blob: 287a173523a7fa4d39c0c6635cbbaf94a0ac181a [file] [log] [blame]
* builtin-report.c
* Builtin report command: Analyze the input file,
* look up and read DSOs and symbol information and display
* a histogram of results, along various sorting keys.
#include "builtin.h"
#include "util/util.h"
#include "util/annotate.h"
#include "util/color.h"
#include <linux/list.h>
#include "util/cache.h"
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include "util/symbol.h"
#include "util/callchain.h"
#include "util/strlist.h"
#include "util/values.h"
#include "perf.h"
#include "util/debug.h"
#include "util/evlist.h"
#include "util/evsel.h"
#include "util/header.h"
#include "util/session.h"
#include "util/parse-options.h"
#include "util/parse-events.h"
#include "util/thread.h"
#include "util/sort.h"
#include "util/hist.h"
static char const *input_name = "";
static bool force, use_tui, use_stdio;
static bool hide_unresolved;
static bool dont_use_callchains;
static bool show_threads;
static struct perf_read_values show_threads_values;
static const char default_pretty_printing_style[] = "normal";
static const char *pretty_printing_style = default_pretty_printing_style;
static char callchain_default_opt[] = "fractal,0.5";
static symbol_filter_t annotate_init;
static int perf_session__add_hist_entry(struct perf_session *session,
struct addr_location *al,
struct perf_sample *sample,
struct perf_evsel *evsel)
struct symbol *parent = NULL;
int err = 0;
struct hist_entry *he;
if ((sort__has_parent || symbol_conf.use_callchain) && sample->callchain) {
err = perf_session__resolve_callchain(session, al->thread,
sample->callchain, &parent);
if (err)
return err;
he = __hists__add_entry(&evsel->hists, al, parent, sample->period);
if (he == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
if (symbol_conf.use_callchain) {
err = callchain_append(he->callchain, &session->callchain_cursor,
if (err)
return err;
* Only in the newt browser we are doing integrated annotation,
* so we don't allocated the extra space needed because the stdio
* code will not use it.
if (al->sym != NULL && use_browser > 0) {
struct annotation *notes = symbol__annotation(he->ms.sym);
assert(evsel != NULL);
err = -ENOMEM;
if (notes->src == NULL &&
symbol__alloc_hist(he->ms.sym, session->evlist->nr_entries) < 0)
goto out;
err = hist_entry__inc_addr_samples(he, evsel->idx, al->addr);
evsel->hists.stats.total_period += sample->period;
hists__inc_nr_events(&evsel->hists, PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE);
return err;
static int process_sample_event(union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample,
struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct perf_session *session)
struct addr_location al;
if (perf_event__preprocess_sample(event, session, &al, sample,
annotate_init) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "problem processing %d event, skipping it.\n",
return -1;
if (al.filtered || (hide_unresolved && al.sym == NULL))
return 0;
if ( != NULL)>dso->hit = 1;
if (perf_session__add_hist_entry(session, &al, sample, evsel)) {
pr_debug("problem incrementing symbol period, skipping event\n");
return -1;
return 0;
static int process_read_event(union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample __used,
struct perf_session *session)
struct perf_evsel *evsel = perf_evlist__id2evsel(session->evlist,
if (show_threads) {
const char *name = evsel ? event_name(evsel) : "unknown";
event->, event->read.tid,
dump_printf(": %d %d %s %" PRIu64 "\n", event->, event->read.tid,
evsel ? event_name(evsel) : "FAIL",
return 0;
static int perf_session__setup_sample_type(struct perf_session *self)
if (!(self->sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN)) {
if (sort__has_parent) {
fprintf(stderr, "selected --sort parent, but no"
" callchain data. Did you call"
" perf record without -g?\n");
return -EINVAL;
if (symbol_conf.use_callchain) {
fprintf(stderr, "selected -g but no callchain data."
" Did you call perf record without"
" -g?\n");
return -1;
} else if (!dont_use_callchains && callchain_param.mode != CHAIN_NONE &&
!symbol_conf.use_callchain) {
symbol_conf.use_callchain = true;
if (callchain_register_param(&callchain_param) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't register callchain"
" params\n");
return -EINVAL;
return 0;
static struct perf_event_ops event_ops = {
.sample = process_sample_event,
.mmap = perf_event__process_mmap,
.comm = perf_event__process_comm,
.exit = perf_event__process_task,
.fork = perf_event__process_task,
.lost = perf_event__process_lost,
.read = process_read_event,
.attr = perf_event__process_attr,
.event_type = perf_event__process_event_type,
.tracing_data = perf_event__process_tracing_data,
.build_id = perf_event__process_build_id,
.ordered_samples = true,
.ordering_requires_timestamps = true,
extern volatile int session_done;
static void sig_handler(int sig __used)
session_done = 1;
static size_t hists__fprintf_nr_sample_events(struct hists *self,
const char *evname, FILE *fp)
size_t ret;
char unit;
unsigned long nr_events = self->stats.nr_events[PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE];
nr_events = convert_unit(nr_events, &unit);
ret = fprintf(fp, "# Events: %lu%c", nr_events, unit);
if (evname != NULL)
ret += fprintf(fp, " %s", evname);
return ret + fprintf(fp, "\n#\n");
static int perf_evlist__tty_browse_hists(struct perf_evlist *evlist,
const char *help)
struct perf_evsel *pos;
list_for_each_entry(pos, &evlist->entries, node) {
struct hists *hists = &pos->hists;
const char *evname = NULL;
if (rb_first(&hists->entries) != rb_last(&hists->entries))
evname = event_name(pos);
hists__fprintf_nr_sample_events(hists, evname, stdout);
hists__fprintf(hists, NULL, false, stdout);
fprintf(stdout, "\n\n");
if (sort_order == default_sort_order &&
parent_pattern == default_parent_pattern) {
fprintf(stdout, "#\n# (%s)\n#\n", help);
if (show_threads) {
bool style = !strcmp(pretty_printing_style, "raw");
perf_read_values_display(stdout, &show_threads_values,
return 0;
static int __cmd_report(void)
int ret = -EINVAL;
u64 nr_samples;
struct perf_session *session;
struct perf_evsel *pos;
struct map *kernel_map;
struct kmap *kernel_kmap;
const char *help = "For a higher level overview, try: perf report --sort comm,dso";
signal(SIGINT, sig_handler);
session = perf_session__new(input_name, O_RDONLY, force, false, &event_ops);
if (session == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
if (show_threads)
ret = perf_session__setup_sample_type(session);
if (ret)
goto out_delete;
ret = perf_session__process_events(session, &event_ops);
if (ret)
goto out_delete;
kernel_map = session->host_machine.vmlinux_maps[MAP__FUNCTION];
kernel_kmap = map__kmap(kernel_map);
if (kernel_map == NULL ||
(kernel_map->dso->hit &&
(kernel_kmap->ref_reloc_sym == NULL ||
kernel_kmap->ref_reloc_sym->addr == 0))) {
const struct dso *kdso = kernel_map->dso;
"Kernel address maps (/proc/{kallsyms,modules}) were restricted.\n\n"
"Check /proc/sys/kernel/kptr_restrict before running 'perf record'.\n\n%s\n\n"
"Samples in kernel modules can't be resolved as well.\n\n",
RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kdso->symbols[MAP__FUNCTION]) ?
"As no suitable kallsyms nor vmlinux was found, kernel samples\n"
"can't be resolved." :
"If some relocation was applied (e.g. kexec) symbols may be misresolved.");
if (dump_trace) {
perf_session__fprintf_nr_events(session, stdout);
goto out_delete;
if (verbose > 3)
perf_session__fprintf(session, stdout);
if (verbose > 2)
perf_session__fprintf_dsos(session, stdout);
nr_samples = 0;
list_for_each_entry(pos, &session->evlist->entries, node) {
struct hists *hists = &pos->hists;
nr_samples += hists->stats.nr_events[PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE];
if (nr_samples == 0) {
ui__warning("The %s file has no samples!\n", input_name);
goto out_delete;
if (use_browser > 0)
perf_evlist__tui_browse_hists(session->evlist, help);
perf_evlist__tty_browse_hists(session->evlist, help);
* Speed up the exit process, for large files this can
* take quite a while.
* XXX Enable this when using valgrind or if we ever
* librarize this command.
* Also experiment with obstacks to see how much speed
* up we'll get here.
* perf_session__delete(session);
return ret;
static int
parse_callchain_opt(const struct option *opt __used, const char *arg,
int unset)
char *tok, *tok2;
char *endptr;
* --no-call-graph
if (unset) {
dont_use_callchains = true;
return 0;
symbol_conf.use_callchain = true;
if (!arg)
return 0;
tok = strtok((char *)arg, ",");
if (!tok)
return -1;
/* get the output mode */
if (!strncmp(tok, "graph", strlen(arg)))
callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS;
else if (!strncmp(tok, "flat", strlen(arg)))
callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_FLAT;
else if (!strncmp(tok, "fractal", strlen(arg)))
callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_GRAPH_REL;
else if (!strncmp(tok, "none", strlen(arg))) {
callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_NONE;
symbol_conf.use_callchain = false;
return 0;
return -1;
/* get the min percentage */
tok = strtok(NULL, ",");
if (!tok)
goto setup;
tok2 = strtok(NULL, ",");
callchain_param.min_percent = strtod(tok, &endptr);
if (tok == endptr)
return -1;
if (tok2)
callchain_param.print_limit = strtod(tok2, &endptr);
if (callchain_register_param(&callchain_param) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't register callchain params\n");
return -1;
return 0;
static const char * const report_usage[] = {
"perf report [<options>] <command>",
static const struct option options[] = {
OPT_STRING('i', "input", &input_name, "file",
"input file name"),
OPT_INCR('v', "verbose", &verbose,
"be more verbose (show symbol address, etc)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('D', "dump-raw-trace", &dump_trace,
"dump raw trace in ASCII"),
OPT_STRING('k', "vmlinux", &symbol_conf.vmlinux_name,
"file", "vmlinux pathname"),
OPT_STRING(0, "kallsyms", &symbol_conf.kallsyms_name,
"file", "kallsyms pathname"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('f', "force", &force, "don't complain, do it"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('m', "modules", &symbol_conf.use_modules,
"load module symbols - WARNING: use only with -k and LIVE kernel"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "show-nr-samples", &symbol_conf.show_nr_samples,
"Show a column with the number of samples"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('T', "threads", &show_threads,
"Show per-thread event counters"),
OPT_STRING(0, "pretty", &pretty_printing_style, "key",
"pretty printing style key: normal raw"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "tui", &use_tui, "Use the TUI interface"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "stdio", &use_stdio, "Use the stdio interface"),
OPT_STRING('s', "sort", &sort_order, "key[,key2...]",
"sort by key(s): pid, comm, dso, symbol, parent"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "showcpuutilization", &symbol_conf.show_cpu_utilization,
"Show sample percentage for different cpu modes"),
OPT_STRING('p', "parent", &parent_pattern, "regex",
"regex filter to identify parent, see: '--sort parent'"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('x', "exclude-other", &symbol_conf.exclude_other,
"Only display entries with parent-match"),
OPT_CALLBACK_DEFAULT('g', "call-graph", NULL, "output_type,min_percent",
"Display callchains using output_type (graph, flat, fractal, or none) and min percent threshold. "
"Default: fractal,0.5", &parse_callchain_opt, callchain_default_opt),
OPT_STRING('d', "dsos", &symbol_conf.dso_list_str, "dso[,dso...]",
"only consider symbols in these dsos"),
OPT_STRING('C', "comms", &symbol_conf.comm_list_str, "comm[,comm...]",
"only consider symbols in these comms"),
OPT_STRING('S', "symbols", &symbol_conf.sym_list_str, "symbol[,symbol...]",
"only consider these symbols"),
OPT_STRING('w', "column-widths", &symbol_conf.col_width_list_str,
"don't try to adjust column width, use these fixed values"),
OPT_STRING('t', "field-separator", &symbol_conf.field_sep, "separator",
"separator for columns, no spaces will be added between "
"columns '.' is reserved."),
OPT_BOOLEAN('U', "hide-unresolved", &hide_unresolved,
"Only display entries resolved to a symbol"),
OPT_STRING(0, "symfs", &symbol_conf.symfs, "directory",
"Look for files with symbols relative to this directory"),
int cmd_report(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __used)
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, options, report_usage, 0);
if (use_stdio)
use_browser = 0;
else if (use_tui)
use_browser = 1;
if (strcmp(input_name, "-") != 0)
use_browser = 0;
* Only in the newt browser we are doing integrated annotation,
* so don't allocate extra space that won't be used in the stdio
* implementation.
if (use_browser > 0) {
symbol_conf.priv_size = sizeof(struct annotation);
annotate_init = symbol__annotate_init;
* For searching by name on the "Browse map details".
* providing it only in verbose mode not to bloat too
* much struct symbol.
if (verbose) {
* XXX: Need to provide a less kludgy way to ask for
* more space per symbol, the u32 is for the index on
* the ui browser.
* See symbol__browser_index.
symbol_conf.priv_size += sizeof(u32);
symbol_conf.sort_by_name = true;
if (symbol__init() < 0)
return -1;
setup_sorting(report_usage, options);
if (parent_pattern != default_parent_pattern) {
if (sort_dimension__add("parent") < 0)
return -1;
sort_parent.elide = 1;
} else
symbol_conf.exclude_other = false;
* Any (unrecognized) arguments left?
if (argc)
usage_with_options(report_usage, options);
sort_entry__setup_elide(&sort_dso, symbol_conf.dso_list, "dso", stdout);
sort_entry__setup_elide(&sort_comm, symbol_conf.comm_list, "comm", stdout);
sort_entry__setup_elide(&sort_sym, symbol_conf.sym_list, "symbol", stdout);
return __cmd_report();