This is the cleanup of the latest series of prandom_u32 experimentations
consisting in using SipHash instead of Tausworthe to produce the randoms
used by the network stack. The changes to the files were kept minimal,
and the controversial commit that used to take noise from the fast_pool
(f227e3ec3b5c) was reverted. Instead, a dedicated "net_rand_noise" per_cpu
variable is fed from various sources of activities (networking, scheduling)
to perturb the SipHash state using fast, non-trivially predictable data,
instead of keeping it fully deterministic. The goal is essentially to make
any occasional memory leakage or brute-force attempt useless.

The resulting code was verified to be very slightly faster on x86_64 than
what is was with the controversial commit above, though this remains barely
above measurement noise. It was also tested on i386 and arm, and build-
tested only on arm64.

This v3 is a rebase on top of 5.9-final, and switches __this_cpu_read()
for this_cpu_read() to address a crash on i386+SMP+PREEMPT reported by
LTP. Nothing else was changed.
random32: add noise from network and scheduling activity

With the removal of the interrupt perturbations in previous random32
change (random32: make prandom_u32() output unpredictable), the PRNG
has become 100% deterministic again. While SipHash is expected to be
way more robust against brute force than the previous Tausworthe LFSR,
there's still the risk that whoever has even one temporary access to
the PRNG's internal state is able to predict all subsequent draws till
the next reseed (roughly every minute). This may happen through a side
channel attack or any data leak.

This patch restores the spirit of commit f227e3ec3b5c ("random32: update
the net random state on interrupt and activity") in that it will perturb
the internal PRNG's statee using externally collected noise, except that
it will not pick that noise from the random pool's bits nor upon
interrupt, but will rather combine a few elements along the Tx path
that are collectively hard to predict, such as dev, skb and txq
pointers, packet length and jiffies values. These ones are combined
using a single round of SipHash into a single long variable that is
mixed with the net_rand_state upon each invocation.

The operation was inlined because it produces very small and efficient
code, typically 3 xor, 2 add and 2 rol. The performance was measured
to be the same (even very slightly better) than before the switch to
SipHash; on a 6-core 12-thread Core i7-8700k equipped with a 40G NIC
(i40e), the connection rate dropped from 556k/s to 555k/s while the
SYN cookie rate grew from 5.38 Mpps to 5.45 Mpps.

Cc: George Spelvin <>
Cc: Amit Klein <>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <>
Cc: "Jason A. Donenfeld" <>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <>
Cc: Kees Cook <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Florian Westphal <>
Cc: Marc Plumb <>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <>
Signed-off-by: Willy Tarreau <>
4 files changed