blob: 0559923beced37da1d2e1ae01fb38840882232b1 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* utils.c
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru>
*
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <linux/pkt_sched.h>
#include <linux/param.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/mpls.h>
#include <linux/snmp.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#ifdef HAVE_LIBCAP
#include <sys/capability.h>
#endif
#include "rt_names.h"
#include "utils.h"
#include "ll_map.h"
#include "namespace.h"
int resolve_hosts;
int timestamp_short;
int pretty;
const char *_SL_ = "\n";
static int af_byte_len(int af);
static void print_time(char *buf, int len, __u32 time);
static void print_time64(char *buf, int len, __s64 time);
int read_prop(const char *dev, char *prop, long *value)
{
char fname[128], buf[80], *endp, *nl;
FILE *fp;
long result;
int ret;
ret = snprintf(fname, sizeof(fname), "/sys/class/net/%s/%s",
dev, prop);
if (ret <= 0 || ret >= sizeof(fname)) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not build pathname for property\n");
return -1;
}
fp = fopen(fname, "r");
if (fp == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "fopen %s: %s\n", fname, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
if (!fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp)) {
fprintf(stderr, "property \"%s\" in file %s is currently unknown\n", prop, fname);
fclose(fp);
goto out;
}
nl = strchr(buf, '\n');
if (nl)
*nl = '\0';
fclose(fp);
result = strtol(buf, &endp, 0);
if (*endp || buf == endp) {
fprintf(stderr, "value \"%s\" in file %s is not a number\n",
buf, fname);
goto out;
}
if ((result == LONG_MAX || result == LONG_MIN) && errno == ERANGE) {
fprintf(stderr, "strtol %s: %s", fname, strerror(errno));
goto out;
}
*value = result;
return 0;
out:
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to parse %s\n", fname);
return -1;
}
int get_hex(char c)
{
if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'F')
return c - 'A' + 10;
if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'f')
return c - 'a' + 10;
if (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
return c - '0';
return -1;
}
int get_integer(int *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
long res;
char *ptr;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtol(arg, &ptr, base);
/* If there were no digits at all, strtol() stores
* the original value of nptr in *endptr (and returns 0).
* In particular, if *nptr is not '\0' but **endptr is '\0' on return,
* the entire string is valid.
*/
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
/* If an underflow occurs, strtol() returns LONG_MIN.
* If an overflow occurs, strtol() returns LONG_MAX.
* In both cases, errno is set to ERANGE.
*/
if ((res == LONG_MAX || res == LONG_MIN) && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
/* Outside range of int */
if (res < INT_MIN || res > INT_MAX)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int mask2bits(__u32 netmask)
{
unsigned int bits = 0;
__u32 mask = ntohl(netmask);
__u32 host = ~mask;
/* a valid netmask must be 2^n - 1 */
if ((host & (host + 1)) != 0)
return -1;
for (; mask; mask <<= 1)
++bits;
return bits;
}
static int get_netmask(unsigned int *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
inet_prefix addr;
if (!get_unsigned(val, arg, base))
return 0;
/* try converting dotted quad to CIDR */
if (!get_addr_1(&addr, arg, AF_INET) && addr.family == AF_INET) {
int b = mask2bits(addr.data[0]);
if (b >= 0) {
*val = b;
return 0;
}
}
return -1;
}
int get_unsigned(unsigned int *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
unsigned long res;
char *ptr;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtoul(arg, &ptr, base);
/* empty string or trailing non-digits */
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
/* overflow */
if (res == ULONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
/* out side range of unsigned */
if (res > UINT_MAX)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
/*
* get_time_rtt is "translated" from a similar routine "get_time" in
* tc_util.c. We don't use the exact same routine because tc passes
* microseconds to the kernel and the callers of get_time_rtt want to
* pass milliseconds (standard unit for rtt values since 2.6.27), and
* have a different assumption for the units of a "raw" number.
*/
int get_time_rtt(unsigned int *val, const char *arg, int *raw)
{
double t;
unsigned long res;
char *p;
if (strchr(arg, '.') != NULL) {
t = strtod(arg, &p);
if (t < 0.0)
return -1;
/* no digits? */
if (!p || p == arg)
return -1;
/* over/underflow */
if ((t == HUGE_VALF || t == HUGE_VALL) && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
} else {
res = strtoul(arg, &p, 0);
/* empty string? */
if (!p || p == arg)
return -1;
/* overflow */
if (res == ULONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
t = (double)res;
}
if (p == arg)
return -1;
*raw = 1;
if (*p) {
*raw = 0;
if (strcasecmp(p, "s") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "sec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "secs") == 0)
t *= 1000;
else if (strcasecmp(p, "ms") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "msec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "msecs") == 0)
t *= 1.0; /* allow suffix, do nothing */
else
return -1;
}
/* emulate ceil() without having to bring-in -lm and always be >= 1 */
*val = t;
if (*val < t)
*val += 1;
return 0;
}
int get_u64(__u64 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
unsigned long long res;
char *ptr;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtoull(arg, &ptr, base);
/* empty string or trailing non-digits */
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
/* overflow */
if (res == ULLONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
/* in case ULL is 128 bits */
if (res > 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int get_u32(__u32 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
unsigned long res;
char *ptr;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtoul(arg, &ptr, base);
/* empty string or trailing non-digits */
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
/* overflow */
if (res == ULONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
/* in case UL > 32 bits */
if (res > 0xFFFFFFFFUL)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int get_u16(__u16 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
unsigned long res;
char *ptr;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtoul(arg, &ptr, base);
/* empty string or trailing non-digits */
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
/* overflow */
if (res == ULONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
if (res > 0xFFFFUL)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int get_u8(__u8 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
unsigned long res;
char *ptr;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtoul(arg, &ptr, base);
/* empty string or trailing non-digits */
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
/* overflow */
if (res == ULONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
if (res > 0xFFUL)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int get_s64(__s64 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
long long res;
char *ptr;
errno = 0;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtoll(arg, &ptr, base);
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
if ((res == LLONG_MIN || res == LLONG_MAX) && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
if (res > INT64_MAX || res < INT64_MIN)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int get_s32(__s32 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
long res;
char *ptr;
errno = 0;
if (!arg || !*arg)
return -1;
res = strtol(arg, &ptr, base);
if (!ptr || ptr == arg || *ptr)
return -1;
if ((res == LONG_MIN || res == LONG_MAX) && errno == ERANGE)
return -1;
if (res > INT32_MAX || res < INT32_MIN)
return -1;
*val = res;
return 0;
}
int get_be64(__be64 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
__u64 v;
int ret = get_u64(&v, arg, base);
if (!ret)
*val = htonll(v);
return ret;
}
int get_be32(__be32 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
__u32 v;
int ret = get_u32(&v, arg, base);
if (!ret)
*val = htonl(v);
return ret;
}
int get_be16(__be16 *val, const char *arg, int base)
{
__u16 v;
int ret = get_u16(&v, arg, base);
if (!ret)
*val = htons(v);
return ret;
}
/* This uses a non-standard parsing (ie not inet_aton, or inet_pton)
* because of legacy choice to parse 10.8 as 10.8.0.0 not 10.0.0.8
*/
static int get_addr_ipv4(__u8 *ap, const char *cp)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
unsigned long n;
char *endp;
n = strtoul(cp, &endp, 0);
if (n > 255)
return -1; /* bogus network value */
if (endp == cp) /* no digits */
return -1;
ap[i] = n;
if (*endp == '\0')
break;
if (i == 3 || *endp != '.')
return -1; /* extra characters */
cp = endp + 1;
}
return 1;
}
int get_addr64(__u64 *ap, const char *cp)
{
int i;
union {
__u16 v16[4];
__u64 v64;
} val;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
unsigned long n;
char *endp;
n = strtoul(cp, &endp, 16);
if (n > 0xffff)
return -1; /* bogus network value */
if (endp == cp) /* no digits */
return -1;
val.v16[i] = htons(n);
if (*endp == '\0')
break;
if (i == 3 || *endp != ':')
return -1; /* extra characters */
cp = endp + 1;
}
*ap = val.v64;
return 1;
}
static void set_address_type(inet_prefix *addr)
{
switch (addr->family) {
case AF_INET:
if (!addr->data[0])
addr->flags |= ADDRTYPE_INET_UNSPEC;
else if (IN_MULTICAST(ntohl(addr->data[0])))
addr->flags |= ADDRTYPE_INET_MULTI;
else
addr->flags |= ADDRTYPE_INET;
break;
case AF_INET6:
if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(addr->data))
addr->flags |= ADDRTYPE_INET_UNSPEC;
else if (IN6_IS_ADDR_MULTICAST(addr->data))
addr->flags |= ADDRTYPE_INET_MULTI;
else
addr->flags |= ADDRTYPE_INET;
break;
}
}
static int __get_addr_1(inet_prefix *addr, const char *name, int family)
{
memset(addr, 0, sizeof(*addr));
if (strcmp(name, "default") == 0) {
if ((family == AF_DECnet) || (family == AF_MPLS))
return -1;
addr->family = family;
addr->bytelen = af_byte_len(addr->family);
addr->bitlen = -2;
addr->flags |= PREFIXLEN_SPECIFIED;
return 0;
}
if (strcmp(name, "all") == 0 ||
strcmp(name, "any") == 0) {
if ((family == AF_DECnet) || (family == AF_MPLS))
return -1;
addr->family = family;
addr->bytelen = 0;
addr->bitlen = -2;
return 0;
}
if (family == AF_PACKET) {
int len;
len = ll_addr_a2n((char *) &addr->data, sizeof(addr->data),
name);
if (len < 0)
return -1;
addr->family = AF_PACKET;
addr->bytelen = len;
addr->bitlen = len * 8;
return 0;
}
if (strchr(name, ':')) {
addr->family = AF_INET6;
if (family != AF_UNSPEC && family != AF_INET6)
return -1;
if (inet_pton(AF_INET6, name, addr->data) <= 0)
return -1;
addr->bytelen = 16;
addr->bitlen = -1;
return 0;
}
if (family == AF_MPLS) {
unsigned int maxlabels;
int i;
addr->family = AF_MPLS;
if (mpls_pton(AF_MPLS, name, addr->data,
sizeof(addr->data)) <= 0)
return -1;
addr->bytelen = 4;
addr->bitlen = 20;
/* How many bytes do I need? */
maxlabels = sizeof(addr->data) / sizeof(struct mpls_label);
for (i = 0; i < maxlabels; i++) {
if (ntohl(addr->data[i]) & MPLS_LS_S_MASK) {
addr->bytelen = (i + 1)*4;
break;
}
}
return 0;
}
addr->family = AF_INET;
if (family != AF_UNSPEC && family != AF_INET)
return -1;
if (get_addr_ipv4((__u8 *)addr->data, name) <= 0)
return -1;
addr->bytelen = 4;
addr->bitlen = -1;
return 0;
}
int get_addr_1(inet_prefix *addr, const char *name, int family)
{
int ret;
ret = __get_addr_1(addr, name, family);
if (ret)
return ret;
set_address_type(addr);
return 0;
}
int af_bit_len(int af)
{
switch (af) {
case AF_INET6:
return 128;
case AF_INET:
return 32;
case AF_DECnet:
return 16;
case AF_IPX:
return 80;
case AF_MPLS:
return 20;
}
return 0;
}
static int af_byte_len(int af)
{
return af_bit_len(af) / 8;
}
int get_prefix_1(inet_prefix *dst, char *arg, int family)
{
char *slash;
int err, bitlen, flags;
slash = strchr(arg, '/');
if (slash)
*slash = 0;
err = get_addr_1(dst, arg, family);
if (slash)
*slash = '/';
if (err)
return err;
bitlen = af_bit_len(dst->family);
flags = 0;
if (slash) {
unsigned int plen;
if (dst->bitlen == -2)
return -1;
if (get_netmask(&plen, slash + 1, 0))
return -1;
if (plen > bitlen)
return -1;
flags |= PREFIXLEN_SPECIFIED;
bitlen = plen;
} else {
if (dst->bitlen == -2)
bitlen = 0;
}
dst->flags |= flags;
dst->bitlen = bitlen;
return 0;
}
static const char *family_name_verbose(int family)
{
if (family == AF_UNSPEC)
return "any valid";
return family_name(family);
}
int get_addr(inet_prefix *dst, const char *arg, int family)
{
if (get_addr_1(dst, arg, family)) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: %s address is expected rather than \"%s\".\n",
family_name_verbose(family), arg);
exit(1);
}
return 0;
}
int get_addr_rta(inet_prefix *dst, const struct rtattr *rta, int family)
{
const int len = RTA_PAYLOAD(rta);
const void *data = RTA_DATA(rta);
switch (len) {
case 4:
dst->family = AF_INET;
dst->bytelen = 4;
memcpy(dst->data, data, 4);
break;
case 16:
dst->family = AF_INET6;
dst->bytelen = 16;
memcpy(dst->data, data, 16);
break;
case 2:
dst->family = AF_DECnet;
dst->bytelen = 2;
memcpy(dst->data, data, 2);
break;
case 10:
dst->family = AF_IPX;
dst->bytelen = 10;
memcpy(dst->data, data, 10);
break;
default:
return -1;
}
if (family != AF_UNSPEC && family != dst->family)
return -2;
dst->bitlen = -1;
dst->flags = 0;
set_address_type(dst);
return 0;
}
int get_prefix(inet_prefix *dst, char *arg, int family)
{
if (family == AF_PACKET) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: \"%s\" may be inet prefix, but it is not allowed in this context.\n",
arg);
exit(1);
}
if (get_prefix_1(dst, arg, family)) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: %s prefix is expected rather than \"%s\".\n",
family_name_verbose(family), arg);
exit(1);
}
return 0;
}
__u32 get_addr32(const char *name)
{
inet_prefix addr;
if (get_addr_1(&addr, name, AF_INET)) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: an IP address is expected rather than \"%s\"\n",
name);
exit(1);
}
return addr.data[0];
}
void incomplete_command(void)
{
fprintf(stderr, "Command line is not complete. Try option \"help\"\n");
exit(-1);
}
void missarg(const char *key)
{
fprintf(stderr, "Error: argument \"%s\" is required\n", key);
exit(-1);
}
void invarg(const char *msg, const char *arg)
{
fprintf(stderr, "Error: argument \"%s\" is wrong: %s\n", arg, msg);
exit(-1);
}
void duparg(const char *key, const char *arg)
{
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: duplicate \"%s\": \"%s\" is the second value.\n",
key, arg);
exit(-1);
}
void duparg2(const char *key, const char *arg)
{
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: either \"%s\" is duplicate, or \"%s\" is a garbage.\n",
key, arg);
exit(-1);
}
int nodev(const char *dev)
{
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find device \"%s\"\n", dev);
return -1;
}
static int __check_ifname(const char *name)
{
if (*name == '\0')
return -1;
while (*name) {
if (*name == '/' || isspace(*name))
return -1;
++name;
}
return 0;
}
int check_ifname(const char *name)
{
/* These checks mimic kernel checks in dev_valid_name */
if (strlen(name) >= IFNAMSIZ)
return -1;
return __check_ifname(name);
}
int check_altifname(const char *name)
{
return __check_ifname(name);
}
/* buf is assumed to be IFNAMSIZ */
int get_ifname(char *buf, const char *name)
{
int ret;
ret = check_ifname(name);
if (ret == 0)
strncpy(buf, name, IFNAMSIZ);
return ret;
}
const char *get_ifname_rta(int ifindex, const struct rtattr *rta)
{
const char *name;
if (rta) {
name = rta_getattr_str(rta);
} else {
fprintf(stderr,
"BUG: device with ifindex %d has nil ifname\n",
ifindex);
name = ll_idx_n2a(ifindex);
}
if (check_ifname(name))
return NULL;
return name;
}
/* Returns false if 'prefix' is a not empty prefix of 'string'.
*/
bool matches(const char *prefix, const char *string)
{
if (!*prefix)
return true;
while (*string && *prefix == *string) {
prefix++;
string++;
}
return !!*prefix;
}
int inet_addr_match(const inet_prefix *a, const inet_prefix *b, int bits)
{
const __u32 *a1 = a->data;
const __u32 *a2 = b->data;
int words = bits >> 0x05;
bits &= 0x1f;
if (words)
if (memcmp(a1, a2, words << 2))
return -1;
if (bits) {
__u32 w1, w2;
__u32 mask;
w1 = a1[words];
w2 = a2[words];
mask = htonl((0xffffffff) << (0x20 - bits));
if ((w1 ^ w2) & mask)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
int inet_addr_match_rta(const inet_prefix *m, const struct rtattr *rta)
{
inet_prefix dst;
if (!rta || m->family == AF_UNSPEC || m->bitlen <= 0)
return 0;
if (get_addr_rta(&dst, rta, m->family))
return -1;
return inet_addr_match(&dst, m, m->bitlen);
}
int __iproute2_hz_internal;
int __get_hz(void)
{
char name[1024];
int hz = 0;
FILE *fp;
if (getenv("HZ"))
return atoi(getenv("HZ")) ? : HZ;
if (getenv("PROC_NET_PSCHED"))
snprintf(name, sizeof(name)-1,
"%s", getenv("PROC_NET_PSCHED"));
else if (getenv("PROC_ROOT"))
snprintf(name, sizeof(name)-1,
"%s/net/psched", getenv("PROC_ROOT"));
else
strcpy(name, "/proc/net/psched");
fp = fopen(name, "r");
if (fp) {
unsigned int nom, denom;
if (fscanf(fp, "%*08x%*08x%08x%08x", &nom, &denom) == 2)
if (nom == 1000000)
hz = denom;
fclose(fp);
}
if (hz)
return hz;
return HZ;
}
int __iproute2_user_hz_internal;
int __get_user_hz(void)
{
return sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK);
}
const char *rt_addr_n2a_r(int af, int len,
const void *addr, char *buf, int buflen)
{
switch (af) {
case AF_INET:
case AF_INET6:
return inet_ntop(af, addr, buf, buflen);
case AF_MPLS:
return mpls_ntop(af, addr, buf, buflen);
case AF_PACKET:
return ll_addr_n2a(addr, len, ARPHRD_VOID, buf, buflen);
case AF_BRIDGE:
{
const union {
struct sockaddr sa;
struct sockaddr_in sin;
struct sockaddr_in6 sin6;
} *sa = addr;
switch (sa->sa.sa_family) {
case AF_INET:
return inet_ntop(AF_INET, &sa->sin.sin_addr,
buf, buflen);
case AF_INET6:
return inet_ntop(AF_INET6, &sa->sin6.sin6_addr,
buf, buflen);
}
/* fallthrough */
}
default:
return "???";
}
}
const char *rt_addr_n2a(int af, int len, const void *addr)
{
static char buf[256];
return rt_addr_n2a_r(af, len, addr, buf, 256);
}
int read_family(const char *name)
{
int family = AF_UNSPEC;
if (strcmp(name, "inet") == 0)
family = AF_INET;
else if (strcmp(name, "inet6") == 0)
family = AF_INET6;
else if (strcmp(name, "link") == 0)
family = AF_PACKET;
else if (strcmp(name, "ipx") == 0)
family = AF_IPX;
else if (strcmp(name, "mpls") == 0)
family = AF_MPLS;
else if (strcmp(name, "bridge") == 0)
family = AF_BRIDGE;
return family;
}
const char *family_name(int family)
{
if (family == AF_INET)
return "inet";
if (family == AF_INET6)
return "inet6";
if (family == AF_PACKET)
return "link";
if (family == AF_IPX)
return "ipx";
if (family == AF_MPLS)
return "mpls";
if (family == AF_BRIDGE)
return "bridge";
return "???";
}
#ifdef RESOLVE_HOSTNAMES
struct namerec {
struct namerec *next;
const char *name;
inet_prefix addr;
};
#define NHASH 257
static struct namerec *nht[NHASH];
static const char *resolve_address(const void *addr, int len, int af)
{
struct namerec *n;
struct hostent *h_ent;
unsigned int hash;
static int notfirst;
if (af == AF_INET6 && ((__u32 *)addr)[0] == 0 &&
((__u32 *)addr)[1] == 0 && ((__u32 *)addr)[2] == htonl(0xffff)) {
af = AF_INET;
addr += 12;
len = 4;
}
hash = *(__u32 *)(addr + len - 4) % NHASH;
for (n = nht[hash]; n; n = n->next) {
if (n->addr.family == af &&
n->addr.bytelen == len &&
memcmp(n->addr.data, addr, len) == 0)
return n->name;
}
n = malloc(sizeof(*n));
if (n == NULL)
return NULL;
n->addr.family = af;
n->addr.bytelen = len;
n->name = NULL;
memcpy(n->addr.data, addr, len);
n->next = nht[hash];
nht[hash] = n;
if (++notfirst == 1)
sethostent(1);
fflush(stdout);
h_ent = gethostbyaddr(addr, len, af);
if (h_ent != NULL)
n->name = strdup(h_ent->h_name);
/* Even if we fail, "negative" entry is remembered. */
return n->name;
}
#endif
const char *format_host_r(int af, int len, const void *addr,
char *buf, int buflen)
{
#ifdef RESOLVE_HOSTNAMES
if (resolve_hosts) {
const char *n;
len = len <= 0 ? af_byte_len(af) : len;
if (len > 0 &&
(n = resolve_address(addr, len, af)) != NULL)
return n;
}
#endif
return rt_addr_n2a_r(af, len, addr, buf, buflen);
}
const char *format_host(int af, int len, const void *addr)
{
static char buf[256];
return format_host_r(af, len, addr, buf, 256);
}
char *hexstring_n2a(const __u8 *str, int len, char *buf, int blen)
{
char *ptr = buf;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
if (blen < 3)
break;
sprintf(ptr, "%02x", str[i]);
ptr += 2;
blen -= 2;
}
return buf;
}
__u8 *hexstring_a2n(const char *str, __u8 *buf, int blen, unsigned int *len)
{
unsigned int cnt = 0;
char *endptr;
if (strlen(str) % 2)
return NULL;
while (cnt < blen && strlen(str) > 1) {
unsigned int tmp;
char tmpstr[3];
strncpy(tmpstr, str, 2);
tmpstr[2] = '\0';
errno = 0;
tmp = strtoul(tmpstr, &endptr, 16);
if (errno != 0 || tmp > 0xFF || *endptr != '\0')
return NULL;
buf[cnt++] = tmp;
str += 2;
}
if (len)
*len = cnt;
return buf;
}
int hex2mem(const char *buf, uint8_t *mem, int count)
{
int i, j;
int c;
for (i = 0, j = 0; i < count; i++, j += 2) {
c = get_hex(buf[j]);
if (c < 0)
return -1;
mem[i] = c << 4;
c = get_hex(buf[j + 1]);
if (c < 0)
return -1;
mem[i] |= c;
}
return 0;
}
int addr64_n2a(__u64 addr, char *buff, size_t len)
{
__u16 *words = (__u16 *)&addr;
__u16 v;
int i, ret;
size_t written = 0;
char *sep = ":";
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
v = ntohs(words[i]);
if (i == 3)
sep = "";
ret = snprintf(&buff[written], len - written, "%x%s", v, sep);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
written += ret;
}
return written;
}
/* Print buffer and escape bytes that are !isprint or among 'escape' */
void print_escape_buf(const __u8 *buf, size_t len, const char *escape)
{
size_t i;
for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
if (isprint(buf[i]) && buf[i] != '\\' &&
!strchr(escape, buf[i]))
printf("%c", buf[i]);
else
printf("\\%03o", buf[i]);
}
}
int print_timestamp(FILE *fp)
{
struct timeval tv;
struct tm *tm;
gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
tm = localtime(&tv.tv_sec);
if (timestamp_short) {
char tshort[40];
strftime(tshort, sizeof(tshort), "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S", tm);
fprintf(fp, "[%s.%06ld] ", tshort, tv.tv_usec);
} else {
char *tstr = asctime(tm);
tstr[strlen(tstr)-1] = 0;
fprintf(fp, "Timestamp: %s %ld usec\n",
tstr, tv.tv_usec);
}
return 0;
}
unsigned int print_name_and_link(const char *fmt,
const char *name, struct rtattr *tb[])
{
const char *link = NULL;
unsigned int m_flag = 0;
SPRINT_BUF(b1);
if (tb[IFLA_LINK]) {
int iflink = rta_getattr_u32(tb[IFLA_LINK]);
if (iflink) {
if (tb[IFLA_LINK_NETNSID]) {
if (is_json_context()) {
print_int(PRINT_JSON,
"link_index", NULL, iflink);
} else {
link = ll_idx_n2a(iflink);
}
} else {
link = ll_index_to_name(iflink);
if (is_json_context()) {
print_string(PRINT_JSON,
"link", NULL, link);
link = NULL;
}
m_flag = ll_index_to_flags(iflink);
m_flag = !(m_flag & IFF_UP);
}
} else {
if (is_json_context())
print_null(PRINT_JSON, "link", NULL, NULL);
else
link = "NONE";
}
if (link) {
snprintf(b1, sizeof(b1), "%s@%s", name, link);
name = b1;
}
}
print_color_string(PRINT_ANY, COLOR_IFNAME, "ifname", fmt, name);
return m_flag;
}
int cmdlineno;
/* Like glibc getline but handle continuation lines and comments */
ssize_t getcmdline(char **linep, size_t *lenp, FILE *in)
{
ssize_t cc;
char *cp;
cc = getline(linep, lenp, in);
if (cc < 0)
return cc; /* eof or error */
++cmdlineno;
cp = strchr(*linep, '#');
if (cp)
*cp = '\0';
while ((cp = strstr(*linep, "\\\n")) != NULL) {
char *line1 = NULL;
size_t len1 = 0;
ssize_t cc1;
cc1 = getline(&line1, &len1, in);
if (cc1 < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Missing continuation line\n");
return cc1;
}
++cmdlineno;
*cp = 0;
cp = strchr(line1, '#');
if (cp)
*cp = '\0';
*lenp = strlen(*linep) + strlen(line1) + 1;
*linep = realloc(*linep, *lenp);
if (!*linep) {
fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory\n");
*lenp = 0;
return -1;
}
cc += cc1 - 2;
strcat(*linep, line1);
free(line1);
}
return cc;
}
/* split command line into argument vector */
int makeargs(char *line, char *argv[], int maxargs)
{
static const char ws[] = " \t\r\n";
char *cp = line;
int argc = 0;
while (*cp) {
/* skip leading whitespace */
cp += strspn(cp, ws);
if (*cp == '\0')
break;
if (argc >= (maxargs - 1)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Too many arguments to command\n");
exit(1);
}
/* word begins with quote */
if (*cp == '\'' || *cp == '"') {
char quote = *cp++;
argv[argc++] = cp;
/* find ending quote */
cp = strchr(cp, quote);
if (cp == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "Unterminated quoted string\n");
exit(1);
}
} else {
argv[argc++] = cp;
/* find end of word */
cp += strcspn(cp, ws);
if (*cp == '\0')
break;
}
/* separate words */
*cp++ = 0;
}
argv[argc] = NULL;
return argc;
}
void print_nlmsg_timestamp(FILE *fp, const struct nlmsghdr *n)
{
char *tstr;
time_t secs = ((__u32 *)NLMSG_DATA(n))[0];
long usecs = ((__u32 *)NLMSG_DATA(n))[1];
tstr = asctime(localtime(&secs));
tstr[strlen(tstr)-1] = 0;
fprintf(fp, "Timestamp: %s %lu us\n", tstr, usecs);
}
char *int_to_str(int val, char *buf)
{
sprintf(buf, "%d", val);
return buf;
}
int get_guid(__u64 *guid, const char *arg)
{
unsigned long tmp;
char *endptr;
int i;
#define GUID_STR_LEN 23
/* Verify strict format: format string must be
* xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx where xx can be an arbitrary
* hex digit
*/
if (strlen(arg) != GUID_STR_LEN)
return -1;
/* make sure columns are in place */
for (i = 0; i < 7; i++)
if (arg[2 + i * 3] != ':')
return -1;
*guid = 0;
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
tmp = strtoul(arg + i * 3, &endptr, 16);
if (endptr != arg + i * 3 + 2)
return -1;
if (tmp > 255)
return -1;
*guid |= tmp << (56 - 8 * i);
}
return 0;
}
/* This is a necessary workaround for multicast route dumps */
int get_real_family(int rtm_type, int rtm_family)
{
if (rtm_type != RTN_MULTICAST)
return rtm_family;
if (rtm_family == RTNL_FAMILY_IPMR)
return AF_INET;
if (rtm_family == RTNL_FAMILY_IP6MR)
return AF_INET6;
return rtm_family;
}
/* Based on copy_rtnl_link_stats() from kernel at net/core/rtnetlink.c */
static void copy_rtnl_link_stats64(struct rtnl_link_stats64 *stats64,
const struct rtnl_link_stats *stats)
{
__u64 *a = (__u64 *)stats64;
const __u32 *b = (const __u32 *)stats;
const __u32 *e = b + sizeof(*stats) / sizeof(*b);
while (b < e)
*a++ = *b++;
}
#define IPSTATS_MIB_MAX_LEN (__IPSTATS_MIB_MAX * sizeof(__u64))
static void get_snmp_counters(struct rtnl_link_stats64 *stats64,
struct rtattr *s)
{
__u64 *mib = (__u64 *)RTA_DATA(s);
memset(stats64, 0, sizeof(*stats64));
stats64->rx_packets = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_INPKTS];
stats64->rx_bytes = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_INOCTETS];
stats64->tx_packets = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_OUTPKTS];
stats64->tx_bytes = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_OUTOCTETS];
stats64->rx_errors = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_INDISCARDS];
stats64->tx_errors = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS];
stats64->multicast = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_INMCASTPKTS];
stats64->rx_frame_errors = mib[IPSTATS_MIB_CSUMERRORS];
}
int get_rtnl_link_stats_rta(struct rtnl_link_stats64 *stats64,
struct rtattr *tb[])
{
struct rtnl_link_stats stats;
void *s;
struct rtattr *rta;
int size, len;
if (tb[IFLA_STATS64]) {
rta = tb[IFLA_STATS64];
size = sizeof(struct rtnl_link_stats64);
s = stats64;
} else if (tb[IFLA_STATS]) {
rta = tb[IFLA_STATS];
size = sizeof(struct rtnl_link_stats);
s = &stats;
} else if (tb[IFLA_PROTINFO]) {
struct rtattr *ptb[IPSTATS_MIB_MAX_LEN + 1];
parse_rtattr_nested(ptb, IPSTATS_MIB_MAX_LEN,
tb[IFLA_PROTINFO]);
if (ptb[IFLA_INET6_STATS])
get_snmp_counters(stats64, ptb[IFLA_INET6_STATS]);
return sizeof(*stats64);
} else {
return -1;
}
len = RTA_PAYLOAD(rta);
if (len < size)
memset(s + len, 0, size - len);
else
len = size;
memcpy(s, RTA_DATA(rta), len);
if (s != stats64)
copy_rtnl_link_stats64(stats64, s);
return size;
}
#ifdef NEED_STRLCPY
size_t strlcpy(char *dst, const char *src, size_t size)
{
size_t srclen = strlen(src);
if (size) {
size_t minlen = min(srclen, size - 1);
memcpy(dst, src, minlen);
dst[minlen] = '\0';
}
return srclen;
}
size_t strlcat(char *dst, const char *src, size_t size)
{
size_t dlen = strlen(dst);
if (dlen >= size)
return dlen + strlen(src);
return dlen + strlcpy(dst + dlen, src, size - dlen);
}
#endif
void drop_cap(void)
{
#ifdef HAVE_LIBCAP
/* don't harmstring root/sudo */
if (getuid() != 0 && geteuid() != 0) {
cap_t capabilities;
cap_value_t net_admin = CAP_NET_ADMIN;
cap_flag_t inheritable = CAP_INHERITABLE;
cap_flag_value_t is_set;
capabilities = cap_get_proc();
if (!capabilities)
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
if (cap_get_flag(capabilities, net_admin, inheritable,
&is_set) != 0)
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
/* apps with ambient caps can fork and call ip */
if (is_set == CAP_CLEAR) {
if (cap_clear(capabilities) != 0)
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
if (cap_set_proc(capabilities) != 0)
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
cap_free(capabilities);
}
#endif
}
int get_time(unsigned int *time, const char *str)
{
double t;
char *p;
t = strtod(str, &p);
if (p == str)
return -1;
if (*p) {
if (strcasecmp(p, "s") == 0 || strcasecmp(p, "sec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "secs") == 0)
t *= TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC;
else if (strcasecmp(p, "ms") == 0 || strcasecmp(p, "msec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "msecs") == 0)
t *= TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC/1000;
else if (strcasecmp(p, "us") == 0 || strcasecmp(p, "usec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "usecs") == 0)
t *= TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC/1000000;
else
return -1;
}
*time = t;
return 0;
}
static void print_time(char *buf, int len, __u32 time)
{
double tmp = time;
if (tmp >= TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC)
snprintf(buf, len, "%.3gs", tmp/TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC);
else if (tmp >= TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC/1000)
snprintf(buf, len, "%.3gms", tmp/(TIME_UNITS_PER_SEC/1000));
else
snprintf(buf, len, "%uus", time);
}
char *sprint_time(__u32 time, char *buf)
{
print_time(buf, SPRINT_BSIZE-1, time);
return buf;
}
/* 64 bit times are represented internally in nanoseconds */
int get_time64(__s64 *time, const char *str)
{
double nsec;
char *p;
nsec = strtod(str, &p);
if (p == str)
return -1;
if (*p) {
if (strcasecmp(p, "s") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "sec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "secs") == 0)
nsec *= NSEC_PER_SEC;
else if (strcasecmp(p, "ms") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "msec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "msecs") == 0)
nsec *= NSEC_PER_MSEC;
else if (strcasecmp(p, "us") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "usec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "usecs") == 0)
nsec *= NSEC_PER_USEC;
else if (strcasecmp(p, "ns") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "nsec") == 0 ||
strcasecmp(p, "nsecs") == 0)
nsec *= 1;
else
return -1;
}
*time = nsec;
return 0;
}
static void print_time64(char *buf, int len, __s64 time)
{
double nsec = time;
if (time >= NSEC_PER_SEC)
snprintf(buf, len, "%.3gs", nsec/NSEC_PER_SEC);
else if (time >= NSEC_PER_MSEC)
snprintf(buf, len, "%.3gms", nsec/NSEC_PER_MSEC);
else if (time >= NSEC_PER_USEC)
snprintf(buf, len, "%.3gus", nsec/NSEC_PER_USEC);
else
snprintf(buf, len, "%lldns", time);
}
char *sprint_time64(__s64 time, char *buf)
{
print_time64(buf, SPRINT_BSIZE-1, time);
return buf;
}
int do_batch(const char *name, bool force,
int (*cmd)(int argc, char *argv[], void *data), void *data)
{
char *line = NULL;
size_t len = 0;
int ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
if (name && strcmp(name, "-") != 0) {
if (freopen(name, "r", stdin) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Cannot open file \"%s\" for reading: %s\n",
name, strerror(errno));
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
}
cmdlineno = 0;
while (getcmdline(&line, &len, stdin) != -1) {
char *largv[MAX_ARGS];
int largc;
largc = makeargs(line, largv, MAX_ARGS);
if (!largc)
continue; /* blank line */
if (cmd(largc, largv, data)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Command failed %s:%d\n",
name, cmdlineno);
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
if (!force)
break;
}
}
if (line)
free(line);
return ret;
}
int parse_one_of(const char *msg, const char *realval, const char * const *list,
size_t len, int *p_err)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
if (list[i] && matches(realval, list[i]) == 0) {
*p_err = 0;
return i;
}
}
fprintf(stderr, "Error: argument of \"%s\" must be one of ", msg);
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
if (list[i])
fprintf(stderr, "\"%s\", ", list[i]);
fprintf(stderr, "not \"%s\"\n", realval);
*p_err = -EINVAL;
return 0;
}
bool parse_on_off(const char *msg, const char *realval, int *p_err)
{
static const char * const values_on_off[] = { "off", "on" };
return parse_one_of(msg, realval, values_on_off, ARRAY_SIZE(values_on_off), p_err);
}
int parse_mapping_gen(int *argcp, char ***argvp,
int (*key_cb)(__u32 *keyp, const char *key),
int (*mapping_cb)(__u32 key, char *value, void *data),
void *mapping_cb_data)
{
int argc = *argcp;
char **argv = *argvp;
int ret = 0;
while (argc > 0) {
char *colon = strchr(*argv, ':');
__u32 key;
if (!colon)
break;
*colon = '\0';
if (key_cb(&key, *argv)) {
ret = 1;
break;
}
if (mapping_cb(key, colon + 1, mapping_cb_data)) {
ret = 1;
break;
}
argc--, argv++;
}
*argcp = argc;
*argvp = argv;
return ret;
}
static int parse_mapping_num(__u32 *keyp, const char *key)
{
return get_u32(keyp, key, 0);
}
int parse_mapping_num_all(__u32 *keyp, const char *key)
{
if (matches(key, "all") == 0) {
*keyp = (__u32) -1;
return 0;
}
return parse_mapping_num(keyp, key);
}
int parse_mapping(int *argcp, char ***argvp, bool allow_all,
int (*mapping_cb)(__u32 key, char *value, void *data),
void *mapping_cb_data)
{
if (allow_all)
return parse_mapping_gen(argcp, argvp, parse_mapping_num_all,
mapping_cb, mapping_cb_data);
else
return parse_mapping_gen(argcp, argvp, parse_mapping_num,
mapping_cb, mapping_cb_data);
}
int str_map_lookup_str(const struct str_num_map *map, const char *needle)
{
if (!needle)
return -EINVAL;
/* Process array which is NULL terminated by the string. */
while (map && map->str) {
if (strcmp(map->str, needle) == 0)
return map->num;
map++;
}
return -EINVAL;
}
const char *str_map_lookup_uint(const struct str_num_map *map, unsigned int val)
{
unsigned int num = val;
while (map && map->str) {
if (num == map->num)
return map->str;
map++;
}
return NULL;
}
const char *str_map_lookup_u16(const struct str_num_map *map, uint16_t val)
{
unsigned int num = val;
while (map && map->str) {
if (num == map->num)
return map->str;
map++;
}
return NULL;
}
const char *str_map_lookup_u8(const struct str_num_map *map, uint8_t val)
{
unsigned int num = val;
while (map && map->str) {
if (num == map->num)
return map->str;
map++;
}
return NULL;
}
unsigned int get_str_char_count(const char *str, int match)
{
unsigned int count = 0;
const char *pos = str;
while ((pos = strchr(pos, match))) {
count++;
pos++;
}
return count;
}
int str_split_by_char(char *str, char **before, char **after, int match)
{
char *slash;
slash = strrchr(str, match);
if (!slash)
return -EINVAL;
*slash = '\0';
*before = str;
*after = slash + 1;
return 0;
}
struct indent_mem *alloc_indent_mem(void)
{
struct indent_mem *mem = malloc(sizeof(*mem));
if (!mem)
return NULL;
strcpy(mem->indent_str, "");
mem->indent_level = 0;
return mem;
}
void free_indent_mem(struct indent_mem *mem)
{
free(mem);
}
#define INDENT_STR_STEP 2
void inc_indent(struct indent_mem *mem)
{
if (mem->indent_level + INDENT_STR_STEP > INDENT_STR_MAXLEN)
return;
mem->indent_level += INDENT_STR_STEP;
memset(mem->indent_str, ' ', sizeof(mem->indent_str));
mem->indent_str[mem->indent_level] = '\0';
}
void dec_indent(struct indent_mem *mem)
{
if (mem->indent_level - INDENT_STR_STEP < 0)
return;
mem->indent_level -= INDENT_STR_STEP;
mem->indent_str[mem->indent_level] = '\0';
}
void print_indent(struct indent_mem *mem)
{
if (mem->indent_level)
printf("%s", mem->indent_str);
}