blob: e99e5f373c888b0d6c6d548a79a1bbfa24d0aa44 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
* fs/dax.c - Direct Access filesystem code
* Copyright (c) 2013-2014 Intel Corporation
* Author: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com>
* Author: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
*/
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/dax.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/vmstat.h>
#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
#include <linux/sizes.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
#include <linux/iomap.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include "internal.h"
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/fs_dax.h>
static inline unsigned int pe_order(enum page_entry_size pe_size)
{
if (pe_size == PE_SIZE_PTE)
return PAGE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT;
if (pe_size == PE_SIZE_PMD)
return PMD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT;
if (pe_size == PE_SIZE_PUD)
return PUD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT;
return ~0;
}
/* We choose 4096 entries - same as per-zone page wait tables */
#define DAX_WAIT_TABLE_BITS 12
#define DAX_WAIT_TABLE_ENTRIES (1 << DAX_WAIT_TABLE_BITS)
/* The 'colour' (ie low bits) within a PMD of a page offset. */
#define PG_PMD_COLOUR ((PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT) - 1)
#define PG_PMD_NR (PMD_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT)
/* The order of a PMD entry */
#define PMD_ORDER (PMD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
static wait_queue_head_t wait_table[DAX_WAIT_TABLE_ENTRIES];
static int __init init_dax_wait_table(void)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < DAX_WAIT_TABLE_ENTRIES; i++)
init_waitqueue_head(wait_table + i);
return 0;
}
fs_initcall(init_dax_wait_table);
/*
* DAX pagecache entries use XArray value entries so they can't be mistaken
* for pages. We use one bit for locking, one bit for the entry size (PMD)
* and two more to tell us if the entry is a zero page or an empty entry that
* is just used for locking. In total four special bits.
*
* If the PMD bit isn't set the entry has size PAGE_SIZE, and if the ZERO_PAGE
* and EMPTY bits aren't set the entry is a normal DAX entry with a filesystem
* block allocation.
*/
#define DAX_SHIFT (4)
#define DAX_LOCKED (1UL << 0)
#define DAX_PMD (1UL << 1)
#define DAX_ZERO_PAGE (1UL << 2)
#define DAX_EMPTY (1UL << 3)
static unsigned long dax_to_pfn(void *entry)
{
return xa_to_value(entry) >> DAX_SHIFT;
}
static void *dax_make_entry(pfn_t pfn, unsigned long flags)
{
return xa_mk_value(flags | (pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn) << DAX_SHIFT));
}
static bool dax_is_locked(void *entry)
{
return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_LOCKED;
}
static unsigned int dax_entry_order(void *entry)
{
if (xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_PMD)
return PMD_ORDER;
return 0;
}
static unsigned long dax_is_pmd_entry(void *entry)
{
return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_PMD;
}
static bool dax_is_pte_entry(void *entry)
{
return !(xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_PMD);
}
static int dax_is_zero_entry(void *entry)
{
return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_ZERO_PAGE;
}
static int dax_is_empty_entry(void *entry)
{
return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_EMPTY;
}
/*
* true if the entry that was found is of a smaller order than the entry
* we were looking for
*/
static bool dax_is_conflict(void *entry)
{
return entry == XA_RETRY_ENTRY;
}
/*
* DAX page cache entry locking
*/
struct exceptional_entry_key {
struct xarray *xa;
pgoff_t entry_start;
};
struct wait_exceptional_entry_queue {
wait_queue_entry_t wait;
struct exceptional_entry_key key;
};
static wait_queue_head_t *dax_entry_waitqueue(struct xa_state *xas,
void *entry, struct exceptional_entry_key *key)
{
unsigned long hash;
unsigned long index = xas->xa_index;
/*
* If 'entry' is a PMD, align the 'index' that we use for the wait
* queue to the start of that PMD. This ensures that all offsets in
* the range covered by the PMD map to the same bit lock.
*/
if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry))
index &= ~PG_PMD_COLOUR;
key->xa = xas->xa;
key->entry_start = index;
hash = hash_long((unsigned long)xas->xa ^ index, DAX_WAIT_TABLE_BITS);
return wait_table + hash;
}
static int wake_exceptional_entry_func(wait_queue_entry_t *wait,
unsigned int mode, int sync, void *keyp)
{
struct exceptional_entry_key *key = keyp;
struct wait_exceptional_entry_queue *ewait =
container_of(wait, struct wait_exceptional_entry_queue, wait);
if (key->xa != ewait->key.xa ||
key->entry_start != ewait->key.entry_start)
return 0;
return autoremove_wake_function(wait, mode, sync, NULL);
}
/*
* @entry may no longer be the entry at the index in the mapping.
* The important information it's conveying is whether the entry at
* this index used to be a PMD entry.
*/
static void dax_wake_entry(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, bool wake_all)
{
struct exceptional_entry_key key;
wait_queue_head_t *wq;
wq = dax_entry_waitqueue(xas, entry, &key);
/*
* Checking for locked entry and prepare_to_wait_exclusive() happens
* under the i_pages lock, ditto for entry handling in our callers.
* So at this point all tasks that could have seen our entry locked
* must be in the waitqueue and the following check will see them.
*/
if (waitqueue_active(wq))
__wake_up(wq, TASK_NORMAL, wake_all ? 0 : 1, &key);
}
/*
* Look up entry in page cache, wait for it to become unlocked if it
* is a DAX entry and return it. The caller must subsequently call
* put_unlocked_entry() if it did not lock the entry or dax_unlock_entry()
* if it did. The entry returned may have a larger order than @order.
* If @order is larger than the order of the entry found in i_pages, this
* function returns a dax_is_conflict entry.
*
* Must be called with the i_pages lock held.
*/
static void *get_unlocked_entry(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned int order)
{
void *entry;
struct wait_exceptional_entry_queue ewait;
wait_queue_head_t *wq;
init_wait(&ewait.wait);
ewait.wait.func = wake_exceptional_entry_func;
for (;;) {
entry = xas_find_conflict(xas);
if (dax_entry_order(entry) < order)
return XA_RETRY_ENTRY;
if (!entry || WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry)) ||
!dax_is_locked(entry))
return entry;
wq = dax_entry_waitqueue(xas, entry, &ewait.key);
prepare_to_wait_exclusive(wq, &ewait.wait,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
xas_reset(xas);
schedule();
finish_wait(wq, &ewait.wait);
xas_lock_irq(xas);
}
}
/*
* The only thing keeping the address space around is the i_pages lock
* (it's cycled in clear_inode() after removing the entries from i_pages)
* After we call xas_unlock_irq(), we cannot touch xas->xa.
*/
static void wait_entry_unlocked(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry)
{
struct wait_exceptional_entry_queue ewait;
wait_queue_head_t *wq;
init_wait(&ewait.wait);
ewait.wait.func = wake_exceptional_entry_func;
wq = dax_entry_waitqueue(xas, entry, &ewait.key);
/*
* Unlike get_unlocked_entry() there is no guarantee that this
* path ever successfully retrieves an unlocked entry before an
* inode dies. Perform a non-exclusive wait in case this path
* never successfully performs its own wake up.
*/
prepare_to_wait(wq, &ewait.wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
schedule();
finish_wait(wq, &ewait.wait);
}
static void put_unlocked_entry(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry)
{
/* If we were the only waiter woken, wake the next one */
if (entry && dax_is_conflict(entry))
dax_wake_entry(xas, entry, false);
}
/*
* We used the xa_state to get the entry, but then we locked the entry and
* dropped the xa_lock, so we know the xa_state is stale and must be reset
* before use.
*/
static void dax_unlock_entry(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry)
{
void *old;
BUG_ON(dax_is_locked(entry));
xas_reset(xas);
xas_lock_irq(xas);
old = xas_store(xas, entry);
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
BUG_ON(!dax_is_locked(old));
dax_wake_entry(xas, entry, false);
}
/*
* Return: The entry stored at this location before it was locked.
*/
static void *dax_lock_entry(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry)
{
unsigned long v = xa_to_value(entry);
return xas_store(xas, xa_mk_value(v | DAX_LOCKED));
}
static unsigned long dax_entry_size(void *entry)
{
if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry))
return 0;
else if (dax_is_empty_entry(entry))
return 0;
else if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry))
return PMD_SIZE;
else
return PAGE_SIZE;
}
static unsigned long dax_end_pfn(void *entry)
{
return dax_to_pfn(entry) + dax_entry_size(entry) / PAGE_SIZE;
}
/*
* Iterate through all mapped pfns represented by an entry, i.e. skip
* 'empty' and 'zero' entries.
*/
#define for_each_mapped_pfn(entry, pfn) \
for (pfn = dax_to_pfn(entry); \
pfn < dax_end_pfn(entry); pfn++)
/*
* TODO: for reflink+dax we need a way to associate a single page with
* multiple address_space instances at different linear_page_index()
* offsets.
*/
static void dax_associate_entry(void *entry, struct address_space *mapping,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
unsigned long size = dax_entry_size(entry), pfn, index;
int i = 0;
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX_LIMITED))
return;
index = linear_page_index(vma, address & ~(size - 1));
for_each_mapped_pfn(entry, pfn) {
struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
WARN_ON_ONCE(page->mapping);
page->mapping = mapping;
page->index = index + i++;
}
}
static void dax_disassociate_entry(void *entry, struct address_space *mapping,
bool trunc)
{
unsigned long pfn;
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX_LIMITED))
return;
for_each_mapped_pfn(entry, pfn) {
struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
WARN_ON_ONCE(trunc && page_ref_count(page) > 1);
WARN_ON_ONCE(page->mapping && page->mapping != mapping);
page->mapping = NULL;
page->index = 0;
}
}
static struct page *dax_busy_page(void *entry)
{
unsigned long pfn;
for_each_mapped_pfn(entry, pfn) {
struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
if (page_ref_count(page) > 1)
return page;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* dax_lock_mapping_entry - Lock the DAX entry corresponding to a page
* @page: The page whose entry we want to lock
*
* Context: Process context.
* Return: A cookie to pass to dax_unlock_page() or 0 if the entry could
* not be locked.
*/
dax_entry_t dax_lock_page(struct page *page)
{
XA_STATE(xas, NULL, 0);
void *entry;
/* Ensure page->mapping isn't freed while we look at it */
rcu_read_lock();
for (;;) {
struct address_space *mapping = READ_ONCE(page->mapping);
entry = NULL;
if (!mapping || !dax_mapping(mapping))
break;
/*
* In the device-dax case there's no need to lock, a
* struct dev_pagemap pin is sufficient to keep the
* inode alive, and we assume we have dev_pagemap pin
* otherwise we would not have a valid pfn_to_page()
* translation.
*/
entry = (void *)~0UL;
if (S_ISCHR(mapping->host->i_mode))
break;
xas.xa = &mapping->i_pages;
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
if (mapping != page->mapping) {
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
continue;
}
xas_set(&xas, page->index);
entry = xas_load(&xas);
if (dax_is_locked(entry)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
wait_entry_unlocked(&xas, entry);
rcu_read_lock();
continue;
}
dax_lock_entry(&xas, entry);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return (dax_entry_t)entry;
}
void dax_unlock_page(struct page *page, dax_entry_t cookie)
{
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, page->index);
if (S_ISCHR(mapping->host->i_mode))
return;
dax_unlock_entry(&xas, (void *)cookie);
}
/*
* Find page cache entry at given index. If it is a DAX entry, return it
* with the entry locked. If the page cache doesn't contain an entry at
* that index, add a locked empty entry.
*
* When requesting an entry with size DAX_PMD, grab_mapping_entry() will
* either return that locked entry or will return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK.
* This will happen if there are any PTE entries within the PMD range
* that we are requesting.
*
* We always favor PTE entries over PMD entries. There isn't a flow where we
* evict PTE entries in order to 'upgrade' them to a PMD entry. A PMD
* insertion will fail if it finds any PTE entries already in the tree, and a
* PTE insertion will cause an existing PMD entry to be unmapped and
* downgraded to PTE entries. This happens for both PMD zero pages as
* well as PMD empty entries.
*
* The exception to this downgrade path is for PMD entries that have
* real storage backing them. We will leave these real PMD entries in
* the tree, and PTE writes will simply dirty the entire PMD entry.
*
* Note: Unlike filemap_fault() we don't honor FAULT_FLAG_RETRY flags. For
* persistent memory the benefit is doubtful. We can add that later if we can
* show it helps.
*
* On error, this function does not return an ERR_PTR. Instead it returns
* a VM_FAULT code, encoded as an xarray internal entry. The ERR_PTR values
* overlap with xarray value entries.
*/
static void *grab_mapping_entry(struct xa_state *xas,
struct address_space *mapping, unsigned int order)
{
unsigned long index = xas->xa_index;
bool pmd_downgrade = false; /* splitting PMD entry into PTE entries? */
void *entry;
retry:
xas_lock_irq(xas);
entry = get_unlocked_entry(xas, order);
if (entry) {
if (dax_is_conflict(entry))
goto fallback;
if (!xa_is_value(entry)) {
xas_set_err(xas, EIO);
goto out_unlock;
}
if (order == 0) {
if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry) &&
(dax_is_zero_entry(entry) ||
dax_is_empty_entry(entry))) {
pmd_downgrade = true;
}
}
}
if (pmd_downgrade) {
/*
* Make sure 'entry' remains valid while we drop
* the i_pages lock.
*/
dax_lock_entry(xas, entry);
/*
* Besides huge zero pages the only other thing that gets
* downgraded are empty entries which don't need to be
* unmapped.
*/
if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry)) {
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
unmap_mapping_pages(mapping,
xas->xa_index & ~PG_PMD_COLOUR,
PG_PMD_NR, false);
xas_reset(xas);
xas_lock_irq(xas);
}
dax_disassociate_entry(entry, mapping, false);
xas_store(xas, NULL); /* undo the PMD join */
dax_wake_entry(xas, entry, true);
mapping->nrexceptional--;
entry = NULL;
xas_set(xas, index);
}
if (entry) {
dax_lock_entry(xas, entry);
} else {
unsigned long flags = DAX_EMPTY;
if (order > 0)
flags |= DAX_PMD;
entry = dax_make_entry(pfn_to_pfn_t(0), flags);
dax_lock_entry(xas, entry);
if (xas_error(xas))
goto out_unlock;
mapping->nrexceptional++;
}
out_unlock:
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
if (xas_nomem(xas, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM))
goto retry;
if (xas->xa_node == XA_ERROR(-ENOMEM))
return xa_mk_internal(VM_FAULT_OOM);
if (xas_error(xas))
return xa_mk_internal(VM_FAULT_SIGBUS);
return entry;
fallback:
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
return xa_mk_internal(VM_FAULT_FALLBACK);
}
/**
* dax_layout_busy_page - find first pinned page in @mapping
* @mapping: address space to scan for a page with ref count > 1
*
* DAX requires ZONE_DEVICE mapped pages. These pages are never
* 'onlined' to the page allocator so they are considered idle when
* page->count == 1. A filesystem uses this interface to determine if
* any page in the mapping is busy, i.e. for DMA, or other
* get_user_pages() usages.
*
* It is expected that the filesystem is holding locks to block the
* establishment of new mappings in this address_space. I.e. it expects
* to be able to run unmap_mapping_range() and subsequently not race
* mapping_mapped() becoming true.
*/
struct page *dax_layout_busy_page(struct address_space *mapping)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, 0);
void *entry;
unsigned int scanned = 0;
struct page *page = NULL;
/*
* In the 'limited' case get_user_pages() for dax is disabled.
*/
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX_LIMITED))
return NULL;
if (!dax_mapping(mapping) || !mapping_mapped(mapping))
return NULL;
/*
* If we race get_user_pages_fast() here either we'll see the
* elevated page count in the iteration and wait, or
* get_user_pages_fast() will see that the page it took a reference
* against is no longer mapped in the page tables and bail to the
* get_user_pages() slow path. The slow path is protected by
* pte_lock() and pmd_lock(). New references are not taken without
* holding those locks, and unmap_mapping_range() will not zero the
* pte or pmd without holding the respective lock, so we are
* guaranteed to either see new references or prevent new
* references from being established.
*/
unmap_mapping_range(mapping, 0, 0, 1);
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
xas_for_each(&xas, entry, ULONG_MAX) {
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry)))
continue;
if (unlikely(dax_is_locked(entry)))
entry = get_unlocked_entry(&xas, 0);
if (entry)
page = dax_busy_page(entry);
put_unlocked_entry(&xas, entry);
if (page)
break;
if (++scanned % XA_CHECK_SCHED)
continue;
xas_pause(&xas);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
cond_resched();
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
}
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_layout_busy_page);
static int __dax_invalidate_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, bool trunc)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
int ret = 0;
void *entry;
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
entry = get_unlocked_entry(&xas, 0);
if (!entry || WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry)))
goto out;
if (!trunc &&
(xas_get_mark(&xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY) ||
xas_get_mark(&xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE)))
goto out;
dax_disassociate_entry(entry, mapping, trunc);
xas_store(&xas, NULL);
mapping->nrexceptional--;
ret = 1;
out:
put_unlocked_entry(&xas, entry);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
return ret;
}
/*
* Delete DAX entry at @index from @mapping. Wait for it
* to be unlocked before deleting it.
*/
int dax_delete_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
{
int ret = __dax_invalidate_entry(mapping, index, true);
/*
* This gets called from truncate / punch_hole path. As such, the caller
* must hold locks protecting against concurrent modifications of the
* page cache (usually fs-private i_mmap_sem for writing). Since the
* caller has seen a DAX entry for this index, we better find it
* at that index as well...
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(!ret);
return ret;
}
/*
* Invalidate DAX entry if it is clean.
*/
int dax_invalidate_mapping_entry_sync(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index)
{
return __dax_invalidate_entry(mapping, index, false);
}
static int copy_user_dax(struct block_device *bdev, struct dax_device *dax_dev,
sector_t sector, size_t size, struct page *to,
unsigned long vaddr)
{
void *vto, *kaddr;
pgoff_t pgoff;
long rc;
int id;
rc = bdev_dax_pgoff(bdev, sector, size, &pgoff);
if (rc)
return rc;
id = dax_read_lock();
rc = dax_direct_access(dax_dev, pgoff, PHYS_PFN(size), &kaddr, NULL);
if (rc < 0) {
dax_read_unlock(id);
return rc;
}
vto = kmap_atomic(to);
copy_user_page(vto, (void __force *)kaddr, vaddr, to);
kunmap_atomic(vto);
dax_read_unlock(id);
return 0;
}
/*
* By this point grab_mapping_entry() has ensured that we have a locked entry
* of the appropriate size so we don't have to worry about downgrading PMDs to
* PTEs. If we happen to be trying to insert a PTE and there is a PMD
* already in the tree, we will skip the insertion and just dirty the PMD as
* appropriate.
*/
static void *dax_insert_entry(struct xa_state *xas,
struct address_space *mapping, struct vm_fault *vmf,
void *entry, pfn_t pfn, unsigned long flags, bool dirty)
{
void *new_entry = dax_make_entry(pfn, flags);
if (dirty)
__mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);
if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry) && !(flags & DAX_ZERO_PAGE)) {
unsigned long index = xas->xa_index;
/* we are replacing a zero page with block mapping */
if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry))
unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index & ~PG_PMD_COLOUR,
PG_PMD_NR, false);
else /* pte entry */
unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index, 1, false);
}
xas_reset(xas);
xas_lock_irq(xas);
if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry) || dax_is_empty_entry(entry)) {
void *old;
dax_disassociate_entry(entry, mapping, false);
dax_associate_entry(new_entry, mapping, vmf->vma, vmf->address);
/*
* Only swap our new entry into the page cache if the current
* entry is a zero page or an empty entry. If a normal PTE or
* PMD entry is already in the cache, we leave it alone. This
* means that if we are trying to insert a PTE and the
* existing entry is a PMD, we will just leave the PMD in the
* tree and dirty it if necessary.
*/
old = dax_lock_entry(xas, new_entry);
WARN_ON_ONCE(old != xa_mk_value(xa_to_value(entry) |
DAX_LOCKED));
entry = new_entry;
} else {
xas_load(xas); /* Walk the xa_state */
}
if (dirty)
xas_set_mark(xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
return entry;
}
static inline
unsigned long pgoff_address(pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
unsigned long address;
address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
VM_BUG_ON_VMA(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end, vma);
return address;
}
/* Walk all mappings of a given index of a file and writeprotect them */
static void dax_entry_mkclean(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
unsigned long pfn)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
pte_t pte, *ptep = NULL;
pmd_t *pmdp = NULL;
spinlock_t *ptl;
i_mmap_lock_read(mapping);
vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap, index, index) {
struct mmu_notifier_range range;
unsigned long address;
cond_resched();
if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
continue;
address = pgoff_address(index, vma);
/*
* Note because we provide range to follow_pte_pmd it will
* call mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start() on our behalf
* before taking any lock.
*/
if (follow_pte_pmd(vma->vm_mm, address, &range,
&ptep, &pmdp, &ptl))
continue;
/*
* No need to call mmu_notifier_invalidate_range() as we are
* downgrading page table protection not changing it to point
* to a new page.
*
* See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst
*/
if (pmdp) {
#ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD
pmd_t pmd;
if (pfn != pmd_pfn(*pmdp))
goto unlock_pmd;
if (!pmd_dirty(*pmdp) && !pmd_write(*pmdp))
goto unlock_pmd;
flush_cache_page(vma, address, pfn);
pmd = pmdp_invalidate(vma, address, pmdp);
pmd = pmd_wrprotect(pmd);
pmd = pmd_mkclean(pmd);
set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd);
unlock_pmd:
#endif
spin_unlock(ptl);
} else {
if (pfn != pte_pfn(*ptep))
goto unlock_pte;
if (!pte_dirty(*ptep) && !pte_write(*ptep))
goto unlock_pte;
flush_cache_page(vma, address, pfn);
pte = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, ptep);
pte = pte_wrprotect(pte);
pte = pte_mkclean(pte);
set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, ptep, pte);
unlock_pte:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
}
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
}
i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping);
}
static int dax_writeback_one(struct xa_state *xas, struct dax_device *dax_dev,
struct address_space *mapping, void *entry)
{
unsigned long pfn, index, count;
long ret = 0;
/*
* A page got tagged dirty in DAX mapping? Something is seriously
* wrong.
*/
if (WARN_ON(!xa_is_value(entry)))
return -EIO;
if (unlikely(dax_is_locked(entry))) {
void *old_entry = entry;
entry = get_unlocked_entry(xas, 0);
/* Entry got punched out / reallocated? */
if (!entry || WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry)))
goto put_unlocked;
/*
* Entry got reallocated elsewhere? No need to writeback.
* We have to compare pfns as we must not bail out due to
* difference in lockbit or entry type.
*/
if (dax_to_pfn(old_entry) != dax_to_pfn(entry))
goto put_unlocked;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(dax_is_empty_entry(entry) ||
dax_is_zero_entry(entry))) {
ret = -EIO;
goto put_unlocked;
}
/* Another fsync thread may have already done this entry */
if (!xas_get_mark(xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE))
goto put_unlocked;
}
/* Lock the entry to serialize with page faults */
dax_lock_entry(xas, entry);
/*
* We can clear the tag now but we have to be careful so that concurrent
* dax_writeback_one() calls for the same index cannot finish before we
* actually flush the caches. This is achieved as the calls will look
* at the entry only under the i_pages lock and once they do that
* they will see the entry locked and wait for it to unlock.
*/
xas_clear_mark(xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE);
xas_unlock_irq(xas);
/*
* If dax_writeback_mapping_range() was given a wbc->range_start
* in the middle of a PMD, the 'index' we use needs to be
* aligned to the start of the PMD.
* This allows us to flush for PMD_SIZE and not have to worry about
* partial PMD writebacks.
*/
pfn = dax_to_pfn(entry);
count = 1UL << dax_entry_order(entry);
index = xas->xa_index & ~(count - 1);
dax_entry_mkclean(mapping, index, pfn);
dax_flush(dax_dev, page_address(pfn_to_page(pfn)), count * PAGE_SIZE);
/*
* After we have flushed the cache, we can clear the dirty tag. There
* cannot be new dirty data in the pfn after the flush has completed as
* the pfn mappings are writeprotected and fault waits for mapping
* entry lock.
*/
xas_reset(xas);
xas_lock_irq(xas);
xas_store(xas, entry);
xas_clear_mark(xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
dax_wake_entry(xas, entry, false);
trace_dax_writeback_one(mapping->host, index, count);
return ret;
put_unlocked:
put_unlocked_entry(xas, entry);
return ret;
}
/*
* Flush the mapping to the persistent domain within the byte range of [start,
* end]. This is required by data integrity operations to ensure file data is
* on persistent storage prior to completion of the operation.
*/
int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
struct block_device *bdev, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, wbc->range_start >> PAGE_SHIFT);
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
pgoff_t end_index = wbc->range_end >> PAGE_SHIFT;
struct dax_device *dax_dev;
void *entry;
int ret = 0;
unsigned int scanned = 0;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(inode->i_blkbits != PAGE_SHIFT))
return -EIO;
if (!mapping->nrexceptional || wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL)
return 0;
dax_dev = dax_get_by_host(bdev->bd_disk->disk_name);
if (!dax_dev)
return -EIO;
trace_dax_writeback_range(inode, xas.xa_index, end_index);
tag_pages_for_writeback(mapping, xas.xa_index, end_index);
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
xas_for_each_marked(&xas, entry, end_index, PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE) {
ret = dax_writeback_one(&xas, dax_dev, mapping, entry);
if (ret < 0) {
mapping_set_error(mapping, ret);
break;
}
if (++scanned % XA_CHECK_SCHED)
continue;
xas_pause(&xas);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
cond_resched();
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
}
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
put_dax(dax_dev);
trace_dax_writeback_range_done(inode, xas.xa_index, end_index);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_writeback_mapping_range);
static sector_t dax_iomap_sector(struct iomap *iomap, loff_t pos)
{
return (iomap->addr + (pos & PAGE_MASK) - iomap->offset) >> 9;
}
static int dax_iomap_pfn(struct iomap *iomap, loff_t pos, size_t size,
pfn_t *pfnp)
{
const sector_t sector = dax_iomap_sector(iomap, pos);
pgoff_t pgoff;
int id, rc;
long length;
rc = bdev_dax_pgoff(iomap->bdev, sector, size, &pgoff);
if (rc)
return rc;
id = dax_read_lock();
length = dax_direct_access(iomap->dax_dev, pgoff, PHYS_PFN(size),
NULL, pfnp);
if (length < 0) {
rc = length;
goto out;
}
rc = -EINVAL;
if (PFN_PHYS(length) < size)
goto out;
if (pfn_t_to_pfn(*pfnp) & (PHYS_PFN(size)-1))
goto out;
/* For larger pages we need devmap */
if (length > 1 && !pfn_t_devmap(*pfnp))
goto out;
rc = 0;
out:
dax_read_unlock(id);
return rc;
}
/*
* The user has performed a load from a hole in the file. Allocating a new
* page in the file would cause excessive storage usage for workloads with
* sparse files. Instead we insert a read-only mapping of the 4k zero page.
* If this page is ever written to we will re-fault and change the mapping to
* point to real DAX storage instead.
*/
static vm_fault_t dax_load_hole(struct xa_state *xas,
struct address_space *mapping, void **entry,
struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
unsigned long vaddr = vmf->address;
pfn_t pfn = pfn_to_pfn_t(my_zero_pfn(vaddr));
vm_fault_t ret;
*entry = dax_insert_entry(xas, mapping, vmf, *entry, pfn,
DAX_ZERO_PAGE, false);
ret = vmf_insert_mixed(vmf->vma, vaddr, pfn);
trace_dax_load_hole(inode, vmf, ret);
return ret;
}
static bool dax_range_is_aligned(struct block_device *bdev,
unsigned int offset, unsigned int length)
{
unsigned short sector_size = bdev_logical_block_size(bdev);
if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset, sector_size))
return false;
if (!IS_ALIGNED(length, sector_size))
return false;
return true;
}
int __dax_zero_page_range(struct block_device *bdev,
struct dax_device *dax_dev, sector_t sector,
unsigned int offset, unsigned int size)
{
if (dax_range_is_aligned(bdev, offset, size)) {
sector_t start_sector = sector + (offset >> 9);
return blkdev_issue_zeroout(bdev, start_sector,
size >> 9, GFP_NOFS, 0);
} else {
pgoff_t pgoff;
long rc, id;
void *kaddr;
rc = bdev_dax_pgoff(bdev, sector, PAGE_SIZE, &pgoff);
if (rc)
return rc;
id = dax_read_lock();
rc = dax_direct_access(dax_dev, pgoff, 1, &kaddr, NULL);
if (rc < 0) {
dax_read_unlock(id);
return rc;
}
memset(kaddr + offset, 0, size);
dax_flush(dax_dev, kaddr + offset, size);
dax_read_unlock(id);
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__dax_zero_page_range);
static loff_t
dax_iomap_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length, void *data,
struct iomap *iomap)
{
struct block_device *bdev = iomap->bdev;
struct dax_device *dax_dev = iomap->dax_dev;
struct iov_iter *iter = data;
loff_t end = pos + length, done = 0;
ssize_t ret = 0;
size_t xfer;
int id;
if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == READ) {
end = min(end, i_size_read(inode));
if (pos >= end)
return 0;
if (iomap->type == IOMAP_HOLE || iomap->type == IOMAP_UNWRITTEN)
return iov_iter_zero(min(length, end - pos), iter);
}
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(iomap->type != IOMAP_MAPPED))
return -EIO;
/*
* Write can allocate block for an area which has a hole page mapped
* into page tables. We have to tear down these mappings so that data
* written by write(2) is visible in mmap.
*/
if (iomap->flags & IOMAP_F_NEW) {
invalidate_inode_pages2_range(inode->i_mapping,
pos >> PAGE_SHIFT,
(end - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
}
id = dax_read_lock();
while (pos < end) {
unsigned offset = pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1);
const size_t size = ALIGN(length + offset, PAGE_SIZE);
const sector_t sector = dax_iomap_sector(iomap, pos);
ssize_t map_len;
pgoff_t pgoff;
void *kaddr;
if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
ret = -EINTR;
break;
}
ret = bdev_dax_pgoff(bdev, sector, size, &pgoff);
if (ret)
break;
map_len = dax_direct_access(dax_dev, pgoff, PHYS_PFN(size),
&kaddr, NULL);
if (map_len < 0) {
ret = map_len;
break;
}
map_len = PFN_PHYS(map_len);
kaddr += offset;
map_len -= offset;
if (map_len > end - pos)
map_len = end - pos;
/*
* The userspace address for the memory copy has already been
* validated via access_ok() in either vfs_read() or
* vfs_write(), depending on which operation we are doing.
*/
if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == WRITE)
xfer = dax_copy_from_iter(dax_dev, pgoff, kaddr,
map_len, iter);
else
xfer = dax_copy_to_iter(dax_dev, pgoff, kaddr,
map_len, iter);
pos += xfer;
length -= xfer;
done += xfer;
if (xfer == 0)
ret = -EFAULT;
if (xfer < map_len)
break;
}
dax_read_unlock(id);
return done ? done : ret;
}
/**
* dax_iomap_rw - Perform I/O to a DAX file
* @iocb: The control block for this I/O
* @iter: The addresses to do I/O from or to
* @ops: iomap ops passed from the file system
*
* This function performs read and write operations to directly mapped
* persistent memory. The callers needs to take care of read/write exclusion
* and evicting any page cache pages in the region under I/O.
*/
ssize_t
dax_iomap_rw(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
const struct iomap_ops *ops)
{
struct address_space *mapping = iocb->ki_filp->f_mapping;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos, ret = 0, done = 0;
unsigned flags = 0;
if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == WRITE) {
lockdep_assert_held_write(&inode->i_rwsem);
flags |= IOMAP_WRITE;
} else {
lockdep_assert_held(&inode->i_rwsem);
}
while (iov_iter_count(iter)) {
ret = iomap_apply(inode, pos, iov_iter_count(iter), flags, ops,
iter, dax_iomap_actor);
if (ret <= 0)
break;
pos += ret;
done += ret;
}
iocb->ki_pos += done;
return done ? done : ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_iomap_rw);
static vm_fault_t dax_fault_return(int error)
{
if (error == 0)
return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
return vmf_error(error);
}
/*
* MAP_SYNC on a dax mapping guarantees dirty metadata is
* flushed on write-faults (non-cow), but not read-faults.
*/
static bool dax_fault_is_synchronous(unsigned long flags,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct iomap *iomap)
{
return (flags & IOMAP_WRITE) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SYNC)
&& (iomap->flags & IOMAP_F_DIRTY);
}
static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
int *iomap_errp, const struct iomap_ops *ops)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, vmf->pgoff);
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
unsigned long vaddr = vmf->address;
loff_t pos = (loff_t)vmf->pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
struct iomap iomap = { 0 };
unsigned flags = IOMAP_FAULT;
int error, major = 0;
bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
bool sync;
vm_fault_t ret = 0;
void *entry;
pfn_t pfn;
trace_dax_pte_fault(inode, vmf, ret);
/*
* Check whether offset isn't beyond end of file now. Caller is supposed
* to hold locks serializing us with truncate / punch hole so this is
* a reliable test.
*/
if (pos >= i_size_read(inode)) {
ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
goto out;
}
if (write && !vmf->cow_page)
flags |= IOMAP_WRITE;
entry = grab_mapping_entry(&xas, mapping, 0);
if (xa_is_internal(entry)) {
ret = xa_to_internal(entry);
goto out;
}
/*
* It is possible, particularly with mixed reads & writes to private
* mappings, that we have raced with a PMD fault that overlaps with
* the PTE we need to set up. If so just return and the fault will be
* retried.
*/
if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd) || pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd)) {
ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
goto unlock_entry;
}
/*
* Note that we don't bother to use iomap_apply here: DAX required
* the file system block size to be equal the page size, which means
* that we never have to deal with more than a single extent here.
*/
error = ops->iomap_begin(inode, pos, PAGE_SIZE, flags, &iomap);
if (iomap_errp)
*iomap_errp = error;
if (error) {
ret = dax_fault_return(error);
goto unlock_entry;
}
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(iomap.offset + iomap.length < pos + PAGE_SIZE)) {
error = -EIO; /* fs corruption? */
goto error_finish_iomap;
}
if (vmf->cow_page) {
sector_t sector = dax_iomap_sector(&iomap, pos);
switch (iomap.type) {
case IOMAP_HOLE:
case IOMAP_UNWRITTEN:
clear_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vaddr);
break;
case IOMAP_MAPPED:
error = copy_user_dax(iomap.bdev, iomap.dax_dev,
sector, PAGE_SIZE, vmf->cow_page, vaddr);
break;
default:
WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
error = -EIO;
break;
}
if (error)
goto error_finish_iomap;
__SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page);
ret = finish_fault(vmf);
if (!ret)
ret = VM_FAULT_DONE_COW;
goto finish_iomap;
}
sync = dax_fault_is_synchronous(flags, vma, &iomap);
switch (iomap.type) {
case IOMAP_MAPPED:
if (iomap.flags & IOMAP_F_NEW) {
count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT);
count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT);
major = VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
}
error = dax_iomap_pfn(&iomap, pos, PAGE_SIZE, &pfn);
if (error < 0)
goto error_finish_iomap;
entry = dax_insert_entry(&xas, mapping, vmf, entry, pfn,
0, write && !sync);
/*
* If we are doing synchronous page fault and inode needs fsync,
* we can insert PTE into page tables only after that happens.
* Skip insertion for now and return the pfn so that caller can
* insert it after fsync is done.
*/
if (sync) {
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pfnp)) {
error = -EIO;
goto error_finish_iomap;
}
*pfnp = pfn;
ret = VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC | major;
goto finish_iomap;
}
trace_dax_insert_mapping(inode, vmf, entry);
if (write)
ret = vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(vma, vaddr, pfn);
else
ret = vmf_insert_mixed(vma, vaddr, pfn);
goto finish_iomap;
case IOMAP_UNWRITTEN:
case IOMAP_HOLE:
if (!write) {
ret = dax_load_hole(&xas, mapping, &entry, vmf);
goto finish_iomap;
}
/*FALLTHRU*/
default:
WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
error = -EIO;
break;
}
error_finish_iomap:
ret = dax_fault_return(error);
finish_iomap:
if (ops->iomap_end) {
int copied = PAGE_SIZE;
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR)
copied = 0;
/*
* The fault is done by now and there's no way back (other
* thread may be already happily using PTE we have installed).
* Just ignore error from ->iomap_end since we cannot do much
* with it.
*/
ops->iomap_end(inode, pos, PAGE_SIZE, copied, flags, &iomap);
}
unlock_entry:
dax_unlock_entry(&xas, entry);
out:
trace_dax_pte_fault_done(inode, vmf, ret);
return ret | major;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD
static vm_fault_t dax_pmd_load_hole(struct xa_state *xas, struct vm_fault *vmf,
struct iomap *iomap, void **entry)
{
struct address_space *mapping = vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
unsigned long pmd_addr = vmf->address & PMD_MASK;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
pgtable_t pgtable = NULL;
struct page *zero_page;
spinlock_t *ptl;
pmd_t pmd_entry;
pfn_t pfn;
zero_page = mm_get_huge_zero_page(vmf->vma->vm_mm);
if (unlikely(!zero_page))
goto fallback;
pfn = page_to_pfn_t(zero_page);
*entry = dax_insert_entry(xas, mapping, vmf, *entry, pfn,
DAX_PMD | DAX_ZERO_PAGE, false);
if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) {
pgtable = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm);
if (!pgtable)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
}
ptl = pmd_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
if (!pmd_none(*(vmf->pmd))) {
spin_unlock(ptl);
goto fallback;
}
if (pgtable) {
pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, pgtable);
mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm);
}
pmd_entry = mk_pmd(zero_page, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot);
pmd_entry = pmd_mkhuge(pmd_entry);
set_pmd_at(vmf->vma->vm_mm, pmd_addr, vmf->pmd, pmd_entry);
spin_unlock(ptl);
trace_dax_pmd_load_hole(inode, vmf, zero_page, *entry);
return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
fallback:
if (pgtable)
pte_free(vma->vm_mm, pgtable);
trace_dax_pmd_load_hole_fallback(inode, vmf, zero_page, *entry);
return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
}
static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
const struct iomap_ops *ops)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
XA_STATE_ORDER(xas, &mapping->i_pages, vmf->pgoff, PMD_ORDER);
unsigned long pmd_addr = vmf->address & PMD_MASK;
bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
bool sync;
unsigned int iomap_flags = (write ? IOMAP_WRITE : 0) | IOMAP_FAULT;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
vm_fault_t result = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
struct iomap iomap = { 0 };
pgoff_t max_pgoff;
void *entry;
loff_t pos;
int error;
pfn_t pfn;
/*
* Check whether offset isn't beyond end of file now. Caller is
* supposed to hold locks serializing us with truncate / punch hole so
* this is a reliable test.
*/
max_pgoff = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
trace_dax_pmd_fault(inode, vmf, max_pgoff, 0);
/*
* Make sure that the faulting address's PMD offset (color) matches
* the PMD offset from the start of the file. This is necessary so
* that a PMD range in the page table overlaps exactly with a PMD
* range in the page cache.
*/
if ((vmf->pgoff & PG_PMD_COLOUR) !=
((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & PG_PMD_COLOUR))
goto fallback;
/* Fall back to PTEs if we're going to COW */
if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
goto fallback;
/* If the PMD would extend outside the VMA */
if (pmd_addr < vma->vm_start)
goto fallback;
if ((pmd_addr + PMD_SIZE) > vma->vm_end)
goto fallback;
if (xas.xa_index >= max_pgoff) {
result = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
goto out;
}
/* If the PMD would extend beyond the file size */
if ((xas.xa_index | PG_PMD_COLOUR) >= max_pgoff)
goto fallback;
/*
* grab_mapping_entry() will make sure we get an empty PMD entry,
* a zero PMD entry or a DAX PMD. If it can't (because a PTE
* entry is already in the array, for instance), it will return
* VM_FAULT_FALLBACK.
*/
entry = grab_mapping_entry(&xas, mapping, PMD_ORDER);
if (xa_is_internal(entry)) {
result = xa_to_internal(entry);
goto fallback;
}
/*
* It is possible, particularly with mixed reads & writes to private
* mappings, that we have raced with a PTE fault that overlaps with
* the PMD we need to set up. If so just return and the fault will be
* retried.
*/
if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd) &&
!pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd)) {
result = 0;
goto unlock_entry;
}
/*
* Note that we don't use iomap_apply here. We aren't doing I/O, only
* setting up a mapping, so really we're using iomap_begin() as a way
* to look up our filesystem block.
*/
pos = (loff_t)xas.xa_index << PAGE_SHIFT;
error = ops->iomap_begin(inode, pos, PMD_SIZE, iomap_flags, &iomap);
if (error)
goto unlock_entry;
if (iomap.offset + iomap.length < pos + PMD_SIZE)
goto finish_iomap;
sync = dax_fault_is_synchronous(iomap_flags, vma, &iomap);
switch (iomap.type) {
case IOMAP_MAPPED:
error = dax_iomap_pfn(&iomap, pos, PMD_SIZE, &pfn);
if (error < 0)
goto finish_iomap;
entry = dax_insert_entry(&xas, mapping, vmf, entry, pfn,
DAX_PMD, write && !sync);
/*
* If we are doing synchronous page fault and inode needs fsync,
* we can insert PMD into page tables only after that happens.
* Skip insertion for now and return the pfn so that caller can
* insert it after fsync is done.
*/
if (sync) {
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pfnp))
goto finish_iomap;
*pfnp = pfn;
result = VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC;
goto finish_iomap;
}
trace_dax_pmd_insert_mapping(inode, vmf, PMD_SIZE, pfn, entry);
result = vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(vmf, pfn, write);
break;
case IOMAP_UNWRITTEN:
case IOMAP_HOLE:
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(write))
break;
result = dax_pmd_load_hole(&xas, vmf, &iomap, &entry);
break;
default:
WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
break;
}
finish_iomap:
if (ops->iomap_end) {
int copied = PMD_SIZE;
if (result == VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)
copied = 0;
/*
* The fault is done by now and there's no way back (other
* thread may be already happily using PMD we have installed).
* Just ignore error from ->iomap_end since we cannot do much
* with it.
*/
ops->iomap_end(inode, pos, PMD_SIZE, copied, iomap_flags,
&iomap);
}
unlock_entry:
dax_unlock_entry(&xas, entry);
fallback:
if (result == VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) {
split_huge_pmd(vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address);
count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
}
out:
trace_dax_pmd_fault_done(inode, vmf, max_pgoff, result);
return result;
}
#else
static vm_fault_t dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
const struct iomap_ops *ops)
{
return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD */
/**
* dax_iomap_fault - handle a page fault on a DAX file
* @vmf: The description of the fault
* @pe_size: Size of the page to fault in
* @pfnp: PFN to insert for synchronous faults if fsync is required
* @iomap_errp: Storage for detailed error code in case of error
* @ops: Iomap ops passed from the file system
*
* When a page fault occurs, filesystems may call this helper in
* their fault handler for DAX files. dax_iomap_fault() assumes the caller
* has done all the necessary locking for page fault to proceed
* successfully.
*/
vm_fault_t dax_iomap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size,
pfn_t *pfnp, int *iomap_errp, const struct iomap_ops *ops)
{
switch (pe_size) {
case PE_SIZE_PTE:
return dax_iomap_pte_fault(vmf, pfnp, iomap_errp, ops);
case PE_SIZE_PMD:
return dax_iomap_pmd_fault(vmf, pfnp, ops);
default:
return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_iomap_fault);
/*
* dax_insert_pfn_mkwrite - insert PTE or PMD entry into page tables
* @vmf: The description of the fault
* @pfn: PFN to insert
* @order: Order of entry to insert.
*
* This function inserts a writeable PTE or PMD entry into the page tables
* for an mmaped DAX file. It also marks the page cache entry as dirty.
*/
static vm_fault_t
dax_insert_pfn_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, unsigned int order)
{
struct address_space *mapping = vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
XA_STATE_ORDER(xas, &mapping->i_pages, vmf->pgoff, order);
void *entry;
vm_fault_t ret;
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
entry = get_unlocked_entry(&xas, order);
/* Did we race with someone splitting entry or so? */
if (!entry || dax_is_conflict(entry) ||
(order == 0 && !dax_is_pte_entry(entry))) {
put_unlocked_entry(&xas, entry);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
trace_dax_insert_pfn_mkwrite_no_entry(mapping->host, vmf,
VM_FAULT_NOPAGE);
return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
}
xas_set_mark(&xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
dax_lock_entry(&xas, entry);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
if (order == 0)
ret = vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(vmf->vma, vmf->address, pfn);
#ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX_PMD
else if (order == PMD_ORDER)
ret = vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(vmf, pfn, FAULT_FLAG_WRITE);
#endif
else
ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
dax_unlock_entry(&xas, entry);
trace_dax_insert_pfn_mkwrite(mapping->host, vmf, ret);
return ret;
}
/**
* dax_finish_sync_fault - finish synchronous page fault
* @vmf: The description of the fault
* @pe_size: Size of entry to be inserted
* @pfn: PFN to insert
*
* This function ensures that the file range touched by the page fault is
* stored persistently on the media and handles inserting of appropriate page
* table entry.
*/
vm_fault_t dax_finish_sync_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf,
enum page_entry_size pe_size, pfn_t pfn)
{
int err;
loff_t start = ((loff_t)vmf->pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT;
unsigned int order = pe_order(pe_size);
size_t len = PAGE_SIZE << order;
err = vfs_fsync_range(vmf->vma->vm_file, start, start + len - 1, 1);
if (err)
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
return dax_insert_pfn_mkwrite(vmf, pfn, order);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_finish_sync_fault);