iproute2: ip addr: Organize flag properties structurally

This creates a nice systematic way to check that the various flags are
mutable from userspace and that the address family is valid.

Mutability properties are preserved to avoid introducing any behavioral
change in this CL. However, previously, immutable flags were ignored and
fell through to this confusing error:

Error: either "local" is duplicate, or "dadfailed" is a garbage.

But now, they just warn more explicitly:

Warning: dadfailed option is not mutable from userspace
Signed-off-by: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com>
diff --git a/ip/ipaddress.c b/ip/ipaddress.c
index 80d27ce..403f701 100644
--- a/ip/ipaddress.c
+++ b/ip/ipaddress.c
@@ -1233,52 +1233,63 @@
 		ifa->ifa_flags;
 }
 
-/* Mapping from argument to address flag mask */
-static const struct {
+/* Mapping from argument to address flag mask and attributes */
+static const struct ifa_flag_data_t {
 	const char *name;
-	unsigned long value;
-} ifa_flag_names[] = {
-	{ "secondary",		IFA_F_SECONDARY },
-	{ "temporary",		IFA_F_SECONDARY },
-	{ "nodad",		IFA_F_NODAD },
-	{ "optimistic",		IFA_F_OPTIMISTIC },
-	{ "dadfailed",		IFA_F_DADFAILED },
-	{ "home",		IFA_F_HOMEADDRESS },
-	{ "deprecated",		IFA_F_DEPRECATED },
-	{ "tentative",		IFA_F_TENTATIVE },
-	{ "permanent",		IFA_F_PERMANENT },
-	{ "mngtmpaddr",		IFA_F_MANAGETEMPADDR },
-	{ "noprefixroute",	IFA_F_NOPREFIXROUTE },
-	{ "autojoin",		IFA_F_MCAUTOJOIN },
-	{ "stable-privacy",	IFA_F_STABLE_PRIVACY },
+	unsigned long mask;
+	bool readonly;
+	bool v6only;
+} ifa_flag_data[] = {
+	{ .name = "secondary",		.mask = IFA_F_SECONDARY,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = false},
+	{ .name = "temporary",		.mask = IFA_F_SECONDARY,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = false},
+	{ .name = "nodad",		.mask = IFA_F_NODAD,	 	.readonly = false,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "optimistic",		.mask = IFA_F_OPTIMISTIC,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "dadfailed",		.mask = IFA_F_DADFAILED,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "home",		.mask = IFA_F_HOMEADDRESS,	.readonly = false,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "deprecated",		.mask = IFA_F_DEPRECATED,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "tentative",		.mask = IFA_F_TENTATIVE,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "permanent",		.mask = IFA_F_PERMANENT,	.readonly = true,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "mngtmpaddr",		.mask = IFA_F_MANAGETEMPADDR,	.readonly = false,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "noprefixroute",	.mask = IFA_F_NOPREFIXROUTE,	.readonly = false,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "autojoin",		.mask = IFA_F_MCAUTOJOIN,	.readonly = false,	.v6only = true},
+	{ .name = "stable-privacy",	.mask = IFA_F_STABLE_PRIVACY, 	.readonly = true,	.v6only = true},
 };
 
+/* Returns a pointer to the data structure for a particular interface flag, or null if no flag could be found */
+static const struct ifa_flag_data_t* lookup_flag_data_by_name(const char* flag_name) {
+	for (int i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ifa_flag_data); ++i) {
+		if (strcmp(flag_name, ifa_flag_data[i].name) == 0)
+			return &ifa_flag_data[i];
+	}
+        return NULL;
+}
+
 static void print_ifa_flags(FILE *fp, const struct ifaddrmsg *ifa,
 			    unsigned int flags)
 {
 	unsigned int i;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ifa_flag_names); i++) {
-		unsigned long mask = ifa_flag_names[i].value;
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ifa_flag_data); i++) {
+		const struct ifa_flag_data_t* flag_data = &ifa_flag_data[i];
 
-		if (mask == IFA_F_PERMANENT) {
-			if (!(flags & mask))
+		if (flag_data->mask == IFA_F_PERMANENT) {
+			if (!(flags & flag_data->mask))
 				print_bool(PRINT_ANY,
 					   "dynamic", "dynamic ", true);
-		} else if (flags & mask) {
-			if (mask == IFA_F_SECONDARY &&
+		} else if (flags & flag_data->mask) {
+			if (flag_data->mask == IFA_F_SECONDARY &&
 			    ifa->ifa_family == AF_INET6) {
 				print_bool(PRINT_ANY,
 					   "temporary", "temporary ", true);
 			} else {
 				print_string(PRINT_FP, NULL,
-					     "%s ", ifa_flag_names[i].name);
+					     "%s ", flag_data->name);
 				print_bool(PRINT_JSON,
-					   ifa_flag_names[i].name, NULL, true);
+					   flag_data->name, NULL, true);
 			}
 		}
 
-		flags &= ~mask;
+		flags &= ~flag_data->mask;
 	}
 
 	if (flags) {
@@ -1297,7 +1308,6 @@
 static int get_filter(const char *arg)
 {
 	bool inv = false;
-	unsigned int i;
 
 	if (arg[0] == '-') {
 		inv = true;
@@ -1313,18 +1323,16 @@
 		arg = "secondary";
 	}
 
-	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ifa_flag_names); i++) {
-		if (strcmp(arg, ifa_flag_names[i].name))
-			continue;
+	const struct ifa_flag_data_t* flag_data = lookup_flag_data_by_name(arg);
+	if (flag_data == NULL)
+		return -1;
 
-		if (inv)
-			filter.flags &= ~ifa_flag_names[i].value;
-		else
-			filter.flags |= ifa_flag_names[i].value;
-		filter.flagmask |= ifa_flag_names[i].value;
-		return 0;
-	}
-	return -1;
+	if (inv)
+		filter.flags &= ~flag_data->mask;
+	else
+		filter.flags |= flag_data->mask;
+	filter.flagmask |= flag_data->mask;
+	return 0;
 }
 
 static int ifa_label_match_rta(int ifindex, const struct rtattr *rta)
@@ -2330,25 +2338,15 @@
 			preferred_lftp = *argv;
 			if (set_lifetime(&preferred_lft, *argv))
 				invarg("preferred_lft value", *argv);
-		} else if (strcmp(*argv, "home") == 0) {
-			if (req.ifa.ifa_family == AF_INET6)
-				ifa_flags |= IFA_F_HOMEADDRESS;
-			else
-				fprintf(stderr, "Warning: home option can be set only for IPv6 addresses\n");
-		} else if (strcmp(*argv, "nodad") == 0) {
-			if (req.ifa.ifa_family == AF_INET6)
-				ifa_flags |= IFA_F_NODAD;
-			else
-				fprintf(stderr, "Warning: nodad option can be set only for IPv6 addresses\n");
-		} else if (strcmp(*argv, "mngtmpaddr") == 0) {
-			if (req.ifa.ifa_family == AF_INET6)
-				ifa_flags |= IFA_F_MANAGETEMPADDR;
-			else
-				fprintf(stderr, "Warning: mngtmpaddr option can be set only for IPv6 addresses\n");
-		} else if (strcmp(*argv, "noprefixroute") == 0) {
-			ifa_flags |= IFA_F_NOPREFIXROUTE;
-		} else if (strcmp(*argv, "autojoin") == 0) {
-			ifa_flags |= IFA_F_MCAUTOJOIN;
+		} else if (lookup_flag_data_by_name(*argv)) {
+			const struct ifa_flag_data_t* flag_data = lookup_flag_data_by_name(*argv);
+			if (flag_data->readonly) {
+				fprintf(stderr, "Warning: %s option is not mutable from userspace\n", flag_data->name);
+			} else if (flag_data->v6only && req.ifa.ifa_family != AF_INET6) {
+				fprintf(stderr, "Warning: %s option can be set only for IPv6 addresses\n", flag_data->name);
+			} else {
+				ifa_flags |= flag_data->mask;
+			}
 		} else {
 			if (strcmp(*argv, "local") == 0)
 				NEXT_ARG();