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/*
* setpwnam.c -- edit an entry in a password database.
*
* (c) 1994 Salvatore Valente <svalente@mit.edu>
* This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
* License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Edited 11/10/96 (DD/MM/YY ;-) by Nicolai Langfeldt (janl@math.uio.no)
* to read /etc/passwd directly so that passwd, chsh and chfn can work on
* machines that run NIS (previously YP). Changes will not be made to
* usernames starting with +.
*
* This file is distributed with no warranty.
*
* Usage:
* 1) get a struct passwd * from getpwnam().
* You should assume a struct passwd has an infinite number of fields, so
* you should not try to create one from scratch.
* 2) edit the fields you want to edit.
* 3) call setpwnam() with the edited struct passwd.
*
* A _normal user_ program should never directly manipulate etc/passwd but
* /use getpwnam() and (family, as well as) setpwnam().
*
* But, setpwnam was made to _edit_ the password file. For use by chfn,
* chsh and passwd. _I_ _HAVE_ to read and write /etc/passwd directly. Let
* those who say nay be forever silent and think about how getpwnam (and
* family) works on a machine running YP.
*
* Added checks for failure of malloc() and removed error reporting to
* stderr, this is a library function and should not print on the screen,
* but return appropriate error codes.
* 27-Jan-97 - poe@daimi.aau.dk
*
* Thanks to "two guys named Ian".
*
* $Author: poer $
* $Revision: 1.13 $
* $Date: 1997/06/23 08:26:29 $
*/
#undef DEBUG
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <paths.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <shadow.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "c.h"
#include "fileutils.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#include "setpwnam.h"
static void pw_init(void);
/*
* setpwnam () --
* takes a struct passwd in which every field is filled in and valid.
* If the given username exists in the passwd file, the entry is
* replaced with the given entry.
*/
int setpwnam(struct passwd *pwd, const char *prefix)
{
FILE *fp = NULL, *pwf = NULL;
int save_errno, rc;
uint8_t found = 0;
size_t namelen;
size_t contlen;
size_t buflen = 256;
char *linebuf = NULL;
char *tmpname = NULL;
pw_init();
if ((fp = xfmkstemp(&tmpname, "/etc", prefix)) == NULL)
return -1;
/* ptmp should be owned by root.root or root.wheel */
if (fchown(fileno(fp), (uid_t) 0, (gid_t) 0) < 0)
goto fail;
/* acquire exclusive lock */
if (lckpwdf() < 0)
goto fail;
pwf = fopen(PASSWD_FILE, "r");
if (!pwf)
goto fail;
namelen = strlen(pwd->pw_name);
linebuf = malloc(buflen);
if (!linebuf)
goto fail;
/* parse the passwd file */
/* Do you wonder why I don't use getpwent? Read comments at top of
* file */
while (fgets(linebuf, buflen, pwf) != NULL) {
contlen = strlen(linebuf);
while (linebuf[contlen - 1] != '\n' && !feof(pwf)) {
char *tmp;
/* Extend input buffer if it failed getting the whole line,
* so now we double the buffer size */
buflen *= 2;
tmp = realloc(linebuf, buflen);
if (tmp == NULL)
goto fail;
linebuf = tmp;
/* And fill the rest of the buffer */
if (fgets(&linebuf[contlen], buflen / 2, pwf) == NULL)
break;
contlen = strlen(linebuf);
/* That was a lot of work for nothing. Gimme perl! */
}
/* Is this the username we were sent to change? */
if (!found && linebuf[namelen] == ':' &&
!strncmp(linebuf, pwd->pw_name, namelen)) {
/* Yes! So go forth in the name of the Lord and
* change it! */
if (putpwent(pwd, fp) < 0)
goto fail;
found = 1;
continue;
}
/* Nothing in particular happened, copy input to output */
fputs(linebuf, fp);
}
/* xfmkstemp is too restrictive by default for passwd file */
if (fchmod(fileno(fp), 0644) < 0)
goto fail;
rc = close_stream(fp);
fp = NULL;
if (rc != 0)
goto fail;
fclose(pwf); /* I don't think I want to know if this failed */
pwf = NULL;
if (!found) {
errno = ENOENT; /* give me something better */
goto fail;
}
/* we don't care if we can't remove the backup file */
unlink(PASSWD_FILE ".OLD");
/* we don't care if we can't create the backup file */
ignore_result(link(PASSWD_FILE, PASSWD_FILE ".OLD"));
/* we DO care if we can't rename to the passwd file */
if (rename(tmpname, PASSWD_FILE) < 0)
goto fail;
/* finally: success */
ulckpwdf();
free(linebuf);
return 0;
fail:
save_errno = errno;
ulckpwdf();
if (fp != NULL)
fclose(fp);
if (tmpname != NULL)
unlink(tmpname);
free(tmpname);
if (pwf != NULL)
fclose(pwf);
free(linebuf);
errno = save_errno;
return -1;
}
/* Set up the limits so that we're not foiled */
static void pw_init(void)
{
struct rlimit rlim;
/* Unlimited resource limits. */
rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = RLIM_INFINITY;
setrlimit(RLIMIT_CPU, &rlim);
setrlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE, &rlim);
setrlimit(RLIMIT_STACK, &rlim);
setrlimit(RLIMIT_DATA, &rlim);
setrlimit(RLIMIT_RSS, &rlim);
#ifndef DEBUG
/* Don't drop core (not really necessary, but GP's). */
rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 0;
setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &rlim);
#endif
/* Turn off signals. */
signal(SIGALRM, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGHUP, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGQUIT, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGTSTP, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
/* Create with exact permissions. */
umask(0);
}