loop: prevent bdev freeing while device in use

struct block_device lifecycle is defined by its inode (see fs/block_dev.c) -
block_device allocated first time we access /dev/loopXX and deallocated on
bdev_destroy_inode. When we create the device "losetup /dev/loopXX afile"
we want that block_device stay alive until we destroy the loop device
with "losetup -d".

But because we do not hold /dev/loopXX inode its counter goes 0, and
inode/bdev can be destroyed at any moment. Usually it happens at memory
pressure or when user drops inode cache (like in the test below). When later in
loop_clr_fd() we want to use bdev we have use-after-free error with following

BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000280
  loop_clr_fd+0x1f8/0x420 [loop]
  lo_ioctl+0x200/0x7e0 [loop]
  lo_compat_ioctl+0x47/0xe0 [loop]

To prevent use-after-free we need to grab the device in loop_set_fd()
and put it later in loop_clr_fd().

The issue is reprodusible on current Linus head and v3.3. Here is the test:

  dd if=/dev/zero of=loop.file bs=1M count=1
  while [ true ]; do
    losetup /dev/loop0 loop.file
    echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
    losetup -d /dev/loop0

[ Doing bdgrab/bput in loop_set_fd/loop_clr_fd is safe, because every
  time we call loop_set_fd() we check that loop_device->lo_state is
  Lo_unbound and set it to Lo_bound If somebody will try to set_fd again
  it will get EBUSY.  And if we try to loop_clr_fd() on unbound loop
  device we'll get ENXIO.

  loop_set_fd/loop_clr_fd (and any other loop ioctl) is called under
  loop_device->lo_ctl_mutex. ]

Signed-off-by: Anatol Pomozov <anatol.pomozov@gmail.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 files changed