blob: 347549c35d6c24742d9fd28843897dfd151e95ee [file] [log] [blame]
/* Postprocess module symbol versions
*
* Copyright 2003 Kai Germaschewski
* Copyright 2002-2004 Rusty Russell, IBM Corporation
*
* Based in part on module-init-tools/depmod.c,file2alias
*
* This software may be used and distributed according to the terms
* of the GNU General Public License, incorporated herein by reference.
*
* Usage: modpost vmlinux module1.o module2.o ...
*/
#include <ctype.h>
#include "modpost.h"
/* Are we using CONFIG_MODVERSIONS? */
int modversions = 0;
/* Warn about undefined symbols? (do so if we have vmlinux) */
int have_vmlinux = 0;
/* Is CONFIG_MODULE_SRCVERSION_ALL set? */
static int all_versions = 0;
void
fatal(const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list arglist;
fprintf(stderr, "FATAL: ");
va_start(arglist, fmt);
vfprintf(stderr, fmt, arglist);
va_end(arglist);
exit(1);
}
void
warn(const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list arglist;
fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: ");
va_start(arglist, fmt);
vfprintf(stderr, fmt, arglist);
va_end(arglist);
}
void *do_nofail(void *ptr, const char *file, int line, const char *expr)
{
if (!ptr) {
fatal("Memory allocation failure %s line %d: %s.\n",
file, line, expr);
}
return ptr;
}
/* A list of all modules we processed */
static struct module *modules;
struct module *
find_module(char *modname)
{
struct module *mod;
for (mod = modules; mod; mod = mod->next)
if (strcmp(mod->name, modname) == 0)
break;
return mod;
}
struct module *
new_module(char *modname)
{
struct module *mod;
char *p, *s;
mod = NOFAIL(malloc(sizeof(*mod)));
memset(mod, 0, sizeof(*mod));
p = NOFAIL(strdup(modname));
/* strip trailing .o */
if ((s = strrchr(p, '.')) != NULL)
if (strcmp(s, ".o") == 0)
*s = '\0';
/* add to list */
mod->name = p;
mod->next = modules;
modules = mod;
return mod;
}
/* A hash of all exported symbols,
* struct symbol is also used for lists of unresolved symbols */
#define SYMBOL_HASH_SIZE 1024
struct symbol {
struct symbol *next;
struct module *module;
unsigned int crc;
int crc_valid;
unsigned int weak:1;
char name[0];
};
static struct symbol *symbolhash[SYMBOL_HASH_SIZE];
/* This is based on the hash agorithm from gdbm, via tdb */
static inline unsigned int tdb_hash(const char *name)
{
unsigned value; /* Used to compute the hash value. */
unsigned i; /* Used to cycle through random values. */
/* Set the initial value from the key size. */
for (value = 0x238F13AF * strlen(name), i=0; name[i]; i++)
value = (value + (((unsigned char *)name)[i] << (i*5 % 24)));
return (1103515243 * value + 12345);
}
/* Allocate a new symbols for use in the hash of exported symbols or
* the list of unresolved symbols per module */
struct symbol *
alloc_symbol(const char *name, unsigned int weak, struct symbol *next)
{
struct symbol *s = NOFAIL(malloc(sizeof(*s) + strlen(name) + 1));
memset(s, 0, sizeof(*s));
strcpy(s->name, name);
s->weak = weak;
s->next = next;
return s;
}
/* For the hash of exported symbols */
void
new_symbol(const char *name, struct module *module, unsigned int *crc)
{
unsigned int hash;
struct symbol *new;
hash = tdb_hash(name) % SYMBOL_HASH_SIZE;
new = symbolhash[hash] = alloc_symbol(name, 0, symbolhash[hash]);
new->module = module;
if (crc) {
new->crc = *crc;
new->crc_valid = 1;
}
}
struct symbol *
find_symbol(const char *name)
{
struct symbol *s;
/* For our purposes, .foo matches foo. PPC64 needs this. */
if (name[0] == '.')
name++;
for (s = symbolhash[tdb_hash(name) % SYMBOL_HASH_SIZE]; s; s=s->next) {
if (strcmp(s->name, name) == 0)
return s;
}
return NULL;
}
/* Add an exported symbol - it may have already been added without a
* CRC, in this case just update the CRC */
void
add_exported_symbol(const char *name, struct module *module, unsigned int *crc)
{
struct symbol *s = find_symbol(name);
if (!s) {
new_symbol(name, module, crc);
return;
}
if (crc) {
s->crc = *crc;
s->crc_valid = 1;
}
}
void *
grab_file(const char *filename, unsigned long *size)
{
struct stat st;
void *map;
int fd;
fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0 || fstat(fd, &st) != 0)
return NULL;
*size = st.st_size;
map = mmap(NULL, *size, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
close(fd);
if (map == MAP_FAILED)
return NULL;
return map;
}
/*
Return a copy of the next line in a mmap'ed file.
spaces in the beginning of the line is trimmed away.
Return a pointer to a static buffer.
*/
char*
get_next_line(unsigned long *pos, void *file, unsigned long size)
{
static char line[4096];
int skip = 1;
size_t len = 0;
signed char *p = (signed char *)file + *pos;
char *s = line;
for (; *pos < size ; (*pos)++)
{
if (skip && isspace(*p)) {
p++;
continue;
}
skip = 0;
if (*p != '\n' && (*pos < size)) {
len++;
*s++ = *p++;
if (len > 4095)
break; /* Too long, stop */
} else {
/* End of string */
*s = '\0';
return line;
}
}
/* End of buffer */
return NULL;
}
void
release_file(void *file, unsigned long size)
{
munmap(file, size);
}
void
parse_elf(struct elf_info *info, const char *filename)
{
unsigned int i;
Elf_Ehdr *hdr = info->hdr;
Elf_Shdr *sechdrs;
Elf_Sym *sym;
hdr = grab_file(filename, &info->size);
if (!hdr) {
perror(filename);
abort();
}
info->hdr = hdr;
if (info->size < sizeof(*hdr))
goto truncated;
/* Fix endianness in ELF header */
hdr->e_shoff = TO_NATIVE(hdr->e_shoff);
hdr->e_shstrndx = TO_NATIVE(hdr->e_shstrndx);
hdr->e_shnum = TO_NATIVE(hdr->e_shnum);
hdr->e_machine = TO_NATIVE(hdr->e_machine);
sechdrs = (void *)hdr + hdr->e_shoff;
info->sechdrs = sechdrs;
/* Fix endianness in section headers */
for (i = 0; i < hdr->e_shnum; i++) {
sechdrs[i].sh_type = TO_NATIVE(sechdrs[i].sh_type);
sechdrs[i].sh_offset = TO_NATIVE(sechdrs[i].sh_offset);
sechdrs[i].sh_size = TO_NATIVE(sechdrs[i].sh_size);
sechdrs[i].sh_link = TO_NATIVE(sechdrs[i].sh_link);
sechdrs[i].sh_name = TO_NATIVE(sechdrs[i].sh_name);
}
/* Find symbol table. */
for (i = 1; i < hdr->e_shnum; i++) {
const char *secstrings
= (void *)hdr + sechdrs[hdr->e_shstrndx].sh_offset;
if (sechdrs[i].sh_offset > info->size)
goto truncated;
if (strcmp(secstrings+sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".modinfo") == 0) {
info->modinfo = (void *)hdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
info->modinfo_len = sechdrs[i].sh_size;
}
if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_SYMTAB)
continue;
info->symtab_start = (void *)hdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
info->symtab_stop = (void *)hdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset
+ sechdrs[i].sh_size;
info->strtab = (void *)hdr +
sechdrs[sechdrs[i].sh_link].sh_offset;
}
if (!info->symtab_start) {
fprintf(stderr, "modpost: %s no symtab?\n", filename);
abort();
}
/* Fix endianness in symbols */
for (sym = info->symtab_start; sym < info->symtab_stop; sym++) {
sym->st_shndx = TO_NATIVE(sym->st_shndx);
sym->st_name = TO_NATIVE(sym->st_name);
sym->st_value = TO_NATIVE(sym->st_value);
sym->st_size = TO_NATIVE(sym->st_size);
}
return;
truncated:
fprintf(stderr, "modpost: %s is truncated.\n", filename);
abort();
}
void
parse_elf_finish(struct elf_info *info)
{
release_file(info->hdr, info->size);
}
#define CRC_PFX MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX "__crc_"
#define KSYMTAB_PFX MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX "__ksymtab_"
void
handle_modversions(struct module *mod, struct elf_info *info,
Elf_Sym *sym, const char *symname)
{
unsigned int crc;
switch (sym->st_shndx) {
case SHN_COMMON:
fprintf(stderr, "*** Warning: \"%s\" [%s] is COMMON symbol\n",
symname, mod->name);
break;
case SHN_ABS:
/* CRC'd symbol */
if (memcmp(symname, CRC_PFX, strlen(CRC_PFX)) == 0) {
crc = (unsigned int) sym->st_value;
add_exported_symbol(symname + strlen(CRC_PFX),
mod, &crc);
}
break;
case SHN_UNDEF:
/* undefined symbol */
if (ELF_ST_BIND(sym->st_info) != STB_GLOBAL &&
ELF_ST_BIND(sym->st_info) != STB_WEAK)
break;
/* ignore global offset table */
if (strcmp(symname, "_GLOBAL_OFFSET_TABLE_") == 0)
break;
/* ignore __this_module, it will be resolved shortly */
if (strcmp(symname, MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX "__this_module") == 0)
break;
#ifdef STT_REGISTER
if (info->hdr->e_machine == EM_SPARC ||
info->hdr->e_machine == EM_SPARCV9) {
/* Ignore register directives. */
if (ELF_ST_TYPE(sym->st_info) == STT_REGISTER)
break;
}
#endif
if (memcmp(symname, MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX,
strlen(MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX)) == 0)
mod->unres = alloc_symbol(symname +
strlen(MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX),
ELF_ST_BIND(sym->st_info) == STB_WEAK,
mod->unres);
break;
default:
/* All exported symbols */
if (memcmp(symname, KSYMTAB_PFX, strlen(KSYMTAB_PFX)) == 0) {
add_exported_symbol(symname + strlen(KSYMTAB_PFX),
mod, NULL);
}
if (strcmp(symname, MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX "init_module") == 0)
mod->has_init = 1;
if (strcmp(symname, MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX "cleanup_module") == 0)
mod->has_cleanup = 1;
break;
}
}
int
is_vmlinux(const char *modname)
{
const char *myname;
if ((myname = strrchr(modname, '/')))
myname++;
else
myname = modname;
return strcmp(myname, "vmlinux") == 0;
}
/* Parse tag=value strings from .modinfo section */
static char *next_string(char *string, unsigned long *secsize)
{
/* Skip non-zero chars */
while (string[0]) {
string++;
if ((*secsize)-- <= 1)
return NULL;
}
/* Skip any zero padding. */
while (!string[0]) {
string++;
if ((*secsize)-- <= 1)
return NULL;
}
return string;
}
static char *get_modinfo(void *modinfo, unsigned long modinfo_len,
const char *tag)
{
char *p;
unsigned int taglen = strlen(tag);
unsigned long size = modinfo_len;
for (p = modinfo; p; p = next_string(p, &size)) {
if (strncmp(p, tag, taglen) == 0 && p[taglen] == '=')
return p + taglen + 1;
}
return NULL;
}
void
read_symbols(char *modname)
{
const char *symname;
char *version;
struct module *mod;
struct elf_info info = { };
Elf_Sym *sym;
parse_elf(&info, modname);
mod = new_module(modname);
/* When there's no vmlinux, don't print warnings about
* unresolved symbols (since there'll be too many ;) */
if (is_vmlinux(modname)) {
unsigned int fake_crc = 0;
have_vmlinux = 1;
add_exported_symbol("struct_module", mod, &fake_crc);
mod->skip = 1;
}
for (sym = info.symtab_start; sym < info.symtab_stop; sym++) {
symname = info.strtab + sym->st_name;
handle_modversions(mod, &info, sym, symname);
handle_moddevtable(mod, &info, sym, symname);
}
version = get_modinfo(info.modinfo, info.modinfo_len, "version");
if (version)
maybe_frob_rcs_version(modname, version, info.modinfo,
version - (char *)info.hdr);
if (version || (all_versions && !is_vmlinux(modname)))
get_src_version(modname, mod->srcversion,
sizeof(mod->srcversion)-1);
parse_elf_finish(&info);
/* Our trick to get versioning for struct_module - it's
* never passed as an argument to an exported function, so
* the automatic versioning doesn't pick it up, but it's really
* important anyhow */
if (modversions)
mod->unres = alloc_symbol("struct_module", 0, mod->unres);
}
#define SZ 500
/* We first write the generated file into memory using the
* following helper, then compare to the file on disk and
* only update the later if anything changed */
void __attribute__((format(printf, 2, 3)))
buf_printf(struct buffer *buf, const char *fmt, ...)
{
char tmp[SZ];
int len;
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, fmt);
len = vsnprintf(tmp, SZ, fmt, ap);
if (buf->size - buf->pos < len + 1) {
buf->size += 128;
buf->p = realloc(buf->p, buf->size);
}
strncpy(buf->p + buf->pos, tmp, len + 1);
buf->pos += len;
va_end(ap);
}
void
buf_write(struct buffer *buf, const char *s, int len)
{
if (buf->size - buf->pos < len) {
buf->size += len;
buf->p = realloc(buf->p, buf->size);
}
strncpy(buf->p + buf->pos, s, len);
buf->pos += len;
}
/* Header for the generated file */
void
add_header(struct buffer *b, struct module *mod)
{
buf_printf(b, "#include <linux/module.h>\n");
buf_printf(b, "#include <linux/vermagic.h>\n");
buf_printf(b, "#include <linux/compiler.h>\n");
buf_printf(b, "\n");
buf_printf(b, "MODULE_INFO(vermagic, VERMAGIC_STRING);\n");
buf_printf(b, "\n");
buf_printf(b, "#undef unix\n"); /* We have a module called "unix" */
buf_printf(b, "struct module __this_module\n");
buf_printf(b, "__attribute__((section(\".gnu.linkonce.this_module\"))) = {\n");
buf_printf(b, " .name = __stringify(KBUILD_MODNAME),\n");
if (mod->has_init)
buf_printf(b, " .init = init_module,\n");
if (mod->has_cleanup)
buf_printf(b, "#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD\n"
" .exit = cleanup_module,\n"
"#endif\n");
buf_printf(b, "};\n");
}
/* Record CRCs for unresolved symbols */
void
add_versions(struct buffer *b, struct module *mod)
{
struct symbol *s, *exp;
for (s = mod->unres; s; s = s->next) {
exp = find_symbol(s->name);
if (!exp || exp->module == mod) {
if (have_vmlinux && !s->weak)
fprintf(stderr, "*** Warning: \"%s\" [%s.ko] "
"undefined!\n", s->name, mod->name);
continue;
}
s->module = exp->module;
s->crc_valid = exp->crc_valid;
s->crc = exp->crc;
}
if (!modversions)
return;
buf_printf(b, "\n");
buf_printf(b, "static const struct modversion_info ____versions[]\n");
buf_printf(b, "__attribute_used__\n");
buf_printf(b, "__attribute__((section(\"__versions\"))) = {\n");
for (s = mod->unres; s; s = s->next) {
if (!s->module) {
continue;
}
if (!s->crc_valid) {
fprintf(stderr, "*** Warning: \"%s\" [%s.ko] "
"has no CRC!\n",
s->name, mod->name);
continue;
}
buf_printf(b, "\t{ %#8x, \"%s\" },\n", s->crc, s->name);
}
buf_printf(b, "};\n");
}
void
add_depends(struct buffer *b, struct module *mod, struct module *modules)
{
struct symbol *s;
struct module *m;
int first = 1;
for (m = modules; m; m = m->next) {
m->seen = is_vmlinux(m->name);
}
buf_printf(b, "\n");
buf_printf(b, "static const char __module_depends[]\n");
buf_printf(b, "__attribute_used__\n");
buf_printf(b, "__attribute__((section(\".modinfo\"))) =\n");
buf_printf(b, "\"depends=");
for (s = mod->unres; s; s = s->next) {
if (!s->module)
continue;
if (s->module->seen)
continue;
s->module->seen = 1;
buf_printf(b, "%s%s", first ? "" : ",",
strrchr(s->module->name, '/') + 1);
first = 0;
}
buf_printf(b, "\";\n");
}
void
add_srcversion(struct buffer *b, struct module *mod)
{
if (mod->srcversion[0]) {
buf_printf(b, "\n");
buf_printf(b, "MODULE_INFO(srcversion, \"%s\");\n",
mod->srcversion);
}
}
void
write_if_changed(struct buffer *b, const char *fname)
{
char *tmp;
FILE *file;
struct stat st;
file = fopen(fname, "r");
if (!file)
goto write;
if (fstat(fileno(file), &st) < 0)
goto close_write;
if (st.st_size != b->pos)
goto close_write;
tmp = NOFAIL(malloc(b->pos));
if (fread(tmp, 1, b->pos, file) != b->pos)
goto free_write;
if (memcmp(tmp, b->p, b->pos) != 0)
goto free_write;
free(tmp);
fclose(file);
return;
free_write:
free(tmp);
close_write:
fclose(file);
write:
file = fopen(fname, "w");
if (!file) {
perror(fname);
exit(1);
}
if (fwrite(b->p, 1, b->pos, file) != b->pos) {
perror(fname);
exit(1);
}
fclose(file);
}
void
read_dump(const char *fname)
{
unsigned long size, pos = 0;
void *file = grab_file(fname, &size);
char *line;
if (!file)
/* No symbol versions, silently ignore */
return;
while ((line = get_next_line(&pos, file, size))) {
char *symname, *modname, *d;
unsigned int crc;
struct module *mod;
if (!(symname = strchr(line, '\t')))
goto fail;
*symname++ = '\0';
if (!(modname = strchr(symname, '\t')))
goto fail;
*modname++ = '\0';
if (strchr(modname, '\t'))
goto fail;
crc = strtoul(line, &d, 16);
if (*symname == '\0' || *modname == '\0' || *d != '\0')
goto fail;
if (!(mod = find_module(modname))) {
if (is_vmlinux(modname)) {
have_vmlinux = 1;
}
mod = new_module(NOFAIL(strdup(modname)));
mod->skip = 1;
}
add_exported_symbol(symname, mod, &crc);
}
return;
fail:
fatal("parse error in symbol dump file\n");
}
void
write_dump(const char *fname)
{
struct buffer buf = { };
struct symbol *symbol;
int n;
for (n = 0; n < SYMBOL_HASH_SIZE ; n++) {
symbol = symbolhash[n];
while (symbol) {
symbol = symbol->next;
}
}
for (n = 0; n < SYMBOL_HASH_SIZE ; n++) {
symbol = symbolhash[n];
while (symbol) {
buf_printf(&buf, "0x%08x\t%s\t%s\n", symbol->crc,
symbol->name, symbol->module->name);
symbol = symbol->next;
}
}
write_if_changed(&buf, fname);
}
int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct module *mod;
struct buffer buf = { };
char fname[SZ];
char *dump_read = NULL, *dump_write = NULL;
int opt;
while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "i:mo:a")) != -1) {
switch(opt) {
case 'i':
dump_read = optarg;
break;
case 'm':
modversions = 1;
break;
case 'o':
dump_write = optarg;
break;
case 'a':
all_versions = 1;
break;
default:
exit(1);
}
}
if (dump_read)
read_dump(dump_read);
while (optind < argc) {
read_symbols(argv[optind++]);
}
for (mod = modules; mod; mod = mod->next) {
if (mod->skip)
continue;
buf.pos = 0;
add_header(&buf, mod);
add_versions(&buf, mod);
add_depends(&buf, mod, modules);
add_moddevtable(&buf, mod);
add_srcversion(&buf, mod);
sprintf(fname, "%s.mod.c", mod->name);
write_if_changed(&buf, fname);
}
if (dump_write)
write_dump(dump_write);
return 0;
}