blob: 7cf48abbd90abc59d2d17fae9c22ebc69cc88c6a [file] [log] [blame]
gact <ACTION> [RAND] [INDEX]
Where:
ACTION := reclassify | drop | continue | pass | ok
RAND := random <RANDTYPE> <ACTION> <VAL>
RANDTYPE := netrand | determ
VAL : = value not exceeding 10000
INDEX := index value used
ACTION semantics
- pass and ok are equivalent to accept
- continue allows one to restart classification lookup
- drop drops packets
- reclassify implies continue classification where we left off
randomization
--------------
At the moment there are only two algorithms. One is deterministic
and the other uses internal kernel netrand.
Examples:
Rules can be installed on both ingress and egress - this shows ingress
only
tc qdisc add dev eth0 ingress
# example 1
tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: protocol ip prio 6 u32 match ip src \
10.0.0.9/32 flowid 1:16 action drop
ping -c 20 10.0.0.9
--
filter u32
filter u32 fh 800: ht divisor 1
filter u32 fh 800::800 order 2048 key ht 800 bkt 0 flowid 1:16 (rule hit 32 success 20)
match 0a000009/ffffffff at 12 (success 20 )
action order 1: gact action drop
random type none pass val 0
index 1 ref 1 bind 1 installed 59 sec used 35 sec
Sent 1680 bytes 20 pkts (dropped 20, overlimits 0 )
----
# example 2
#allow 1 out 10 randomly using the netrand generator
tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: protocol ip prio 6 u32 match ip src \
10.0.0.9/32 flowid 1:16 action drop random netrand ok 10
ping -c 20 10.0.0.9
----
filter protocol ip pref 6 u32 filter protocol ip pref 6 u32 fh 800: ht divisor 1filter protocol ip pref 6 u32 fh 800::800 order 2048 key ht 800 bkt 0 flowid 1:16 (rule hit 20 success 20)
match 0a000009/ffffffff at 12 (success 20 )
action order 1: gact action drop
random type netrand pass val 10
index 5 ref 1 bind 1 installed 49 sec used 25 sec
Sent 1680 bytes 20 pkts (dropped 16, overlimits 0 )
--------
#alternative: deterministically accept every second packet
tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: protocol ip prio 6 u32 match ip src \
10.0.0.9/32 flowid 1:16 action drop random determ ok 2
ping -c 20 10.0.0.9
tc -s filter show parent ffff: dev eth0
-----
filter protocol ip pref 6 u32 filter protocol ip pref 6 u32 fh 800: ht divisor 1filter protocol ip pref 6 u32 fh 800::800 order 2048 key ht 800 bkt 0 flowid 1:16 (rule hit 20 success 20)
match 0a000009/ffffffff at 12 (success 20 )
action order 1: gact action drop
random type determ pass val 2
index 4 ref 1 bind 1 installed 118 sec used 82 sec
Sent 1680 bytes 20 pkts (dropped 10, overlimits 0 )
-----