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Device-mapper RAID (dm-raid) is a bridge from DM to MD. It
provides a way to use device-mapper interfaces to access the MD RAID
As with all device-mapper targets, the nominal public interfaces are the
constructor (CTR) tables and the status outputs (both STATUSTYPE_INFO
and STATUSTYPE_TABLE). The CTR table looks like the following:
1: <s> <l> raid \
2: <raid_type> <#raid_params> <raid_params> \
3: <#raid_devs> <meta_dev1> <dev1> .. <meta_devN> <devN>
Line 1 contains the standard first three arguments to any device-mapper
target - the start, length, and target type fields. The target type in
this case is "raid".
Line 2 contains the arguments that define the particular raid
type/personality/level, the required arguments for that raid type, and
any optional arguments. Possible raid types include: raid4, raid5_la,
raid5_ls, raid5_rs, raid6_zr, raid6_nr, and raid6_nc. (raid1 is
planned for the future.) The list of required and optional parameters
is the same for all the current raid types. The required parameters are
positional, while the optional parameters are given as key/value pairs.
The possible parameters are as follows:
<chunk_size> Chunk size in sectors.
[[no]sync] Force/Prevent RAID initialization
[rebuild <idx>] Rebuild the drive indicated by the index
[daemon_sleep <ms>] Time between bitmap daemon work to clear bits
[min_recovery_rate <kB/sec/disk>] Throttle RAID initialization
[max_recovery_rate <kB/sec/disk>] Throttle RAID initialization
[max_write_behind <sectors>] See '-write-behind=' (man mdadm)
[stripe_cache <sectors>] Stripe cache size for higher RAIDs
Line 3 contains the list of devices that compose the array in
metadata/data device pairs. If the metadata is stored separately, a '-'
is given for the metadata device position. If a drive has failed or is
missing at creation time, a '-' can be given for both the metadata and
data drives for a given position.
NB. Currently all metadata devices must be specified as '-'.
# RAID4 - 4 data drives, 1 parity
# No metadata devices specified to hold superblock/bitmap info
# Chunk size of 1MiB
# (Lines separated for easy reading)
0 1960893648 raid \
raid4 1 2048 \
5 - 8:17 - 8:33 - 8:49 - 8:65 - 8:81
# RAID4 - 4 data drives, 1 parity (no metadata devices)
# Chunk size of 1MiB, force RAID initialization,
# min recovery rate at 20 kiB/sec/disk
0 1960893648 raid \
raid4 4 2048 min_recovery_rate 20 sync\
5 - 8:17 - 8:33 - 8:49 - 8:65 - 8:81
Performing a 'dmsetup table' should display the CTR table used to
construct the mapping (with possible reordering of optional
Performing a 'dmsetup status' will yield information on the state and
health of the array. The output is as follows:
1: <s> <l> raid \
2: <raid_type> <#devices> <1 health char for each dev> <resync_ratio>
Line 1 is standard DM output. Line 2 is best shown by example:
0 1960893648 raid raid4 5 AAAAA 2/490221568
Here we can see the RAID type is raid4, there are 5 devices - all of
which are 'A'live, and the array is 2/490221568 complete with recovery.