ep->name, status);
free_ep_req (ep, req);
req = NULL;
}
return req;
}
static int
set_source_sink_config (struct zero_dev *dev, int gfp_flags)
{
int result = 0;
struct usb_ep *ep;
struct usb_gadget *gadget = dev->gadget;
gadget_for_each_ep (ep, gadget) {
const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *d;
/* one endpoint writes (sources) zeroes in (to the host) */
if (strcmp (ep->name, EP_IN_NAME) == 0) {
d = ep_desc (gadget, &hs_source_desc, &fs_source_desc);
result = usb_ep_enable (ep, d);
if (result == 0) {
ep->driver_data = dev;
if (source_sink_start_ep (ep, gfp_flags) != 0) {
dev->in_ep = ep;
continue;
}
usb_ep_disable (ep);
result = -EIO;
}
/* one endpoint reads (sinks) anything out (from the host) */
} else if (strcmp (ep->name, EP_OUT_NAME) == 0) {
d = ep_desc (gadget, &hs_sink_desc, &fs_sink_desc);
result = usb_ep_enable (ep, d);
if (result == 0) {
ep->driver_data = dev;
if (source_sink_start_ep (ep, gfp_flags) != 0) {
dev->out_ep = ep;
continue;
}
usb_ep_disable (ep);
result = -EIO;
}
/* ignore any other endpoints */
} else
continue;
/* stop on error */
ERROR (dev, "can't start %s, result %d\n", ep->name, result);
break;
}
if (result == 0)
DBG (dev, "buflen %d\n", buflen);
/* caller is responsible for cleanup on error */
return result;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void loopback_complete (struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = ep->driver_data;
int status = req->status;
switch (status) {
case 0: /* normal completion? */
if (ep == dev->out_ep) {
/* loop this OUT packet back IN to the host */
req->zero = (req->actual < req->length);
req->length = req->actual;
status = usb_ep_queue (dev->in_ep, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (status == 0)
return;
/* "should never get here" */
ERROR (dev, "can't loop %s to %s: %d\n",
ep->name, dev->in_ep->name,
status);
}
/* queue the buffer for some later OUT packet */
req->length = buflen;
status = usb_ep_queue (dev->out_ep, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (status == 0)
return;
/* "should never get here" */
/* FALLTHROUGH */
default:
ERROR (dev, "%s loop complete --> %d, %d/%d\n", ep->name,
status, req->actual, req->length);
/* FALLTHROUGH */
/* NOTE: since this driver doesn't maintain an explicit record
* of requests it submitted (just maintains qlen count), we
* rely on the hardware driver to clean up on disconnect or
* endpoint disable.
*/
case -ECONNABORTED: /* hardware forced ep reset */
case -ECONNRESET: /* request dequeued */
case -ESHUTDOWN: /* disconnect from host */
free_ep_req (ep, req);
return;
}
}
static int
set_loopback_config (struct zero_dev *dev, int gfp_flags)
{
int result = 0;
struct usb_ep *ep;
struct usb_gadget *gadget = dev->gadget;
gadget_for_each_ep (ep, gadget) {
const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *d;
/* one endpoint writes data back IN to the host */
if (strcmp (ep->name, EP_IN_NAME) == 0) {
d = ep_desc (gadget, &hs_source_desc, &fs_source_desc);
result = usb_ep_enable (ep, d);
if (result == 0) {
ep->driver_data = dev;
dev->in_ep = ep;
continue;
}
/* one endpoint just reads OUT packets */
} else if (strcmp (ep->name, EP_OUT_NAME) == 0) {
d = ep_desc (gadget, &hs_sink_desc, &fs_sink_desc);
result = usb_ep_enable (ep, d);
if (result == 0) {
ep->driver_data = dev;
dev->out_ep = ep;
continue;
}
/* ignore any other endpoints */
} else
continue;
/* stop on error */
ERROR (dev, "can't enable %s, result %d\n", ep->name, result);
break;
}
/* allocate a bunch of read buffers and queue them all at once.
* we buffer at most 'qlen' transfers; fewer if any need more
* than 'buflen' bytes each.
*/
if (result == 0) {
struct usb_request *req;
unsigned i;
ep = dev->out_ep;
for (i = 0; i < qlen && result == 0; i++) {
req = alloc_ep_req (ep, buflen);
if (req) {
req->complete = loopback_complete;
result = usb_ep_queue (ep, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (result)
DBG (dev, "%s queue req --> %d\n",
ep->name, result);
} else
result = -ENOMEM;
}
}
if (result == 0)
DBG (dev, "qlen %d, buflen %d\n", qlen, buflen);
/* caller is responsible for cleanup on error */
return result;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void zero_reset_config (struct zero_dev *dev)
{
if (dev->config == 0)
return;
DBG (dev, "reset config\n");
/* just disable endpoints, forcing completion of pending i/o.
* all our completion handlers free their requests in this case.
*/
if (dev->in_ep) {
usb_ep_disable (dev->in_ep);
dev->in_ep = NULL;
}
if (dev->out_ep) {
usb_ep_disable (dev->out_ep);
dev->out_ep = NULL;
}
dev->config = 0;
del_timer (&dev->resume);
}
/* change our operational config. this code must agree with the code
* that returns config descriptors, and altsetting code.
*
* it's also responsible for power management interactions. some
* configurations might not work with our current power sources.
*
* note that some device controller hardware will constrain what this
* code can do, perhaps by disallowing more than one configuration or
* by limiting configuration choices (like the pxa2xx).
*/
static int
zero_set_config (struct zero_dev *dev, unsigned number, int gfp_flags)
{
int result = 0;
struct usb_gadget *gadget = dev->gadget;
if (number == dev->config)
return 0;
if (gadget_is_sa1100 (gadget) && dev->config) {
/* tx fifo is full, but we can't clear it...*/
INFO (dev, "can't change configurations\n");
return -ESPIPE;
}
zero_reset_config (dev);
switch (number) {
case CONFIG_SOURCE_SINK:
result = set_source_sink_config (dev, gfp_flags);
break;
case CONFIG_LOOPBACK:
result = set_loopback_config (dev, gfp_flags);
break;
default:
result = -EINVAL;
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 0:
return result;
}
if (!result && (!dev->in_ep || !dev->out_ep))
result = -ENODEV;
if (result)
zero_reset_config (dev);
else {
char *speed;
switch (gadget->speed) {
case USB_SPEED_LOW: speed = "low"; break;
case USB_SPEED_FULL: speed = "full"; break;
case USB_SPEED_HIGH: speed = "high"; break;
default: speed = "?"; break;
}
dev->config = number;
INFO (dev, "%s speed config #%d: %s\n", speed, number,
(number == CONFIG_SOURCE_SINK)
? source_sink : loopback);
}
return result;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void zero_setup_complete (struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
{
if (req->status || req->actual != req->length)
DBG ((struct zero_dev *) ep->driver_data,
"setup complete --> %d, %d/%d\n",
req->status, req->actual, req->length);
}
/*
* The setup() callback implements all the ep0 functionality that's
* not handled lower down, in hardware or the hardware driver (like
* device and endpoint feature flags, and their status). It's all
* housekeeping for the gadget function we're implementing. Most of
* the work is in config-specific setup.
*/
static int
zero_setup (struct usb_gadget *gadget, const struct usb_ctrlrequest *ctrl)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = get_gadget_data (gadget);
struct usb_request *req = dev->req;
int value = -EOPNOTSUPP;
/* usually this stores reply data in the pre-allocated ep0 buffer,
* but config change events will reconfigure hardware.
*/
req->zero = 0;
switch (ctrl->bRequest) {
case USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR:
if (ctrl->bRequestType != USB_DIR_IN)
goto unknown;
switch (ctrl->wValue >> 8) {
case USB_DT_DEVICE:
value = min (ctrl->wLength, (u16) sizeof device_desc);
memcpy (req->buf, &device_desc, value);
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED
case USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER:
if (!gadget->is_dualspeed)
break;
value = min (ctrl->wLength, (u16) sizeof dev_qualifier);
memcpy (req->buf, &dev_qualifier, value);
break;
case USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG:
if (!gadget->is_dualspeed)
break;
// FALLTHROUGH
#endif /* CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED */
case USB_DT_CONFIG:
value = config_buf (gadget, req->buf,
ctrl->wValue >> 8,
ctrl->wValue & 0xff);
if (value >= 0)
value = min (ctrl->wLength, (u16) value);
break;
case USB_DT_STRING:
/* wIndex == language code.
* this driver only handles one language, you can
* add string tables for other languages, using
* any UTF-8 characters
*/
value = usb_gadget_get_string (&stringtab,
ctrl->wValue & 0xff, req->buf);
if (value >= 0)
value = min (ctrl->wLength, (u16) value);
break;
}
break;
/* currently two configs, two speeds */
case USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION:
if (ctrl->bRequestType != 0)
goto unknown;
if (gadget->a_hnp_support)
DBG (dev, "HNP available\n");
else if (gadget->a_alt_hnp_support)
DBG (dev, "HNP needs a different root port\n");
else
VDBG (dev, "HNP inactive\n");
spin_lock (&dev->lock);
value = zero_set_config (dev, ctrl->wValue, GFP_ATOMIC);
spin_unlock (&dev->lock);
break;
case USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION:
if (ctrl->bRequestType != USB_DIR_IN)
goto unknown;
*(u8 *)req->buf = dev->config;
value = min (ctrl->wLength, (u16) 1);
break;
/* until we add altsetting support, or other interfaces,
* only 0/0 are possible. pxa2xx only supports 0/0 (poorly)
* and already killed pending endpoint I/O.
*/
case USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE:
if (ctrl->bRequestType != USB_RECIP_INTERFACE)
goto unknown;
spin_lock (&dev->lock);
if (dev->config && ctrl->wIndex == 0 && ctrl->wValue == 0) {
u8 config = dev->config;
/* resets interface configuration, forgets about
* previous transaction state (queued bufs, etc)
* and re-inits endpoint state (toggle etc)
* no response queued, just zero status == success.
* if we had more than one interface we couldn't
* use this "reset the config" shortcut.
*/
zero_reset_config (dev);
zero_set_config (dev, config, GFP_ATOMIC);
value = 0;
}
spin_unlock (&dev->lock);
break;
case USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE:
if (ctrl->bRequestType != (USB_DIR_IN|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE))
goto unknown;
if (!dev->config)
break;
if (ctrl->wIndex != 0) {
value = -EDOM;
break;
}
*(u8 *)req->buf = 0;
value = min (ctrl->wLength, (u16) 1);
break;
/*
* These are the same vendor-specific requests supported by
* Intel's USB 2.0 compliance test devices. We exceed that
* device spec by allowing multiple-packet requests.
*/
case 0x5b: /* control WRITE test -- fill the buffer */
if (ctrl->bRequestType != (USB_DIR_OUT|USB_TYPE_VENDOR))
goto unknown;
if (ctrl->wValue || ctrl->wIndex)
break;
/* just read that many bytes into the buffer */
if (ctrl->wLength > USB_BUFSIZ)
break;
value = ctrl->wLength;
break;
case 0x5c: /* control READ test -- return the buffer */
if (ctrl->bRequestType != (USB_DIR_IN|USB_TYPE_VENDOR))
goto unknown;
if (ctrl->wValue || ctrl->wIndex)
break;
/* expect those bytes are still in the buffer; send back */
if (ctrl->wLength > USB_BUFSIZ
|| ctrl->wLength != req->length)
break;
value = ctrl->wLength;
break;
default:
unknown:
VDBG (dev,
"unknown control req%02x.%02x v%04x i%04x l%d\n",
ctrl->bRequestType, ctrl->bRequest,
ctrl->wValue, ctrl->wIndex, ctrl->wLength);
}
/* respond with data transfer before status phase? */
if (value >= 0) {
req->length = value;
req->zero = value < ctrl->wLength
&& (value % gadget->ep0->maxpacket) == 0;
value = usb_ep_queue (gadget->ep0, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (value < 0) {
DBG (dev, "ep_queue --> %d\n", value);
req->status = 0;
zero_setup_complete (gadget->ep0, req);
}
}
/* device either stalls (value < 0) or reports success */
return value;
}
static void
zero_disconnect (struct usb_gadget *gadget)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = get_gadget_data (gadget);
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave (&dev->lock, flags);
zero_reset_config (dev);
/* a more significant application might have some non-usb
* activities to quiesce here, saving resources like power
* or pushing the notification up a network stack.
*/
spin_unlock_irqrestore (&dev->lock, flags);
/* next we may get setup() calls to enumerate new connections;
* or an unbind() during shutdown (including removing module).
*/
}
static void
zero_autoresume (unsigned long _dev)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = (struct zero_dev *) _dev;
int status;
/* normally the host would be woken up for something
* more significant than just a timer firing...
*/
if (dev->gadget->speed != USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN) {
status = usb_gadget_wakeup (dev->gadget);
DBG (dev, "wakeup --> %d\n", status);
}
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void
zero_unbind (struct usb_gadget *gadget)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = get_gadget_data (gadget);
DBG (dev, "unbind\n");
/* we've already been disconnected ... no i/o is active */
if (dev->req)
free_ep_req (gadget->ep0, dev->req);
del_timer_sync (&dev->resume);
kfree (dev);
set_gadget_data (gadget, NULL);
}
static int
zero_bind (struct usb_gadget *gadget)
{
struct zero_dev *dev;
struct usb_ep *ep;
/* Bulk-only drivers like this one SHOULD be able to
* autoconfigure on any sane usb controller driver,
* but there may also be important quirks to address.
*/
usb_ep_autoconfig_reset (gadget);
ep = usb_ep_autoconfig (gadget, &fs_source_desc);
if (!ep) {
autoconf_fail:
printk (KERN_ERR "%s: can't autoconfigure on %s\n",
shortname, gadget->name);
return -ENODEV;
}
EP_IN_NAME = ep->name;
ep->driver_data = ep; /* claim */
ep = usb_ep_autoconfig (gadget, &fs_sink_desc);
if (!ep)
goto autoconf_fail;
EP_OUT_NAME = ep->name;
ep->driver_data = ep; /* claim */
/*
* DRIVER POLICY CHOICE: you may want to do this differently.
* One thing to avoid is reusing a bcdDevice revision code
* with different host-visible configurations or behavior
* restrictions -- using ep1in/ep2out vs ep1out/ep3in, etc
*/
if (gadget_is_net2280 (gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0201);
} else if (gadget_is_pxa (gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0203);
#if 0
} else if (gadget_is_sh(gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0204);
/* SH has only one configuration; see "loopdefault" */
device_desc.bNumConfigurations = 1;
/* FIXME make 1 == default.bConfigurationValue */
#endif
} else if (gadget_is_sa1100 (gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0205);
} else if (gadget_is_goku (gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0206);
} else if (gadget_is_mq11xx (gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0207);
} else if (gadget_is_omap (gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0208);
} else if (gadget_is_lh7a40x(gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0209);
} else if (gadget_is_n9604(gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0210);
} else if (gadget_is_pxa27x(gadget)) {
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x0211);
} else {
/* gadget zero is so simple (for now, no altsettings) that
* it SHOULD NOT have problems with bulk-capable hardware.
* so warn about unrcognized controllers, don't panic.
*
* things like configuration and altsetting numbering
* can need hardware-specific attention though.
*/
printk (KERN_WARNING "%s: controller '%s' not recognized\n",
shortname, gadget->name);
device_desc.bcdDevice = __constant_cpu_to_le16 (0x9999);
}
/* ok, we made sense of the hardware ... */
dev = kmalloc (sizeof *dev, SLAB_KERNEL);
if (!dev)
return -ENOMEM;
memset (dev, 0, sizeof *dev);
spin_lock_init (&dev->lock);
dev->gadget = gadget;
set_gadget_data (gadget, dev);
/* preallocate control response and buffer */
dev->req = usb_ep_alloc_request (gadget->ep0, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dev->req)
goto enomem;
dev->req->buf = usb_ep_alloc_buffer (gadget->ep0, USB_BUFSIZ,
&dev->req->dma, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dev->req->buf)
goto enomem;
dev->req->complete = zero_setup_complete;
device_desc.bMaxPacketSize0 = gadget->ep0->maxpacket;
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED
/* assume ep0 uses the same value for both speeds ... */
dev_qualifier.bMaxPacketSize0 = device_desc.bMaxPacketSize0;
/* and that all endpoints are dual-speed */
hs_source_desc.bEndpointAddress = fs_source_desc.bEndpointAddress;
hs_sink_desc.bEndpointAddress = fs_sink_desc.bEndpointAddress;
#endif
if (gadget->is_otg) {
otg_descriptor.bmAttributes |= USB_OTG_HNP,
source_sink_config.bmAttributes |= USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
loopback_config.bmAttributes |= USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
}
if (gadget->is_otg) {
otg_descriptor.bmAttributes |= USB_OTG_HNP,
source_sink_config.bmAttributes |= USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
loopback_config.bmAttributes |= USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
}
usb_gadget_set_selfpowered (gadget);
init_timer (&dev->resume);
dev->resume.function = zero_autoresume;
dev->resume.data = (unsigned long) dev;
if (autoresume) {
source_sink_config.bmAttributes |= USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
loopback_config.bmAttributes |= USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP;
}
gadget->ep0->driver_data = dev;
INFO (dev, "%s, version: " DRIVER_VERSION "\n", longname);
INFO (dev, "using %s, OUT %s IN %s\n", gadget->name,
EP_OUT_NAME, EP_IN_NAME);
snprintf (manufacturer, sizeof manufacturer, "%s %s with %s",
system_utsname.sysname, system_utsname.release,
gadget->name);
return 0;
enomem:
zero_unbind (gadget);
return -ENOMEM;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void
zero_suspend (struct usb_gadget *gadget)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = get_gadget_data (gadget);
if (gadget->speed == USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN)
return;
if (autoresume) {
mod_timer (&dev->resume, jiffies + (HZ * autoresume));
DBG (dev, "suspend, wakeup in %d seconds\n", autoresume);
} else
DBG (dev, "suspend\n");
}
static void
zero_resume (struct usb_gadget *gadget)
{
struct zero_dev *dev = get_gadget_data (gadget);
DBG (dev, "resume\n");
del_timer (&dev->resume);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static struct usb_gadget_driver zero_driver = {
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DUALSPEED
.speed = USB_SPEED_HIGH,
#else
.speed = USB_SPEED_FULL,
#endif
.function = (char *) longname,
.bind = zero_bind,
.unbind = zero_unbind,
.setup = zero_setup,
.disconnect = zero_disconnect,
.suspend = zero_suspend,
.resume = zero_resume,
.driver = {
.name = (char *) shortname,
// .shutdown = ...
// .suspend = ...
// .resume = ...
},
};
MODULE_AUTHOR ("David Brownell");
MODULE_LICENSE ("Dual BSD/GPL");
static int __init init (void)
{
/* a real value would likely come through some id prom
* or module option. this one takes at least two packets.
*/
strlcpy (serial, "0123456789.0123456789.0123456789", sizeof serial);
return usb_gadget_register_driver (&zero_driver);
}
module_init (init);
static void __exit cleanup (void)
{
usb_gadget_unregister_driver (&zero_driver);
}
module_exit (cleanup);