blob: f6b929e69f5be6e9624be5b7da37bc03179aae04 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/kernel/fork.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* 'fork.c' contains the help-routines for the 'fork' system call
* (see also entry.S and others).
* Fork is rather simple, once you get the hang of it, but the memory
* management can be a bitch. See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()'
*/
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/namespace.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/sem.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/acct.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
/*
* Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock)
*/
unsigned long total_forks; /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */
int nr_threads; /* The idle threads do not count.. */
int max_threads; /* tunable limit on nr_threads */
DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0;
__cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock); /* outer */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tasklist_lock);
int nr_processes(void)
{
int cpu;
int total = 0;
for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu);
return total;
}
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
# define alloc_task_struct() kmem_cache_alloc(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL)
# define free_task_struct(tsk) kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, (tsk))
static kmem_cache_t *task_struct_cachep;
#endif
void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
free_thread_info(tsk->thread_info);
free_task_struct(tsk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task);
void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
WARN_ON(!(tsk->exit_state & (EXIT_DEAD | EXIT_ZOMBIE)));
WARN_ON(atomic_read(&tsk->usage));
WARN_ON(tsk == current);
if (unlikely(tsk->audit_context))
audit_free(tsk);
security_task_free(tsk);
free_uid(tsk->user);
put_group_info(tsk->group_info);
if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk))
free_task(tsk);
}
void __init fork_init(unsigned long mempages)
{
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
#ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN
#define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN L1_CACHE_BYTES
#endif
/* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */
task_struct_cachep =
kmem_cache_create("task_struct", sizeof(struct task_struct),
ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN, SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
#endif
/*
* The default maximum number of threads is set to a safe
* value: the thread structures can take up at most half
* of memory.
*/
max_threads = mempages / (8 * THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
/*
* we need to allow at least 20 threads to boot a system
*/
if(max_threads < 20)
max_threads = 20;
init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2;
init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2;
}
static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig)
{
struct task_struct *tsk;
struct thread_info *ti;
prepare_to_copy(orig);
tsk = alloc_task_struct();
if (!tsk)
return NULL;
ti = alloc_thread_info(tsk);
if (!ti) {
free_task_struct(tsk);
return NULL;
}
*ti = *orig->thread_info;
*tsk = *orig;
tsk->thread_info = ti;
ti->task = tsk;
/* One for us, one for whoever does the "release_task()" (usually parent) */
atomic_set(&tsk->usage,2);
return tsk;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
static inline int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct * mm, struct mm_struct * oldmm)
{
struct vm_area_struct * mpnt, *tmp, **pprev;
struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent;
int retval;
unsigned long charge;
struct mempolicy *pol;
down_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
flush_cache_mm(current->mm);
mm->locked_vm = 0;
mm->mmap = NULL;
mm->mmap_cache = NULL;
mm->free_area_cache = oldmm->mmap_base;
mm->map_count = 0;
mm->rss = 0;
mm->anon_rss = 0;
cpus_clear(mm->cpu_vm_mask);
mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node;
rb_parent = NULL;
pprev = &mm->mmap;
for (mpnt = current->mm->mmap ; mpnt ; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) {
struct file *file;
if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) {
__vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, mpnt->vm_file,
-vma_pages(mpnt));
continue;
}
charge = 0;
if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
unsigned int len = (mpnt->vm_end - mpnt->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (security_vm_enough_memory(len))
goto fail_nomem;
charge = len;
}
tmp = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
if (!tmp)
goto fail_nomem;
*tmp = *mpnt;
pol = mpol_copy(vma_policy(mpnt));
retval = PTR_ERR(pol);
if (IS_ERR(pol))
goto fail_nomem_policy;
vma_set_policy(tmp, pol);
tmp->vm_flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
tmp->vm_mm = mm;
tmp->vm_next = NULL;
anon_vma_link(tmp);
file = tmp->vm_file;
if (file) {
struct inode *inode = file->f_dentry->d_inode;
get_file(file);
if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount);
/* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */
spin_lock(&file->f_mapping->i_mmap_lock);
tmp->vm_truncate_count = mpnt->vm_truncate_count;
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(file->f_mapping);
vma_prio_tree_add(tmp, mpnt);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(file->f_mapping);
spin_unlock(&file->f_mapping->i_mmap_lock);
}
/*
* Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries:
* link in first so that swapoff can see swap entries,
* and try_to_unmap_one's find_vma find the new vma.
*/
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
*pprev = tmp;
pprev = &tmp->vm_next;
__vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent);
rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right;
rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb;
mm->map_count++;
retval = copy_page_range(mm, current->mm, tmp);
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open)
tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp);
if (retval)
goto out;
}
retval = 0;
out:
flush_tlb_mm(current->mm);
up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
return retval;
fail_nomem_policy:
kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, tmp);
fail_nomem:
retval = -ENOMEM;
vm_unacct_memory(charge);
goto out;
}
static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct * mm)
{
mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm);
if (unlikely(!mm->pgd))
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct * mm)
{
pgd_free(mm->pgd);
}
#else
#define dup_mmap(mm, oldmm) (0)
#define mm_alloc_pgd(mm) (0)
#define mm_free_pgd(mm)
#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock);
#define allocate_mm() (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL))
#define free_mm(mm) (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm)))
#include <linux/init_task.h>
static struct mm_struct * mm_init(struct mm_struct * mm)
{
atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1);
atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1);
init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_sem);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist);
mm->core_waiters = 0;
mm->nr_ptes = 0;
spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock);
rwlock_init(&mm->ioctx_list_lock);
mm->ioctx_list = NULL;
mm->default_kioctx = (struct kioctx)INIT_KIOCTX(mm->default_kioctx, *mm);
mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
if (likely(!mm_alloc_pgd(mm))) {
mm->def_flags = 0;
return mm;
}
free_mm(mm);
return NULL;
}
/*
* Allocate and initialize an mm_struct.
*/
struct mm_struct * mm_alloc(void)
{
struct mm_struct * mm;
mm = allocate_mm();
if (mm) {
memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm));
mm = mm_init(mm);
}
return mm;
}
/*
* Called when the last reference to the mm
* is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by
* mmput. Free the page directory and the mm.
*/
void fastcall __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
mm_free_pgd(mm);
destroy_context(mm);
free_mm(mm);
}
/*
* Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm.
*/
void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) {
exit_aio(mm);
exit_mmap(mm);
if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) {
spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
list_del(&mm->mmlist);
spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
}
put_swap_token(mm);
mmdrop(mm);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput);
/**
* get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm
*
* Returns %NULL if the task has no mm. Checks PF_BORROWED_MM (meaning
* this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm,
* to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after
* bumping up the use count. User must release the mm via mmput()
* after use. Typically used by /proc and ptrace.
*/
struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
task_lock(task);
mm = task->mm;
if (mm) {
if (task->flags & PF_BORROWED_MM)
mm = NULL;
else
atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
}
task_unlock(task);
return mm;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm);
/* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release.
* mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct,
* error success whatever.
*
* mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed
* from the current process.
*
* This difference is important for error handling, when we
* only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore
* the old one. Because we mmput the new mm_struct before
* restoring the old one. . .
* Eric Biederman 10 January 1998
*/
void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
struct completion *vfork_done = tsk->vfork_done;
/* Get rid of any cached register state */
deactivate_mm(tsk, mm);
/* notify parent sleeping on vfork() */
if (vfork_done) {
tsk->vfork_done = NULL;
complete(vfork_done);
}
if (tsk->clear_child_tid && atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) {
u32 __user * tidptr = tsk->clear_child_tid;
tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL;
/*
* We don't check the error code - if userspace has
* not set up a proper pointer then tough luck.
*/
put_user(0, tidptr);
sys_futex(tidptr, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0);
}
}
static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
{
struct mm_struct * mm, *oldmm;
int retval;
tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0;
tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0;
tsk->mm = NULL;
tsk->active_mm = NULL;
/*
* Are we cloning a kernel thread?
*
* We need to steal a active VM for that..
*/
oldmm = current->mm;
if (!oldmm)
return 0;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) {
atomic_inc(&oldmm->mm_users);
mm = oldmm;
/*
* There are cases where the PTL is held to ensure no
* new threads start up in user mode using an mm, which
* allows optimizing out ipis; the tlb_gather_mmu code
* is an example.
*/
spin_unlock_wait(&oldmm->page_table_lock);
goto good_mm;
}
retval = -ENOMEM;
mm = allocate_mm();
if (!mm)
goto fail_nomem;
/* Copy the current MM stuff.. */
memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm));
if (!mm_init(mm))
goto fail_nomem;
if (init_new_context(tsk,mm))
goto fail_nocontext;
retval = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm);
if (retval)
goto free_pt;
mm->hiwater_rss = mm->rss;
mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm;
good_mm:
tsk->mm = mm;
tsk->active_mm = mm;
return 0;
free_pt:
mmput(mm);
fail_nomem:
return retval;
fail_nocontext:
/*
* If init_new_context() failed, we cannot use mmput() to free the mm
* because it calls destroy_context()
*/
mm_free_pgd(mm);
free_mm(mm);
return retval;
}
static inline struct fs_struct *__copy_fs_struct(struct fs_struct *old)
{
struct fs_struct *fs = kmem_cache_alloc(fs_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
/* We don't need to lock fs - think why ;-) */
if (fs) {
atomic_set(&fs->count, 1);
rwlock_init(&fs->lock);
fs->umask = old->umask;
read_lock(&old->lock);
fs->rootmnt = mntget(old->rootmnt);
fs->root = dget(old->root);
fs->pwdmnt = mntget(old->pwdmnt);
fs->pwd = dget(old->pwd);
if (old->altroot) {
fs->altrootmnt = mntget(old->altrootmnt);
fs->altroot = dget(old->altroot);
} else {
fs->altrootmnt = NULL;
fs->altroot = NULL;
}
read_unlock(&old->lock);
}
return fs;
}
struct fs_struct *copy_fs_struct(struct fs_struct *old)
{
return __copy_fs_struct(old);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(copy_fs_struct);
static inline int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
{
if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) {
atomic_inc(&current->fs->count);
return 0;
}
tsk->fs = __copy_fs_struct(current->fs);
if (!tsk->fs)
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
static int count_open_files(struct files_struct *files, int size)
{
int i;
/* Find the last open fd */
for (i = size/(8*sizeof(long)); i > 0; ) {
if (files->open_fds->fds_bits[--i])
break;
}
i = (i+1) * 8 * sizeof(long);
return i;
}
static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
{
struct files_struct *oldf, *newf;
struct file **old_fds, **new_fds;
int open_files, size, i, error = 0, expand;
/*
* A background process may not have any files ...
*/
oldf = current->files;
if (!oldf)
goto out;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) {
atomic_inc(&oldf->count);
goto out;
}
/*
* Note: we may be using current for both targets (See exec.c)
* This works because we cache current->files (old) as oldf. Don't
* break this.
*/
tsk->files = NULL;
error = -ENOMEM;
newf = kmem_cache_alloc(files_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
if (!newf)
goto out;
atomic_set(&newf->count, 1);
spin_lock_init(&newf->file_lock);
newf->next_fd = 0;
newf->max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT;
newf->max_fdset = __FD_SETSIZE;
newf->close_on_exec = &newf->close_on_exec_init;
newf->open_fds = &newf->open_fds_init;
newf->fd = &newf->fd_array[0];
spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock);
open_files = count_open_files(oldf, oldf->max_fdset);
expand = 0;
/*
* Check whether we need to allocate a larger fd array or fd set.
* Note: we're not a clone task, so the open count won't change.
*/
if (open_files > newf->max_fdset) {
newf->max_fdset = 0;
expand = 1;
}
if (open_files > newf->max_fds) {
newf->max_fds = 0;
expand = 1;
}
/* if the old fdset gets grown now, we'll only copy up to "size" fds */
if (expand) {
spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock);
spin_lock(&newf->file_lock);
error = expand_files(newf, open_files-1);
spin_unlock(&newf->file_lock);
if (error < 0)
goto out_release;
spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock);
}
old_fds = oldf->fd;
new_fds = newf->fd;
memcpy(newf->open_fds->fds_bits, oldf->open_fds->fds_bits, open_files/8);
memcpy(newf->close_on_exec->fds_bits, oldf->close_on_exec->fds_bits, open_files/8);
for (i = open_files; i != 0; i--) {
struct file *f = *old_fds++;
if (f) {
get_file(f);
} else {
/*
* The fd may be claimed in the fd bitmap but not yet
* instantiated in the files array if a sibling thread
* is partway through open(). So make sure that this
* fd is available to the new process.
*/
FD_CLR(open_files - i, newf->open_fds);
}
*new_fds++ = f;
}
spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock);
/* compute the remainder to be cleared */
size = (newf->max_fds - open_files) * sizeof(struct file *);
/* This is long word aligned thus could use a optimized version */
memset(new_fds, 0, size);
if (newf->max_fdset > open_files) {
int left = (newf->max_fdset-open_files)/8;
int start = open_files / (8 * sizeof(unsigned long));
memset(&newf->open_fds->fds_bits[start], 0, left);
memset(&newf->close_on_exec->fds_bits[start], 0, left);
}
tsk->files = newf;
error = 0;
out:
return error;
out_release:
free_fdset (newf->close_on_exec, newf->max_fdset);
free_fdset (newf->open_fds, newf->max_fdset);
free_fd_array(newf->fd, newf->max_fds);
kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, newf);
goto out;
}
/*
* Helper to unshare the files of the current task.
* We don't want to expose copy_files internals to
* the exec layer of the kernel.
*/
int unshare_files(void)
{
struct files_struct *files = current->files;
int rc;
if(!files)
BUG();
/* This can race but the race causes us to copy when we don't
need to and drop the copy */
if(atomic_read(&files->count) == 1)
{
atomic_inc(&files->count);
return 0;
}
rc = copy_files(0, current);
if(rc)
current->files = files;
return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unshare_files);
static inline int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
{
struct sighand_struct *sig;
if (clone_flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_THREAD)) {
atomic_inc(&current->sighand->count);
return 0;
}
sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
tsk->sighand = sig;
if (!sig)
return -ENOMEM;
spin_lock_init(&sig->siglock);
atomic_set(&sig->count, 1);
memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action));
return 0;
}
static inline int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
{
struct signal_struct *sig;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
atomic_inc(&current->signal->count);
atomic_inc(&current->signal->live);
return 0;
}
sig = kmem_cache_alloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
tsk->signal = sig;
if (!sig)
return -ENOMEM;
atomic_set(&sig->count, 1);
atomic_set(&sig->live, 1);
init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit);
sig->flags = 0;
sig->group_exit_code = 0;
sig->group_exit_task = NULL;
sig->group_stop_count = 0;
sig->curr_target = NULL;
init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers);
sig->tty = current->signal->tty;
sig->pgrp = process_group(current);
sig->session = current->signal->session;
sig->leader = 0; /* session leadership doesn't inherit */
sig->tty_old_pgrp = 0;
sig->utime = sig->stime = sig->cutime = sig->cstime = cputime_zero;
sig->nvcsw = sig->nivcsw = sig->cnvcsw = sig->cnivcsw = 0;
sig->min_flt = sig->maj_flt = sig->cmin_flt = sig->cmaj_flt = 0;
task_lock(current->group_leader);
memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim);
task_unlock(current->group_leader);
return 0;
}
static inline void copy_flags(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long new_flags = p->flags;
new_flags &= ~PF_SUPERPRIV;
new_flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC;
if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_PTRACE))
p->ptrace = 0;
p->flags = new_flags;
}
asmlinkage long sys_set_tid_address(int __user *tidptr)
{
current->clear_child_tid = tidptr;
return current->pid;
}
/*
* This creates a new process as a copy of the old one,
* but does not actually start it yet.
*
* It copies the registers, and all the appropriate
* parts of the process environment (as per the clone
* flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller.
*/
static task_t *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
unsigned long stack_start,
struct pt_regs *regs,
unsigned long stack_size,
int __user *parent_tidptr,
int __user *child_tidptr,
int pid)
{
int retval;
struct task_struct *p = NULL;
if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
/*
* Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads
* can only be started up within the thread group.
*/
if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
/*
* Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above,
* thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows
* for various simplifications in other code.
*/
if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
retval = security_task_create(clone_flags);
if (retval)
goto fork_out;
retval = -ENOMEM;
p = dup_task_struct(current);
if (!p)
goto fork_out;
retval = -EAGAIN;
if (atomic_read(&p->user->processes) >=
p->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur) {
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) &&
p->user != &root_user)
goto bad_fork_free;
}
atomic_inc(&p->user->__count);
atomic_inc(&p->user->processes);
get_group_info(p->group_info);
/*
* If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check
* triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there
* to stop root fork bombs.
*/
if (nr_threads >= max_threads)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
if (!try_module_get(p->thread_info->exec_domain->module))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
if (p->binfmt && !try_module_get(p->binfmt->module))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_put_domain;
p->did_exec = 0;
copy_flags(clone_flags, p);
p->pid = pid;
retval = -EFAULT;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID)
if (put_user(p->pid, parent_tidptr))
goto bad_fork_cleanup;
p->proc_dentry = NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling);
p->vfork_done = NULL;
spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock);
spin_lock_init(&p->proc_lock);
clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SIGPENDING);
init_sigpending(&p->pending);
p->it_real_value = 0;
p->it_real_incr = 0;
p->it_virt_value = cputime_zero;
p->it_virt_incr = cputime_zero;
p->it_prof_value = cputime_zero;
p->it_prof_incr = cputime_zero;
init_timer(&p->real_timer);
p->real_timer.data = (unsigned long) p;
p->utime = cputime_zero;
p->stime = cputime_zero;
p->rchar = 0; /* I/O counter: bytes read */
p->wchar = 0; /* I/O counter: bytes written */
p->syscr = 0; /* I/O counter: read syscalls */
p->syscw = 0; /* I/O counter: write syscalls */
acct_clear_integrals(p);
p->lock_depth = -1; /* -1 = no lock */
do_posix_clock_monotonic_gettime(&p->start_time);
p->security = NULL;
p->io_context = NULL;
p->io_wait = NULL;
p->audit_context = NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
p->mempolicy = mpol_copy(p->mempolicy);
if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) {
retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy);
p->mempolicy = NULL;
goto bad_fork_cleanup;
}
#endif
p->tgid = p->pid;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
p->tgid = current->tgid;
if ((retval = security_task_alloc(p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
if ((retval = audit_alloc(p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_security;
/* copy all the process information */
if ((retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit;
if ((retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo;
if ((retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_files;
if ((retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs;
if ((retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand;
if ((retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal;
if ((retval = copy_keys(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm;
if ((retval = copy_namespace(clone_flags, p)))
goto bad_fork_cleanup_keys;
retval = copy_thread(0, clone_flags, stack_start, stack_size, p, regs);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespace;
p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? child_tidptr : NULL;
/*
* Clear TID on mm_release()?
*/
p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? child_tidptr: NULL;
/*
* Syscall tracing should be turned off in the child regardless
* of CLONE_PTRACE.
*/
clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
/* Our parent execution domain becomes current domain
These must match for thread signalling to apply */
p->parent_exec_id = p->self_exec_id;
/* ok, now we should be set up.. */
p->exit_signal = (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) ? -1 : (clone_flags & CSIGNAL);
p->pdeath_signal = 0;
p->exit_state = 0;
/* Perform scheduler related setup */
sched_fork(p);
/*
* Ok, make it visible to the rest of the system.
* We dont wake it up yet.
*/
p->group_leader = p;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->ptrace_children);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->ptrace_list);
/* Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling! */
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/*
* The task hasn't been attached yet, so cpus_allowed mask cannot
* have changed. The cpus_allowed mask of the parent may have
* changed after it was copied first time, and it may then move to
* another CPU - so we re-copy it here and set the child's CPU to
* the parent's CPU. This avoids alot of nasty races.
*/
p->cpus_allowed = current->cpus_allowed;
set_task_cpu(p, smp_processor_id());
/*
* Check for pending SIGKILL! The new thread should not be allowed
* to slip out of an OOM kill. (or normal SIGKILL.)
*/
if (sigismember(&current->pending.signal, SIGKILL)) {
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
retval = -EINTR;
goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespace;
}
/* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */
if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD))
p->real_parent = current->real_parent;
else
p->real_parent = current;
p->parent = p->real_parent;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock);
/*
* Important: if an exit-all has been started then
* do not create this new thread - the whole thread
* group is supposed to exit anyway.
*/
if (current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT) {
spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
retval = -EAGAIN;
goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespace;
}
p->group_leader = current->group_leader;
if (current->signal->group_stop_count > 0) {
/*
* There is an all-stop in progress for the group.
* We ourselves will stop as soon as we check signals.
* Make the new thread part of that group stop too.
*/
current->signal->group_stop_count++;
set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SIGPENDING);
}
spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
}
SET_LINKS(p);
if (unlikely(p->ptrace & PT_PTRACED))
__ptrace_link(p, current->parent);
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, p->pid);
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID, p->tgid);
if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, process_group(p));
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, p->signal->session);
if (p->pid)
__get_cpu_var(process_counts)++;
}
nr_threads++;
total_forks++;
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
retval = 0;
fork_out:
if (retval)
return ERR_PTR(retval);
return p;
bad_fork_cleanup_namespace:
exit_namespace(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_keys:
exit_keys(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_mm:
if (p->mm)
mmput(p->mm);
bad_fork_cleanup_signal:
exit_signal(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_sighand:
exit_sighand(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_fs:
exit_fs(p); /* blocking */
bad_fork_cleanup_files:
exit_files(p); /* blocking */
bad_fork_cleanup_semundo:
exit_sem(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_audit:
audit_free(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_security:
security_task_free(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_policy:
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
mpol_free(p->mempolicy);
#endif
bad_fork_cleanup:
if (p->binfmt)
module_put(p->binfmt->module);
bad_fork_cleanup_put_domain:
module_put(p->thread_info->exec_domain->module);
bad_fork_cleanup_count:
put_group_info(p->group_info);
atomic_dec(&p->user->processes);
free_uid(p->user);
bad_fork_free:
free_task(p);
goto fork_out;
}
struct pt_regs * __devinit __attribute__((weak)) idle_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
memset(regs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
return regs;
}
task_t * __devinit fork_idle(int cpu)
{
task_t *task;
struct pt_regs regs;
task = copy_process(CLONE_VM, 0, idle_regs(&regs), 0, NULL, NULL, 0);
if (!task)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
init_idle(task, cpu);
unhash_process(task);
return task;
}
static inline int fork_traceflag (unsigned clone_flags)
{
if (clone_flags & CLONE_UNTRACED)
return 0;
else if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
if (current->ptrace & PT_TRACE_VFORK)
return PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK;
} else if ((clone_flags & CSIGNAL) != SIGCHLD) {
if (current->ptrace & PT_TRACE_CLONE)
return PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE;
} else if (current->ptrace & PT_TRACE_FORK)
return PTRACE_EVENT_FORK;
return 0;
}
/*
* Ok, this is the main fork-routine.
*
* It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts
* it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required.
*/
long do_fork(unsigned long clone_flags,
unsigned long stack_start,
struct pt_regs *regs,
unsigned long stack_size,
int __user *parent_tidptr,
int __user *child_tidptr)
{
struct task_struct *p;
int trace = 0;
long pid = alloc_pidmap();
if (pid < 0)
return -EAGAIN;
if (unlikely(current->ptrace)) {
trace = fork_traceflag (clone_flags);
if (trace)
clone_flags |= CLONE_PTRACE;
}
p = copy_process(clone_flags, stack_start, regs, stack_size, parent_tidptr, child_tidptr, pid);
/*
* Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer
* might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly.
*/
if (!IS_ERR(p)) {
struct completion vfork;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
p->vfork_done = &vfork;
init_completion(&vfork);
}
if ((p->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) || (clone_flags & CLONE_STOPPED)) {
/*
* We'll start up with an immediate SIGSTOP.
*/
sigaddset(&p->pending.signal, SIGSTOP);
set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SIGPENDING);
}
if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_STOPPED))
wake_up_new_task(p, clone_flags);
else
p->state = TASK_STOPPED;
if (unlikely (trace)) {
current->ptrace_message = pid;
ptrace_notify ((trace << 8) | SIGTRAP);
}
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
wait_for_completion(&vfork);
if (unlikely (current->ptrace & PT_TRACE_VFORK_DONE))
ptrace_notify ((PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE << 8) | SIGTRAP);
}
} else {
free_pidmap(pid);
pid = PTR_ERR(p);
}
return pid;
}
/* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */
kmem_cache_t *signal_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */
kmem_cache_t *sighand_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */
kmem_cache_t *files_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */
kmem_cache_t *fs_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */
kmem_cache_t *vm_area_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */
kmem_cache_t *mm_cachep;
void __init proc_caches_init(void)
{
sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache",
sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache",
sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache",
sizeof(struct files_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache",
sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
vm_area_cachep = kmem_cache_create("vm_area_struct",
sizeof(struct vm_area_struct), 0,
SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create("mm_struct",
sizeof(struct mm_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
}