fscrypt: cache decrypted symlink target in ->i_link

Path lookups that traverse encrypted symlink(s) are very slow because
each encrypted symlink needs to be decrypted each time it's followed.
This also involves dropping out of rcu-walk mode.

Make encrypted symlinks faster by caching the decrypted symlink target
in ->i_link.  The first call to fscrypt_get_symlink() sets it.  Then,
the existing VFS path lookup code uses the non-NULL ->i_link to take the
fast path where ->get_link() isn't called, and lookups in rcu-walk mode
remain in rcu-walk mode.

Also set ->i_link immediately when a new encrypted symlink is created.

To safely free the symlink target after an RCU grace period has elapsed,
introduce a new function fscrypt_free_inode(), and make the relevant
filesystems call it just before actually freeing the inode.

Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
6 files changed