jbd2: fix data races at struct journal_head

journal_head::b_transaction and journal_head::b_next_transaction could
be accessed concurrently as noticed by KCSAN,

 LTP: starting fsync04
 /dev/zero: Can't open blockdev
 EXT4-fs (loop0): mounting ext3 file system using the ext4 subsystem
 EXT4-fs (loop0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
 ==================================================================
 BUG: KCSAN: data-race in __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer [jbd2] / jbd2_write_access_granted [jbd2]

 write to 0xffff99f9b1bd0e30 of 8 bytes by task 25721 on cpu 70:
  __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer+0xdd/0x210 [jbd2]
  __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer at fs/jbd2/transaction.c:2569
  jbd2_journal_commit_transaction+0x2d15/0x3f20 [jbd2]
  (inlined by) jbd2_journal_commit_transaction at fs/jbd2/commit.c:1034
  kjournald2+0x13b/0x450 [jbd2]
  kthread+0x1cd/0x1f0
  ret_from_fork+0x27/0x50

 read to 0xffff99f9b1bd0e30 of 8 bytes by task 25724 on cpu 68:
  jbd2_write_access_granted+0x1b2/0x250 [jbd2]
  jbd2_write_access_granted at fs/jbd2/transaction.c:1155
  jbd2_journal_get_write_access+0x2c/0x60 [jbd2]
  __ext4_journal_get_write_access+0x50/0x90 [ext4]
  ext4_mb_mark_diskspace_used+0x158/0x620 [ext4]
  ext4_mb_new_blocks+0x54f/0xca0 [ext4]
  ext4_ind_map_blocks+0xc79/0x1b40 [ext4]
  ext4_map_blocks+0x3b4/0x950 [ext4]
  _ext4_get_block+0xfc/0x270 [ext4]
  ext4_get_block+0x3b/0x50 [ext4]
  __block_write_begin_int+0x22e/0xae0
  __block_write_begin+0x39/0x50
  ext4_write_begin+0x388/0xb50 [ext4]
  generic_perform_write+0x15d/0x290
  ext4_buffered_write_iter+0x11f/0x210 [ext4]
  ext4_file_write_iter+0xce/0x9e0 [ext4]
  new_sync_write+0x29c/0x3b0
  __vfs_write+0x92/0xa0
  vfs_write+0x103/0x260
  ksys_write+0x9d/0x130
  __x64_sys_write+0x4c/0x60
  do_syscall_64+0x91/0xb05
  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

 5 locks held by fsync04/25724:
  #0: ffff99f9911093f8 (sb_writers#13){.+.+}, at: vfs_write+0x21c/0x260
  #1: ffff99f9db4c0348 (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#15){+.+.}, at: ext4_buffered_write_iter+0x65/0x210 [ext4]
  #2: ffff99f5e7dfcf58 (jbd2_handle){++++}, at: start_this_handle+0x1c1/0x9d0 [jbd2]
  #3: ffff99f9db4c0168 (&ei->i_data_sem){++++}, at: ext4_map_blocks+0x176/0x950 [ext4]
  #4: ffffffff99086b40 (rcu_read_lock){....}, at: jbd2_write_access_granted+0x4e/0x250 [jbd2]
 irq event stamp: 1407125
 hardirqs last  enabled at (1407125): [<ffffffff980da9b7>] __find_get_block+0x107/0x790
 hardirqs last disabled at (1407124): [<ffffffff980da8f9>] __find_get_block+0x49/0x790
 softirqs last  enabled at (1405528): [<ffffffff98a0034c>] __do_softirq+0x34c/0x57c
 softirqs last disabled at (1405521): [<ffffffff97cc67a2>] irq_exit+0xa2/0xc0

 Reported by Kernel Concurrency Sanitizer on:
 CPU: 68 PID: 25724 Comm: fsync04 Tainted: G L 5.6.0-rc2-next-20200221+ #7
 Hardware name: HPE ProLiant DL385 Gen10/ProLiant DL385 Gen10, BIOS A40 07/10/2019

The plain reads are outside of jh->b_state_lock critical section which result
in data races. Fix them by adding pairs of READ|WRITE_ONCE().

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200222043111.2227-1-cai@lca.pw
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
diff --git a/fs/jbd2/transaction.c b/fs/jbd2/transaction.c
index d181948..3dccc23 100644
--- a/fs/jbd2/transaction.c
+++ b/fs/jbd2/transaction.c
@@ -1150,8 +1150,8 @@
 	/* For undo access buffer must have data copied */
 	if (undo && !jh->b_committed_data)
 		goto out;
-	if (jh->b_transaction != handle->h_transaction &&
-	    jh->b_next_transaction != handle->h_transaction)
+	if (READ_ONCE(jh->b_transaction) != handle->h_transaction &&
+	    READ_ONCE(jh->b_next_transaction) != handle->h_transaction)
 		goto out;
 	/*
 	 * There are two reasons for the barrier here:
@@ -2569,8 +2569,8 @@
 	 * our jh reference and thus __jbd2_journal_file_buffer() must not
 	 * take a new one.
 	 */
-	jh->b_transaction = jh->b_next_transaction;
-	jh->b_next_transaction = NULL;
+	WRITE_ONCE(jh->b_transaction, jh->b_next_transaction);
+	WRITE_ONCE(jh->b_next_transaction, NULL);
 	if (buffer_freed(bh))
 		jlist = BJ_Forget;
 	else if (jh->b_modified)