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This is nfs-utils, the Linux NFS userland utility package.
Home page:
To use the 'gss' support you must have kerberos-5 development
libraries installed.
Otherwise use "--disable-gss"
To use nfsv4 support you need libevent and libnfsidmap development
libraries. They are available from
Otherwise use --disable-nfsv4
To use the nfsdcld tracking daemon, nfsv4 support must be enabled,
and the libsqlite3 development libraries must be installed.
Unpack the sources and run these commands:
# ./configure
# make
To install binaries and documenation, run this command:
# make install
Getting nfs-utils for the first time:
git clone git://
Updating to the latest head after you've already got it.
git pull
Building requires that autotools be installed. To invoke them
Finally, build as usual as above.
This nfs-utils packages does not provide any scripts for starting
various daemons as most distributions replace them with their own, so
any scripts we package would not get much testing.
Instead, we explain the dependencies involved in startup so that
scripts can be written to work correctly.
Name service (host name lookup) should be working before any
NFS services are started.
"portmap" must be running before any NFS services (server or
client) are started.
Normally network interfaces should be configured first as well,
though this isn't critical for the NFS server (providing name
service is handled locally).
A/ mount -t nfsd /proc/fs/nfsd
This filesystem needs to be mount before most daemons,
particularly exportfs, mountd, svcgssd, idmapd.
It could be mounted once, or the script that starts each daemon
could test if it is mounted and mount it if not.
B/ svcgssd ; idmapd
These supply services to nfsd and so should be started before
rpc.nfsd. Where they come between mounting the nfsd filesystem
and starting the nfsd server is not important.
idmapd is only needed for NFSv4 support.
svcgssd is only needed if exportfs NFS filesystem with crypto-
security (Kerberos).
C/ exportfs -av ; rpc.mountd
It is important that exportfs be run before mountd so that
mountd is working from current information (in
It is also important that both of these are run before
If not, any NFS requests that arrive before mountd is started
will get replied to with a 'Stale NFS File handle' error.
D/ rpc.statd --no-notify
It is best if statd is started before nfsd though this isn't
critical. Certainly it should be at most a few seconds after
When nfsd starts it will start lockd. If lockd then receives a
lock request it will communicate with statd. If statd is not
running lockd will retry, but it won't wait forever for a
Note that if statd is started before nfsd, the --no-notify
option must be used. If notify requests are sent out before
nfsd start, clients may try to reclaim locks and, on finding
that lockd isn't running, they will give up and never reclaim
the lock.
rpc.statd is only needed for NFSv2 and NFSv3 support.
E/ rpc.nfsd
Starting nfsd will automatically start lockd. The nfs server
will now be fully active and respond to any requests from
F/ sm-notify
This will notify any client which might have locks from before
a reboot to try to reclaim their locks. This should start
immediately after rpc.nfsd is started so that clients have a
chance to reclaim locks within the 90 second grace period.
sm-notify is only needed for NFSv2 and NFSv3 support.
A/ sm-notify
This should be run shortly after boot and before any NFS
filesystems are mounted with remote-locking support -
filesystems can be mounted with "-o nolock" before sm-notify.
This is appropriate for '/', '/usr', and '/var'.
B/ gssd ; idmapd
idmapd should be started before mounting any NFSv4 filesystems.
gssd should be started before mounting any NFS filesystems
securely (with Kerberos).
C/ statd should be run before any NFSv2 or NFSv3 filesystem is
mounted with remote locking (i.e. without -o nolock).
'mount' will try to use "/usr/sbin/start-statd" to start statd
if it is not already running, so there is no need to explicitly
start statd in boot-time scripts.
A/ sm-notify
Both the server and the client need sm-notify to be run.
It should be run after the NFS server is started, but before
and NFS filesystems are mounted with remote locking.
B/ rpc.statd
Both the server and the client need rpc.statd to be running.
Each should try to start when they need it.
C/ idmapd
Both the server and client need idmapd to be running. If idmapd
is started (for the client) before starting nfsd the 'nfsd'
filesystem is mounted, then idmapd should be sent a HUP signal
afterwards to signal that the server channels should be opened.
Share And Enjoy!
-- the nfs-utils developers