skbuff: Fix a race between coalescing and releasing SKBs

Commit 1effe8ca4e34 ("skbuff: fix coalescing for page_pool fragment
recycling") allowed coalescing to proceed with non page pool page and page
pool page when @from is cloned, i.e.

to->pp_recycle    --> false
from->pp_recycle  --> true
skb_cloned(from)  --> true

However, it actually requires skb_cloned(@from) to hold true until
coalescing finishes in this situation. If the other cloned SKB is
released while the merging is in process, from_shinfo->nr_frags will be
set to 0 toward the end of the function, causing the increment of frag
page _refcount to be unexpectedly skipped resulting in inconsistent
reference counts. Later when SKB(@to) is released, it frees the page
directly even though the page pool page is still in use, leading to
use-after-free or double-free errors. So it should be prohibited.

The double-free error message below prompted us to investigate:
BUG: Bad page state in process swapper/1  pfn:0e0d1
page:00000000c6548b28 refcount:-1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000
index:0x2 pfn:0xe0d1
flags: 0xfffffc0000000(node=0|zone=1|lastcpupid=0x1fffff)
raw: 000fffffc0000000 0000000000000000 ffffffff00000101 0000000000000000
raw: 0000000000000002 0000000000000000 ffffffffffffffff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: nonzero _refcount

CPU: 1 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/1 Tainted: G            E      6.2.0+
Call Trace:
? __napi_schedule+0x79/0x90
RIP: 0010:default_idle+0xb/0x20

Fixes: 53e0961da1c7 ("page_pool: add frag page recycling support in page pool")
Signed-off-by: Liang Chen <>
Reviewed-by: Eric Dumazet <>
Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <>
1 file changed