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Building Linux:
- cd into the xfstests directory and run make.
Building IRIX:
- cd into the xfstests directory
- set the ROOT and TOOLROOT env variables for IRIX appropriately
- run ./make_irix
Preparing system for tests (IRIX and Linux):
- compile XFS into your kernel or load XFS modules
- install user tools including mkfs.xfs, xfs_db & xfs_bmap
- If you wish to run the udf components of the suite install
mkfs_udf and udf_db for IRIX and mkudffs for Linux. Also download and
build the Philips UDF Verification Software from, then copy the udf_test
binary to xfstests/src/. If you wish to disable UDF verification test
set the environment variable DISABLE_UDF_TEST to 1.
- create one or two partitions to use for testing
- one TEST partition
- format as XFS, mount & optionally populate with
- one SCRATCH partition (optional)
- leave empty and expect this partition to be clobbered
by some tests. If this is not provided, many tests will
not be run.
(these must be two DIFFERENT partitions)
- setup your environment
- setenv TEST_DEV "device containing TEST PARTITION"
- setenv TEST_DIR "mount point of TEST PARTITION"
- optionally:
- setenv SCRATCH_DEV "device containing SCRATCH PARTITION"
- setenv SCRATCH_MNT "mount point for SCRATCH PARTITION"
- setenv TAPE_DEV "tape device for testing xfsdump"
- setenv RMT_TAPE_DEV "remote tape device for testing xfsdump"
- setenv RMT_IRIXTAPE_DEV "remote IRIX tape device for testing xfsdump"
- setenv SCRATCH_LOGDEV "device for scratch-fs external log"
- setenv SCRATCH_RTDEV "device for scratch-fs realtime data"
- setenv TEST_LOGDEV "device for test-fs external log"
- setenv TEST_RTDEV "device for test-fs realtime data"
- if TEST_LOGDEV and/or TEST_RTDEV, these will always be used.
environment variable set to "yes" will enable their use.
- or add a case to the switch in common.config assigning
these variables based on the hostname of your test
- or add these variables to a file called local.config and keep that
file in your workarea.
- if testing xfsdump, make sure the tape devices have a
tape which can be overwritten.
- make sure $TEST_DEV is a mounted XFS partition
- make sure that $SCRATCH_DEV contains nothing useful
Running tests:
- cd xfstests
- By default the tests suite will run xfs tests:
- ./check 001 002 003 ... or you can explicitly run a filesystem:
./check -xfs [test(s)]
- You can run a range of tests: ./check 067-078
- Groups of tests maybe ran by: ./check -g [group(s)]
See the 'group' file for details on groups
- for udf tests: ./check -udf [test(s)]
Running all the udf tests: ./check -udf -g udf
- for running nfs tests: ./check -nfs [test(s)]
- To randomize test order: ./check -r [test(s)]
The check script tests the return value of each script, and
compares the output against the expected output. If the output
is not as expected, a diff will be output and an .out.bad file
will be produced for the failing test.
Unexpected console messages, crashes and hangs may be considered
to be failures but are not necessarily detected by the QA system.
Creating new tests scripts:
Use the "new" script.
Test script environment:
When developing a new test script keep the following things in
mind. All of the environment variables and shell procedures are
available to the script once the "common.rc" file has been
1. The tests are run from an arbitrary directory. If you want to
do operations on an XFS filesystem (good idea, eh?), then do
one of the following:
(a) Create directories and files at will in the directory
$TEST_DIR ... this is within an XFS filesystem and world
writeable. You should cleanup when your test is done,
e.g. use a _cleanup shell procedure in the trap ... see
001 for an example. If you need to know, the $TEST_DIR
directory is within the filesystem on the block device
(b) mkfs a new XFS filesystem on $SCRATCH_DEV, and mount this
on $SCRATCH_MNT. Call the the _require_scratch function
on startup if you require use of the scratch partition.
_require_scratch does some checks on $SCRATCH_DEV &
$SCRATCH_MNT and makes sure they're unmounted. You should
cleanup when your test is done, and in particular unmount
Tests can make use of $SCRATCH_LOGDEV and $SCRATCH_RTDEV
for testing external log and realtime volumes - however,
these tests need to simply "pass" (e.g. cat $seq.out; exit
- or default to an internal log) in the common case where
these variables are not set.
2. You can safely create temporary files that are not part of the
filesystem tests (e.g. to catch output, prepare lists of things
to do, etc.) in files named $tmp.<anything>. The standard test
script framework created by "new" will initialize $tmp and
cleanup on exit.
3. By default, tests are run as the same uid as the person
executing the control script "check" that runs the test scripts.
If you need to be root, add a call to the shell procedure
_need_to_be_root ... this will do nothing or exit with an
error message depending on your current uid.
4. Some other useful shell procedures:
_get_fqdn - echo the host's fully qualified
domain name
_get_pids_by_name - one argument is a process name, and
return all of the matching pids on
standard output
_within_tolerance - fancy numerical "close enough is good
enough" filter for deterministic
output ... see comments in
common.filter for an explanation
_filter_date - turn ctime(3) format dates into the
string DATE for deterministic
_cat_passwd, - dump the content of the password
_cat_group or group file (both the local file
and the content of the NIS database
if it is likely to be present)
4. General recommendations, usage conventions, etc.:
- When the content of the password or group file is
required, get it using the _cat_passwd and _cat_group
functions, to ensure NIS information is included if NIS
is active.
- When calling getfacl in a test, pass the "-n" argument so
that numeric rather than symbolic identifiers are used in
the output.
Verified output:
Each test script has a numerical name, e.g. 007, and an associated
verified output, e.g. 007.out.
It is important that the verified output is deterministic, and
part of the job of the test script is to filter the output to
make this so. Examples of the sort of things that need filtering:
- dates
- pids
- hostnames
- filesystem names
- timezones
- variable directory contents
- imprecise numbers, especially sizes and times
Use the "remake" script to recreate the verified output for one
or more tests.
The script "check" may be used to run one or more tests.
Test number $seq is deemed to "pass" when:
(a) no "core" file is created,
(b) the file $seq.notrun is not created,
(c) the exit status is 0, and
(d) the output matches the verified output.
In the "not run" case (b), the $seq.notrun file should contain a
short one-line summary of why the test was not run. The standard
output is not checked, so this can be used for a more verbose
explanation and to provide feedback when the QA test is run
To force a non-zero exit status use:
Note that:
exit 1
won't have the desired effect because of the way the exit trap
The recent pass/fail history is maintained in the file "check.log".
The elapsed time for the most recent pass for each test is kept
in "check.time".