blob: c8259cbe652c3f12af75d57a38cfadda08f9dd7c [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* net/sched/sch_netem.c Network emulator
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Many of the algorithms and ideas for this came from
* NIST Net which is not copyrighted.
*
* Authors: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@osdl.org>
* Catalin(ux aka Dino) BOIE <catab at umbrella dot ro>
*/
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <net/pkt_sched.h>
/* Network Emulation Queuing algorithm.
====================================
Sources: [1] Mark Carson, Darrin Santay, "NIST Net - A Linux-based
Network Emulation Tool
[2] Luigi Rizzo, DummyNet for FreeBSD
----------------------------------------------------------------
This started out as a simple way to delay outgoing packets to
test TCP but has grown to include most of the functionality
of a full blown network emulator like NISTnet. It can delay
packets and add random jitter (and correlation). The random
distribution can be loaded from a table as well to provide
normal, Pareto, or experimental curves. Packet loss,
duplication, and reordering can also be emulated.
This qdisc does not do classification that can be handled in
layering other disciplines. It does not need to do bandwidth
control either since that can be handled by using token
bucket or other rate control.
The simulator is limited by the Linux timer resolution
and will create packet bursts on the HZ boundary (1ms).
*/
struct netem_sched_data {
struct Qdisc *qdisc;
struct sk_buff_head delayed;
struct timer_list timer;
u32 latency;
u32 loss;
u32 limit;
u32 counter;
u32 gap;
u32 jitter;
u32 duplicate;
struct crndstate {
unsigned long last;
unsigned long rho;
} delay_cor, loss_cor, dup_cor;
struct disttable {
u32 size;
s16 table[0];
} *delay_dist;
};
/* Time stamp put into socket buffer control block */
struct netem_skb_cb {
psched_time_t time_to_send;
};
/* init_crandom - initialize correlated random number generator
* Use entropy source for initial seed.
*/
static void init_crandom(struct crndstate *state, unsigned long rho)
{
state->rho = rho;
state->last = net_random();
}
/* get_crandom - correlated random number generator
* Next number depends on last value.
* rho is scaled to avoid floating point.
*/
static unsigned long get_crandom(struct crndstate *state)
{
u64 value, rho;
unsigned long answer;
if (state->rho == 0) /* no correllation */
return net_random();
value = net_random();
rho = (u64)state->rho + 1;
answer = (value * ((1ull<<32) - rho) + state->last * rho) >> 32;
state->last = answer;
return answer;
}
/* tabledist - return a pseudo-randomly distributed value with mean mu and
* std deviation sigma. Uses table lookup to approximate the desired
* distribution, and a uniformly-distributed pseudo-random source.
*/
static long tabledist(unsigned long mu, long sigma,
struct crndstate *state, const struct disttable *dist)
{
long t, x;
unsigned long rnd;
if (sigma == 0)
return mu;
rnd = get_crandom(state);
/* default uniform distribution */
if (dist == NULL)
return (rnd % (2*sigma)) - sigma + mu;
t = dist->table[rnd % dist->size];
x = (sigma % NETEM_DIST_SCALE) * t;
if (x >= 0)
x += NETEM_DIST_SCALE/2;
else
x -= NETEM_DIST_SCALE/2;
return x / NETEM_DIST_SCALE + (sigma / NETEM_DIST_SCALE) * t + mu;
}
/* Put skb in the private delayed queue. */
static int delay_skb(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
struct netem_skb_cb *cb = (struct netem_skb_cb *)skb->cb;
psched_tdiff_t td;
psched_time_t now;
PSCHED_GET_TIME(now);
td = tabledist(q->latency, q->jitter, &q->delay_cor, q->delay_dist);
PSCHED_TADD2(now, td, cb->time_to_send);
/* Always queue at tail to keep packets in order */
if (likely(q->delayed.qlen < q->limit)) {
__skb_queue_tail(&q->delayed, skb);
sch->bstats.bytes += skb->len;
sch->bstats.packets++;
if (!timer_pending(&q->timer)) {
q->timer.expires = jiffies + PSCHED_US2JIFFIE(td);
add_timer(&q->timer);
}
return NET_XMIT_SUCCESS;
}
sch->qstats.drops++;
kfree_skb(skb);
return NET_XMIT_DROP;
}
static int netem_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
pr_debug("netem_enqueue skb=%p @%lu\n", skb, jiffies);
/* Random packet drop 0 => none, ~0 => all */
if (q->loss && q->loss >= get_crandom(&q->loss_cor)) {
pr_debug("netem_enqueue: random loss\n");
sch->qstats.drops++;
kfree_skb(skb);
return 0; /* lie about loss so TCP doesn't know */
}
/* Random duplication */
if (q->duplicate && q->duplicate >= get_crandom(&q->dup_cor)) {
struct sk_buff *skb2 = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
pr_debug("netem_enqueue: dup %p\n", skb2);
if (skb2)
delay_skb(sch, skb2);
}
/* If doing simple delay then gap == 0 so all packets
* go into the delayed holding queue
* otherwise if doing out of order only "1 out of gap"
* packets will be delayed.
*/
if (q->counter < q->gap) {
int ret;
++q->counter;
ret = q->qdisc->enqueue(skb, q->qdisc);
if (likely(ret == NET_XMIT_SUCCESS)) {
sch->q.qlen++;
sch->bstats.bytes += skb->len;
sch->bstats.packets++;
} else
sch->qstats.drops++;
return ret;
}
q->counter = 0;
return delay_skb(sch, skb);
}
/* Requeue packets but don't change time stamp */
static int netem_requeue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
int ret;
if ((ret = q->qdisc->ops->requeue(skb, q->qdisc)) == 0) {
sch->q.qlen++;
sch->qstats.requeues++;
}
return ret;
}
static unsigned int netem_drop(struct Qdisc* sch)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
unsigned int len;
if ((len = q->qdisc->ops->drop(q->qdisc)) != 0) {
sch->q.qlen--;
sch->qstats.drops++;
}
return len;
}
/* Dequeue packet.
* Move all packets that are ready to send from the delay holding
* list to the underlying qdisc, then just call dequeue
*/
static struct sk_buff *netem_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
struct sk_buff *skb;
skb = q->qdisc->dequeue(q->qdisc);
if (skb)
sch->q.qlen--;
return skb;
}
static void netem_watchdog(unsigned long arg)
{
struct Qdisc *sch = (struct Qdisc *)arg;
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
struct net_device *dev = sch->dev;
struct sk_buff *skb;
psched_time_t now;
pr_debug("netem_watchdog: fired @%lu\n", jiffies);
spin_lock_bh(&dev->queue_lock);
PSCHED_GET_TIME(now);
while ((skb = skb_peek(&q->delayed)) != NULL) {
const struct netem_skb_cb *cb
= (const struct netem_skb_cb *)skb->cb;
long delay
= PSCHED_US2JIFFIE(PSCHED_TDIFF(cb->time_to_send, now));
pr_debug("netem_watchdog: skb %p@%lu %ld\n",
skb, jiffies, delay);
/* if more time remaining? */
if (delay > 0) {
mod_timer(&q->timer, jiffies + delay);
break;
}
__skb_unlink(skb, &q->delayed);
if (q->qdisc->enqueue(skb, q->qdisc))
sch->qstats.drops++;
else
sch->q.qlen++;
}
qdisc_run(dev);
spin_unlock_bh(&dev->queue_lock);
}
static void netem_reset(struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
qdisc_reset(q->qdisc);
skb_queue_purge(&q->delayed);
sch->q.qlen = 0;
del_timer_sync(&q->timer);
}
static int set_fifo_limit(struct Qdisc *q, int limit)
{
struct rtattr *rta;
int ret = -ENOMEM;
rta = kmalloc(RTA_LENGTH(sizeof(struct tc_fifo_qopt)), GFP_KERNEL);
if (rta) {
rta->rta_type = RTM_NEWQDISC;
rta->rta_len = RTA_LENGTH(sizeof(struct tc_fifo_qopt));
((struct tc_fifo_qopt *)RTA_DATA(rta))->limit = limit;
ret = q->ops->change(q, rta);
kfree(rta);
}
return ret;
}
/*
* Distribution data is a variable size payload containing
* signed 16 bit values.
*/
static int get_dist_table(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct rtattr *attr)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
unsigned long n = RTA_PAYLOAD(attr)/sizeof(__s16);
const __s16 *data = RTA_DATA(attr);
struct disttable *d;
int i;
if (n > 65536)
return -EINVAL;
d = kmalloc(sizeof(*d) + n*sizeof(d->table[0]), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!d)
return -ENOMEM;
d->size = n;
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
d->table[i] = data[i];
spin_lock_bh(&sch->dev->queue_lock);
d = xchg(&q->delay_dist, d);
spin_unlock_bh(&sch->dev->queue_lock);
kfree(d);
return 0;
}
static int get_correlation(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct rtattr *attr)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
const struct tc_netem_corr *c = RTA_DATA(attr);
if (RTA_PAYLOAD(attr) != sizeof(*c))
return -EINVAL;
init_crandom(&q->delay_cor, c->delay_corr);
init_crandom(&q->loss_cor, c->loss_corr);
init_crandom(&q->dup_cor, c->dup_corr);
return 0;
}
static int netem_change(struct Qdisc *sch, struct rtattr *opt)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
struct tc_netem_qopt *qopt;
int ret;
if (opt == NULL || RTA_PAYLOAD(opt) < sizeof(*qopt))
return -EINVAL;
qopt = RTA_DATA(opt);
ret = set_fifo_limit(q->qdisc, qopt->limit);
if (ret) {
pr_debug("netem: can't set fifo limit\n");
return ret;
}
q->latency = qopt->latency;
q->jitter = qopt->jitter;
q->limit = qopt->limit;
q->gap = qopt->gap;
q->loss = qopt->loss;
q->duplicate = qopt->duplicate;
/* Handle nested options after initial queue options.
* Should have put all options in nested format but too late now.
*/
if (RTA_PAYLOAD(opt) > sizeof(*qopt)) {
struct rtattr *tb[TCA_NETEM_MAX];
if (rtattr_parse(tb, TCA_NETEM_MAX,
RTA_DATA(opt) + sizeof(*qopt),
RTA_PAYLOAD(opt) - sizeof(*qopt)))
return -EINVAL;
if (tb[TCA_NETEM_CORR-1]) {
ret = get_correlation(sch, tb[TCA_NETEM_CORR-1]);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
if (tb[TCA_NETEM_DELAY_DIST-1]) {
ret = get_dist_table(sch, tb[TCA_NETEM_DELAY_DIST-1]);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
}
return 0;
}
static int netem_init(struct Qdisc *sch, struct rtattr *opt)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
int ret;
if (!opt)
return -EINVAL;
skb_queue_head_init(&q->delayed);
init_timer(&q->timer);
q->timer.function = netem_watchdog;
q->timer.data = (unsigned long) sch;
q->counter = 0;
q->qdisc = qdisc_create_dflt(sch->dev, &pfifo_qdisc_ops);
if (!q->qdisc) {
pr_debug("netem: qdisc create failed\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
ret = netem_change(sch, opt);
if (ret) {
pr_debug("netem: change failed\n");
qdisc_destroy(q->qdisc);
}
return ret;
}
static void netem_destroy(struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
del_timer_sync(&q->timer);
qdisc_destroy(q->qdisc);
kfree(q->delay_dist);
}
static int netem_dump(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
const struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
unsigned char *b = skb->tail;
struct rtattr *rta = (struct rtattr *) b;
struct tc_netem_qopt qopt;
struct tc_netem_corr cor;
qopt.latency = q->latency;
qopt.jitter = q->jitter;
qopt.limit = q->limit;
qopt.loss = q->loss;
qopt.gap = q->gap;
qopt.duplicate = q->duplicate;
RTA_PUT(skb, TCA_OPTIONS, sizeof(qopt), &qopt);
cor.delay_corr = q->delay_cor.rho;
cor.loss_corr = q->loss_cor.rho;
cor.dup_corr = q->dup_cor.rho;
RTA_PUT(skb, TCA_NETEM_CORR, sizeof(cor), &cor);
rta->rta_len = skb->tail - b;
return skb->len;
rtattr_failure:
skb_trim(skb, b - skb->data);
return -1;
}
static int netem_dump_class(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long cl,
struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *tcm)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
if (cl != 1) /* only one class */
return -ENOENT;
tcm->tcm_handle |= TC_H_MIN(1);
tcm->tcm_info = q->qdisc->handle;
return 0;
}
static int netem_graft(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct Qdisc *new,
struct Qdisc **old)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
if (new == NULL)
new = &noop_qdisc;
sch_tree_lock(sch);
*old = xchg(&q->qdisc, new);
qdisc_reset(*old);
sch->q.qlen = 0;
sch_tree_unlock(sch);
return 0;
}
static struct Qdisc *netem_leaf(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
{
struct netem_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
return q->qdisc;
}
static unsigned long netem_get(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid)
{
return 1;
}
static void netem_put(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
{
}
static int netem_change_class(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid, u32 parentid,
struct rtattr **tca, unsigned long *arg)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
static int netem_delete(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
static void netem_walk(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_walker *walker)
{
if (!walker->stop) {
if (walker->count >= walker->skip)
if (walker->fn(sch, 1, walker) < 0) {
walker->stop = 1;
return;
}
walker->count++;
}
}
static struct tcf_proto **netem_find_tcf(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long cl)
{
return NULL;
}
static struct Qdisc_class_ops netem_class_ops = {
.graft = netem_graft,
.leaf = netem_leaf,
.get = netem_get,
.put = netem_put,
.change = netem_change_class,
.delete = netem_delete,
.walk = netem_walk,
.tcf_chain = netem_find_tcf,
.dump = netem_dump_class,
};
static struct Qdisc_ops netem_qdisc_ops = {
.id = "netem",
.cl_ops = &netem_class_ops,
.priv_size = sizeof(struct netem_sched_data),
.enqueue = netem_enqueue,
.dequeue = netem_dequeue,
.requeue = netem_requeue,
.drop = netem_drop,
.init = netem_init,
.reset = netem_reset,
.destroy = netem_destroy,
.change = netem_change,
.dump = netem_dump,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static int __init netem_module_init(void)
{
return register_qdisc(&netem_qdisc_ops);
}
static void __exit netem_module_exit(void)
{
unregister_qdisc(&netem_qdisc_ops);
}
module_init(netem_module_init)
module_exit(netem_module_exit)
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");