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VPN daemon overview
Manager interface
Manager interface described in vpn-manager-api.txt is to be used
by both the connectivity UI and by ConnMan. The Create(),
Remove(), RegisterAgent() and UnregisterAgent() functions are for
UI usage. The GetConnections() method and ConnectionAdded() and
ConnectionRemoved() signals are for ConnMan VPN plugin to use.
The UI should use the methods like this:
- Ask VPN properties (like certs, usernames etc) from the user.
- Call Manager.Create() to create a VPN connection (note that
the system does not yet try to connect to VPN at this point)
- Register an agent to vpnd so that vpnd can ask any extra
parameters etc from the user if needed.
- If the user wants to connect to VPN gateway, then the
connection attempt should be done in ConnMan side as
there will be a service created there.
- If the user wishes to remove the VPN configuration, the UI
can call the Manager.Remove() which removes the VPN connection.
If the VPN was in use, the VPN connection is also disconnected.
- When UI is terminated, the UI should call the UnregisterAgent()
The ConnMan calls VPN daemon like this:
- There is a VPN plugin which at startup starts to listen the
ConnectionAdded() and ConnectionRemoved() signals.
- The VPN plugin will call GetConnections() in order to get
available VPN connections. It will then create a provider service
for each VPN connection that is returned.
- User can then connect to the VPN by calling the service Connect()
- The existing ConnMan Manager.ConnectProvider() interface can still
work by calling vpn.Manager.Create() and then call vpn.Connection.Connect()
but this ConnectProvider() interface will be deprecated at some
Connection interface
The Manager.Create() will return the object path of the created
vpn.Connection object and place it in idle state. Note that
vpn.Connection.PropertyChanged signal is not called when Connection
object is created because the same parameters are returned via
vpn.Manager.ConnectionAdded() signal.
The vpn.Connection object can be connected using the Connect() method
and disconnected by calling Disconnect() method. When the connection
is established (meaning VPN client has managed to create a connection
to VPN server), then State property is set to "ready" and PropertyChanged
signal is sent. If the connection cannot be established, then
State property is set to "failure".
After successful connection, the relevant connection properties are sent
by PropertyChanged signal; like IPv[4|6] information, the index of the
VPN tunneling interface (if there is any), nameserver information,
server specified routes etc.
VPN agent interface
VPN agent interface described in vpn-agent-api.txt is used for
interaction between the connectivity UI and ConnMan. A VPN agent
registered via Management interface gets requests from the VPN plugins
to input credentials or other authentication information for the VPN
connection and offers information about the VPN to be connected.
In addition to basic credentials, there are additional types of optional
and control parameters. The user can dictate whether to store the
credentials with the optional SaveCredentials value. The VPN plugins can
also define with the control values AllowStoreCredentials,
AllowRetrieveCredentials and KeepCredentials how the VPN agent must
handle the credentials. AllowStoreCredentials as false indicates that
client cannot use SaveCredentials option. AllowRetrieveCredentials set
as false, without AllowStoreCredentials set as false should not have
that same effect and in that case user is allowed to save credentials.
These three control values become useful when a VPN has two or more
sets of authentication credentials, second of which can be requested
when the VPN detects a need for them. The first, main credentials,
would be requested without these control values, so user is able to
select whether the credentials are saved or not with SaveCredentials
value. After the VPN initializes the connection and, e.g., needs to
decrypt a private key file, a new request is sent to VPN agent. In this
new request both AllowStoreCredentials and AllowRetrieveCredentials are
set as false indicating that in no circumstances existing credentials
stored are to be used and neither there should be option visible for
the user to select saving of the credentials. Depending on VPN agent
implementation these values can be interpreted as clearing of all the
existing credentials related to the VPN connection from the credential
storage. By including the KeepCredentials as true value the VPN can,
however, tell the VPN agent not to clear the credentials for this VPN
connection. The KeepCredentials is used to inform the VPN agent that
these new, second/third/etc. credentials are only to be queried from
the user and forgotten after that, when used in conjunction with the
AllowStoreCredentials and AllowRetrieveCredentials set as false.