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/*
* Copyright (c) 1987 Regents of the University of California.
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
* must display the following acknowledgement:
* This product includes software developed by the University of
* California, Berkeley and its contributors.
* 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
* without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* Updated Thu Oct 12 09:56:55 1995 by faith@cs.unc.edu with security
* patches from Zefram <A.Main@dcs.warwick.ac.uk>
*
* Updated Thu Nov 9 21:58:53 1995 by Martin Schulze
* <joey@finlandia.infodrom.north.de>. Support for vigr.
*
* Martin Schulze's patches adapted to Util-Linux by Nicolai Langfeldt.
*
* 1999-02-22 Arkadiusz Miƛkiewicz <misiek@pld.ORG.PL>
* - added Native Language Support
* Sun Mar 21 1999 - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
* - fixed strerr(errno) in gettext calls
*/
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <paths.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <shadow.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include "c.h"
#include "fileutils.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#include "nls.h"
#include "setpwnam.h"
#include "strutils.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "rpmatch.h"
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSELINUX
# include <selinux/selinux.h>
#endif
#define FILENAMELEN 67
enum {
VIPW,
VIGR
};
static int program;
static char orig_file[FILENAMELEN]; /* original file /etc/passwd or /etc/group */
static char *tmp_file; /* tmp file */
void pw_error (char *, int, int);
static void pw_init(void)
{
struct rlimit rlim;
/* Unlimited resource limits. */
rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = RLIM_INFINITY;
(void)setrlimit(RLIMIT_CPU, &rlim);
(void)setrlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE, &rlim);
(void)setrlimit(RLIMIT_STACK, &rlim);
(void)setrlimit(RLIMIT_DATA, &rlim);
(void)setrlimit(RLIMIT_RSS, &rlim);
/* Don't drop core (not really necessary, but GP's). */
rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = 0;
(void)setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &rlim);
/* Turn off signals. */
(void)signal(SIGALRM, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGHUP, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGQUIT, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGTSTP, SIG_IGN);
(void)signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
/* Create with exact permissions. */
(void)umask(0);
}
static FILE * pw_tmpfile(int lockfd)
{
FILE *fd;
char *tmpname = NULL;
int res;
if ((fd = xfmkstemp(&tmpname, "/etc", ".vipw")) == NULL) {
ulckpwdf();
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("can't open temporary file"));
}
tmp_file = tmpname;
res = ul_copy_file(lockfd, fileno(fd));
if (res == UL_COPY_READ_ERROR)
pw_error(orig_file, 1, 1);
else if (res == UL_COPY_WRITE_ERROR)
pw_error(tmp_file, 1, 1);
return fd;
}
static void pw_write(void)
{
char tmp[FILENAMELEN + 4];
sprintf(tmp, "%s%s", orig_file, ".OLD");
unlink(tmp);
if (link(orig_file, tmp))
warn(_("%s: create a link to %s failed"), orig_file, tmp);
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSELINUX
if (is_selinux_enabled() > 0) {
char *passwd_context = NULL;
int ret = 0;
if (getfilecon(orig_file, &passwd_context) < 0) {
warnx(_("Can't get context for %s"), orig_file);
pw_error(orig_file, 1, 1);
}
ret = setfilecon(tmp_file, passwd_context);
freecon(passwd_context);
if (ret != 0) {
warnx(_("Can't set context for %s"), tmp_file);
pw_error(tmp_file, 1, 1);
}
}
#endif
if (rename(tmp_file, orig_file) == -1) {
int errsv = errno;
errx(EXIT_FAILURE,
("cannot write %s: %s (your changes are still in %s)"),
orig_file, strerror(errsv), tmp_file);
}
unlink(tmp_file);
free(tmp_file);
tmp_file = NULL;
}
static void pw_edit(void)
{
int pstat;
pid_t pid;
char *p, *editor, *tk;
editor = getenv("EDITOR");
editor = xstrdup(editor ? editor : _PATH_VI);
tk = strtok(editor, " \t");
if (tk && (p = strrchr(tk, '/')) != NULL)
++p;
else
p = editor;
pid = fork();
if (pid < 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("fork failed"));
if (!pid) {
execlp(editor, p, tmp_file, (char *)NULL);
errexec(editor);
}
for (;;) {
pid = waitpid(pid, &pstat, WUNTRACED);
if (WIFSTOPPED(pstat)) {
/* the editor suspended, so suspend us as well */
kill(getpid(), SIGSTOP);
kill(pid, SIGCONT);
} else {
break;
}
}
if (pid == -1 || !WIFEXITED(pstat) || WEXITSTATUS(pstat) != 0)
pw_error(editor, 1, 1);
free(editor);
}
void __attribute__((__noreturn__))
pw_error(char *name, int err, int eval)
{
if (err) {
if (name)
warn("%s: ", name);
else
warn(NULL);
}
warnx(_("%s unchanged"), orig_file);
if (tmp_file)
unlink(tmp_file);
ulckpwdf();
exit(eval);
}
static void edit_file(int is_shadow)
{
struct stat begin, end;
int passwd_file, ch_ret;
FILE *tmp_fd;
pw_init();
/* acquire exclusive lock */
if (lckpwdf() < 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("cannot get lock"));
passwd_file = open(orig_file, O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC, 0);
if (passwd_file < 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("cannot open %s"), orig_file);
tmp_fd = pw_tmpfile(passwd_file);
if (fstat(fileno(tmp_fd), &begin))
pw_error(tmp_file, 1, 1);
pw_edit();
if (fstat(fileno(tmp_fd), &end))
pw_error(tmp_file, 1, 1);
/* Some editors, such as Vim with 'writebackup' mode enabled,
* use "atomic save" in which the old file is deleted and a new
* one with the same name created in its place. */
if (end.st_nlink == 0) {
if (close_stream(tmp_fd) != 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("write error"));
tmp_fd = fopen(tmp_file, "r" UL_CLOEXECSTR);
if (!tmp_fd)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("cannot open %s"), tmp_file);
if (fstat(fileno(tmp_fd), &end))
pw_error(tmp_file, 1, 1);
}
if (begin.st_mtime == end.st_mtime) {
warnx(_("no changes made"));
pw_error((char *)NULL, 0, 0);
}
/* pw_tmpfile() will create the file with mode 600 */
if (!is_shadow)
ch_ret = fchmod(fileno(tmp_fd), 0644);
else
ch_ret = fchmod(fileno(tmp_fd), 0400);
if (ch_ret < 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s: %s", _("cannot chmod file"), orig_file);
if (close_stream(tmp_fd) != 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("write error"));
pw_write();
close(passwd_file);
ulckpwdf();
}
static void __attribute__((__noreturn__)) usage(void)
{
FILE *out = stdout;
fputs(USAGE_HEADER, out);
fprintf(out, " %s\n", program_invocation_short_name);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("Edit the password or group file.\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, out);
printf(USAGE_HELP_OPTIONS(16));
printf(USAGE_MAN_TAIL("vipw(8)"));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int c;
static const struct option longopts[] = {
{"version", no_argument, NULL, 'V'},
{"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
{NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
close_stdout_atexit();
if (!strcmp(program_invocation_short_name, "vigr")) {
program = VIGR;
xstrncpy(orig_file, GROUP_FILE, sizeof(orig_file));
} else {
program = VIPW;
xstrncpy(orig_file, PASSWD_FILE, sizeof(orig_file));
}
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "Vh", longopts, NULL)) != -1) {
switch (c) {
case 'V':
print_version(EXIT_SUCCESS);
case 'h':
usage();
default:
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
edit_file(0);
if (program == VIGR)
xstrncpy(orig_file, SGROUP_FILE, sizeof(orig_file));
else
xstrncpy(orig_file, SHADOW_FILE, sizeof(orig_file));
if (access(orig_file, F_OK) == 0) {
char response[80];
fputs((program == VIGR)
? _("You are using shadow groups on this system.\n")
: _("You are using shadow passwords on this system.\n"), stdout);
/* TRANSLATORS: this program uses for y and n rpmatch(3),
* which means they can be translated. */
printf(_("Would you like to edit %s now [y/n]? "), orig_file);
if (fgets(response, sizeof(response), stdin) &&
rpmatch(response) == RPMATCH_YES)
edit_file(1);
}
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}