blob: 01d668b457ce886a136fd70c4ef62b884fd6d5c5 [file] [log] [blame]
* linux/mm/page_io.c
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds
* Swap reorganised 29.12.95,
* Asynchronous swapping added 30.12.95. Stephen Tweedie
* Removed race in async swapping. 14.4.1996. Bruno Haible
* Add swap of shared pages through the page cache. 20.2.1998. Stephen Tweedie
* Always use brw_page, life becomes simpler. 12 May 1998 Eric Biederman
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/locks.h>
#include <linux/swapctl.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
* Reads or writes a swap page.
* wait=1: start I/O and wait for completion. wait=0: start asynchronous I/O.
* Important prevention of race condition: the caller *must* atomically
* create a unique swap cache entry for this swap page before calling
* rw_swap_page, and must lock that page. By ensuring that there is a
* single page of memory reserved for the swap entry, the normal VM page
* lock on that page also doubles as a lock on swap entries. Having only
* one lock to deal with per swap entry (rather than locking swap and memory
* independently) also makes it easier to make certain swapping operations
* atomic, which is particularly important when we are trying to ensure
* that shared pages stay shared while being swapped.
static int rw_swap_page_base(int rw, swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
unsigned long offset;
int zones[PAGE_SIZE/512];
int zones_used;
kdev_t dev = 0;
int block_size;
struct inode *swapf = 0;
if (rw == READ) {
} else
get_swaphandle_info(entry, &offset, &dev, &swapf);
if (dev) {
zones[0] = offset;
zones_used = 1;
block_size = PAGE_SIZE;
} else if (swapf) {
int i, j;
unsigned int block = offset
<< (PAGE_SHIFT - swapf->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits);
block_size = swapf->i_sb->s_blocksize;
for (i=0, j=0; j< PAGE_SIZE ; i++, j += block_size)
if (!(zones[i] = bmap(swapf,block++))) {
printk("rw_swap_page: bad swap file\n");
return 0;
zones_used = i;
dev = swapf->i_dev;
} else {
return 0;
/* block_size == PAGE_SIZE/zones_used */
brw_page(rw, page, dev, zones, block_size);
return 1;
* A simple wrapper so the base function doesn't need to enforce
* that all swap pages go through the swap cache! We verify that:
* - the page is locked
* - it's marked as being swap-cache
* - it's associated with the swap inode
void rw_swap_page(int rw, struct page *page)
swp_entry_t entry;
entry.val = page->index;
if (!PageLocked(page))
if (!PageSwapCache(page))
if (!rw_swap_page_base(rw, entry, page))
* The swap lock map insists that pages be in the page cache!
* Therefore we can't use it. Later when we can remove the need for the
* lock map and we can reduce the number of functions exported.
void rw_swap_page_nolock(int rw, swp_entry_t entry, char *buf)
struct page *page = virt_to_page(buf);
if (!PageLocked(page))
if (page->mapping)
/* needs sync_page to wait I/O completation */
page->mapping = &swapper_space;
if (rw_swap_page_base(rw, entry, page))
if (!block_flushpage(page, 0))
page->mapping = NULL;