blob: cb9711ea8c6cac3a4f2c4f568a454fadfd30287a [file] [log] [blame]
 /* * net/sched/sch_tbf.c Token Bucket Filter queue. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. * * Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, * Dmitry Torokhov - allow attaching inner qdiscs - * original idea by Martin Devera * */ #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include /* Simple Token Bucket Filter. ======================================= SOURCE. ------- None. Description. ------------ A data flow obeys TBF with rate R and depth B, if for any time interval t_i...t_f the number of transmitted bits does not exceed B + R*(t_f-t_i). Packetized version of this definition: The sequence of packets of sizes s_i served at moments t_i obeys TBF, if for any i<=k: s_i+....+s_k <= B + R*(t_k - t_i) Algorithm. ---------- Let N(t_i) be B/R initially and N(t) grow continuously with time as: N(t+delta) = min{B/R, N(t) + delta} If the first packet in queue has length S, it may be transmitted only at the time t_* when S/R <= N(t_*), and in this case N(t) jumps: N(t_* + 0) = N(t_* - 0) - S/R. Actually, QoS requires two TBF to be applied to a data stream. One of them controls steady state burst size, another one with rate P (peak rate) and depth M (equal to link MTU) limits bursts at a smaller time scale. It is easy to see that P>R, and B>M. If P is infinity, this double TBF is equivalent to a single one. When TBF works in reshaping mode, latency is estimated as: lat = max ((L-B)/R, (L-M)/P) NOTES. ------ If TBF throttles, it starts a watchdog timer, which will wake it up when it is ready to transmit. Note that the minimal timer resolution is 1/HZ. If no new packets arrive during this period, or if the device is not awaken by EOI for some previous packet, TBF can stop its activity for 1/HZ. This means, that with depth B, the maximal rate is R_crit = B*HZ F.e. for 10Mbit ethernet and HZ=100 the minimal allowed B is ~10Kbytes. Note that the peak rate TBF is much more tough: with MTU 1500 P_crit = 150Kbytes/sec. So, if you need greater peak rates, use alpha with HZ=1000 :-) With classful TBF, limit is just kept for backwards compatibility. It is passed to the default bfifo qdisc - if the inner qdisc is changed the limit is not effective anymore. */ struct tbf_sched_data { /* Parameters */ u32 limit; /* Maximal length of backlog: bytes */ u32 buffer; /* Token bucket depth/rate: MUST BE >= MTU/B */ u32 mtu; u32 max_size; struct qdisc_rate_table *R_tab; struct qdisc_rate_table *P_tab; /* Variables */ long tokens; /* Current number of B tokens */ long ptokens; /* Current number of P tokens */ psched_time_t t_c; /* Time check-point */ struct timer_list wd_timer; /* Watchdog timer */ struct Qdisc *qdisc; /* Inner qdisc, default - bfifo queue */ }; #define L2T(q,L) ((q)->R_tab->data[(L)>>(q)->R_tab->rate.cell_log]) #define L2T_P(q,L) ((q)->P_tab->data[(L)>>(q)->P_tab->rate.cell_log]) static int tbf_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); int ret; if (skb->len > q->max_size) { sch->qstats.drops++; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_POLICE if (sch->reshape_fail == NULL || sch->reshape_fail(skb, sch)) #endif kfree_skb(skb); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } if ((ret = q->qdisc->enqueue(skb, q->qdisc)) != 0) { sch->qstats.drops++; return ret; } sch->q.qlen++; sch->bstats.bytes += skb->len; sch->bstats.packets++; return 0; } static int tbf_requeue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); int ret; if ((ret = q->qdisc->ops->requeue(skb, q->qdisc)) == 0) { sch->q.qlen++; sch->qstats.requeues++; } return ret; } static unsigned int tbf_drop(struct Qdisc* sch) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); unsigned int len; if ((len = q->qdisc->ops->drop(q->qdisc)) != 0) { sch->q.qlen--; sch->qstats.drops++; } return len; } static void tbf_watchdog(unsigned long arg) { struct Qdisc *sch = (struct Qdisc*)arg; sch->flags &= ~TCQ_F_THROTTLED; netif_schedule(sch->dev); } static struct sk_buff *tbf_dequeue(struct Qdisc* sch) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); struct sk_buff *skb; skb = q->qdisc->dequeue(q->qdisc); if (skb) { psched_time_t now; long toks, delay; long ptoks = 0; unsigned int len = skb->len; PSCHED_GET_TIME(now); toks = PSCHED_TDIFF_SAFE(now, q->t_c, q->buffer); if (q->P_tab) { ptoks = toks + q->ptokens; if (ptoks > (long)q->mtu) ptoks = q->mtu; ptoks -= L2T_P(q, len); } toks += q->tokens; if (toks > (long)q->buffer) toks = q->buffer; toks -= L2T(q, len); if ((toks|ptoks) >= 0) { q->t_c = now; q->tokens = toks; q->ptokens = ptoks; sch->q.qlen--; sch->flags &= ~TCQ_F_THROTTLED; return skb; } delay = PSCHED_US2JIFFIE(max_t(long, -toks, -ptoks)); if (delay == 0) delay = 1; mod_timer(&q->wd_timer, jiffies+delay); /* Maybe we have a shorter packet in the queue, which can be sent now. It sounds cool, but, however, this is wrong in principle. We MUST NOT reorder packets under these circumstances. Really, if we split the flow into independent subflows, it would be a very good solution. This is the main idea of all FQ algorithms (cf. CSZ, HPFQ, HFSC) */ if (q->qdisc->ops->requeue(skb, q->qdisc) != NET_XMIT_SUCCESS) { /* When requeue fails skb is dropped */ sch->q.qlen--; sch->qstats.drops++; } sch->flags |= TCQ_F_THROTTLED; sch->qstats.overlimits++; } return NULL; } static void tbf_reset(struct Qdisc* sch) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); qdisc_reset(q->qdisc); sch->q.qlen = 0; PSCHED_GET_TIME(q->t_c); q->tokens = q->buffer; q->ptokens = q->mtu; sch->flags &= ~TCQ_F_THROTTLED; del_timer(&q->wd_timer); } static struct Qdisc *tbf_create_dflt_qdisc(struct net_device *dev, u32 limit) { struct Qdisc *q = qdisc_create_dflt(dev, &bfifo_qdisc_ops); struct rtattr *rta; int ret; if (q) { rta = kmalloc(RTA_LENGTH(sizeof(struct tc_fifo_qopt)), GFP_KERNEL); if (rta) { rta->rta_type = RTM_NEWQDISC; rta->rta_len = RTA_LENGTH(sizeof(struct tc_fifo_qopt)); ((struct tc_fifo_qopt *)RTA_DATA(rta))->limit = limit; ret = q->ops->change(q, rta); kfree(rta); if (ret == 0) return q; } qdisc_destroy(q); } return NULL; } static int tbf_change(struct Qdisc* sch, struct rtattr *opt) { int err = -EINVAL; struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); struct rtattr *tb[TCA_TBF_PTAB]; struct tc_tbf_qopt *qopt; struct qdisc_rate_table *rtab = NULL; struct qdisc_rate_table *ptab = NULL; struct Qdisc *child = NULL; int max_size,n; if (rtattr_parse_nested(tb, TCA_TBF_PTAB, opt) || tb[TCA_TBF_PARMS-1] == NULL || RTA_PAYLOAD(tb[TCA_TBF_PARMS-1]) < sizeof(*qopt)) goto done; qopt = RTA_DATA(tb[TCA_TBF_PARMS-1]); rtab = qdisc_get_rtab(&qopt->rate, tb[TCA_TBF_RTAB-1]); if (rtab == NULL) goto done; if (qopt->peakrate.rate) { if (qopt->peakrate.rate > qopt->rate.rate) ptab = qdisc_get_rtab(&qopt->peakrate, tb[TCA_TBF_PTAB-1]); if (ptab == NULL) goto done; } for (n = 0; n < 256; n++) if (rtab->data[n] > qopt->buffer) break; max_size = (n << qopt->rate.cell_log)-1; if (ptab) { int size; for (n = 0; n < 256; n++) if (ptab->data[n] > qopt->mtu) break; size = (n << qopt->peakrate.cell_log)-1; if (size < max_size) max_size = size; } if (max_size < 0) goto done; if (q->qdisc == &noop_qdisc) { if ((child = tbf_create_dflt_qdisc(sch->dev, qopt->limit)) == NULL) goto done; } sch_tree_lock(sch); if (child) q->qdisc = child; q->limit = qopt->limit; q->mtu = qopt->mtu; q->max_size = max_size; q->buffer = qopt->buffer; q->tokens = q->buffer; q->ptokens = q->mtu; rtab = xchg(&q->R_tab, rtab); ptab = xchg(&q->P_tab, ptab); sch_tree_unlock(sch); err = 0; done: if (rtab) qdisc_put_rtab(rtab); if (ptab) qdisc_put_rtab(ptab); return err; } static int tbf_init(struct Qdisc* sch, struct rtattr *opt) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); if (opt == NULL) return -EINVAL; PSCHED_GET_TIME(q->t_c); init_timer(&q->wd_timer); q->wd_timer.function = tbf_watchdog; q->wd_timer.data = (unsigned long)sch; q->qdisc = &noop_qdisc; return tbf_change(sch, opt); } static void tbf_destroy(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); del_timer(&q->wd_timer); if (q->P_tab) qdisc_put_rtab(q->P_tab); if (q->R_tab) qdisc_put_rtab(q->R_tab); qdisc_destroy(q->qdisc); } static int tbf_dump(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); unsigned char *b = skb->tail; struct rtattr *rta; struct tc_tbf_qopt opt; rta = (struct rtattr*)b; RTA_PUT(skb, TCA_OPTIONS, 0, NULL); opt.limit = q->limit; opt.rate = q->R_tab->rate; if (q->P_tab) opt.peakrate = q->P_tab->rate; else memset(&opt.peakrate, 0, sizeof(opt.peakrate)); opt.mtu = q->mtu; opt.buffer = q->buffer; RTA_PUT(skb, TCA_TBF_PARMS, sizeof(opt), &opt); rta->rta_len = skb->tail - b; return skb->len; rtattr_failure: skb_trim(skb, b - skb->data); return -1; } static int tbf_dump_class(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long cl, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *tcm) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); if (cl != 1) /* only one class */ return -ENOENT; tcm->tcm_handle |= TC_H_MIN(1); tcm->tcm_info = q->qdisc->handle; return 0; } static int tbf_graft(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc **old) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); if (new == NULL) new = &noop_qdisc; sch_tree_lock(sch); *old = xchg(&q->qdisc, new); qdisc_reset(*old); sch->q.qlen = 0; sch_tree_unlock(sch); return 0; } static struct Qdisc *tbf_leaf(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg) { struct tbf_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch); return q->qdisc; } static unsigned long tbf_get(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid) { return 1; } static void tbf_put(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg) { } static int tbf_change_class(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid, u32 parentid, struct rtattr **tca, unsigned long *arg) { return -ENOSYS; } static int tbf_delete(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg) { return -ENOSYS; } static void tbf_walk(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_walker *walker) { if (!walker->stop) { if (walker->count >= walker->skip) if (walker->fn(sch, 1, walker) < 0) { walker->stop = 1; return; } walker->count++; } } static struct tcf_proto **tbf_find_tcf(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long cl) { return NULL; } static struct Qdisc_class_ops tbf_class_ops = { .graft = tbf_graft, .leaf = tbf_leaf, .get = tbf_get, .put = tbf_put, .change = tbf_change_class, .delete = tbf_delete, .walk = tbf_walk, .tcf_chain = tbf_find_tcf, .dump = tbf_dump_class, }; static struct Qdisc_ops tbf_qdisc_ops = { .next = NULL, .cl_ops = &tbf_class_ops, .id = "tbf", .priv_size = sizeof(struct tbf_sched_data), .enqueue = tbf_enqueue, .dequeue = tbf_dequeue, .requeue = tbf_requeue, .drop = tbf_drop, .init = tbf_init, .reset = tbf_reset, .destroy = tbf_destroy, .change = tbf_change, .dump = tbf_dump, .owner = THIS_MODULE, }; static int __init tbf_module_init(void) { return register_qdisc(&tbf_qdisc_ops); } static void __exit tbf_module_exit(void) { unregister_qdisc(&tbf_qdisc_ops); } module_init(tbf_module_init) module_exit(tbf_module_exit) MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");